Working… Menu

Effect Of Deep Breathing Exercises In Smokers

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03728530
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 2, 2018
Last Update Posted : November 2, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Noor Abid, Isra University

Brief Summary:
To determine the effect of deep breathing exercises on lung function in healthy smokers.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Healthy Smokers Other: Deep Breathing exercises Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
The purpose of the study to determine the effect of deep breathing exercise in smokers because deep breathing improve the lung capacity by filling the lung with the oxygen and improve the pulmonary function, it also reduce the stress and anxiety level by slowing down the pace of your whole body and therefore promote general relaxation and improve the quality of life in smokers, muscular activity or physical activity is also increased because by deep breathing maximum oxygen is reached to every muscle and they get nourish well so overall impact of deep breathing exercise is positive. Deep breathing exercise technique offered in the study are easy to learn and can be performed by everyone and everywhere safely, because there is no complex and pain full procedure. So deep breathing exercise have been proposed as a way of combating cigarette craving, improves quality of life and lung function.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 30 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Study was to determine the effects of deep breathing exercises in smokers. It was conducted on the general population of Isra Institute of Rehabilitation Sciences, Isra University, Islamabad Campus. 30 participants were selected through Non probability Convenience Sampling and later equally divided into experimental (n=15) and control group (n=15) through lottery method. Inclusion criteria were young smokers between 20-30 years of age and without any chronic pulmonary complication, smoking for past five years. Smokers with any pulmonary disease, acute infections, other systemic disease, chest deformity or any disability were excluded from study.
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Effect Of Deep Breathing Exercises In Smokers
Actual Study Start Date : October 3, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 22, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : March 15, 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Experimental Group
Deep /breathing exercises including Purse lip, diaphragmatic breathing and powered breathing
Other: Deep Breathing exercises

In pursed lip exercise subject was guided to inhale through nose with mouth closed and exhale through pressed lips (pursed lips).

In Diaphragmatic breathing subject was instructed to place his one hand below the rib cage and the other hand on chest. The patient inhaled slowly so that stomach moves out against the hand. Tighten the stomach muscle while exhaling through pursed lip.

In powered breathing subject was to inhale and exhale forcefully with some movements like subject was instructed to inhale forcefully while moving his hands upward and exhale forcefully while moving hands downward.

These three exercise techniques were advised to each subject of experimental group. They have to practice these exercises 3-4 times a day with 10 repetitions each. These exercises can be performed in sitting position or in supine lying position. Subject can adopt any position in which he feels comfortable.

No Intervention: Control Group
The participants from control group did not perform any exercise.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Oxygen Saturation [ Time Frame: 2 weeks ]
    Pulse Oximetry was used to measure oxygen saturation

  2. Lung Volumes [ Time Frame: 2 weeks ]
    All lung volume were measured with spirometer

  3. Lung Capacities [ Time Frame: 2 weeks ]
    All lung capacities were measured with spirometer

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   20 Years to 30 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

Young male and female adults with age group of 20-30 years without any chronic complication doing smoking from past five years are included in this study as the basic purpose of the study is to determine the effects of deep breathing exercises in smokers

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Adults with pulmonary disease.
  2. Acute infections
  3. Any other systemic disease.
  4. Chest deformity.
  5. Adults with any disability.
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Noor Abid, Research Associate, Isra University Identifier: NCT03728530    
Other Study ID Numbers: IIRS-IUISB/DPT/024
First Posted: November 2, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 2, 2018
Last Verified: November 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Informed Consent Form (ICF)
Clinical Study Report (CSR)
Time Frame: Data will become available within a month

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Noor Abid, Isra University:
Deep breathing exercises, smokers, lung function
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Respiratory Aspiration
Respiration Disorders
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Pathologic Processes