Working…
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu
Trial record 1 of 1 for:    NCT03720470
Previous Study | Return to List | Next Study

Study Evaluating Efficacy and Safety of PF-04965842 and Dupilumab in Adult Subjects With Moderate to Severe Atopic Dermatitis on Background Topical Therapy (JADE Compare)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03720470
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 25, 2018
Results First Posted : January 19, 2021
Last Update Posted : January 19, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Pfizer

Brief Summary:
B7451029 is a Phase 3 study to investigate PF-04965842 in adult patients who have moderate to severe atopic dermatitis and use background topical therapy. The efficacy of two dosage strengths of PF-04965842, 100 mg and 200 mg taken orally once daily will be evaluated relative to placebo over 12 weeks. The efficacy of the two dosage strengths of PF-04965842 will be compared with dupilumab in terms of pruritus relief at 2 weeks. The two dosage strengths of PF-04965842 and dupilumab 300 mg injected subcutaneously once every two weeks (with a loading dose of 600 mg injected on the first day) will also be evaluated relative to placebo over 16 weeks. The safety of the investigational products will be evaluated over the duration of the study. Subjects will use non-medicated emollient at least twice a day and medicated topical therapy such as corticosteroids, calcineurin inhibitors or PDE4 inhibitors, as per protocol guidance, to treat active lesions during the study. Subjects who are randomized to receive one of the two dosage strengths of PF-04965842 will also receive placebo injectable study drug every two weeks until Week 16 and then will continue on receiving only the oral study drug for 4 weeks. Subjects who are randomized to receive dupilumab injections every two weeks will also receive oral placebo to be taken once daily until Week 16 and will then continue to receive only the oral placebo for 4 weeks. Subjects who are randomized to the placebo arms, will receive both daily oral placebo and injectable placebo every two weeks until Week 16, after which they will receive either 100 mg or 200 mg of PF-04965842 taken orally once daily for 4 weeks, dependent upon which arm they have been allocated to. Eligible subjects will have an option to enter a long-term extension study after completing 20 weeks of treatment.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Dermatitis Dermatitis, Atopic Eczema Skin Diseases Skin Diseases, Genetic Genetic Diseases, Inborn Skin Diseases, Eczematous Hypersensitivity Hypersensitivity, Immediate Immune System Diseases Drug: PF-04965842 100 mg Drug: PF-04965842 200 mg Drug: Dupilumab Drug: Oral Placebo Drug: Injectable Placebo Phase 3

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 838 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A PHASE 3 RANDOMIZED, DOUBLE-BLIND, DOUBLE-DUMMY, PLACEBO-CONTROLLED, PARALLEL GROUP, MULTI-CENTER STUDY INVESTIGATING THE EFFICACY AND SAFETY OF PF-04965842 AND DUPILUMAB IN COMPARISON WITH PLACEBO IN ADULT SUBJECTS ON BACKGROUND TOPICAL THERAPY, WITH MODERATE TO SEVERE ATOPIC DERMATITIS
Actual Study Start Date : October 29, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 27, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : March 6, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Eczema
Drug Information available for: Dupilumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: PF-04965842 100 mg + Placebo Inj followed by PF-04965842 100mg
Once-daily oral PF-04965842 100 mg + Placebo injected subcutaneously once every 2 weeks from Day 1 until Week 16 followed by once-daily oral PF-04965842 100 mg from Week 16 to Week 20
Drug: PF-04965842 100 mg

PF-04965842 100 mg, administered as two tablets to be taken orally once daily as follows:

  1. In the arm "PF-04965842 100 mg + Injectable Placebo followed by PF-04965842 100 mg," PF-04965842 100 mg is taken together with Injectable Placebo from Day 1 until Week 16, then by itself from Week 16 to Week 20;
  2. In the arm "Oral Placebo + Injectable Placebo followed by 100 mg PF-04965842" subjects take PF-04965842 100 mg from Week 16 to Week 20.

Drug: Injectable Placebo
Two subcutaneous injections of Placebo (for Dupilumab) administered as a loading dose on Day 1 followed by one injection every other week (q2w) until Week 16.

Experimental: PF-04965842 200 mg + Placebo Inj followed by PF-04965842 200mg
Once-daily oral PF-04965842 200 mg + Placebo injected subcutaneously once every 2 weeks from Day 1 until Week 16 followed by once-daily oral PF-04965842 200 mg from Week 16 to Week 20
Drug: PF-04965842 200 mg

PF-04965842 200 mg, administered as two tablets to be taken orally once daily as follows:

  1. In the arm "PF-04965842 200 mg + Injectable Placebo followed by PF-04965842 100 mg," PF-04965842 200 mg is taken together with Injectable Placebo from Day 1 until Week 16, then by itself from Week 16 to Week 20;
  2. In the arm "Oral Placebo + Injectable Placebo followed by 200 mg PF-04965842" subjects take PF-04965842 200 mg from Week 16 to Week 20.

Drug: Injectable Placebo
Two subcutaneous injections of Placebo (for Dupilumab) administered as a loading dose on Day 1 followed by one injection every other week (q2w) until Week 16.

Active Comparator: Dupilumab Injection + Oral Placebo followed by Oral Placebo
Dupilumab injected subcutaneously once every 2 weeks + once-daily oral Placebo from Day 1 until Week 16 followed by once-daily oral Placebo from Week 16 to Week 20
Drug: Dupilumab
Two subcutaneous injections of Dupilumab 300 mg as a loading dose administered on Day 1 (for a total of 600 mg) followed by one injection once every two weeks (q2w) until Week 16.

Drug: Oral Placebo

Oral placebo (for PF-04965842) administered as two tablets to be taken orally once daily as follows:

  1. In the arm "Dupilumab Injection + Oral Placebo followed by Oral Placebo," the Oral Placebo is taken together with Dupilumab from Day 1 until Week 16, then by itself to Week 20;
  2. In the arms "Oral Placebo + Injectable Placebo followed by 100 mg PF-04965842" and "Oral Placebo + Injectable Placebo followed by 200 mg PF-04965842," subjects, take Oral Placebo from Day 1 until Week 16.

Placebo Comparator: Oral Placebo + Placebo Inj followed by 100 mg PF-04965842
Once-daily oral Placebo + Placebo injected subcutaneously once every 2 weeks from Day 1 until Week 16 followed by once-daily oral 100 mg PF-04965842 from Week 16 to Week 20
Drug: PF-04965842 100 mg

PF-04965842 100 mg, administered as two tablets to be taken orally once daily as follows:

  1. In the arm "PF-04965842 100 mg + Injectable Placebo followed by PF-04965842 100 mg," PF-04965842 100 mg is taken together with Injectable Placebo from Day 1 until Week 16, then by itself from Week 16 to Week 20;
  2. In the arm "Oral Placebo + Injectable Placebo followed by 100 mg PF-04965842" subjects take PF-04965842 100 mg from Week 16 to Week 20.

Drug: Oral Placebo

Oral placebo (for PF-04965842) administered as two tablets to be taken orally once daily as follows:

  1. In the arm "Dupilumab Injection + Oral Placebo followed by Oral Placebo," the Oral Placebo is taken together with Dupilumab from Day 1 until Week 16, then by itself to Week 20;
  2. In the arms "Oral Placebo + Injectable Placebo followed by 100 mg PF-04965842" and "Oral Placebo + Injectable Placebo followed by 200 mg PF-04965842," subjects, take Oral Placebo from Day 1 until Week 16.

Drug: Injectable Placebo
Two subcutaneous injections of Placebo (for Dupilumab) administered as a loading dose on Day 1 followed by one injection every other week (q2w) until Week 16.

Placebo Comparator: Oral Placebo + Placebo Inj followed by 200 mg PF-04965842
Once-daily oral Placebo + Placebo injected subcutaneously once every 2 weeks from Day 1 until Week 16 followed by once-daily oral 200 mg PF-04965842 from Week 16 to Week 20
Drug: PF-04965842 200 mg

PF-04965842 200 mg, administered as two tablets to be taken orally once daily as follows:

  1. In the arm "PF-04965842 200 mg + Injectable Placebo followed by PF-04965842 100 mg," PF-04965842 200 mg is taken together with Injectable Placebo from Day 1 until Week 16, then by itself from Week 16 to Week 20;
  2. In the arm "Oral Placebo + Injectable Placebo followed by 200 mg PF-04965842" subjects take PF-04965842 200 mg from Week 16 to Week 20.

Drug: Oral Placebo

Oral placebo (for PF-04965842) administered as two tablets to be taken orally once daily as follows:

  1. In the arm "Dupilumab Injection + Oral Placebo followed by Oral Placebo," the Oral Placebo is taken together with Dupilumab from Day 1 until Week 16, then by itself to Week 20;
  2. In the arms "Oral Placebo + Injectable Placebo followed by 100 mg PF-04965842" and "Oral Placebo + Injectable Placebo followed by 200 mg PF-04965842," subjects, take Oral Placebo from Day 1 until Week 16.

Drug: Injectable Placebo
Two subcutaneous injections of Placebo (for Dupilumab) administered as a loading dose on Day 1 followed by one injection every other week (q2w) until Week 16.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants Achieving Investigator's Global Assessment (IGA) Response of Clear (0) or Almost Clear (1) and a Reduction of Greater Than or Equal to (>=) 2 Points From Baseline at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline (the last measurement prior to first dosing on Day 1), Week 12 ]
    IGA assessed severity of atopic dermatitis (AD) on a 5 point scale (0 to 4, higher scores indicate more severity). Scores: 0= clear, no inflammatory signs of AD; 1= almost clear, AD not fully cleared- light pink residual lesions (except post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation), just perceptible erythema, papulation/induration lichenification, excoriation, and no oozing/crusting; 2= mild AD with light red lesions, slight but definite erythema, papulation/induration, lichenification, excoriation and no oozing/crusting; 3= moderate AD with red lesions, moderate erythema, papulation/induration, lichenification, excoriation and slight oozing/crusting; 4= severe AD with deep dark red lesions, severe erythema, papulation/induration, lichenification, excoriation and moderate to severe oozing/crusting. Assessment excluded scalp, palms and sole.

  2. Percentage of Participants Achieving Eczema Area and Severity Index (EASI) Response >=75 Percent (%) Improvement From Baseline at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 ]
    EASI evaluates severity of participants with AD (excluded scalp, palms, soles) based on severity of AD clinical signs and % of body surface area (BSA) affected. Severity of clinical signs of AD (erythema, induration/papulation, excoriation and lichenification) scored separately for each of 4 body regions (head and neck, upper limbs, trunk [including axillae and groin] and lower limbs [including buttocks]) on 4-point scale: 0= absent; 1= mild; 2= moderate; 3= severe. EASI area score was based upon % BSA with AD in body region: 0 (0%), 1 (>0 to <10%), 2 (10 to <30%), 3 (30 to <50%), 4 (50 to <70%), 5 (70 to <90%) and 6 (90 to 100%). Total EASI score =0.1*Ah*(Eh+Ih+Exh+Lh) + 0.2*Au*(Eu+Iu+ExU+Lu) + 0.3*At*(Et+It+Ext+Lt) + 0.4*Al*(El+Il+Exl+Ll); A = EASI area score; E = erythema; I = induration/papulation; Ex = excoriation; L = lichenification; h = head and neck; u = upper limbs; t = trunk; l = lower limbs. Total EASI score ranged from 0.0 to 72.0, higher scores = greater severity of AD.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants With at Least 4 Points Improvement in the Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) for Severity of Pruritus From Baseline at Day 2-15, Week 2, 4, 8, 12 and 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Day 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15 and Week 2, 4, 8, 12, 16 ]
    Participants were asked to assess their worst pruritus/itching due to AD over the past 24 hours on an NRS scale ranged from 0 (no itching) to 10 (worst possible itching), where higher scores indicated greater severity.

  2. Percentage of Participants Achieving IGA Response of Clear (0) or Almost Clear (1) and a Reduction of >=2 Points From Baseline at Week 2, 4, 8 and 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 2, 4, 8 and 16 ]
    IGA assessed severity of AD on a 5 point scale (0 to 4, higher scores indicate more severity). Scores: 0= clear, no inflammatory signs of AD; 1= almost clear, AD not fully cleared- light pink residual lesions (except post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation), just perceptible erythema, papulation/induration lichenification, excoriation, and no oozing/crusting; 2= mild AD with light red lesions, slight but definite erythema, papulation/induration, lichenification, excoriation and no oozing/crusting; 3= moderate AD with red lesions, moderate erythema, papulation/induration, lichenification, excoriation and slight oozing/crusting; 4= severe AD with deep dark red lesions, severe erythema, papulation/induration, lichenification, excoriation and moderate to severe oozing/crusting. Assessment excluded sole, palms and scalp.

  3. Percentage of Participants Achieving EASI Response >=75% Improvement From Baseline at Week 2, 4, 8 and 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 2, 4, 8 and 16 ]
    EASI evaluates severity of participants' AD (excluded scalp, palms, soles) based on severity of AD clinical signs and % of body surface area (BSA) affected. Severity of clinical signs of AD (erythema, induration/papulation, excoriation and lichenification) scored separately for each of 4 body regions (head and neck, upper limbs, trunk [including axillae and groin] and lower limbs [including buttocks]) on 4-point scale: 0= absent; 1= mild; 2= moderate; 3= severe. EASI area score was based upon % BSA with AD in body region: 0 (0%), 1 (>0 to <10%), 2 (10 to <30%), 3 (30 to <50%), 4 (50 to <70%), 5 (70 to <90%) and 6 (90 to 100%). Total EASI score =0.1*Ah*(Eh+Ih+Exh+Lh) + 0.2*Au*(Eu+Iu+ExU+Lu) + 0.3*At*(Et+It+Ext+Lt) + 0.4*Al*(El+Il+Exl+Ll); A = EASI area score; E = erythema; I = induration/papulation; Ex = excoriation; L = lichenification; h = head and neck; u = upper limbs; t = trunk; l = lower limbs. Total EASI score ranged from 0.0 to 72.0, higher scores = greater severity of AD.

  4. Percentage of Participants Achieving EASI Response >=50% Improvement From Baseline at Week 2, 4, 8, 12 and 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 2, 4, 8, 12 and 16 ]
    EASI evaluates severity of participants' AD (excluded scalp, palms, soles) based on severity of AD clinical signs and % of BSA affected. Severity of clinical signs of AD (erythema, induration/papulation, excoriation and lichenification) scored separately for each of 4 body regions (head and neck, upper limbs, trunk [including axillae and groin] and lower limbs [including buttocks]) on 4-point scale: 0= absent; 1= mild; 2= moderate; 3= severe. EASI area score was based upon % BSA with AD in body region: 0 (0%), 1 (>0 to <10%), 2 (10 to <30%), 3 (30 to <50%), 4 (50 to <70%), 5 (70 to <90%) and 6 (90 to 100%). Total EASI score =0.1*Ah*(Eh+Ih+Exh+Lh) + 0.2*Au*(Eu+Iu+ExU+Lu) + 0.3*At*(Et+It+Ext+Lt) + 0.4*Al*(El+Il+Exl+Ll); A = EASI area score; E = erythema; I = induration/papulation; Ex = excoriation; L = lichenification; h = head and neck; u = upper limbs; t = trunk; l = lower limbs. Total EASI score ranged from 0.0 to 72.0, higher scores = greater severity of AD.

  5. Percentage of Participants Achieving EASI Response >=90% Improvement From Baseline at Week 2, 4, 8, 12 and 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 2, 4, 8,12 and 16 ]
    EASI evaluates severity of participants' AD (excluded scalp, palms, soles) based on severity of AD clinical signs and % of BSA affected. Severity of clinical signs of AD (erythema, induration/papulation, excoriation and lichenification) scored separately for each of 4 body regions (head and neck, upper limbs, trunk [including axillae and groin] and lower limbs [including buttocks]) on 4-point scale: 0= absent; 1= mild; 2= moderate; 3= severe. EASI area score was based upon % BSA with AD in body region: 0 (0%), 1 (>0 to <10%), 2 (10 to <30%), 3 (30 to <50%), 4 (50 to <70%), 5 (70 to <90%) and 6 (90 to 100%). Total EASI score =0.1*Ah*(Eh+Ih+Exh+Lh) + 0.2*Au*(Eu+Iu+ExU+Lu) + 0.3*At*(Et+It+Ext+Lt) + 0.4*Al*(El+Il+Exl+Ll); A = EASI area score; E = erythema; I = induration/papulation; Ex = excoriation; L = lichenification; h = head and neck; u = upper limbs; t = trunk; l = lower limbs. Total EASI score ranged from 0.0 to 72.0, higher scores = greater severity of AD.

  6. Percentage of Participants Achieving EASI Response =100% Improvement From Baseline at Week 2, 4, 8, 12 and 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 2, 4, 8, 12 and 16 ]
    EASI evaluates severity of participants' AD (excluded scalp, palms, soles) based on severity of AD clinical signs and % of BSA affected. Severity of clinical signs of AD (erythema, induration/papulation, excoriation and lichenification) scored separately for each of 4 body regions (head and neck, upper limbs, trunk [including axillae and groin] and lower limbs [including buttocks]) on 4-point scale: 0= absent; 1= mild; 2= moderate; 3= severe. EASI area score was based upon % BSA with AD in body region: 0 (0%), 1 (>0 to <10%), 2 (10 to <30%), 3 (30 to <50%), 4 (50 to <70%), 5 (70 to <90%) and 6 (90 to 100%). Total EASI score =0.1*Ah*(Eh+Ih+Exh+Lh) + 0.2*Au*(Eu+Iu+ExU+Lu) + 0.3*At*(Et+It+Ext+Lt) + 0.4*Al*(El+Il+Exl+Ll); A = EASI area score; E = erythema; I = induration/papulation; Ex = excoriation; L = lichenification; h = head and neck; u = upper limbs; t = trunk; l = lower limbs. Total EASI score ranged from 0.0 to 72.0, higher scores = greater severity of AD.

  7. Time From Baseline to First Achieve at Least 4 Points Improvement in the Severity of Pruritus NRS [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Week 16 ]
    Participants were asked to assess their worst pruritus/itching due to AD over the past 24 hours on an NRS scale ranged from 0 (no itching) to 10 (worst possible itching), where higher scores indicated greater severity.

  8. Change From Baseline in Percentage Body Surface Area (BSA) at Week 2, 4, 8, 12 and 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 2, 4, 8, 12 and 16 ]
    4 body regions were evaluated: head and neck, upper limbs, trunk (including axillae and groin) and lower limbs (including buttocks). Scalp, palms and soles were excluded. BSA was calculated using handprint method. Number of handprints (size of participant's hand with fingers in a closed position) fitting in the affected area of a body region was estimated. Maximum number of handprints were 10 for head and neck, 20 for upper limbs, 30 for trunk and 40 for lower limbs. Surface area of body region equivalent to 1 handprint: 1 handprint was equal to 10% for head and neck, 5% for upper limbs, 3.33% for trunk and 2.5% for lower limbs. Percent BSA for a body region was calculated as = total number of handprints in a body region * % surface area equivalent to 1 handprint. Overall % BSA for an individual: arithmetic mean of % BSA of all 4 body regions, ranges from 0 to 100%, with higher values representing greater severity of AD.

  9. Percentage BSA at Week 18 and 20 [ Time Frame: Week 18 and 20 ]
    4 body regions were evaluated: head and neck, upper limbs, trunk (including axillae and groin) and lower limbs (including buttocks). Scalp, palms and soles were excluded. BSA was calculated using handprint method. Number of handprints (size of participant's hand with fingers in a closed position) fitting in the affected area of a body region was estimated. Maximum number of handprints were 10 for head and neck, 20 for upper limbs, 30 for trunk and 40 for lower limbs. Surface area of body region equivalent to 1 handprint: 1 handprint was equal to 10% for head and neck, 5% for upper limbs, 3.33% for trunk and 2.5% for lower limbs. Percent BSA for a body region was calculated as = total number of handprints in a body region * % surface area equivalent to 1 handprint. Overall % BSA for an individual: arithmetic mean of % BSA of all 4 body regions, ranges from 0 to 100%, with higher values representing greater severity of AD.

  10. Change From Baseline in Patient Global Assessment (PtGA) at Week 2, 4, 8, 12 and 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 2, 4, 8, 12 and 16 ]
    Participant responded to the following question: "Overall, how would you describe your Atopic Dermatitis right now?" on a scale: 0= clear; 1= almost clear; 2= mild; 3= moderate; and 4= severe. Higher scores indicated more severity.

  11. Change From Baseline in Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) at Week 2, 12 and 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 2, 12 and 16 ]
    DLQI is a 10-item questionnaire that measures the impact of skin disease. Each question was evaluated on a 4-point scale ranging from 0 (not at all) to 3 (very much); where higher scores indicated more impact on quality of life. Scores from all 10 questions added up to give DLQI total score range from 0 (not at all) to 30 (very much). Higher scores indicated more impact on quality of life of participants.

  12. DLQI at Week 20 [ Time Frame: Week 20 ]
    DLQI is a 10-item questionnaire that measures the impact of skin disease. Each question was evaluated on a 4-point scale ranging from 0 (not at all) to 3 (very much); where higher scores indicated more impact on quality of life. Scores from all 10 questions added up to give DLQI total score range from 0 (not at all) to 30 (very much). Higher scores indicated more impact on quality of life of participants.

  13. Change From Baseline in EuroQol Quality of Life 5-Dimension 5-Level Scale (EQ-5D-5L) Index Value at Week 12 and 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 and 16 ]
    EQ-5D-5L: standardized participant completed questionnaire consisted of 2 components: a health state profile and an optional VAS. EQ-5D health state profile had 5 dimensions: mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain/discomfort, anxiety/depression. Each dimension has 5 levels: 1= no problems, 2= slight problems, 3= moderate problems, 4= severe problems, and 5= extreme problems. Responses to 5 dimensions comprised a health state/a single utility index value. E.g. if a participant responded "no problems" for each 5 dimensions, then health state was coded as "11111" with a predefined index value to it. Every health state (coded as combination of responses on each of 5 dimensions) had a unique predefined utility index value assigned to it, by EuroQol. US value sets (with all possible health states) was used for adults in the study, range from 1 to -0.109. Higher (positive) scores = better health state.

  14. Change From Baseline in EQ-5D-5L Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) Score at Week 12 and 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 and 16 ]
    EQ-5D-5L consists of two components: a health state profile and an optional VAS. EQ-5D VAS was used to record a participant's rating for his/her current health-related quality of life state and captured on a vertical VAS (0-100), where 0 = worst imaginable health state and 100 = best imaginable health state.

  15. EQ-5D-5L- Index Value at Week 20 [ Time Frame: Week 20 ]
    EQ-5D-5L: standardized participant completed questionnaire consisted of 2 components: a health state profile and an optional VAS. EQ-5D health state profile had 5 dimensions: mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain/discomfort, anxiety/depression. Each dimension has 5 levels: 1= no problems, 2= slight problems, 3= moderate problems, 4= severe problems, and 5= extreme problems. Responses to 5 dimensions comprised a health state/a single utility index value. E.g. if a participant responded "no problems" for each 5 dimensions, then health state was coded as "11111" with a predefined index value to it. Every health state (coded as combination of responses on each of 5 dimensions) had a unique predefined utility index value assigned to it, by EuroQol. US value sets (with all possible health states) was used for adults in the study, range from 1 to -0.109. Higher (positive) scores = better health state.

  16. EQ-5D-5L- VAS Score at Week 20 [ Time Frame: Week 20 ]
    EQ-5D-5L consists of two components: a health state profile and an optional VAS. EQ-5D VAS was used to record a participant's rating for his/her current health-related quality of life state and captured on a vertical VAS (0-100), where 0 = worst imaginable health state and 100 = best imaginable health state.

  17. Change From Baseline in Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) - Anxiety Scale at Week 12 and 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 12 and 16 ]
    HADS: participant rated 14-item questionnaire. HADS consisted of 2 subscales: HADS-Anxiety (HADS-A) scale and HADS-Depression (HADS-D) scale, both of these subscales comprised of 7 items each. Each item was rated on a 4-point scale, score range from 0 to 3, where higher scores indicates more anxiety/depression symptoms. HADS-A assesses state of generalized anxiety (anxious mood, restlessness, anxious thoughts, panic attacks). HADS-D assesses state of lost interest and diminished pleasure response (lowering of hedonic tone). HADS-A: sum of all 7 items resulted in score range of 0 (no presence of anxiety) to 21 (severe feeling of anxiety); higher score indicating greater severity of anxiety.

  18. Change From Baseline in HADS - Depression Scale at Week 12 and 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 and 16 ]
    HADS: participant rated 14-item questionnaire. HADS consisted of 2 subscales: HADS-A scale and HADS-D scale, both of these subscales comprised of 7 items each. Each item was rated on a 4-point scale, score range from 0 to 3, where higher scores indicates more anxiety/depression symptoms. HADS-A assesses state of generalized anxiety (anxious mood, restlessness, anxious thoughts, panic attacks). HADS-D assesses state of lost interest and diminished pleasure response (lowering of hedonic tone). HADS-D: sum of all 7 items resulted in score range of 0 (no presence of depression) to 21 (severe feeling of depression); higher score indicating greater severity of depression symptoms.

  19. HADS - Anxiety Scale at Week 20 [ Time Frame: Week 20 ]
    HADS: participant rated 14-item questionnaire. HADS consisted of 2 subscales: HADS-A scale and HADS-D scale, both of these subscales comprised of 7 items each. Each item was rated on a 4-point scale, score range from 0 to 3, where higher scores indicates more anxiety/depression symptoms. HADS-A assesses state of generalized anxiety (anxious mood, restlessness, anxious thoughts, panic attacks). HADS-D assesses state of lost interest and diminished pleasure response (lowering of hedonic tone). HADS-A: sum of all 7 items resulted in score range of 0 (no presence of anxiety) to 21 (severe feeling of anxiety); higher score indicating greater severity of anxiety.

  20. HADS - Depression Scale at Week 20 [ Time Frame: Week 20 ]
    HADS: participant rated 14-item questionnaire. HADS consisted of 2 subscales: HADS-A scale and HADS-D scale, both of these subscales comprised of 7 items each. Each item was rated on a 4-point scale, score range from 0 to 3, where higher scores indicates more anxiety/depression symptoms. HADS-A assesses state of generalized anxiety (anxious mood, restlessness, anxious thoughts, panic attacks). HADS-D assesses state of lost interest and diminished pleasure response (lowering of hedonic tone). HADS-D: sum of all 7 items resulted in score range of 0 (no presence of depression) to 21 (severe feeling of depression); higher score indicating greater severity of depression symptoms.

  21. Change From Baseline in Patient-Oriented Eczema Measure (POEM) at Week 12 and 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 and 16 ]
    POEM is a 7-item participant reported outcome (PRO) measure used to assess the impact of AD (dryness, itching, flaking, cracking, sleep loss, bleeding and weeping) over the past week. Each item is scored as following: "no days (0)", "1-2 days (1)", "3-4 days (2)", "5-6 days (3)" and "every day (4)". The score ranges from 0 to 28, where higher score indicated greater severity.

  22. POEM at Week 20 [ Time Frame: Week 20 ]
    POEM is a 7-item participant reported outcome (PRO) measure used to assess the impact of AD (dryness, itching, flaking, cracking, sleep loss, bleeding and weeping) over the past week. Each item is scored as following: "no days (0)", "1-2 days (1)", "3-4 days (2)", "5-6 days (3)" and "every day (4)". The score ranges from 0 to 28, where higher score indicated greater severity.

  23. Change From Baseline in Pruritus and Symptoms Assessment for Atopic Dermatitis (PSAAD) Total Score Week 1 to Week 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 1 to Week 16 ]
    PSAAD is a daily participant reported symptom electronic diary. Participants rated their symptoms of AD over the past 24 hours, using 11 items (itchy skin, painful skin, dry skin, flaky skin, cracked skin, bumpy skin, red skin, discolored skin [lighter or darker], bleeding from skin, seeping or oozing fluid from skin [other than blood], and skin swelling). Participant had to think about all the areas of their body affected by their skin condition and chose the number that best described their experience for each of the 11 items, from 0 (no symptoms) to 10 (extreme symptoms), higher scores signified worse skin condition. Total PSAAD score = arithmetic mean of 11 items, 0 (no symptoms) to 10 (extreme symptoms), where higher score = worse skin condition.

  24. PSAAD Total Score at Week 18 and 20 [ Time Frame: Week 18 and 20 ]
    PSAAD is a daily participant reported symptom electronic diary. Participants rated their symptoms of AD over the past 24 hours, using 11 items (itchy skin, painful skin, dry skin, flaky skin, cracked skin, bumpy skin, red skin, discolored skin [lighter or darker], bleeding from skin, seeping or oozing fluid from skin [other than blood], and skin swelling). Participant had to think about all the areas of their body affected by their skin condition and chose the number that best described their experience for each of the 11 items, from 0 (no symptoms) to 10 (extreme symptoms), higher scores signified worse skin condition. Total PSAAD score = arithmetic mean of 11 items, 0 (no symptoms) to 10 (extreme symptoms), where higher score = worse skin condition.

  25. Percentage of Participants With Scoring Atopic Dermatitis (SCORAD) Response >=50% Improvement From Baseline at Week 2, 4, 8, 12 and 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 2, 4, 8 12 and 16 ]
    SCORAD: scoring index for AD combining extent, severity, subjective symptoms. Extent (A): rule of 9 was used to calculate BSA affected by AD as a % of whole BSA for each body region- head and neck 9%; upper limbs 9% each; lower limbs 18% each; anterior trunk 18%; back 18%; 1% for genitals. The score for each body region was added to determine A (0-100). Severity (B): severity of each sign (erythema; edema; oozing; excoriation; skin thickening; dryness) was assessed as none=0, mild=1, moderate=2,severe=3. The severity scores were summed to give B (0-18). Subjective symptoms (C): pruritus and sleep, each of these 2 were scored by participant/caregiver using visual analogue scale (VAS) where "0" = no itch/no sleeplessness and "10" = the worst imaginable itch/sleeplessness, higher scores=worse symptoms. Scores for itch and sleeplessness were added to give 'C' (0-20). The SCORAD for an individual was calculated: A/5 + 7*B/2 + C; range from 0 to 103; higher values of SCORAD=worse outcome.

  26. Percentage of Participants With SCORAD Response >=75% Improvement From Baseline at Week 2, 4, 8 12 and 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 2, 4, 8 12 and 16 ]
    SCORAD: scoring index for AD combining extent, severity, subjective symptoms. Extent (A): rule of 9 was used to calculate BSA affected by AD as a % of whole BSA for each body region- head and neck 9%; upper limbs 9% each; lower limbs 18% each; anterior trunk 18%; back 18%; 1% for genitals. The score for each body region was added to determine A (0-100). Severity (B): severity of each sign (erythema; edema; oozing; excoriation; skin thickening; dryness) was assessed as none=0, mild=1, moderate=2,severe=3. The severity scores were summed to give B (0-18). Subjective symptoms (C): pruritus and sleep, each of these 2 were scored by participant/caregiver using visual analogue scale (VAS) where "0" = no itch/no sleeplessness and "10" = the worst imaginable itch/sleeplessness, higher scores=worse symptoms. Scores for itch and sleeplessness were added to give 'C' (0-20). The SCORAD for an individual was calculated: A/5 + 7*B/2 + C; range from 0 to 103; higher values of SCORAD=worse outcome.

  27. Change From Baseline in SCORAD Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) of Itch and Sleep Loss at Week 2, 4, 8 12 and 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 2, 4, 8 12 and 16 ]
    SCORAD: scoring index for AD combining extent, severity, subjective symptoms. Extent (A): rule of 9 was used to calculate BSA affected by AD as a % of whole BSA for each body region- head and neck 9%; upper limbs 9% each; lower limbs 18% each; anterior trunk 18%; back 18%; 1% for genitals. The score for each body region was added to determine A (0-100). Severity (B): severity of each sign (erythema; edema; oozing; excoriation; skin thickening; dryness) was assessed as none=0, mild=1, moderate=2,severe=3. The severity scores were summed to give B (0-18). Subjective symptoms (C): pruritus and sleep, each of these 2 were scored by participant/caregiver using visual analogue scale (VAS) where "0" = no itch/no sleeplessness and "10" = the worst imaginable itch/sleeplessness, higher scores=worse symptoms. Scores for itch and sleeplessness were added to give 'C' (0-20). The SCORAD for an individual was calculated: A/5 + 7*B/2 + C; range from 0 to 103; higher values of SCORAD=worse outcome.

  28. SCORAD VAS of Itch and Sleep Loss at Week 18 and 20 [ Time Frame: Week 18 and 20 ]
    SCORAD: scoring index for AD combining extent, severity, subjective symptoms. Extent (A): rule of 9 was used to calculate BSA affected by AD as a % of whole BSA for each body region- head and neck 9%; upper limbs 9% each; lower limbs 18% each; anterior trunk 18%; back 18%; 1% for genitals. The score for each body region was added to determine A (0-100). Severity (B): severity of each sign (erythema; edema; oozing; excoriation; skin thickening; dryness) was assessed as none=0, mild=1, moderate=2,severe=3. The severity scores were summed to give B (0-18). Subjective symptoms (C): pruritus and sleep, each of these 2 were scored by participant/caregiver using visual analogue scale (VAS) where "0" = no itch/no sleeplessness and "10" = the worst imaginable itch/sleeplessness, higher scores=worse symptoms. Scores for itch and sleeplessness were added to give 'C' (0-20). The SCORAD for an individual was calculated: A/5 + 7*B/2 + C; range from 0 to 103; higher values of SCORAD=worse outcome.

  29. Least Square Mean of Number of Steroid-free Days From Baseline up to Week 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Week 16 ]
    Number of days when a corticosteroid as a concomitant medication was not used up to Week 16 is reported as Least square mean in this outcome measure.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female subjects aged 18 years or older at the time of informed consent
  • Diagnosis of atopic dermatitis (AD) for at least 1 year and current status of moderate to severe disease (>= the following scores: BSA 10%, IGA 3, EASI 16, Pruritus NRS severity 4)
  • Documented recent history (within 6 months before the screening visit) of inadequate response to treatment with medicated topical therapy for AD for at least 4 weeks, or who have required systemic therapies for control of their disease.
  • Must be willing and able to comply with standardized background topical therapy, as per protocol guidelines throughout the study
  • Female subjects who are of childbearing potential must not be intending to become pregnant, currently pregnant, or lactating. The following conditions apply:

    1. Female subjects of childbearing potential must have a confirmed negative pregnancy test prior to randomization;
    2. Female subjects of childbearing potential must agree to use a highly effective method of contraception for the duration of the active treatment period and for at least 28 days after the last dose of investigational product.
  • Female subjects of non-childbearing potential must meet at least 1 of the following criteria:

    • Have undergone a documented hysterectomy and/or bilateral oophorectomy;
    • Have medically confirmed ovarian failure; or
    • Achieved postmenopausal status, defined as follows: cessation of regular menses for at least 12 consecutive months with no alternative pathological or physiological cause and have a serum follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) level confirming the postmenopausal state.

All other female subjects (including female subjects with tubal ligations) are considered to be of childbearing potential.

-If receiving concomitant medications for any reason other than AD, must be on a stable regimen prior to Day 1 and through the duration of the study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Other acute or chronic medical or psychiatric condition including recent (within the past year) or active suicidal ideation or behavior or laboratory abnormality that may increase the risk associated with study participation or investigational product administration or may interfere with the interpretation of study results and, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the subject inappropriate for entry into this study
  • Medical history including thrombocytopenia, coagulopathy or platelet dysfunction, Q wave interval abnormalities, current or history of certain infections, cancer, lymphoproliferative disorders and other medical conditions at the discretion of the investigator
  • Unwilling to discontinue current AD medications prior to the study or require treatment with prohibited medications during the study
  • Other active nonAD inflammatory skin diseases or conditions affecting skin
  • Prior treatment with JAK inhibitors
  • Previous treatment with dupilumab
  • Unwilling to discontinue current AD medications prior to the study or require treatment with prohibited medications during the study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03720470


Locations
Show Show 216 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Pfizer
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Study Director: Pfizer CT.gov Call Center Pfizer
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Pfizer:
Study Protocol  [PDF] May 29, 2019
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] January 23, 2020

Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Pfizer
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03720470    
Other Study ID Numbers: B7451029
COMPARE ( Other Identifier: Alias Study Number )
2018-002573-21 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: October 25, 2018    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: January 19, 2021
Last Update Posted: January 19, 2021
Last Verified: December 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Pfizer will provide access to individual de-identified participant data and related study documents (e.g. protocol, Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP), Clinical Study Report (CSR)) upon request from qualified researchers, and subject to certain criteria, conditions, and exceptions. Further details on Pfizer's data sharing criteria and process for requesting access can be found at: https://www.pfizer.com/science/clinical_trials/trial_data_and_results/data_requests.
URL: https://www.pfizer.com/science/clinical_trials/trial_data_and_results/data_requests

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Pfizer:
atopic dermatitis
atopic eczema
eczema
JAK
janus kinase
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Dermatitis, Atopic
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Skin Diseases, Genetic
Dermatitis
Eczema
Skin Diseases
Skin Diseases, Eczematous
Hypersensitivity
Immune System Diseases
Hypersensitivity, Immediate