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Efficacy and Safety of rhTPO and Eltrombopag in Patients With Primary Immune Thrombocytopenia (ITP) ((ITP;rhTPO))

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03771378
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : December 11, 2018
Last Update Posted : November 15, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University
The Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University
The First People's Hospital of Yuhang District
Xiangyang Central Hospital
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
MEI HENG, Wuhan Union Hospital, China

Brief Summary:
Primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is an acquired autoimmune hemorrhagic disease. In most cases, platelet count is negatively correlated with the severity of bleeding. Correcting low platelets is the main measure to prevent bleeding in patients with ITP. Both rhTPO and eltrombopag act on TPO receptors to increase platelets.Which one will have a better short-term (2 weeks) effect to improve platelets is the purpose of the investigator's research.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Primary Immune Thrombocytopenia Drug: rhTPO Drug: eltrombopag Phase 4

Detailed Description:
Primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is an acquired autoimmune hemorrhagic disease. ITP patients have an increased risk of bleeding and the clinical symptoms are petechia, ecchymosis, organ hemorrhage and even life-threatening bleeding. The mortality rate in ITP is increased approximately 60% compared with age- and sex matched comparisons, bleeding is one of the leading causes of death, thus treating and preventing bleeding is particularly important for those patients. In most cases, platelet count is negatively correlated with the severity of bleeding. Correcting low platelets is the main measure to prevent bleeding in patients with ITP. Recombinant human thrombopoietin (rhTPO), a full-length glycated TPO, is a recombinant form of c-Mpl ligand that competes with endogenous TPO for binding to TPO receptors (TPO-R, c-Mp0), many clinical trials have shown that rhTPO can efficiently and safely stimulate platelet production, increase peripheral blood platelet count. The State Food and Drug Administration approved the drug as the second-line treatment for patients with ITP in 2005. Eltrombopag is an oral, synthetic non-peptide small molecule human thrombopoietin receptor agonist approved by the US FDA in November 2008 for the treatment of patients with chronic ITP, which were inefficiently by use of glucocorticoids, immunoglobulin or splenectomy. However, pharmacokinetic study of eltrombopag showed that Asians have twice the drug exposure rate than non-Asians, so eltrombopag may have different effects in different populations. Therefore, this trial will compare the efficacy and safety of intravenous rhTPO or oral use of eltrombopag after 14 days of treatment in Chinese ITP patients.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 96 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: This study was a randomized, double-blind trial in which patients were divided into two groups, one receiving rhTPO injection and oral placebo tablet; the other group receiving oral eltrombopag and receiving a injection placebo.
Masking: Single (Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Efficacy and Safety of rhTPO and Eltrombopag in the Treatment of Chinese Adults With Primary Immune Thrombocytopenia (ITP):a Multicenter, Double-blind, Randomized, Controlled Trial
Actual Study Start Date : January 16, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : May 1, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : May 15, 2020


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Effective of rhTPO
After enrollment, all subjects receive rhTPO, the dose is 300 U / Kg, s.c. qd, blood routine examination is detected every 3 days during treatment. If the platelet count > 250 × 109 / L, the drug will stop until the platelet count ≤ 100 × 109 / L. Efficacy and safety will be evaluated on day 15. The evaluation criteria were based on the consensus of ITP. At the same time, all subjects will receive a mimetic (tablet), po, qd.
Drug: rhTPO
After enrollment, all subjects receive TPO, the dose is 300 U / Kg, s.c. qd, blood routine examination is detected every 3 days during treatment. If the platelet count > 250 × 109 / L, the drug will stop until the platelet count ≤ 100 × 109 / L. Efficacy and safety will be evaluated on day 15. The evaluation criteria were based on the consensus of ITP. At the same time, all subjects will receive a mimetic (tablet), po, qd.

Active Comparator: Effective of eltrombopag
After enrollment, all subjects receive eltrombopag, the dose is 25 mg/day, po, qd, blood routine examination is detected every 3 days during treatment. If the platelet count > 250 × 109 / L, the drug will stop until the platelet count ≤ 100 × 109 / L. Efficacy and safety will be evaluated on day 15. The evaluation criteria were based on the consensus of ITP. At the same time, all subjects will give a mimetic (injection), at a dose of 300 U/Kg, s.c. qd.
Drug: eltrombopag
After enrollment, all subjects receive eltrombopag, the dose is 25 mg/day, po, qd. blood routine examination is detected every 3 days during treatment. If the platelet count > 250 × 109 / L, the drug will stop until the platelet count ≤ 100 × 109 / L. Efficacy and safety will be evaluated on day 15. The evaluation criteria were based on the consensus of ITP. At the same time, all subjects will give a mimetic (injection), at a dose of 300 U/Kg, s.c. qd.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Treatment response [ Time Frame: 14 days from treatment ]
    Proportion of subjects with platelet counts ≥50×10^9/L after 14 days of treatment


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Remission rate [ Time Frame: 14 days from treatment ]

    Complete response(platelet count ≥100 X 109/L and absence of bleeding), effective(platelet count

    ≥30X109/L and at least 2-fold increase of the baseline count and absence of bleeding), ineffective(platelet count <30 X109/L or less than 2-fold increase of the baseline platelet count or bleeding) proportion of testers after 14 days of treatment


  2. Drug efficacy: Evaluation of effectiveness [ Time Frame: 14 days from treatment ]
    During treatment, the proportion of subjects, which the platelet count at least once reached ≥50×109/L.

  3. Evaluation of effectiveness: the proportion of subjects, which the platelet count increased at least 2 times compared with baseline [ Time Frame: 14 days from treatment ]
    During treatment, the proportion of subjects, which the platelet count increased at least 2 times compared with baseline.

  4. Using ITP-specific bleeding assessment tool (ITP-BAT) to accessvbleeding scoer [ Time Frame: 1 month from treatment ]

    Bleeding manifestations were grouped into three major domains: skin (S), visible mucosae (M), and organs (O), with gradation of severity (SMOG). Each bleeding manifestation is assessed at the time of examination. Severity is graded from 0 to 3 or 4, with grade 5 for any fatal bleeding.

    Bleeding reported by the patient without medical documentation is graded 1. Within each domain, the same grade is assigned to bleeding manifestations of similar clinical impact. The "worst bleeding manifestation since the last visit" (observation period) is graded (a suitable database collection form is provided), and the highest grade within each domain is recorded.bleeding score


  5. The incidence of adverse events [ Time Frame: 14 days from treatment ]
    During treatment, the proportion of subjects, which received at least once rescue.Adverse events were evaluated according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events,version3.0,published by US National Cancer Institute.Adverse events included liver injury, fever, headache, bleeding, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, etc

  6. The incidence of side effects of the drugs [ Time Frame: 1 month from treatment ]
    Assessing safety through the adverse events,such as liver damage, etc.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. The patient signs an informed consent form.
  2. Age from 18 to 75 years old
  3. The patient's first diagnosis of ITP is at least 6 months before enrollment; the platelet count must <30×109/L before taking the study drug (48 hours before).
  4. Patients who were diagnosed with ITP by bone marrow biopsy and other related examinations before enrollment(Bone marrow biopsy is valid for 30 days, including 30 days);
  5. The patient has been treated with splenectomy for relapse or relapse; or the patient has not undergone splenectomy, but was ineffective or relapses after treatment with at least one first line drug. Past ITP therapy can include, but is not limited to, corticosteroids, immunoglobulins (IVIG or anti-D Immunoglobulin), azathioprine, danazol, cyclophosphamide and immunomodulators;
  6. Previous salvage treatments included infusion of platelets, immunoglobulins, immunomodulators, and cyclophosphamide must be completed 2 weeks prior to enrollment or treatment. Corticosteroids must end at least 14 days before enrollment.
  7. Patients receiving immunosuppressive agents (including corticosteroids, azathioprine, danazol, cyclosporin A, mycophenolate mofetil) or proprietary Chinese medicines have maintained a stable therapeutic dose for at least the last month; patients who received rituximab should be discontinued half a year prior to enrollment; patients with spleen were enrolled six months after surgery;
  8. No heart disease in the past 3 months, including NYHA grade III/IV charge

    , heart failure, arrhythmia or myocardial infarction requiring medical treatment;

  9. Laboratory tests for coagulation function showed that prothrombin time (PT/INR) and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) values did not exceed 20% of the normal reference range.No history of coagulation abnormalities except ITP;
  10. White blood cell count, neutrophil absolute value, hemoglobin in the normal value.Except in the following cases: a) Platelet count <30×10^9/L within Day1 or Day1 within 48 hours; b) Hemoglobin: if anemia is clearly caused by ITP (thrombocytopenia caused blood loss), the lower limit of the subject's hemoglobin level below the normal value can be based on the investigator's judgment to decide the subject whether to be selected; c) absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1.5 × 109 / L can be enrolled;
  11. The following clinical biochemical indicators must be within 20% of the normal range: creatinine, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, total bilirubin and alkaline phosphatase. In addition, serum albumin is not lower than the lower limit of normal value by 10%;
  12. Subjects took an approved method of contraception. Female subjects (or female partners of male subjects) must be infertile (hysterectomy, bilateral salpingectomy, bilateral tubal ligation or more than 1 year after menopause) or have fertility but before the first dose for 2 weeks, study-approved contraceptive methods were used throughout the study period to 28 days after the end of the study or discontinuation of the study.Male subjects with a fertile female partner must have undergone vasectomy or consent to effective contraception throughout the study period (2 weeks prior to the first dose, throughout the study period, until the end of the study or 28 days after the discontinuation of the study) method;
  13. Women with fertility must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 24 hours prior to the first dose;
  14. Subjects fully understand and are able to comply with the requirements of the research protocol and are willing to complete the study as planned.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Subjects had a history of any arterial/venous thrombosis (including stroke, transient ischemic attack, myocardial infarction, deep vein thrombosis, or pulmonary embolism) and had at least 2 of the following risk factors: hormone replacement therapy, oral contraception medicine (including estrogen), smoking, diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, drug-controlled hypertension, malignant tumors, hereditary coagulopathy;
  2. Abnormalities other than ITP during the screening phase or any medical history or condition that the investigator considered unsuitable for participation in the study;
  3. Patients with BMI ≥ 28;
  4. Pregnant or lactating women;
  5. A history of alcohol/drug abuse within 12 months prior to screening or first dose;
  6. Previous treatment with a specific study drug other than rhTPO or other research treatments;
  7. The subject has previously received or is currently receiving treatment with exenatide or other thrombopoietin receptor agonists;
  8. Throughout the study, medications that affected platelet function (including but not limited to aspirin, clopidogrel and/or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs NSAIDs) or anticoagulant therapy were continued for >3 days;
  9. Accept any herbal or nutritional supplements, excluding vitamin supplements and mineral supplements within 1 week prior to the start of the study;
  10. There is a history of abnormal platelet aggregation that may affect the reliability of platelet count measurements;
  11. Before the first dose administration, the bone marrow biopsy showed abnormality except for ITP within 4 weeks, and the investigator judged that the abnormality made the subject unsuitable for the study, or the bone marrow biopsy showed other primary disease which caused thrombocytopenia;
  12. Evidence of all laboratory or clinical HIV infections, previous clinical history of hepatitis C,hepatitis B, or active hepatitis at screening. Laboratory tests during the screening period indicate hepatitis C infection or hepatitis B infection. (Defined as HBsAg test positive, in addition, if the HBsAg test is negative, but HBcAb is positive, regardless of the status of HBsAb, HBV DNA testing is required, if positive, subjects should be excluded);
  13. Rescuing treatment is required before the first dose of the drug.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03771378


Contacts
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Contact: Hu Yu, M.D., Ph.D 86-13986183871 ext 8613986183871 dr_huyu@126.com
Contact: Mei Heng, M.D., Ph.D 86-13886160811 ext 8613986183871 mayheng@126.com

Locations
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China, Hubei
Zhou Yiming Recruiting
Wuhan, Hubei, China, 430074
Contact: zhou ming    +8613212794115    xumin_1015@163.com   
Contact: Xu MIN    +8613212794115    xumin_1015@163.com   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Wuhan Union Hospital, China
The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University
The Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University
The First People's Hospital of Yuhang District
Xiangyang Central Hospital
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Hu Yu, M.D., Ph.D Wuhan Union Hospital, China
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by MEI HENG, Wuhan Union Hospital, China:
Informed Consent Form  [PDF] December 16, 2018


Publications of Results:

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Responsible Party: MEI HENG, Associate Professor, Wuhan Union Hospital, China
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03771378    
Other Study ID Numbers: T18008-A
First Posted: December 11, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 15, 2019
Last Verified: November 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided
Plan Description: It is not clear whether the data would involve patient privacy or whether patients would agree to the disclosure of the data.

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: Yes
Keywords provided by MEI HENG, Wuhan Union Hospital, China:
ITP
rhTPO
Eltrombopag
platelets
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Thrombocytopenia
Immune System Diseases
Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic
Blood Platelet Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Purpura, Thrombocytopenic
Purpura
Blood Coagulation Disorders
Thrombotic Microangiopathies
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Autoimmune Diseases
Hemorrhage
Pathologic Processes
Skin Manifestations
Signs and Symptoms