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Evaluation of Muscle Thickness and Balance in Young and Older Adults

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03791047
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 1, 2019
Last Update Posted : March 12, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ozden Ozkal, Hacettepe University

Brief Summary:
This study evaluates muscle thickness of trunk and lower limb and balance in young and older healthy adults. The participants will be evaluated muscle thickness for 14 different muscle and balance which evaluated by computerized force plate system.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Healthy Balance; Distorted Other: Balance Analysis Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
Aging had an adverse affect on musculoskeletal system and balance parameters. Decreased muscle strength or thickness negatively affect person's balance control. But there are no information in the literature about the relationships between muscle thickness and balance in healthy subjects. In addition to, it is not known which muscle responsible for balance. Therefore, this study will evaluate muscle thickness via ultrasonography and balance in young and older adults. Balance will be evaluated computerized Balance system. Muscle thickness for different 14 muscle ( diaphragm, transversus abdominis,multifidus, longissimus, quadratus lumborum, rectus abdominis, external and internal obliques, rectus femoris, vastus intermedius, vastus lateralis, tibialis anterior, gastrocnemius, soleus) will be evaluated by ultrasonography at the right side. Only diaphram muscle will be evaluated both right and left side.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 136 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Screening
Official Title: The Relationship Between Muscle Thickness and Dynamic Balance in Young and Older Adults
Actual Study Start Date : January 5, 2019
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 15, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : March 1, 2019

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Experimental Group: Balance analysis
Sixty older subjects will be evaluated in this study. Muscle thickness and balance will be assessed by ultrasonography and Computerized Balance system respectively.
Other: Balance Analysis
Balance analysis is assessment method to estimate fall of risk and deterioration of postural control.

Active Comparator: Control Group:Balance Analysis
Sixty young subjects will be evaluated in this study. Muscle thickness and balance will be assessed by ultrasonography and Computerized Balance system respectively.
Other: Balance Analysis
Balance analysis is assessment method to estimate fall of risk and deterioration of postural control.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Limits of Stability [ Time Frame: 15 minutes ]
    Limits of stability test evaluates dynamic balance of participants. Computerized balance system measured limits of stability for forward, backward, right and left side movements. It calculates the maximum distance a person can lean without losing balance. The unit of measure is centimeters. The higher value is indicated the better balance.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Muscle thickness [ Time Frame: 30 minutes ]
    Muscle thickness in millimeters by Ultrasound

  2. Postural Sway [ Time Frame: 15 minutes ]
    Postural sway in centimeters by computerized balance system

  3. Fear of falling [ Time Frame: 15 minutes ]
    Fear of Falling will be evaluated by Fall Efficacy Scale - International is a questionnaire that assesses fear of falling. The total scores range from 16 "absence of concern" to 64 "extreme concern.

  4. Joint position sense [ Time Frame: 15 minutes ]
    Knee joint position sense test will be evaluated using an isokinetic dynamometer. The testing included passive positioning performed by the assessor and active-repositioning performed by the participants. As the difference between the target degree and the degree is increased, the sense of position worsens.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 90 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria For Young Adults:

  • To be a volunteer to participate
  • to be an aged 18-40 years old.

Inclusion Criteria For Older Adults:

  • To be a volunteer to participate
  • to be an aged 65-90 years old.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Walking with assist device
  • Having a visual deficits
  • Having an orthopedic problems that affect balance
  • Having a neurological disorders
  • Having a musculoskeletal disorders that affect balance
  • Having an undergone orthopedic surgery

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03791047


Locations
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Turkey
Ozden Ozkal
Ankara, Turkey, 06100
Sponsors and Collaborators
Hacettepe University
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Ozden Ozkal Hacettepe University

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Ozden Ozkal, Principal Investigator, Hacettepe University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03791047     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: GO 18/506
First Posted: January 1, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 12, 2019
Last Verified: December 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Ozden Ozkal, Hacettepe University:
Balance
Postural control
Muscle
Older adults