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Pilot E2 for Hypogonadal Women With CFBD

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03724955
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (Issues with Recruitment.)
First Posted : October 30, 2018
Last Update Posted : April 18, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Vin Tangpricha, MD, PH.D, Emory University

Brief Summary:
The study is a prospective, double blinded, placebo controlled, randomized study to evaluate the effects of daily oral estrogen supplements on bone health, sexual and reproductive health, quality of life and markers of inflammation and lung function when given to hypogonadal women with Cystic Fibrosis related Bone Disease (CFBD).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Cystic Fibrosis Related Bone Disease Drug: Estradiol 2 mg Other: Placebo Phase 4

Detailed Description:

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is the most common fatal heritable disease in non-Hispanic whites; CF results in frequent lung infections, chronic inflammation and progressive lung failure. With advancements in medical care, patients with CF are living longer. The median survival of women with CF born and diagnosed in 2010 is projected to be 37 years. Patients with CF are now living long enough to develop comorbidities like Cystic Fibrosis related Bone Disease (CFBD), hypogonadism manifesting as pubertal delay, premature ovarian insufficiency or hypothalamic hypogonadism. These comorbidities in women without CF can be improved by estrogen supplementation.

It is well established that treating hypogonadal (low estrogen levels) women with estrogen can improve their bone health, slow the rate of bone loss and decrease bone turnover markers. Supplemental estrogen given to hypogonadal women can improve sexual and reproductive health including reduction of perimenopausal symptoms and improvement in sexual function which can improve quality of life. There is very little research investigating the effects of estrogen treatment for hypogonadal women with CF. The purpose of this study is to test the hypothesis that daily oral estrogen supplements given to hypogonadal women with CFBD will improve their bone health, sexual and reproductive health, and quality of life and modify markers of inflammation and lung function.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 0 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Prospective, double-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled, interventional
Masking: Double (Participant, Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description: Double Blinded
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Pilot Study Evaluating the Effects of Estradiol for Hypogonadal Women With Cystic Fibrosis and Osteopenia
Estimated Study Start Date : April 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 2021


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment Group
The treatment group will receive Estradiol 2 mg oral daily for 6 months. Medication will be mailed to patient. All study drugs will be dispensed by the Investigational Drug Pharmacy.
Drug: Estradiol 2 mg
Participants in this arm will receive Estradiol 2 mg oral daily for 6 months
Other Name: Estrace

Placebo Comparator: Placebo Group
The placebo group will receive placebo oral daily for 6 months. Medication will be mailed to patient. Placebo will be dispensed by the Investigational Drug Pharmacy.
Other: Placebo
The placebo group will receive placebo oral daily for 6 months




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in serum estradiol level in picograms per milliliter (pg/mL) from baseline to 6 months among the treatment and placebo groups [ Time Frame: Baseline/Enrollment visit and at 6 months ]
    Serum estradiol measures the amount of the hormone estradiol in the blood. The level is measured using a blood test that is performed at baseline/enrollment visit and at 6 months. According to Mayo Medical Laboratories, normal levels of estradiol (E2) for menstruating women range from 15 to 350 picograms per milliliter (pg/mL). The levels of estradiol among both groups are recorded and compared from baseline to 6 months.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Serum carboxy-terminal collagen crosslinks (CTX-1) from baseline to 6 months among the treatment and placebo groups [ Time Frame: Baseline/Enrollment visit and at 6 months ]
    Serum CTX is a telopeptide that can be used as a biomarker in the serum to measure the rate of bone turnover. The CTX test measures for the presence and concentration of a crosslink peptide sequence of type I collagen, found, among other tissues, in bone. This specific peptide sequence relates to bone turnover because it is the portion that is cleaved by osteoclasts during bone resorption, and its serum levels are therefore proportional to osteoclastic activity at the time the blood sample is drawn. Although laboratory normal ranges are said to be between 50 pg/mL and 450 pg/mL, serum levels in healthy patients not taking bisphosphonates tends to be above 300 pg/mL. This is measured at baseline and at 6 months between the 2 groups and compared.

  2. change in of Serum Procollagen I Intact N-Terminal (P1NP) measured in mcg/L from baseline to 6 months among the treatment and placebo groups [ Time Frame: Baseline/Enrollment visit and at 6 months ]
    Procollagen type I propeptides are derived from collagen type I, which is the most common collagen type found in mineralized bone. Procollagen type I N-terminal propeptide (P1NP) is considered the most sensitive marker of bone formation and it is particularly useful for monitoring bone formation therapies and antiresorptive therapies. It is measured through a blood test. Blood is drawn at baseline and at 6 months among the participants of both groups and compared. Reference Values for Adult male: 22-87 mcg/L; Adult female premenopausal: 19-83 mcg/L; Adult female postmenopausal: 16-96 mcg/L.

  3. Change in Cystic Fibrosis Questionnaire-Revised (CFQ-R) respiratory score from baseline to 6 months among the treatment and placebo groups [ Time Frame: Baseline/Enrollment visit and at 6 months ]
    The Cystic Fibrosis Questionnaire-Revised (CFQ-R) is a validated patient-reported outcome (PRO) containing both generic scales and scales specific to cystic fibrosis (CF). The CFQ-R measures functioning in a variety of domains, including Physical Functioning, Vitality, Health Perceptions, Respiratory Symptoms, Treatment Burden, Role Functioning, Emotional Functioning, and Social Functioning. Each CFQ-R domain yields standardized scores ranging from 0 to 100; higher domain scores indicate better health-related quality of life. The study aims to look at the changes in CFQ-R-Respiratory scores among the two groups. The questionnaire is administered at baseline and at follow up visits. The change in score from Baseline to 6 months is recorded and compared.

  4. Change in percentage of FEV1 from baseline to 6 months among the treatment and placebo groups [ Time Frame: Baseline/Enrollment visit and at 6 months ]
    FEV1 measures the lung functioning among the Cystic Fibrosis patients. Spirometry is used for measurement of FEV1.Spirometry is performed by deeply inhaling and forcefully exhaling into a spirometer (the device that records the various measurements of lung function). Forced expiratory volume-one second (FEV1) is a measure of how much air can be exhaled in one second following a deep inhalation. In normal people the Percentage of predicted FEV1 value is 80% or greater. 60%-69% are moderately abnormal; 35%-49% severely abnormal and less than 35% very severely abnormal. In cystic fibrosis patients it is usually less than normal. The test is administered at baseline and at follow up visits. The change in score from Baseline to 6 months is recorded and compared.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Gender Based Eligibility:   Yes
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adult and adolescent female CF patients (age ≥ 18 years),
  • presenting to the CF clinic for routine follow up of cystic fibrosis,
  • hypogonadal women defined as E2 level < 25,
  • dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) scan within 2 years of enrollment with T- or Z-score < -1,
  • able to tolerate oral medications.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Inability to obtain or declined informed consent from the subject and/or legally authorized representative,
  • Pregnancy,
  • Too ill to participate in study based on investigator's or study team's opinion,
  • Current use of systemic estrogen,
  • History of thromboembolic event within the previous 2 years,
  • History of migraines with aura,
  • Hypercoagulability including previous diagnosis of Factor V Leiden or Protein C or S deficiency,
  • Current smoker,
  • History of diagnosis with breast or uterine cancer,
  • Current significant liver disease with cholelithiasis or cirrhosis,
  • Status post lung or liver transplantation,
  • Current use of systemic steroids

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03724955


Locations
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United States, Georgia
Emory University Hospital
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30322
Sponsors and Collaborators
Emory University
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Vin Tangpricha, MD Emory University

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Responsible Party: Vin Tangpricha, MD, PH.D, Professor, Emory University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03724955     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IRB00107135
First Posted: October 30, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 18, 2019
Last Verified: April 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: Yes
Keywords provided by Vin Tangpricha, MD, PH.D, Emory University:
Hypogonadism
Estrogen Supplement
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Estradiol 3-benzoate
Estradiol 17 beta-cypionate
Estradiol
Polyestradiol phosphate
Bone Diseases
Cystic Fibrosis
Fibrosis
Pathologic Processes
Pancreatic Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Infant, Newborn, Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Estrogens
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Contraceptive Agents
Reproductive Control Agents
Contraceptive Agents, Female