Effect Of Deep Breathing Exercises In Smokers
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03728530|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 2, 2018
Last Update Posted : November 2, 2018
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Healthy Smokers||Other: Deep Breathing exercises||Not Applicable|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||30 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Intervention Model Description:||Study was to determine the effects of deep breathing exercises in smokers. It was conducted on the general population of Isra Institute of Rehabilitation Sciences, Isra University, Islamabad Campus. 30 participants were selected through Non probability Convenience Sampling and later equally divided into experimental (n=15) and control group (n=15) through lottery method. Inclusion criteria were young smokers between 20-30 years of age and without any chronic pulmonary complication, smoking for past five years. Smokers with any pulmonary disease, acute infections, other systemic disease, chest deformity or any disability were excluded from study.|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Effect Of Deep Breathing Exercises In Smokers|
|Actual Study Start Date :||October 3, 2016|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||February 22, 2017|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||March 15, 2017|
Experimental: Experimental Group
Deep /breathing exercises including Purse lip, diaphragmatic breathing and powered breathing
Other: Deep Breathing exercises
In pursed lip exercise subject was guided to inhale through nose with mouth closed and exhale through pressed lips (pursed lips).
In Diaphragmatic breathing subject was instructed to place his one hand below the rib cage and the other hand on chest. The patient inhaled slowly so that stomach moves out against the hand. Tighten the stomach muscle while exhaling through pursed lip.
In powered breathing subject was to inhale and exhale forcefully with some movements like subject was instructed to inhale forcefully while moving his hands upward and exhale forcefully while moving hands downward.
These three exercise techniques were advised to each subject of experimental group. They have to practice these exercises 3-4 times a day with 10 repetitions each. These exercises can be performed in sitting position or in supine lying position. Subject can adopt any position in which he feels comfortable.
No Intervention: Control Group
The participants from control group did not perform any exercise.
- Oxygen Saturation [ Time Frame: 2 weeks ]Pulse Oximetry was used to measure oxygen saturation
- Lung Volumes [ Time Frame: 2 weeks ]All lung volume were measured with spirometer
- Lung Capacities [ Time Frame: 2 weeks ]All lung capacities were measured with spirometer