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Immunogenicity and Safety of Tetravalent Dengue Vaccine (TDV) at the End of Shelf Life in Healthy Adults

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03771963
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 11, 2018
Results First Posted : June 7, 2021
Last Update Posted : June 7, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Takeda

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and immune response of a naturally aged lot of tetravalent dengue vaccine (TDV) in healthy participants, aged 18 to 60 years, in non-endemic country(ies) for dengue.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Dengue Fever Biological: Tetravalent Dengue Vaccine (TDV) Phase 3

Detailed Description:

The vaccine being tested in this study is tetravalent dengue vaccine (TDV). The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the immune response and safety of a naturally aged (>12 months stored at 2°C to 8°C) lot of TDV in a healthy adult population in country(ies) non-endemic for dengue. The assessment of a naturally aged lot of TDV in this clinical trial will provide an important contribution to data on TDV stability throughout the shelf life of the product.

The study will enroll approximately 200 participants. Participants will be enrolled to the one treatment group:

Tetravalent Dengue Vaccine (TDV)

All participants will receive subcutaneous (SC) injection on Day 1 (Month 0) and Day 90 (Month 3).

This multi-center trial will be conducted in the United States. The overall time to participate in this study is 9 months. Participants will make multiple visits to the clinic including a final visit at Day 270 (Month 9).

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 200 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: An Open-Label, Phase 3 Trial to Investigate the Immunogenicity and Safety of Tetravalent Dengue Vaccine Candidate (TDV) at the End of Shelf Life in Healthy Adults in Non-Endemic Country(Ies) for Dengue
Actual Study Start Date : March 28, 2019
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 14, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : March 13, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Dengue

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Tetravalent Dengue Vaccine (TDV)
TDV 0.5 mL, injection, subcutaneously (SC), once on Day 1 (first dose) and Day 90 (second dose).
Biological: Tetravalent Dengue Vaccine (TDV)
TDV SC injection.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Geometric Mean Titers (GMT) of Neutralizing Antibodies for Each of the 4 Dengue Serotypes at Day 120 [ Time Frame: One month post second dose (Day 120) ]
    GMTs of neutralizing antibodies for each of the 4 dengue serotypes were measured by microneutralization test 50% [MNT50]. The 4 dengue virus serotypes were DENV-1, DENV-2, DENV-3, and DENV-4.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Seropositivity Rates for Each of the 4 Dengue Serotypes at Days 120 and 270 [ Time Frame: One month and six months post second dose (Days 120 and 270) ]
    Seropositivity rate was defined as the percentage of participants being seropositive, derived from titers of dengue-neutralizing antibodies. Seropositivity was defined as a reciprocal neutralizing titer ≥10 (for each serotype). Seropositivity rates were assessed for the four dengue serotypes: DENV-1, DENV-2, DENV-3, and DENV-4.

  2. Seropositivity Rates for Multiple (2, 3, or 4) Dengue Serotypes at Days 120 and 270 [ Time Frame: One month and six months post second dose (Days 120 and 270) ]
    Seropositivity rate was defined as the percentage of participants being seropositive, derived from titers of dengue-neutralizing antibodies. Seropositivity was defined as a reciprocal neutralizing titer ≥10. The dengue virus serotypes are DENV-1, DENV-2, DENV-3 and DENV-4. Seropositivity for multiple dengue serotypes was summarized in the following categories: tetravalent and at least trivalent.

  3. Geometric Mean Titers (GMTs) of Neutralizing Antibodies for Each of the 4 Dengue Serotypes at Day 270 [ Time Frame: Six months post second dose (Day 270) ]
    GMTs of neutralizing antibodies were assessed for the four dengue serotypes: DENV-1, DENV-2, DENV-3, and DENV-4, by MNT50.

  4. Percentage of Participants With Solicited Local (Injection Site) Reactions Following Each Vaccination by Severity [ Time Frame: Up to 7 days (Day of vaccination + 6 subsequent days) after each of the vaccination ]
    Solicited local adverse events (AEs) [at injection site] were collected by participants using diary cards within 7 days after each vaccination and included injection site pain [Grade 0 (no pain), 1 (mild: no interference with daily activity), 2 (moderate: interference with daily activity with or without treatment) and 3 (severe: prevents daily activity with or without treatment)], injection site erythema [Grade 0 (<25 mm), 1 (25 - ≤ 50 mm), 2 (>50 - ≤ 100 mm), 3 (> 100 mm)] and injection site swelling [Grade 0 (<25 mm), 1 (25 - ≤ 50 mm), 2 (>50 - ≤ 100 mm), 3 (> 100 mm)]. The percentages were rounded off to the first decimal place. Only categories with at least 1 participant are reported.

  5. Percentage of Participants With Solicited Systemic Adverse Events Following Each Vaccination by Severity [ Time Frame: Up to 14 days (Day of vaccination + 13 subsequent days) after each vaccination ]
    Solicited systemic AEs were collected by participants using diary cards within 14 days after each vaccination and included fever, headache, asthenia, malaise and myalgia. Severity grades were: Grade 0: none, Grade 1: mild (no interference with daily activity), Grade 2: moderate (interference with daily activity with or without treatment), Grade 3: severe (prevents normal daily activity with or without treatment). Fever is defined as body temperature greater than or equal to 38°C (100.4°F). Fever was excluded from the overall count as no severity grading was applied for it. The percentages were rounded off to the first decimal place. Only categories with at least 1 participant are reported.

  6. Percentage of Participants With Any Unsolicited Adverse Events Following Each Vaccination [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days after each vaccination (Day of vaccination + 27 subsequent days) ]
    An AE is defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a clinical investigation participant administered a study vaccine; it does not necessarily have to have a causal relationship with study vaccine administration.

  7. Percentage of Participants With Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) [ Time Frame: From first vaccination (Day 1) through end of study (Day 270) ]
    An SAE is defined as any untoward medical occurrence that results in death, is life-threatening, requires inpatient hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization, results in persistent or significant disability / incapacity, leads to a congenital anomaly / birth defect in the offspring of a participant, or is an important medical event which may require intervention to prevent the items listed above or may expose the participant to danger, even though the event is not immediately life threatening or fatal or does not result in hospitalization.

  8. Percentage of Participants With Medically Attended Adverse Events (MAAEs) [ Time Frame: From first vaccination (Day 1) through end of study (Day 270) ]
    MAAEs are defined as AEs leading to an unscheduled visit to or by a healthcare professional, including visits to an emergency department, but not fulfilling seriousness criteria.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Participants who are in good health at the time of entry into the trial as determined by medical history, physical examination (including vital signs), and the clinical judgment of the investigator.
  2. Participants who sign and date a written informed consent form and any required privacy authorization prior to the initiation of any trial procedures, after the nature of the trial has been explained according to local regulatory requirements.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Participants with a clinically significant active infection (as assessed by the investigator) or body temperature ≥38°C (≥100.4°F) within 3 days of the intended date of vaccine administration
  2. Known or suspected impairment/alteration of immune function, including:

    1. Chronic use of oral steroids (equivalent to 20 mg/day prednisone ≥12 weeks and/or ≥2 mg/kg body weight/day prednisone ≥2 weeks) within 60 days prior to Day 1 (Month 0) (use of inhaled, intranasal, or topical corticosteroids is allowed).
    2. Receipt of parenteral steroids (equivalent to 20 mg/day prednisone ≥12 weeks and/or ≥2 mg/kg body weight/day prednisone ≥2 weeks) within 60 days prior to Day 1 (Month 0).
    3. Administration of immunoglobulins and/or any blood products within the 3 months prior to Day 1 (Month 0) or planned administration during the trial.
    4. Receipt of immunostimulants within 60 days prior to Day 1 (Month 0).
    5. Immunosuppressive therapy such as anti-cancer chemotherapy or radiation therapy within 6 months prior to Day 1 (Month 0).
    6. Known Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection or HIV-related disease.
    7. Hepatitis C virus infection.
    8. Genetic immunodeficiency.
  3. With Body Mass Index (BMI) greater than or equal to 35 kg/m^2(=weight in kg/height in meters^2).
  4. Participants who have known hypersensitivity or allergy to any of the vaccine components.
  5. Previous and planned vaccination (during the trial conduct), against any flavivirus including dengue, Yellow Fever (YF), Japanese Encephalitis (JE) viruses or tick-borne encephalitis.
  6. Previous participation in any clinical trial of a dengue or other flavivirus (e.g., West Nile [WN] virus) candidate vaccine, except for participants who received placebo in those trials.
  7. With a current or previous infection with a flavivirus such as dengue, Zika, YF, JE, WN fever, tick-borne encephalitis or Murray Valley encephalitis and participants with a history of prolonged (≥1 year) habitation in a dengue endemic area.
  8. Participants with any history of progressive or severe neurologic disorder, seizure disorder or neuro-inflammatory disease (e.g., Guillain-Barré syndrome).
  9. Participants with history of substance or alcohol abuse within the past 2 years.
  10. Participants who have any serious chronic or progressive disease according to judgment of the Investigator (e.g., neoplasm, insulin dependent diabetes, cardiac, renal or hepatic disease).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03771963


Locations
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United States, California
Anaheim Clinical Trials, LLC
Anaheim, California, United States, 92805
United States, Kansas
Hutchinson Clinic
Hutchinson, Kansas, United States, 67502
Sponsors and Collaborators
Takeda
Investigators
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Study Director: Study Director Takeda
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Takeda:
Study Protocol  [PDF] June 21, 2018
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] March 15, 2019

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Responsible Party: Takeda
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03771963    
Other Study ID Numbers: DEN-307
U1111-1222-2812 ( Registry Identifier: WHO )
First Posted: December 11, 2018    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: June 7, 2021
Last Update Posted: June 7, 2021
Last Verified: May 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Takeda provides access to the de-identified individual participant data (IPD) for eligible studies to aid qualified researchers in addressing legitimate scientific objectives (Takeda's data sharing commitment is available on https://clinicaltrials.takeda.com/takedas-commitment?commitment=5). These IPDs will be provided in a secure research environment following approval of a data sharing request, and under the terms of a data sharing agreement.
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Informed Consent Form (ICF)
Clinical Study Report (CSR)
Access Criteria: IPD from eligible studies will be shared with qualified researchers according to the criteria and process described on https://vivli.org/ourmember/takeda/. For approved requests, the researchers will be provided access to anonymized data (to respect patient privacy in line with applicable laws and regulations) and with information necessary to address the research objectives under the terms of a data sharing agreement.
URL: https://vivli.org/ourmember/takeda/

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Takeda:
Live Attenuated Tetravalent Dengue Vaccine
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Dengue
Arbovirus Infections
Virus Diseases
Flavivirus Infections
Flaviviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Hemorrhagic Fevers, Viral