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WIRE - Novel Treatments in Renal Cell Cancer (WIRE)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03741426
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : November 14, 2018
Last Update Posted : November 14, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
University of Cambridge
AstraZeneca
Cancer Research UK
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
CCTU- Cancer Theme, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust

Brief Summary:
Evaluation of proof of mechanism with relation to ktrans and/or CD8 count when 3 different IMPs are given as monotherapy or as combination therapy. These would be administered in the "window of opportunity", prior to nephrectomy in surgically resectable renal cell cancer

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Renal Cell Cancer Drug: Olaparib Drug: Cediranib Drug: Durvalumab Phase 2

Detailed Description:

A Phase 2, multi-arm, multicentre, non-randomised, proof-of-mechanism (single and combination IMPs) trial using a Bayesian adaptive design.

A multi-centre trial. 2 centres initially planned - this may be reduced or increased in order to recruit the required number of participants.

Up to sixty (60) patients with surgically resectable renal cell cancer (Stage M0/M1). Up to twelve (12) participants will be registered for each of the single treatment arms and up to twenty (20) participants for the combination treatment arm(s) as per the Bayesian adaptive design.

The trial duration consists of a 28 day screening period, a minimum of 2 weeks oral IMP (Olaparib and/or Cediranib) treatment or a single dose of durvalumab alone or in combination in the window-of-opportunity period prior to surgery (nephrectomy or partial nephrectomy) performed as standard of care.

Participants will continue oral IMP treatment up until surgery (stopping when indicated for surgical safety reasons). As such treatment duration will be variable and an optional 21 day telephone assessment will take place for patients who remain on IMP. Patients will then be reviewed in the surgical follow-up clinic at 6 weeks and 3 months post-surgery as standard of care.

For patients on monotherapy or combination Olaparib and Cediranib IMP, response will be measured using DCE-MRI (Ktrans), defining reduced tumour capillary permeability.

For patients on monotherapy Durvalumab, or combination Olaparib and Durvalumab, response will be measured using CD8 positive T cells.

Additional safety outcomes will be assessed, along with the tumour response and various biological measures that would indicate drug mechanistic response.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 60 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Bayesian Adaptive
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: WIndow of Opportunity Clinical Trials Platform for Evaluation of Novel Treatments Strategies in REnal Cell Cancer
Estimated Study Start Date : July 25, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 25, 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : April 25, 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm 1- Cediranib
Cediranib tablet oral 20mg once daily for a minimum of 2 weeks up until 36 hours before nephrectomy.
Drug: Cediranib
Cediranib 20mg once daily, oral medication administered for at least 2 weeks until 36 hours prior to nephrectomy. Arms 1 and 3
Other Name: AZD2171

Experimental: Arm 2- Olaparib
Olaparib tablet oral 300mg twice daily for a minimum of 2 weeks up until the morning of nephrectomy.
Drug: Olaparib
Olaparib 300mg twice daily, oral medication administered for at least 2 weeks and up until the morning of nephrectomy. Arms 2, 3 and 5
Other Names:
  • AZD2281
  • KU-0059436
  • LYNPARZA

Active Comparator: Arm 3- Olaparib and Cediranib
Olaparib tablet oral 300mg twice daily for a minimum of 2 weeks up until the morning of nephrectomy AND Cediranib tablet oral 20mg once daily for a minimum of 2 weeks up until 36 hours before nephrectomy.
Drug: Olaparib
Olaparib 300mg twice daily, oral medication administered for at least 2 weeks and up until the morning of nephrectomy. Arms 2, 3 and 5
Other Names:
  • AZD2281
  • KU-0059436
  • LYNPARZA

Drug: Cediranib
Cediranib 20mg once daily, oral medication administered for at least 2 weeks until 36 hours prior to nephrectomy. Arms 1 and 3
Other Name: AZD2171

Experimental: Arm 4- Durvalumab
Durvalumab 1500mg intravenous infusion once, a maximum of 4 weeks prior to nephrectomy.
Drug: Durvalumab
Durvalumab 1500mg intravenous infusion administered once, no greater than 4 weeks prior to nephrectomy
Other Name: MEDI4736

Active Comparator: Arm 5- Olaparib and Durvalumab
Olaparib tablet oral 300mg twice daily for a minimum of 2 weeks up until the morning of nephrectomy. Durvalumab 1500mg intravenous infusion once, a maximum of 4 weeks prior to nephrectomy.
Drug: Olaparib
Olaparib 300mg twice daily, oral medication administered for at least 2 weeks and up until the morning of nephrectomy. Arms 2, 3 and 5
Other Names:
  • AZD2281
  • KU-0059436
  • LYNPARZA

Drug: Durvalumab
Durvalumab 1500mg intravenous infusion administered once, no greater than 4 weeks prior to nephrectomy
Other Name: MEDI4736




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proof-of-Mechanism (ktrans): to assess for 30% ktrans change between pre-IMP treatment and IMP End of Treatment DCE-MRI [ Time Frame: Change between Screening and 72 hours before surgery ]
    Cediranib and Olaparib single IMP, Cediranib and Olaparib in combination IMP arms, having received at least 14 days' worth of IMP

  2. Proof-of-Mechanism (CD8): to assess for 30% change between pre-IMP treatment and IMP End of Treatment in CD8 positive T-cells. This will be based on IHC assessment via histoscore [ Time Frame: Change between Screening and 72 hours before surgery ]
    Durvalumab single IMP, durvalumab and olaparib combination IMP arms. having received at least 14 days' worth of IMP. Also assessed on D14 of IMP


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of participants with, and severity of, Adverse Events [ Time Frame: From consent to 3 months post-surgery ]
    AEs are graded for severity according to the CTCAE toxicity criteria (Version 5.0)

  2. Change in primary tumour size assessed by DCE-MRI [ Time Frame: Between days -28 to 0 and 72 hrs before surgery, having received at least 2 weeks' worth of IMP ]
    Change in primary tumour size assessed by DCE-MRI

  3. Tumour Response [ Time Frame: Between days -28 to 0 for all patients.At 72 hrs before surgery if metastases are present,having received at least 2 wks' worth of IMP).Then every 8 wks until end of study (study ends=3 mths post surgery) or until progression ]
    Assessment of tumour response according to RECIST 1.1



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Capable of giving signed informed consent which includes compliance with the requirements and restrictions listed in the informed consent form (ICF) and in this protocol.

Aged ≥18 years and over. Predicted life expectancy ≥ 3 months. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) 0 or 1. Have biopsy proven clear cell RCC. Have a surgically resectable tumour as determined by the treating Urologist Have any T or N status, M0. Have any T or N status, M1 (but if M1, the subject must be deemed suitable for cytoreductive nephrectomy at time of enrolment).

No prior exposure to PARP inhibitors (including but not limited to olaparib), tyrosine kinase inhibitors (including but not limited to cediranib, sunitinib, pazopanib, axitinib or cabozantinib), immunotherapy or immune checkpoint inhibitors (including but not limited to other anti-CTLA-4, anti-PD-1, or anti-PD-L1 antibodies), nor prior treatment with an mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor (including, but not limited to everolimus, temsirolimus, or sirolimus). Prior cytokine therapy (eg, IL-2, IFN-α) or treatment with cytotoxics is allowed.

At least 1 measurable lesion according to RECIST Version 1.1 at screening that can be accurately assessed at baseline by CT or MRI and is suitable for repeated assessment. A previously irradiated lesion cannot be considered a target lesion. Radiographic disease assessment can be performed up to 28 days prior to the first dose of trial treatment. It is acceptable for the measurable lesion to be planned for removal at surgery.

Have adequate organ and marrow function, as defined below (measured within 28 days of first dose of trial medication):

Haemoglobin ≥ 100 g/L Platelet count ≥ 135 x 109/L Neutrophil count ≥ 1.8 x 109/L Peripheral blood smear with no features of myelodysplastic syndrome or acute myeloid leukemia.

Serum creatinine ≤1.5x the institutional ULN concurrent with creatinine clearance ≥51mL/min (calculated by Cockcroft and Gault equation)

Adequate hepatic function:

Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) ≤2.5x the institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) unless liver metastases are present, in which case it must be ≤5x the institutional ULN, AND Total bilirubin ≤1.5x the institutional ULN unless in the presence of Gilbert's syndrome (persistent or recurrent hyperbilirubinaemia that is predominantly unconjugated in the absence of haemolysis or hepatic pathology), AND

Evidence of post-menopausal status or negative urinary or serum pregnancy test for female pre-menopausal patients. Women will be considered post-menopausal if they have been amenorrheic for 12 months without an alternative medical cause. The following age-specific requirements apply:

Women <50 years of age would be considered post-menopausal if they have been amenorrheic for 12 months or more following cessation of exogenous hormonal treatments and if they have luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone levels in the post-menopausal range for the institution or underwent surgical sterilization (bilateral oophorectomy or hysterectomy) Women ≥50 years of age would be considered post-menopausal if they have been amenorrheic for 12 months or more following cessation of all exogenous hormonal treatments, had radiation-induced menopause with last menses >1 year ago, had chemotherapy-induced menopause with last menses >1 year ago, or underwent surgical sterilization (bilateral oophorectomy, bilateral salpingectomy or hysterectomy).

For women of childbearing potential a negative urine or serum pregnancy test must be performed within 28 days of study treatment and confirmed prior to treatment on day 1.

Patient is willing and able to comply with the protocol for the duration of the trial.

Exclusion Criteria:

Patients with brain metastases. A scan to confirm the absence of brain metastases is not required.

Patients with spinal cord compression unless considered to have received definitive treatment for this and evidence of clinically stable disease for 28 days.

History of leptomeningeal carcinomatosis. Body weight <30kg Contraindication to cediranib, olaparib, durvalumab or chimeric or humanized antibodies or fusion proteins.

Specifically patients with hereditary galactose intolerance, Lapp lactase deficiency or glucose-galactose malabsorption should not enter the study.

History of hypersensitivity to active or inactive excipients of cediranib, olaparib or durvalumab.

Other invasive malignancy within the last 2 years. Patients with previous history of malignancies with a negligible risk of metastasis or death and treated with expected curative intent are eligible at discretion of clinical team, for example:

Carcinoma in situ of the cervix. Basal or squamous cell skin cancer. Localized low to intermediate risk prostate cancer treated with curative intent and absence of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) relapse; or prostate cancer (Stage T1/T2a, Gleason ≤ 6 and PSA < 10 ng/mL) undergoing active surveillance and treatment naïve.

Major surgery within 4 weeks prior to first dose of study drug (excluding placement of vascular access).

Patients must have recovered from side effects of any major surgery. Minor surgery (not including the diagnostic biopsy) within 2 weeks prior to first dose of trial treatment.

Any concurrent chemotherapy, IP, biologic, or hormonal therapy for cancer treatment. Concurrent use of hormonal therapy for non-cancer-related conditions (e.g., hormone replacement therapy) is acceptable.

Concurrent enrollment in another clinical trial unless it is an observational (non-interventional) or translational clinical study, or during the follow-up period of an interventional clinical study.

Receipt of the last dose of anticancer therapy or radiotherapy chemotherapy, immunotherapy, endocrine therapy, targeted therapy, biologic therapy, tumour embolisation, monoclonal antibodies) ≤28 days prior to the first dose of study drug (If sufficient wash-out time has not occurred due to the schedule or PK properties of an agent, a longer wash-out period will be required, as agreed by AstraZeneca/MedImmune and the investigators).

Gastrointestinal abnormalities including:

refractory nausea and vomiting, inability to take oral medication; requirement for intravenous alimentation; prior surgical procedures affecting absorption including total gastric resection; treatment for active peptic ulcer disease in the past 6 months; active gastrointestinal bleeding, unrelated to cancer, as evidenced by hematemesis, hematochezia or melena in the past 120 days without evidence of resolution documented by endoscopy or colonoscopy; malabsorption syndromes. Current use or anticipated need for treatment with drugs that are known potent CYP3A4 inhibitors, or inducers or substrates for CYP1A2 (see Section 10.8, concomitant therapy).

Concomitant medications known to prolong the QT interval (see Appendices 4, 5 and 6, concomitant therapy) or with factors that increase the risk of QTc prolongation or risk of arrhythmic events (such as heart failure, hypokalaemia, congenital long QT syndrome, family history of long QT syndrome or unexplained sudden death under 40 years-of-age), history of Torsades de pointes.

Poorly controlled hypertension (persistently elevated > 150/100mmHg, either systolic or diastolic or both, despite anti-hypertensive medication) ECG with mean resting QTc of ≥470ms (Fridericia; as per local reading) on two or more time points within a 24 hour period or family history of long QT syndrome.

Requirement of anticoagulant therapy with oral vitamin K antagonists. Therapeutic use of low molecular weight heparin is allowed.

Any of the following within 12 months prior to study entry:

myocardial infarction, uncontrolled angina, coronary/peripheral artery bypass graft, symptomatic congestive heart failure, cerebrovascular accident or transient ischemic attack, Peripheral arterial embolus.

Active or prior documented autoimmune or inflammatory disorders (except vitiligo), for example:

Intestinal: Inflammatory Bowel Disease (Colitis (including ulcerative colitis), Crohn's Disease), Diverticulitis (with the exception of Diverticulosis), Coeliac Disease (except patients with coeliac disease controlled by diet alone), irritable Bowel Disease Vascular: any type of vasculitic disorder, e.g. Wegener syndrome, granulomatosis with polyangiitis.

Endocrine: any endocrine alteration related to an autoimmune process e.g. Hashimoto syndrome, Grave's disease. NOTE: patients with hypothyroidism (eg, following Hashimoto syndrome) stable on hormone replacement treatment may be included.

Respiratory: Active Pneumonitis (of any origin: inflammatory or infectious), Sarcoidosis syndrome.

Dermatological: Psoriasis, Lupus/SLE (unless the skin condition has never required systemic therapy).

Other: Rheumatoid Arthritis, Hypophysitis, Uveitis. History of organ transplant that requires use of immunosuppressive medications or any medical condition in which immunosuppressive agents were administered, including but, not limited to: Systemic corticosteroids, methotrexate, azathioprine.

Tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) blockers Patients with autoimmune conditions without active disease in the past 5 years may be included but only after discussion with the Study Physician.

Current or prior use of immunosuppressive agents within 28 days of first day of study drug, with the exceptions of intranasal or inhaled corticosteroids, or systemic corticosteroids at physiological doses which are not to exceed 10mg/day prednisolone (or an equivalent corticosteroid). The following exceptions are allowed:

Intranasal, inhaled, topical or local steroid injections (e.g. intra articular injection).

Systemic corticosteroids at physiological doses not to exceed 10mg/day prednisolone (or equivalent).

Steroids for premedication of hypersensitivity reactions (e.g. as CT premedication) .

Immunocompromised patients (e.g., patients who are known to be serologically positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), or have a history of active primary immunodeficiency).

Previous allogeneic bone marrow transplant or double umbilical cord blood transplantation.

Receipt of live, attenuated vaccine within the last 30 days. Note: enrolled patients should not receive live vaccine while receiving investigational agent nor within 30 days of last dose of investigational agent.

Active infection including tuberculosis (clinical history, physical examination and radiographic findings, and TB testing in line with local practice), hepatitis B (known positive HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) result), hepatitis C, or human immunodeficiency virus (positive HIV1/2 antibodies).

Subjects with a past or resolved HBV infection (defined as: presence of hepatitis B core antibody -anti-HBc- and absence of hepatitis B surface antigen -HbsAg-) are eligible.

As judged by the Investigator, any patient considered a poor medical risk due to a serious uncontrolled medical or psychiatric disorder, non-malignant systemic disease or on-going or active infection.

Persistent toxicities (≥Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Event (CTCAE) grade 2) caused by previous cancer therapy, excluding alopecia and vitiligo.

Patients with Grade ≥2 neuropathy will be evaluated on a case-by-case basis after consultation with the Study Physician.

For Durvalumab-containing arms only: Patient with irreversible toxicity not reasonably expected to be exacerbated by treatment with durvalumab may be included only after consultation with the investigator.

Women who are pregnant, or are lactating or breastfeeding. Women of childbearing potential and male participants who are unwilling to use adequate contraception from screening and for 180 days after the last dose of study drug.

Patients with contraindication to MRI including; contraindicated metallic implants, contraindicated coronary stents and pacemakers. Inability to lie flat or still in an MRI scanner for whatever reason (e.g. claustrophobia) Judgement by the Investigator that the patient should not participate in the trial.


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03741426


Contacts
Layout table for location contacts
Contact: CCTU Cancer Theme 01223 256364 ext 256364 cctu.cancer@addenbrookes.nhs.uk
Contact: Amanda J Walker 01223 256364 ext 256364 amanda.walker@addenbrookes.nhs.uk

Locations
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United Kingdom
Addenbrooke's Hospital
Cambridge, England, United Kingdom, CB2 2QQ
Sponsors and Collaborators
CCTU- Cancer Theme
University of Cambridge
AstraZeneca
Cancer Research UK
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Grant D Stewart Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust & University of Cambridge

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Responsible Party: CCTU- Cancer Theme, Mr. Grant D. Stewart, MBChB, BSc., FRCSEd (Urol), PhD, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03741426     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: WIRE
First Posted: November 14, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 14, 2018
Last Verified: November 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by CCTU- Cancer Theme, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust:
Olaparib
Cediranib
Durvalumab

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma, Renal Cell
Adenocarcinoma
Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Kidney Neoplasms
Urologic Neoplasms
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Durvalumab
Olaparib
Cediranib
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Protein Kinase Inhibitors