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Trial record 5 of 39 for:    FLUMAZENIL

PET With [18F]Flumazenil as an Index of Neurodegeneration in MS (FLUMA-SEP-T)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03825601
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : January 31, 2019
Last Update Posted : January 31, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Institut National de la Santé Et de la Recherche Médicale, France

Brief Summary:
Beyond white matter pathology, grey matter damage is considered as a key player in disability onset and progression in Multiple Sclerosis (MS). The underlying substratum of grey matter damage is complex and pluriform, ranging from cortical demyelinating lesions, synapse and dendrite disappearance to neuronal cell death. Current Magnetic Resonance Imaging MRI techniques fail to fully assess and quantify grey matter pathology in this disease. The development of a quantitative marker of neurodegeneration for MS patients would allow: (i) to better understand the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying the distinct forms of MS; (ii) to stratify patients according to their prognosis; and (iii) to evaluate new therapies aimed at promoting neuroprotection. would allow to better understand the mechanisms underlying the distinct forms of MS, to stratify patients according to their prognosis, and to evaluate new therapies aimed at promoting neuroprotection.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Multiple Sclerosis Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis Diagnostic Test: PET with [11C]Flumazenil Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

The investigators have recently shown that PET (Tomographie par Émission de Positrons) with [11C]Flumazenil ([11C]FMZ), that binds to the benzodiazepine site of GABA-A receptors, allowed to quantify and map neuronal damage in MS patients.

In the present project, the investigators will assess neuronal damage in MS using PET with [18F]Flumazenil ([18F]FMZ), at the early phase of either relapsing or primary progressive MS, and investigate the pathophysiological meaning of this neuronal damage by combining PET with Flumazenil with MRI at 7T and 3T.

The main objective will be to quantify and map [18F]FMZ binding changes in the grey matter of MS patients compared to controls, both at the group and the individual level. Secondary and exploratory objectives will be to investigate the relationship between Flumazenil binding changes and: i) cortical demyelinating lesions identified by several 7T MRI sequences ; ii) dendritic arborisation assessed by 3T DWI; ii) available MRI metrics obtained on a clinical 3T scan (grey matter atrophy MTR modifications, resting state connectivity); iv) clinical metrics.

This study will develop and assess a new imaging biomarker that has the potential to be used as an index of neurodegeneration in MS.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 45 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: PET With [18F]Flumazenil as an Index of Neurodegeneration in MS: Sensitivity at an Early Disease Stage and Pathophysiological Meaning
Estimated Study Start Date : February 1, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 1, 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : April 1, 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Flumazenil

Arm Intervention/treatment
Patients with multiple sclerosis
The multiple sclerosis group (n=30) will be subdivided in two subgroups: 15 patients with a relapsing remmitting MS (RRMS), and 15 patients with a primary progressive MS (PPMS).
Diagnostic Test: PET with [11C]Flumazenil
7T MRI sequences : TSE, T2w FLAIR GRE-T2* and DIR 3T MRI sequences: T1, T2, T1 with gadolinium, magnetization transfer, diffusion weighted, resting state fMRI.
Other Name: 7T and 3T MRI

healthy subjects
15 healthy subjects will be included. Among them 7 to 8 subjects will be matched for age and gender with the RRMS subgroup, and 7 to 8 will be matched for age and gender with the PPMS subgroup.
Diagnostic Test: PET with [11C]Flumazenil
7T MRI sequences : TSE, T2w FLAIR GRE-T2* and DIR 3T MRI sequences: T1, T2, T1 with gadolinium, magnetization transfer, diffusion weighted, resting state fMRI.
Other Name: 7T and 3T MRI




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Concentration of benzodiazepine receptors (BZR) measured from 11C -Flumazenil binding in different groups [ Time Frame: [0-2] MONTHS ]
    11C -Flumazenil binding in the grey matter : Concentration of benzodiazepine receptors (BZR) measured from 11C -Flumazenil binding kinetic analysis, and expressed as a Bmax estimation, in the cortex and deep grey matter of subjects.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. individual maps of neurodegeneration: changes in individual mapping of Flumazenil binding in different groups [ Time Frame: [0-2] MONTHS ]
    Individual mapping of Flumazenil binding changes in the grey matter of patients with MS compared to healthy controls at the voxel level

  2. volume of cortical lesions assessed on 7T MRI in different groups assessed in Cortical lesion volume [ Time Frame: [0-2] MONTHS ]
    volume of cortical lesions assessed on 7T MRI in different groups assessed in Cortical lesion volume

  3. volume of white matter lesions segmented on 3T T2 sequences: white matter lesion load [ Time Frame: [0-2] MONTHS ]
    volume of white matter lesions segmented on 3T T2 sequences: white matter lesion load

  4. Volume of gadolinium-enhanced white matter lesions on T1 sequence [ Time Frame: [0-2] MONTHS ]
    Volume of gadolinium-enhanced white matter lesions assessed on T1 sequence

  5. Voxel wise assessment of Magnetization transfer ratio (MTR) to assess changes in the grey and in the white matter in different groups [ Time Frame: [0-2] MONTHS ]
    Voxel wise assessment of Magnetization transfer ratio (MTR) to assess changes in the grey and in the white matter in different groups

  6. functional connectivity changes in patients [ Time Frame: [0-2] MONTHS ]
    functional connectivity assessed on resting state fMRI



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 55 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patient group:

    • Aged 18-55 years old
    • Diagnosis of RRMS or PPMS according to the 2010 Mc Donald criteria
    • Disease duration < 10 years
    • Able to understand the study objective and procedure
    • Efficient contraception for women of potential child-bearing
    • Inscription to the national health care system
    • Having signed the written consent form
    • No current benzodiazepine or other GABAA-interacting drug (that have to be stopped 15 days before inclusion)
    • Accept to be informed of any incidental finding on imaging acquisitions
  • Healthy subjects

    • Aged 18-55 years old
    • No evolutive pathology
    • Able to understand the study objective and procedure
    • Efficient contraception for women of potential child-bearing
    • Inscription to the national health care system
    • Having signed the written consent form
    • No concurrent benzodiazepine or other GABAA-interacting drug treatment (that have to be stopped 15 days before inclusion)
    • Accept to be informed of any incidental finding on imaging acquisitions

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any reason, which does not allow to perform MRI, including claustrophobia, the implant of a pace-maker or the presence of an intra-ocular foreign body.
  • For women: pregnancy, lactation, lack of efficient contraception. A positive pregnancy test conducted at visit 2 will lead to the immediate exclusion of the subject.
  • Current symptoms of severe or uncontrolled renal, hepatic, hematological, gastrointestinal pulmonary or cardiac disease.
  • Radiation exposure during the last year before inclusion due to prior participations to other research protocols
  • Other chronic neurological diseases.

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Responsible Party: Institut National de la Santé Et de la Recherche Médicale, France
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03825601     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: C16-31
First Posted: January 31, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 31, 2019
Last Verified: January 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Institut National de la Santé Et de la Recherche Médicale, France:
Patients,
Multiple Sclerosis,
Relapsing-Remitting
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Flumazenil
Multiple Sclerosis
Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting
Sclerosis
Nerve Degeneration
Pathologic Processes
Demyelinating Autoimmune Diseases, CNS
Autoimmune Diseases of the Nervous System
Nervous System Diseases
Demyelinating Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Antidotes
Protective Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
GABA Modulators
GABA Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action