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Effect of Low Level Laser Therapy on Post-endodontic Pain

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03748498
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 21, 2018
Last Update Posted : November 21, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Adem Günaydin, T.C. ORDU ÜNİVERSİTESİ

Brief Summary:
This study was designed as a randomized, placebo-controlled trial of 2 groups. The treatment procedures were performed by one operator. After local anesthesia and rubber dam isolation, access cavity preparation was performed by diamond burs with high-speed hand pieces under the water cooling. . Instrumentation of procedures was performed by Reciproc R50 files. Irrigation protocol was completed, canal were dried, filled with gutta-percha cones and AH Plus sealer. After chemo- mechanical instrumentation and root canal filling procedures, LLLT was applied for 60 second per tooth using Nd-YAG laser ( λ=1064 nm,100 mJ, 10 Hz, 1-W) The same procedures as in the laser group were performed, been completed but the laser was not activated in this group. These patients were assigned as placebo group. Postoperative pain was measured and documented via the Visual Analogue Scale. Chi-square test was performed in analysis of the nominal data.There was statistically significant difference between groups at the 12th and 24th hours (p<.05). ). However, no statistically significant difference was found between the groups at the 4th, 8th, 48th, and 72th hours (p>.05). No statistically significant differences were detected between the groups in terms of demographic data (age and tooth number) except for gender (P > .05).LLLT can decrease postoperative pain after root canal treatment of single rooted teeth.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Postoperative Pain Device: laser Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

The study was approved by the local ethics committee ....................., and informed consent was received from all participants. Study subjects were selected among patients who presented to the Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry ........................from September 2017 to March 2018.

Root canal treatment was planned for patients who participated in this study and have single root and single canal. Patients aged between 15 to 45 years. Exclusion criteria related with teeth were swelling or sinus tract, acute pain, periodontal probing greater than 3mm, internal and external resorption, fractured and cracked tooth, percussion sensitivity, and periapical index classification 3, 4, 5 according to Orstavik et al. (1986). Exclusion criteria related with systemic health of patients included diabetes, hypertension and cardiovascular pathologies, the use of analgesics and / or antibiotics at least one week before treatment, and using antidepressant drugs.The treatment procedures were performed by one operator (G.A.). Initially, patients' age, gender, and tooth number were recorded by the operator. 1.5 mL 2% articaine with 0.012 mg epinephrine (Ultracaine DS Forte; Aventis, Istanbul, Turkey) was used as local anesthetic. After rubber dam isolation, access cavity preparation was performed by diamond burs (ADIA Dental Burs, Turkey) with high-speed hand pieces under the water cooling. A #10 K- type (Kerr Corporation, Orange, CA) file was inserted to root canal to determine working length using an apex locator (Raypex, VDW). Working length was set as 1 mm shorter than the apical foramen and confirmed with periapical radiographs. Instrumentation of procedures was performed by Reciproc R50 files (VDW, Munich, Germany). Irrigation protocol was completed 5 mL 17% EDTA (Werax, Turkey) and 15 mL 2.5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl)(Wizard, Turkey ) with a side-vented needle (NaviTip needle; Ultradent Products Inc, South Jordan, UT). Subsequently, canal were dried with paper points and filled with gutta-percha cones and AH Plus sealer (Dentsply Maillefer). Lateral cold condensation technique was used for obturation. Finally, coronal access cavity was restored with a temporary restorative material (Cavit G; 3M ESPE, St Paul, MN). Permanent restoration was completed after the end of the experiment.A randomization was produced using through a website (http://www.random.org), after the clinician (G.A.) was completed all treatment procedures. All procedures were conducted by one clinician (C.E.B.), and assignment was concealed from the clinician who performed the laser applications (U.B.). Data analysis and interpretation were completed by the other researcher (C.F.) After chemo- mechanical instrumentation and root canal filling procedures, LLLT was applied for 60 second per tooth using Nd-YAG laser ( λ=1064 nm,100 mJ, 10 Hz, 1-W[Deka smart file, DEKA, Italy]). Application of the laser was performed through root canal and to the buccal mucosa over the apices of the target tooth. An application biostimulation tip was used to ensure a constant distance of 10 mm to the tissue.The same procedures as in the laser group were performed, been completed but the laser was not activated in this group. These patients were assigned as placebo group.Postoperative pain was measured and documented via the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). VAS consists of a 100 mm line which is represented at one end by a sign 'No pain' and at the other end 'unbearable pain'. This form was given to the each patient and they were instructed to mark according to the pain intensity at 4th, 8th, 12th, 24th, 48th and 72th hours.There was statistically significant difference between groups at the 12th and 24th hours (p<.05). However, no statistically significant difference was found between the groups at the 4th, 8th, 48th, and 72th hours (p>.05). Aside from sex, No statistically significant differences were detected between the groups in terms of demographic data (age and tooth number) except for gender (P > .05). During in this study, no patient reported swelling, sinus tract, palpation pain and didn't need analgesics both in groups.Within the limitations of the present study, LLLT can decrease postoperative pain after root canal treatment of single rooted teeth.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 42 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: This study was designed as a randomized, placebo-controlled trial of 2 groups.
Masking: Single (Investigator)
Masking Description: All procedures were conducted by one clinician , and assignment was concealed from the clinician who performed the laser applications.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Effect of Low Level Laser Therapy on Postoperative Pain After Single Visit Endodontic Treatment
Actual Study Start Date : September 1, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 12, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : March 15, 2018

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: laser group
Low level laser was applied for 60 second per tooth using Nd-YAG laser.
Device: laser
Application of the laser was performed through root canal and to the buccal mucosa over the apices of the target tooth

Placebo Comparator: placebo group
The same procedures as in the laser group were performed, been completed but the laser was not activated in this group.
Device: laser
Application of the laser was performed through root canal and to the buccal mucosa over the apices of the target tooth




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Pain Evaluation [ Time Frame: 3 day ]
    Postoperative pain was measured and documented via the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). VAS consists of a 100 mm line which is represented at one end by a sign 'No pain' and at the other end 'unbearable pain'.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   15 Years to 45 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Root canal treatment was planned for patients who participated in this study and have single root and single canal. Patients aged between 15 to 45 years

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Exclusion criteria related with teeth were swelling or sinus tract, acute pain, periodontal probing greater than 3mm, internal and external resorption, fractured and cracked tooth, percussion sensitivity, and periapical index classification 3, 4, 5 according to Orstavik et al. (1986).
  • Exclusion criteria related with systemic health of patients included diabetes, hypertension and cardiovascular pathologies, the use of analgesics and / or antibiotics at least one week before treatment, and using antidepressant drugs.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03748498


Locations
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Turkey
Ordu University
Ordu, Turkey, 52100
Sponsors and Collaborators
T.C. ORDU ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: ELİF BAHAR ÇAKICI, ASST. PROF. T.C. ORDU ÜNİVERSİTESİ
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Responsible Party: Adem Günaydin, research assistant, T.C. ORDU ÜNİVERSİTESİ
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03748498    
Other Study ID Numbers: ag134134
First Posted: November 21, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 21, 2018
Last Verified: November 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Adem Günaydin, T.C. ORDU ÜNİVERSİTESİ:
laser
pulpitis
pain
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Pain, Postoperative
Postoperative Complications
Pathologic Processes
Pain
Neurologic Manifestations
Signs and Symptoms