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Immunogenicity and Safety Study of Inactivated Subunit H5N1 Influenza Vaccine in Prior Recipients of Live Attenuated H2N2, H6N1 and H9N2 Influenza Vaccines and in H5N1 and Live Attenuated Vaccine Naïve Individuals

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03816878
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : January 25, 2019
Last Update Posted : April 10, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the immunogenicity and safety of inactivated subunit H5N1 influenza vaccine in individuals who have previously received live attenuated H2N2, H6N1, or H9N2 influenza vaccine, as well as in individuals who have never previously received H5N1 or other pandemic live attenuated influenza vaccines.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Influenza Biological: H5N1 pISV Phase 1

Detailed Description:

This study will evaluate the immunogenicity and safety of inactivated subunit H5N1 influenza vaccine in individuals who have previously received live attenuated H2N2, H6N1, or H9N2 influenza vaccine, as well as in individuals who have never previously received H5N1 or other pandemic live attenuated influenza vaccines (pLAIVs).

Participants will be enrolled in two cohorts. Cohort 1 will include participants who received two doses of live attenuated H2N2, H6N1, or H9N2 influenza vaccine during a prior Center for Immunization Research (CIR) study; Cohort 2 will include participants who have never previously received a pLAIV. Participants in both cohorts will receive one dose of H5N1 pISV vaccine by injection at Day 0.

Participants will attend study visits on Days 0, 7, 14, 28, 56, 90, and 360. Study visits may include a physical examination, medical history, and blood and urine collection. All participants will be followed for approximately 360 days after receiving the H5N1 pISV vaccine.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 35 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: An Exploration of a Prime-Boost Approach for Universal Influenza Vaccination: Immunogenicity and Safety Study of Inactivated Subunit H5N1 Influenza Vaccine in Prior Recipients of Live Attenuated H2N2, H6N1 and H9N2 Influenza Vaccines and in H5N1 and Live Attenuated Vaccine Naïve Individuals
Actual Study Start Date : January 8, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : March 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Cohort 1: pLAIV Recipients
Participants who have received the pandemic live attenuated influenza vaccines (pLAIVs) H2N2, H6N1, or H9N2 during a previous CIR study will receive a single dose of 0.5 mL H5N1 pISV vaccine at Day 0.
Biological: H5N1 pISV
Administered as an intramuscular (IM) injection

Experimental: Cohort 2: pLAIV Naive
Participants who have never previously received a pLAIV will receive one dose of 0.5 mL H5N1 pISV vaccine at Day 0.
Biological: H5N1 pISV
Administered as an intramuscular (IM) injection




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Fold rise in titer of anti-group 1 stalk-antibodies in recipients of the pandemic live attenuated influenza vaccines (pLAIVs) (H2N2, H6N1 and H9N2) compared to the control pLAIV-naïve cohort [ Time Frame: Measured through Day 360 ]
    As measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and microneutralization assay (MN) using the chimeric cH6/N1 probe


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of vaccine-related adverse events in the recipients of the pLAIV compared to the control cohort [ Time Frame: Measured through Day 90 ]
    Graded according to the Division of AIDS (DAIDS) Table for Grading the Severity of Adult and Pediatric Adverse Events, Version 2.1, March 2017



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adult males and non-pregnant females between 18 years and 60 years of age inclusive.
  • General good health, without significant medical illness, physical examination findings, or significant laboratory abnormalities as determined by the investigator.
  • Available for the duration of the trial.
  • Able to demonstrate understanding of key study concepts, study rationale, and study participation requirements by scoring greater than or equal to 70% on a written comprehension assessment in 3 or fewer attempts.
  • Willingness to participate in the study as evidenced by signing the informed consent document.
  • Willingness to allow storage and testing of laboratory samples for future research.
  • Received 2 doses of live attenuated H2N2, H6N1, or H9N2 vaccine in a prior trial (Cohort 1) or H2N2, H6N1 and H9N2 naïve (Cohort 2)
  • Willingness to forego seasonal influenza virus vaccination from 1 month before vaccination until 3 months after vaccination.
  • Female subjects of childbearing potential must agree to have used effective birth control methods beginning at least one month prior to vaccination, and continuing with 'per label/fully effective use' for the chosen method for duration of the study, from amongst these:

    • pharmacologic/hormonal contraceptives, including oral, parenteral, subcutaneous, and transcutaneous delivery;
    • condoms with spermicide;
    • diaphragm with spermicide;
    • intrauterine device;
    • absolute abstinence from heterosexual intercourse as a matter of normal preferred lifestyle;
    • or must be surgically sterile or must be age 50 AND have had no menses at all for at least one full year.
    • All females must provide urine for pregnancy testing prior to enrollment (immediately prior vaccination), as well as a statement of menstrual history and a summary of all potentially reproductive sexual activity for the month prior to vaccination, and at each study contact throughout the study, and report known or suspected pregnancy immediately.
  • Willingness to refrain from blood donation during the course of the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnancy as determined by a positive test for human choriogonadotropin (beta-HCG), an indicator of pregnancy or history of recent unprotected intercourse in a woman of reproductive capacity.
  • Currently breast-feeding.
  • Evidence of clinically significant neurologic, cardiac, pulmonary, hematologic, hepatic, rheumatologic, autoimmune, or renal disease by history, physical examination, and/or laboratory studies.
  • Behavioral or cognitive impairment or psychiatric disease that in the opinion of the investigator affects the ability of the subject to understand and cooperate with the study protocol.
  • Have medical, occupational, or family problems as a result of alcohol or illicit drug use during the past 12 months.
  • Other condition that in the opinion of the investigator would jeopardize the safety or rights of a subject participating in the trial or would render the subject unable to comply with the protocol.
  • History of anaphylaxis in response to any vaccine or vaccine component.
  • History of life-threatening reaction to prior influenza vaccine.
  • Positive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and confirmatory test for human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1).
  • Positive ELISA and confirmatory test (e.g., HCV RNA PCR) for hepatitis C virus (HCV).
  • Positive hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBsAg) by ELISA.
  • Known immunodeficiency syndrome or history suggestive of impaired immune function.
  • History of Guillain-Barré syndrome.
  • Use of chronic oral or intravenous administration (greater than or equal to 14 days) of immunosuppressive doses of steroids, i.e., prednisone greater than 10 mg per day, immunosuppressants or other immune-modifying drugs within 30 days of starting this study.
  • Receipt of a live vaccine within 4 weeks or a killed vaccine within 2 weeks prior to study vaccination.
  • Receipt of blood or blood-derived products (including immunoglobulin) within 6 months prior to study vaccination.
  • Receipt of another investigational vaccine or drug within 30 days prior to study vaccination.
  • In addition to the above, participants in Cohort 1 (pandemic live attenuated influenza vaccine [pLAIV] recipients) and Cohort 2 (naïve cohort) must also not experience any of the following:

    • Previous enrollment in an H5N1 influenza vaccine trial.
  • Participants in Cohort 2 (naïve cohort) will be excluded if they are:

    • Seropositive to the H5N1 influenza A virus (serum hemagglutination inhibition assay (HAI) titer greater than 1:8).
    • Have previously received an investigational live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) in another study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03816878


Locations
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United States, Maryland
Center for Immunization Research, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Recruiting
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21205
Contact: Katie Chang    410-614-3161    kchang2@jhu.edu   
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Kawsar R. Talaat, MD Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

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Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03816878     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CIR 327
First Posted: January 25, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 10, 2019
Last Verified: April 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Influenza, Human
Influenza in Birds
Orthomyxoviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Respiratory Tract Infections
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Vaccines
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs