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Trial record 79 of 100 for:    DROSPIRENONE AND ETHINYL ESTRADIOL

Continuous Versus Cyclical OCP Use in PCOS (CCOUP)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03819140
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : January 28, 2019
Last Update Posted : May 10, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Heather Huddleston, University of California, San Francisco

Brief Summary:
The mainstay treatment for females with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) has long been a combination of an oral contraceptive pill or OCP (containing both estrogen and progestin) along with an anti-androgen medication (such as Spironolactone) to not only prevent chronic anovulation but also suppress elevated testosterone levels and its clinical effects on the body. While there are multiple OCPs available on the market today and several studies that look at different progestins and their anti-androgenicity, not much is known about whether the length of active pills in OCP therapy (3 weeks versus 6 months) has any further benefit in continued suppression of testosterone and subsequently improvement in clinical findings of hyperandrogenism in the PCOS population. In this pilot randomized open label clinical trial, females between the ages of 16 and 35 years diagnosed with PCOS based on the Rotterdam Criteria, and not currently on medical therapy with an OCP will be enrolled in the study and randomized to either a continuous 6 month OCP or cyclical 21 day active OCP therapy. Our aim is to conduct a pilot randomized clinical trial to determine the effect of 6 months of active monophasic OCPs on testosterone levels and cutaneous findings of hyperandrogenism (hirsutism and acne) as compared to a traditional 21 day active/7 day placebo OCP in women with PCOS. These findings will be compared over a 6 month period.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Drug: Yasmin Phase 4

Detailed Description:

Those who meet criteria to take part in the study (women between the ages of 16-35 years, diagnosed with PCOS and have findings of hyperandrogenism either by serum testosterone levels above the normal reference range or by their modified Ferriman Gallwey score of >8, and are recommended to start an oral contraceptive pill for therapy) and give consent, will be randomized into either of two oral contraceptive (OCP) treatment groups:

  1. Ethinyl estradiol 30 mcg-Drospirenone 3 mg (Yasmin): 168 days of active hormone pills (no placebo pills) for 6 months.
  2. Ethinyl estradiol 30 mcg-Drospirenone 3mg (Yasmin): 21 days of active + 7 days of placebo pills for 6 months

Participants will be given the OCP Yasmin with instructions to take the medication at the same time each day for the length of the study (6 months). On the 4th, 12th and 24th week of therapy (roughly the 1st, 3rd and 6th month), blood work will be drawn and is detailed below.

At 1 month into therapy, (near the end of the 4th week on an OCP) both treatment groups will be expected to get blood work (total and free testosterone, SHBG, estradiol, LH, and FSH levels will be checked). At the time of the blood draw, subjects in the cyclical group should be on placebo/sugar pills and those in the continuous group on active hormone pills.

At 3 months into therapy, participants will come back to the PCOS clinic for routine care follow up and be seen by a Reproductive Endocrinology and Fertility specialist. This visit is considered "standard of care" and not specific to the study. However, during this visit a study investigator will also touch base briefly with the participants to see how they are doing. An online survey (through REDCap) will also be sent to participants that addresses if they have missed any doses of their medication and assess their acne quality of life. In addition, participants will once again get blood work (including total and free testosterone, SHBG, estradiol, LH, FSH, fasting lipid panel, fasting serum glucose, insulin, and HbA1c). As before, the cyclical group should be on placebo/sugar pills at the time of blood draw and the continuous group on active hormone pills.

At 6 months into therapy, participants will come in for a study visit (this is not considered routine care) in which they will have their vitals taken, a physical exam that includes a re-evaluation of their mFG score, and an in-clinic pelvic ultrasound to assess ovarian volume and follicle counts. They will also be emailed a post-study survey through REDCap, that includes a quality of life questionnaire for both acne and hirsutism, and includes questions regarding satisfaction with current therapy and any missed doses of their medication. Lastly, participants will again be expected to get blood work (total and free testosterone, SHBG, estradiol, LH, FSH).


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 60 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Continuous Versus Cyclical OCP Use in PCOS: A Pilot Study
Actual Study Start Date : February 1, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Continuous OCP Therapy
Participants randomly assigned to this arm will receive 8 packs of a 21 day oral contraceptive pills (OCP) called Yasmin (3 mg Drospirenone/0.03 mg Ethinyl estradiol) which comes in a formulation of 21 days of active hormone and 7 days of sugar pills. In this arm, participants will only be expected to take active hormone pills (colored pills) for the 6 months straight without stopping or taking the sugar pills in each pack.
Drug: Yasmin
Participants in each treatment arm will receive the medication Yasmin. However only the Cyclical OCP Therapy arm will take the sugar pills designated each month in the pill packs and the Continuous OCP Therapy arm will not.

Active Comparator: Cyclical OCP Therapy
Participants randomly assigned to this arm will receive 6 packs of a 21 day oral contraceptive pill (OCP) called Yasmin (3 mg Drospirenone/0.03 mg Ethinyl estradiol) which has 21 days of active hormone and 7 days of sugar pills. Participants will take one pill daily for 6 months and be expected to take the sugar pills at the end of each monthly pack prior to starting a new pack.
Drug: Yasmin
Participants in each treatment arm will receive the medication Yasmin. However only the Cyclical OCP Therapy arm will take the sugar pills designated each month in the pill packs and the Continuous OCP Therapy arm will not.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in biochemical hyperandrogenism [ Time Frame: measured at baseline, 1 month, 3 months and 6 months into therapy ]
    Testosterone level


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in clinical findings of hyperandrogenism - Hirsutism [ Time Frame: Baseline and at 6 months into therapy ]
    Participants will be examined and scored using the modified Ferriman-Gallwey Hirsutism. score. This scoring system is considered the standard scoring system that defines hirsutism (excess male pattern hair growth on the body) quantitatively. There are 9 body areas measured on a scare of 0-4, with higher values indicative of significant hair growth. All subscales are combined for a total score, with a minimum score of 0 and max of 36. A total score of >/=8 is considered diagnostic for hirsutism.

  2. Metabolic changes with OCP therapy [ Time Frame: Baseline and at 3 months into therapy ]
    Diabetes risk will be assessed and compared in both treatment arms by measuring HOMA-IR (through insulin and fasting glucose) as well as HbA1c percentage.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years to 35 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria: To be included in this study, participants must be:

  1. Female, within 16-35 years of age
  2. Diagnosed with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome based on the 2003 Rotterdam Criteria (must meet 2 out of 3 criteria):

    1. evidence of either biochemical or clinical hyperandrogenism (elevated free and or total testosterone level above the normal reference range for assay, and/or an modified Ferriman-Gallwey hirsutism score >8)
    2. Oligo- or anovulation
    3. Polycystic ovary morphology on ultrasound
  3. Adolescents should be at least 2 years out from menarche (first menstrual period).
  4. Participants must not be on an oral contraceptive pill (OCP) at the start of the study and or Spironolactone therapy (an anti-androgen medication), but recommended by their physician to start OCP therapy.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Females with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) who do not have either biochemical (elevated total or free testosterone levels) or clinical (modified Ferriman-Gallwey hirsutism score <8) findings of hyperandrogenism will not be included in the study as this is one of the primary outcome measures.
  2. Females with PCOS who are already on and currently using a form of contraceptive (oral, IUD, vaginal ring, or patch)
  3. Females that are concurrently using or plan to use an anti-androgenic medication such as Spironolactone in the next 6 months.
  4. Females currently or are planning to obtain permanent hair removal (ex. laser hair removal, electrolysis) in the concurrent 6 months of starting oral contraceptive (OCP) therapy will also be excluded from the study
  5. Women who are pregnant or have contraindications for starting an OCP, including active smokers, history of clotting disorders, history of deep vein thrombosis or blood clots, neoplasia, vascular disease, migraines, hypertension, or have renal/hepatic disease will be excluded from the study as OCP therapy would not be indicated or approved in this population.
  6. Females with elevated potassium levels above the normal reference range for age.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03819140


Contacts
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Contact: Heather Huddleston, MD (415) 885-3674 heather.huddleston@ucsf.edu
Contact: Armaiti Mody, MD (415) 476-3313 armaiti.mody@ucsf.edu

Locations
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United States, California
University of California, San Francisco Recruiting
San Francisco, California, United States, 94158
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of California, San Francisco
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Heather Huddleston, MD University of California, San Francisco

Publications:
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Responsible Party: Heather Huddleston, Associate Professor in OB/Gyn, Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03819140     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 18-24705
First Posted: January 28, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 10, 2019
Last Verified: May 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: Yes

Keywords provided by Heather Huddleston, University of California, San Francisco:
Hyperandrogenism
Oral Contraceptive Pills

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Ethinyl Estradiol
Drospirenone and ethinyl estradiol combination
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Ovarian Cysts
Cysts
Neoplasms
Ovarian Diseases
Adnexal Diseases
Genital Diseases, Female
Gonadal Disorders
Endocrine System Diseases
Contraceptive Agents
Contraceptives, Oral
Contraceptives, Oral, Combined
Reproductive Control Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Contraceptive Agents, Female
Estrogens
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists