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Benralizumab Pregnancy Exposure Study

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03794999
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : January 7, 2019
Last Update Posted : April 24, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
University of California, San Diego, Department of Pediatrics
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
AstraZeneca

Brief Summary:

This is a prospective, observational, exposure cohort study of pregnancy and infant outcomes in women with asthma exposed to benralizumab anytime during pregnancy, or within 8 weeks prior to the first day of the last menstrual period (LMP).

The objective of the study is to monitor planned or unplanned pregnancies to evaluate potential teratogenic effect (birth defect) when exposed to benralizumab compared to two unexposed comparator groups.

The primary outcome is major structural birth defects (abnormalities in development of structures of the body) and the secondary outcomes are preterm delivery (premature baby), small for gestational age infants (small for weight, length, and/or head circumference), spontaneous abortion (miscarriage), stillbirth (baby born without signs of life), elective termination (voluntary abortion) and small for age postnatal growth to one year of age (small for weight, length and/or head circumference). The birth prevalence or incidence of outcomes in women exposed to benralizumab, and their infants, will be compared to those observed in two unexposed comparator groups: a disease-matched comparison group of women who have not used benralizumab during pregnancy or within 8 weeks of their last menstrual period (LMP), but who have used other anti-asthmatic medications (treated disease comparison group), and a comparison group of healthy women who do not have a diagnosis of asthma, have not had exposure to a known human teratogen (substance that causes birth defect), and have not taken benralizumab in pregnancy (healthy comparison group).


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Asthma Drug: Benralizumab-exposure Drug: Exposure to other asthma medications

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Study Type : Observational [Patient Registry]
Estimated Enrollment : 800 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Target Follow-Up Duration: 20 Months
Official Title: The Benralizumab Pregnancy Exposure Study: A VAMPSS Post Marketing Surveillance Study
Actual Study Start Date : March 20, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 31, 2025
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 31, 2025

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Asthma

Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
Benralizumab-exposed group
Pregnant women with asthma exposed to benralizumab anytime during pregnancy or within 8 weeks prior to last menstrual period
Drug: Benralizumab-exposure
Exposure is defined as any dose of benralizumab for any length of time from 8 weeks prior to Last Mentrual Period (LMP) through the end of pregnancy, as reported by the mother and validated through medical record review. The 8-week cut-off prior to LMP is based upon the terminal half-life of benralizumab of approximately 15 days (clearance of benralizumab is based on five half-lives).

Asthmatic comparison group
Pregnant women currently treated for asthma not exposed to benralizumab during pregnancy or within 8 weeks prior to last menstrual period
Drug: Exposure to other asthma medications
Exposure to asthma medications for any number of days, at any dose, and at any time from LMP up to the date of enrollment, but no exposure to benralizumab during pregnancy or within 8 weeks prior to LMP.

Non-asthmatic comparison group
Pregnant women who are not diagnosed with asthma, have not had exposure to a known human teratogen, and have not taken benralizumab during pregnancy.



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Major structural birth defects [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year of age ]
    Pregnancies ending in live birth with exposure in the first trimester for benralizumab cohort, and other comparison groups at least one malformed infant in an individual pregnancy is considered one malformed outcome


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Spontaneous abortion/miscarriage [ Time Frame: Prior to 20.0 weeks gestation ]
    Spontaneous pregnancy loss prior to 20.0 weeks gestation, since women only enrol after recognition of pregnancy, spontaneous abortions are only identified after enrolment in clinically recognised pregnancies.

  2. Preterm delivery [ Time Frame: Prior to 37 weeks of gestation ]
    Pregnancies enrolled prior to 37.0 weeks' gestation and ending in at least one live born infant. Excludes twins or higher order multiples due to inherent higher risk of preterm birth in multiples. Exposure can occur any time in pregnancy prior to the event.

  3. Small for gestational age infants [ Time Frame: At birth ]
    Pregnancies ending in at least one live born infant who are <10th centile on birth weight, length and/or head circumference for infant sex and gestational age; excluding twins or higher order multiples due to the inherent higher risk of reduced birth size in multiples. Exposure can occur any time in pregnancy prior to the event.

  4. Stillbirth [ Time Frame: At delivery ]
    Stillbirth is defined as a fetal death that occurs >20 weeks' gestation. All pregnancies, excluding lost-to-follow-up. Exposure can occur any time in pregnancy prior to the event.

  5. Elective termination/abortion [ Time Frame: At the end of pregnancy, or through 9 month pregnancy period ]
    Elective termination is defined as deliberate interruption of pregnancy by surgical or medical means. All pregnancies, excluding lost-to-follow-up. Exposure can occur anytime in pregnancy prior to the event.

  6. Small for age postnatal growth of live born children to 1 year of age [ Time Frame: Up to one year of age ]
    Postnatal growth is measured at approximately 1 year of age among live born infants and age and sex specific percentiles assigned using standard U.S. growth curves. Weight, length and/or head circumference <10th centile will be considered small for age. Multiples are excluded. Exposure can occur anytime in pregnancy.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Gender Based Eligibility:   Yes
Gender Eligibility Description:   Pregnant women who have or have not used benralizumab anytime in pregnancy for asthma.
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
The study population includes pregnant women who reside in the US or Canada who have or have not used benralizumab anytime in pregnancy for asthma.
Criteria

Participants will be recruited into the three cohorts concurrently, on the basis of the following inclusion/exclusion criteria:

Cohort 1: Benralizumab-Exposed

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Currently pregnant women diagnosed with asthma who contact the OTIS Research Center and who have been exposed to benralizumab for any number of days, at any dose, and at any time from 8 weeks before the first day of LMP up to and including the end of pregnancy.
  • Eligible participants will be currently pregnant women who agree to the conditions and requirements of the study including the interview schedule and release of medical records.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Women who have had exposure to another biologic, used for any indication, anytime during pregnancy or within 8 weeks of LMP.
  • Women will not be eligible for Cohort 1 if they first contact the OTIS Research Center after prenatal diagnosis of a major structural birth defect.
  • Restrospective cases (outcome of pregnancy known prior to enrollment).
  • Women who have enrolled in the current study with a previous pregnancy.

Cohort 2: Treated Diseased Comparison

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Currently pregnant women diagnosed with asthma and exposed to asthma medications for any number of days, at any dose, and at any time from LMP up to the date of enrollment, who contact the OTIS Research Center but who were not exposed to benralizumab during pregnancy or within 8 weeks prior to LMP.
  • Eligible participants will be currently pregnant women who agree to the conditions and requirements of the study including the interview schedule and release of medical records.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Women with exposure to benralizumab any time during pregnancy or within 8 weeks prior to LMP.
  • Women will not be eligible for Cohort 2 if they first come in contact with the OTIS Research Center after prenatal diagnosis of a major structural birth defect.
  • Retrospective cases (outcome of pregnancy known prior to enrollment).
  • Women who have enrolled in the current study with a previous pregnancy.

Cohort 3: Non-Asthmatic Comparison

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Currently pregnant women who contact the OTIS Research Center.
  • Eligible women may potentially have been exposed to non-teratogenic agents during this pregnancy.
  • Women who agree to the conditions and requirements of the study including the interview schedule and release of medical records.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Women who have been exposed to any known teratogenic agents as determined by the OTIS Research Center (list in Annex 1) for any number of days, at any dose, from the first day of the last menstrual period up to and including the end of pregnancy.
  • Women with a self-reported diagnosis of asthma, current or previous.
  • Women will not be eligible for Cohort 3 if they come in contact with the OTIS Research Center after prenatal diagnosis of a major structural birth defect.
  • Retrospective cases (outcome of pregnancy known prior to enrollment).
  • Women who have enrolled in the current study with a previous pregnancy.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03794999


Contacts
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Contact: AstraZeneca Clinical Study Information Center 1-877-240-9479 information.center@astrazeneca.com

Locations
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United States, California
Research Site Recruiting
San Diego, California, United States, 92093-0828
Sponsors and Collaborators
AstraZeneca
University of California, San Diego, Department of Pediatrics
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Christina Chambers, PhD, MPH University of California, San Diego

Additional Information:

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Responsible Party: AstraZeneca
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03794999     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: D3250R00026
EUPAS26461 ( Registry Identifier: ENCePP )
First Posted: January 7, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 24, 2019
Last Verified: April 2019

Keywords provided by AstraZeneca:
asthma
pregnancy
benralizumab
infant
teratogenic

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Benralizumab
Anti-Asthmatic Agents
Respiratory System Agents