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Trial record 34 of 82 for:    GRAZOPREVIR ANHYDROUS AND ELBASVIR

Bioequivalence Study of Crushed Elbasvir/Grazoprevir Compared to the Whole Tablet (CRUSADE-2)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03817619
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 25, 2019
Last Update Posted : August 6, 2019
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Radboud University

Brief Summary:

Elbasvir/grazoprevir (Zepatier®) is a once-daily tablet for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) GT1a, 1b or 4 infection containing the NS5A inhibitor elbasvir (ELB) 50 mg and the NS3/4A protease inhibitor grazoprevir (GZR) 100 mg.

For patients with swallowing difficulties, administration of whole tablets can be problematic. In addition, HCV patients that are hospitalized (at intensive care units) due to severe illness (co-infections/ liver failure) might not be able to swallow medication. Therefore it is useful to know whether it is possible to administer ELB/GZR through a different route, like a feeding tube.

In daily practice, information about the safety and efficacy of crushed tablets is lacking which might result in noncompliance, interruption or discontinuation of expensive HCV therapy. However, it is not recommended to interrupt treatment because there is no evidence about the efficacy of the therapy after discontinuation (and restarting).

Currently, patients and healthcare professionals are crushing tablets without information about efficacy and safety. Depending on the biopharmaceutical characteristics of a drug formulation, crushing tablets can lead to altered pharmacokinetics of drugs.

It is important to know whether pharmacokinetic parameters are influenced by crushing of tablets; both a decrease and an increase in exposure may occur. A decrease of the plasma concentrations of ELB and/or GZR potentially reduces the therapeutic effect of the drugs. Higher doses or switching to other HCV-drugs might be needed. In contrast, in case a higher Cmax and/or AUC occurs there might be an increased risk of toxicity.

As a result, crushing the drug is a contra-indication based on the available data. Therefore this study will be conducted to investigate whether a crushed ELB/GZR tablet is bioequivalent to ELB/GZR as a whole tablet.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hepatitis C Deglutition Disorders Drug: Zepatier whole tablet Drug: Zepatier crushed tablet Phase 1

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 11 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Intervention Model Description:

Open-label, 2-period, randomised, cross-over, single-centre, phase I, single-dose trial in 14 healthy adult subjects.

Intrasubject comparison of PK parameters after different administrations of Zepatier

Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Bioequivalence Study of CRUshed ElbaSvir/GrAzoprevir compareD to the wholE Tablet (CRUSADE-2)/Hep-NED005
Actual Study Start Date : March 28, 2019
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 30, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : July 30, 2019

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Treatment R (reference)
Single-dose ELB/GZR as a whole tablet in a fasted state.
Drug: Zepatier whole tablet
Single-dose ELB/GZR as a whole tablet in a fasted state.

Experimental: Treatment T (test)
Single-dose crushed ELB/GZR in a fasted state.
Drug: Zepatier crushed tablet
Single-dose crushed ELB/GZR in a fasted state.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Bioequivalence AUC0-72h [ Time Frame: 72 hours ]

    Determination of elbasvir/grazoprevir AUC0-72h by noncompartmental analysis. Descriptive statistics for the plasma concentrations of elbasvir/grazoprevir at each sampling time. Descriptive statistics for each PK parameter per treatment (geometric mean + CV%).

    Geometric Mean Ratios and 90% confidence intervals of pharmacokinetic parameters of treatment T (Test) vs. treatment R (Reference). AUC0-72h geometric mean ratios for elbasvir and grazoprevir with a 90% Cl falling entirely within the range of 0.7 to 1.43 are considered bioequivalent.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Bioequivalence (Cmax) [ Time Frame: 18 days ]

    Determination of grazoprevir Cmax by noncompartmental analysis. Geometric Mean Ratios and 90% confidence intervals of pharmacokinetic parameters of T (Test) vs. R (Reference).

    Cmax geometric mean ratios for elbasvir and grazoprevir with a 90% Cl falling entirely within the range of 0.7 to 1.43 are considered bioequivalent.

  2. Incidence of Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events [Safety and Tolerability]) [ Time Frame: 18 days ]
    Adverse events after intake of elbasvir/grazoprevir tablets in healthy adult volunteers.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 55 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subject is at least 18 and not older than 55 years at screening.
  • Subject does not smoke more than 10 cigarettes, 2 cigars, or 2 pipes per day for at least 3 months prior to Day 1.
  • Subject weighs at least 40 kg.
  • Subject has a Quetelet Index (Body Mass Index) of 18 to 30 kg/m2, extremes included.
  • Subject is able and willing to sign the Informed Consent Form prior to screening evaluations.
  • Subject is in good age-appropriate health condition as established by medical history, physical examination, and electrocardiography, results of biochemistry, hematology and urinalysis testing within 4 weeks prior to Day 1. Results of biochemistry, hematology and urinalysis testing should be within the laboratory's reference ranges. If laboratory results are not within the reference ranges, the subject is included on condition that the Investigator judges that the deviations are not clinically relevant. This should be clearly recorded.
  • Subject has a normal blood pressure and pulse rate, according to the Investigator's judgment.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Creatinine clearance below 60 mL/min.
  • Documented history of sensitivity/idiosyncrasy to medicinal products or excipients.
  • Positive hepatitis B or C test
  • Pregnant female (as confirmed by an hCG test performed less than 4 weeks before day 1) or breast-feeding female. Female subjects of childbearing potential without adequate contra-ception, e.g. hysterectomy, bilateral tubal ligation, (non-hormonal) intrauterine device, total abstinence, double barrier methods, or two years post-menopausal. They must agree to take precautions in order to prevent a pregnancy throughout the entire conduct of the study.
  • Therapy with any drug (for two weeks preceding Day 1), except for acetaminophen (max 2 gram/day).
  • Relevant history or presence of pulmonary disorders (especially COPD), cardiovascular disorders, neurological disorders (especially seizures and migraine), psychiatric disorders, gastro-intestinal disorders, renal and hepatic disorders (clinically relevant increased ALAT/ASAT or hyperbilirubinemia), hormonal disorders (especially diabetes mellitus), coagulation disorders.
  • Relevant history or current condition that might interfere with drug absorption, distribution, metabolism or excretion.
  • History of or current abuse of drugs, alcohol or solvents (positive drugs of abuse test).
  • Inability to understand the nature and extent of the study and the procedures required.
  • Participation in a drug study within 60 days prior to Day 1.
  • Donation of blood within 60 days prior to Day 1.
  • Febrile illness within 3 days before Day 1.
  • Co-worker of Radboud university medical center.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03817619

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RTCCS Radboudumc
Nijmegen, Netherlands
Sponsors and Collaborators
Radboud University

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Responsible Party: Radboud University Identifier: NCT03817619     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: UMCN-AKF 17.01
First Posted: January 25, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 6, 2019
Last Verified: August 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Elbasvir-grazoprevir drug combination
Hepatitis C
Deglutition Disorders
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Hepatitis, Viral, Human
Virus Diseases
Flaviviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Esophageal Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Pharyngeal Diseases
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents