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Maximizing Outcomes for Preschoolers With Developmental Language Disorders

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03782493
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : December 20, 2018
Last Update Posted : August 5, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Vanderbilt University
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Megan Roberts, Northwestern University

Brief Summary:
The objective of the proposed study is to evaluate the efficacy of the Enhanced Milieu Teaching-Sentence Focus (EMT-SF) intervention, implemented by caregivers and interventionists, relative to a control condition enrolling 108 30-month-old children and their caregivers. The central hypothesis is that intervention will result in better overall child language skills at 49 months of age.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Developmental Language Disorder Behavioral: the Enhanced Milieu Teaching-Sentence Focus Phase 2

Detailed Description:

A multi-site, phase 2, randomized clinical trial will be used to determine whether communication support strategies are effective for improving language outcomes in children with emergent developmental language disorder.

At study entry, 108 children with emergent developmental language disorder (DLD) at 30 months of age will be randomly assigned 1:1 to either the EMT-SF treatment condition or a Business as Usual (BAU) control group. The control group is necessary to determine the efficacy of the EMT-SF intervention. The EMT-SF group is necessary to evaluate the effects of systematically teaching caregivers to use these strategies. Because all children in the study have language delays that will make them eligible to receive the early intervention services through the state early intervention program, children in both experimental conditions will receive state-provided community-based intervention according to their Individualized Family Service Plan - the current standard of care or from private speech language therapy providers. Children in the EMT-SF condition will receive an additional 18 months of interventionist plus caregiver-implemented intervention sessions. Children in both groups will be assessed at the start of the study and every 3 months until the child is 49 months old. The goal is to enroll all children at 30 months of age and provide a minimum of 60 of the planned 66 sessions of intervention to each child in the treatment condition; however, variability in age at study entry (e.g., 30 months), intervention dosage, and number of assessment data points will be addressed in the statistical analysis.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 108 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: A stratified randomized clinical trial design will be used with site (Vanderbilt, Northwestern) and biological sex (boys, girls) as stratification factors and EMT-SF or business-as-usual (BAU) control as a randomization factor.
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description: Outcomes assessors and data coders will be blind to experimental condition
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Maximizing Outcomes for Preschoolers With Developmental Language Disorder: Testing the Effects of a Sequentially Targeted Naturalistic Intervention.
Actual Study Start Date : April 4, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 1, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : February 1, 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Toddler Health

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Enhanced Milieu Teaching-Sentence Focus
The study intervention is a behavioral intervention which will include individually teaching caregivers to use the intervention strategies from the Enhanced Milieu Teaching-Sentence Focus (EMT-SF) intervention using a manualized protocol (Teach-Model-Coach-Review). Caregivers will participate in 66 intervention sessions across 18 months, targeting vocabulary and grammar as well as the transition to decontextualized language.
Behavioral: the Enhanced Milieu Teaching-Sentence Focus
Caregivers in the treatment group (EMT-SF) will receive 66 EMT-SF intervention sessions at home over 18 months. They will be taught the intervention strategies using a manualized protocol (Teach-Model-Coach-Review).
Other Name: EMT-SF

No Intervention: Business-as-usual control
Caregivers in the control group will participate in community-based intervention services and receive the same printed intervention instructions, books, and toys at the same intervals as the treatment group, but will not receive EMT-SF intervention.



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals Preschool - 2nd edition (CELF-P2) [ Time Frame: 49 months ]
    CELF-P2 core language score at 49 months. The core language score includes summing the scaled scores from the following subtests: Word Structure (raw score min = 0; max = 24), Sentence Structure (raw score min = 0; max = 22), and Expressive Vocabulary (raw score mix = 0; max = 40), and deriving a standardized composite score (min = 45; max = 155). These three subtests provide the best diagnostic accuracy between children with and without developmental language disorders. Thus, the Core Language Score is considered the most representative reflection of a child's overall language skills. Higher standard scores represent better language outcomes.

  2. Change in number of different spoken words from a Language Sample [ Time Frame: Change between 30 to 49 months (measured every 3 months) ]
    Slope of total number of different spoken word (NDW) roots from a Language Sample measured every 3 months from 30 to 49 months derived from a 20-minute language sample. Higher scores represent better language outcomes.

  3. Change in a latent factor of grammar from a Language Sample [ Time Frame: Change between 30 to 49 months (measured every 3 months) ]
    Change in a latent variable of number of different verbs, number of different subjects, tense/agreement productivity, index of productive syntax, clauses per utterance derived from a 20-minute language sample. Higher scores represent better language outcomes.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test - 5th Edition (PPVT-5) [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
    PPVT standard score (min = 20, max = 160). Higher scores represent better outcomes.

  2. Expressive Vocabulary Test - 3rd edition (EVT-3) [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
    Expressive Vocabulary Test (EVT-3) standard score (min = 20; max = 160). Higher scores represent better outcomes.

  3. Structured Photographic Expressive Language Test - Preschool 2nd edition (SPELT-P2) [ Time Frame: 42 months ]
    Structured Photographic Expressive Language Test (SPELT P-2) raw score (min = 0; max = 40). Higher scores represent better outcomes.

  4. Structured Photographic Expressive Language Test - Preschool 2nd edition (SPELT-P2) [ Time Frame: 49 months ]
    Structured Photographic Expressive Language Test (SPELT P-2) raw score (min = 0; max = 40). Higher scores represent better outcomes.

  5. Test of Early Grammatical Impairment - 3rd person singular & past tense probes (TEGI) [ Time Frame: 42 months ]
    Test of Early Grammatical Impairment (TEGI) raw score for subscales: Third Person Singular Probe subscale (min = 0; max = 10) and the Past Tense Probe subscale (min = 0; max = 18). Higher scores represent better outcomes.

  6. Test of Early Grammatical Impairment - 3rd person singular & past tense probes (TEGI) [ Time Frame: 49 months ]
    Test of Early Grammatical Impairment (TEGI) raw score for subscales: Third Person Singular Probe subscale (min = 0; max = 10) and the Past Tense Probe subscale (min = 0; max = 18). Higher scores represent better outcomes.

  7. Focus on the Outcomes of Children Under Six (FOCUS) [ Time Frame: 49 months ]
    Focus on the Outcomes of Children Under Six (FOCUS) total raw score (min = 0, max = 350). Higher scores represent better outcomes.

  8. Decontextualized language from a Language Sample [ Time Frame: 49 months ]
    Total number of utterances that contain decontextualized language from a 20-minute Language Sample. Higher scores represent better language outcomes.

  9. Renfrew Bus Story - North American Edition (RBS-NA) [ Time Frame: 49 months ]
    Information score (min = 0; max = 52) from the Renfrew Bus Story. Higher scores represent better outcomes.

  10. Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) [ Time Frame: 49 months ]
    Child Behavior Checklist Internalizing T score (min = 29; max = 100). Lower scores represent better outcomes.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   27 Months to 31 Months   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Parent or caregiver (mother, father, grandparent) willing to participate in caregiver training over the full 18 months of the study
  • Normal non-verbal cognitive abilities
  • Receptive and expressive language delay:
  • English as the only language spoken to the child in the home
  • Provision of signed and dated informed consent form
  • Attempts to imitate 10 words

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of a neurodevelopmental disability other than DLD (e.g., Down syndrome, ASD, intellectual disability)
  • Caregiver report of a major medical condition (e.g., seizures, cancer, stroke, traumatic head injury, cleft lip/palate, cerebral palsy, legally blind, any genetic diagnosis associated - - Caregiver report of preterm birth (i.e., < 37 weeks gestation)
  • Caregiver report of hearing impairment or audiological testing indicating hearing thresholds > 20dB
  • Caregiver report or direct observation of any problems chewing, sucking through a straw, or blowing bubbles.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03782493


Contacts
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Contact: Megan Y Roberts, PhD 8474913183 megan.y.roberts@northwestern.edu
Contact: Laura J Sudec, MSW 8474913183 ei@northwestern.edu

Locations
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United States, Illinois
Northwestern University Recruiting
Evanston, Illinois, United States, 60208
Contact: Megan Y Roberts, PhD    847-491-3183    megan.y.roberts@northwestern.edu   
Contact: Laura Sudec, MSW    8474913183    laura.sudec@northwestern.edu   
Principal Investigator: Megan Y Roberts, PhD         
United States, Tennessee
Vanderbilt University Recruiting
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37203-
Contact: Ann Kaiser, PhD    615-322-8160    kidtalk@vanderbilt.edu   
Contact: Kimberly McCulla    615-322-8160    kidtalk@vanderbilt.edu   
Principal Investigator: Ann Kaiser, PhD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Northwestern University
Vanderbilt University
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Megan Y Roberts, PhD Northwestern University
Principal Investigator: Pamela Hadley, PhD University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Principal Investigator: Ann Kaiser, PhD Vanderbilt University
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Responsible Party: Megan Roberts, Jane Steiner Hoffman and Michael Hoffman Assistant Professor of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Northwestern University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03782493    
Other Study ID Numbers: U0046320
First Posted: December 20, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 5, 2020
Last Verified: August 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Transcripts from caregiver-child and examiner-child language samples will also be donated to the Child Language Data Exchange System (http://childes.psy.cmu.edu), an international repository of child language data. Access to the data will be openly available. Researchers who access the transcripts will be expected to abide by the established guidelines for use of TalkBank data http://talkbank.org/share/irb/options.html.
Access Criteria: Data and associated documentation available to users only under a data-sharing agreement that provides for a commitment: (1) to use the data only for research purposes and not to identify any individual participant; (2) to secure the data using appropriate computer technology; (3) to destroy or return the data after analyses are completed; and (4) to cite the grant and key publications describing the database and measures in any resulting presentations and publications.

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Language Disorders
Language Development Disorders
Communication Disorders
Neurobehavioral Manifestations
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases