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Gemcitabine Hydrochloride and Cisplatin With or Without Nab-Paclitaxel in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed Advanced Biliary Tract Cancers

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03768414
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : December 7, 2018
Last Update Posted : September 9, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Southwest Oncology Group

Brief Summary:
This phase III trial studies how well gemcitabine hydrochloride and cisplatin given with or without nab-paclitaxel work in treating patients with newly diagnosed biliary tract cancers that have spread to other places in the body. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as gemcitabine hydrochloride, cisplatin, and nab-paclitaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. It is not known if giving gemcitabine hydrochloride and cisplatin with or without nab-paclitaxel may work better at treating biliary tract cancers.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Stage III Distal Bile Duct Cancer AJCC v8 Stage III Gallbladder Cancer AJCC v8 Stage III Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma AJCC v8 Stage IIIA Distal Bile Duct Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IIIA Gallbladder Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IIIA Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma AJCC v8 Stage IIIB Distal Bile Duct Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IIIB Gallbladder Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IIIB Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma AJCC v8 Stage IV Distal Bile Duct Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IV Gallbladder Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IV Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma AJCC v8 Stage IVA Gallbladder Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IVB Gallbladder Cancer AJCC v8 Unresectable Extrahepatic Bile Duct Carcinoma Unresectable Gallbladder Carcinoma Unresectable Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma Drug: Cisplatin Drug: Gemcitabine Hydrochloride Drug: Nab-paclitaxel Phase 3

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To compare overall survival (OS) in patients with untreated, advanced biliary cancers treated with gemcitabine hydrochloride (gemcitabine) and cisplatin (GC) versus those treated with gemcitabine, cisplatin, and nab-Paclitaxel (GCN).

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To compare progression-free survival (PFS) in patients treated with GC versus GCN.

II. To compare overall response rate (ORR), complete and partial, confirmed and unconfirmed, in the subset of patients with measurable disease treated with GC versus GCN.

III. To compare disease control rate (confirmed and unconfirmed; complete response + partial response + stable disease) (DCR) in patients treated with GC versus GCN.

IV. To evaluate the frequency and severity of toxicity associated with GC and GCN in the patient population.

V. To explore the correlation between change in cancer antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) levels from baseline to post-treatment (after 3 cycles) and overall response rate, in each treatment arm separately and in the total cohort.

ADDITIONAL OBJECTIVES:

I. To bank tissue and blood for future translational medicine studies.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 arms.

ARM I: Patients receive nab-paclitaxel intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes, cisplatin IV over 60 minutes, and gemcitabine hydrochloride IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 8. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM II: Patients receive cisplatin IV over 60 minutes and gemcitabine hydrochloride IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 8. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 6 months for 2 years and then at the end of year 3.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 268 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase III Randomized Trial of Gemcitabine, Cisplatin, and Nab-Paclitaxel Versus Gemcitabine and Cisplatin in Newly Diagnosed, Advanced Biliary Tract Cancers
Actual Study Start Date : December 3, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : January 1, 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : January 1, 2024


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm I (nab-paclitaxel, cisplatin, gemcitabine hydrochloride)
Patients receive nab-paclitaxel IV over 30 minutes, cisplatin IV over 60 minutes, and gemcitabine hydrochloride IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 8. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Cisplatin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Abiplatin
  • Blastolem
  • Briplatin
  • CDDP
  • Cis-diammine-dichloroplatinum
  • Cis-diamminedichloridoplatinum
  • Cis-diamminedichloro Platinum (II)
  • Cis-diamminedichloroplatinum
  • Cis-dichloroammine Platinum (II)
  • Cis-platinous Diamine Dichloride
  • Cis-platinum
  • Cis-platinum II
  • Cis-platinum II Diamine Dichloride
  • Cismaplat
  • Cisplatina
  • Cisplatinum
  • Cisplatyl
  • Citoplatino
  • Citosin
  • Cysplatyna
  • DDP
  • Lederplatin
  • Metaplatin
  • Neoplatin
  • Peyrone's Chloride
  • Peyrone's Salt
  • Placis
  • Plastistil
  • Platamine
  • Platiblastin
  • Platiblastin-S
  • Platinex
  • Platinol
  • Platinol- AQ
  • Platinol-AQ
  • Platinol-AQ VHA Plus
  • Platinoxan
  • Platinum
  • Platinum Diamminodichloride
  • Platiran
  • Platistin
  • Platosin

Drug: Gemcitabine Hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • dFdCyd
  • Difluorodeoxycytidine Hydrochloride
  • Gemzar
  • LY-188011
  • LY188011

Drug: Nab-paclitaxel
Given IV
Other Names:
  • ABI 007
  • ABI-007
  • Abraxane
  • Albumin-bound Paclitaxel
  • Albumin-Stabilized Nanoparticle Paclitaxel
  • Nanoparticle Albumin-bound Paclitaxel
  • Nanoparticle Paclitaxel
  • paclitaxel albumin-stabilized nanoparticle formulation
  • Protein-bound Paclitaxel

Experimental: Arm II (cisplatin, gemcitabine hydrochloride)
Patients receive cisplatin IV over 60 minutes and gemcitabine hydrochloride IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 8. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Cisplatin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Abiplatin
  • Blastolem
  • Briplatin
  • CDDP
  • Cis-diammine-dichloroplatinum
  • Cis-diamminedichloridoplatinum
  • Cis-diamminedichloro Platinum (II)
  • Cis-diamminedichloroplatinum
  • Cis-dichloroammine Platinum (II)
  • Cis-platinous Diamine Dichloride
  • Cis-platinum
  • Cis-platinum II
  • Cis-platinum II Diamine Dichloride
  • Cismaplat
  • Cisplatina
  • Cisplatinum
  • Cisplatyl
  • Citoplatino
  • Citosin
  • Cysplatyna
  • DDP
  • Lederplatin
  • Metaplatin
  • Neoplatin
  • Peyrone's Chloride
  • Peyrone's Salt
  • Placis
  • Plastistil
  • Platamine
  • Platiblastin
  • Platiblastin-S
  • Platinex
  • Platinol
  • Platinol- AQ
  • Platinol-AQ
  • Platinol-AQ VHA Plus
  • Platinoxan
  • Platinum
  • Platinum Diamminodichloride
  • Platiran
  • Platistin
  • Platosin

Drug: Gemcitabine Hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • dFdCyd
  • Difluorodeoxycytidine Hydrochloride
  • Gemzar
  • LY-188011
  • LY188011




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    OS will be determined using the log-rank test with stratification by disease site (gallbladder adenocarcinoma versus [vs.] intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma vs. extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma), disease stage (locally advanced vs. metastatic), and Zubrod performance status (0 vs. 1). Distributions of overall survival by treatment arm will be estimated using the method of Kaplan-Meier.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of adverse events graded according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 5.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    Rates of serious toxicities will be compared between arms.

  2. Progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: From date of registration to date of first documentation of progression or symptomatic deterioration, or death due to any cause, assessed up to 3 years ]
    Distributions of PFS will be described using cumulative incidence estimates with differences in these estimates between treatment arms assessed by a stratified Cox regression model.

  3. Overall response rate (ORR) as measured by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1 criteria [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    ORR is defined as confirmed and unconfirmed; complete response + partial response + stable disease. The chi-square test will be used to compare ORR, disease control rate (DCR), and rates of toxicity events across arms. ORR will be assessed in the subset of patients with measurable disease.

  4. Disease control rate as measured by RECIST 1.1 criteria [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    The chi-square test will be used to compare ORR, DCR, and rates of toxicity events across arms. Disease control includes confirmed and unconfirmed complete response, confirmed and unconfirmed partial response, and stable disease. In patients with non-measurable disease, disease control will be defined as those who are alive without disease progression.

  5. Changes in carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA 19-9) levels [ Time Frame: Baseline up to course 3 ]
    Correlations between changes in CA19-9 levels from baseline to post-treatment and ORR will be estimated via logistic regression models, both within each treatment arm and in the overall cohort. Analyses will explore the prognostic and predictive values of CA19-9 for disease response.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, or gallbladder cancer

    • NOTE: Pathology report must be uploaded in Rave. Histology report must be consistent with an adenocarcinoma with pancreaticobiliary primary assuming there are no pancreatic lesions and other primaries are ruled out per local standard
  • Patients must have documented metastatic or locally advanced unresectable disease on computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance (MR) imaging CT scans or MRIs used to assess measurable disease. Must have been completed within 28 days prior to registration. CT scans or MRIs used to assess non-measurable disease must have been completed within 42 days prior to registration. All disease must be assessed and documented on the Baseline Tumor Assessment Form
  • Patient must not have a current diagnosis of ampullary cancer
  • Patients must not have received prior systemic therapy for the current metastatic or locally advanced biliary cancer
  • Patient must not have received adjuvant therapy within 6 months prior to registration
  • Patients must have a complete medical history and physical exam within 28 days prior to registration
  • Patients must have a Zubrod performance status of 0 or 1
  • Patients must not have a history of peripheral neuropathy of grade 2 or greater by Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) 5.0. In CTCAE version 5.0 grade 2 sensory neuropathy is defined as ?moderate symptoms; limiting instrumental activities of daily living (ADLs)?
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500/mcL (obtained within 28 days prior to registration)
  • Platelets >= 100,000/mcL (obtained within 28 days prior to registration)
  • Hemoglobin >= 8 g/dL (obtained within 28 days prior to registration)
  • Serum albumin >= 2.8 g/dL (obtained within 28 days prior to registration)
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (IULN) (except patients with Gilbert?s syndrome, who must have a direct bilirubin < 1.5 mg/dL) (obtained within 28 days prior to registration)
  • Serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) (aspartate aminotransferase [AST]) and serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 8 x IULN (obtained within 28 days prior to registration)
  • Serum creatinine =< IULN OR calculated creatinine clearance >= 60 mL/min (obtained within 28 days prior to registration)
  • Patients must have CA19-9 obtained within 42 days prior to registration
  • Patients must have sodium, potassium, bicarbonate, chloride, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), calcium, total protein, magnesium, and alkaline phosphatase obtained within 28 days prior to registration
  • Patients must not have an active infection requiring systemic therapy
  • No other prior malignancy is allowed except for the following: adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, in situ cervical cancer, adequately treated stage I or II cancer from which the patient is currently in complete remission, or any other cancer from which the patient has been disease free for two years
  • Patients must not be pregnant or nursing. Women/men of reproductive potential must have agreed to use an effective contraceptive method. A woman is considered to be of "reproductive potential" if she has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months. In addition to routine contraceptive methods, "effective contraception" also includes heterosexual celibacy and surgery intended to prevent pregnancy (or with a side-effect of pregnancy prevention) defined as a hysterectomy, bilateral oophorectomy or bilateral tubal ligation. However, if at any point a previously celibate patient chooses to become heterosexually active during the time period for use of contraceptive measures outlined in the protocol, he/she is responsible for beginning contraceptive measures
  • Sites must seek additional patient consent for the future use of specimens
  • Patients must be informed of the investigational nature of this study and must sign and give written informed consent in accordance with institutional and federal guidelines
  • As a part of the Oncology Patient Enrollment Network (OPEN) registration process the treating institution's identity is provided in order to ensure that the current (within 365 days) date of institutional review board approval for this study has been entered in the system

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03768414


Contacts
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Contact: Danae Campos 210-614-8808 ext 1022 dcampos@swog.org
Contact: Dana Sparks 210-614-8808 ext 1004 dsparks@swog.org

  Show 582 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Southwest Oncology Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Rachna Shroff Southwest Oncology Group

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Responsible Party: Southwest Oncology Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03768414     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: S1815
NCI-2018-01920 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
S1815 ( Other Identifier: SWOG )
S1815 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
U10CA180888 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: December 7, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 9, 2019
Last Verified: September 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma
Cholangiocarcinoma
Biliary Tract Neoplasms
Gallbladder Neoplasms
Bile Duct Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Adenocarcinoma
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Biliary Tract Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Gallbladder Diseases
Bile Duct Diseases
Gemcitabine
Paclitaxel
Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel
Cisplatin
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors