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Combination HTNV and PUUV DNA Vaccine

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03718130
Recruitment Status : Enrolling by invitation
First Posted : October 24, 2018
Last Update Posted : February 27, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
U.S. Army Medical Research and Development Command

Brief Summary:
To evaluate the safety and reactogenicity of the hantaan virus (HTNV), puumala virus (PUUV), and combination HTNV/PUUV DNA vaccine candidates delivered to healthy adults

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hantaan Virus Disease, Puumala Virus Combination Product: Hantann virus vaccine (HTNV) - Using TriGrid Delivery System (TDS) for Intradermal Delivery (ID) Combination Product: Hantann virus vaccine (HTNV) - Using TriGrid Delivery System (TDS) for Intramuscular Delivery (IM) Combination Product: Puumala virus vaccine (PUUV) - Using the TriGrid Delivery System (TDS) for Intradermal Delivery (ID) Combination Product: Puumala virus vaccine (PUUV) - Using the TriGrid Delivery System (TDS) for Intramuscular Delivery (IM) Combination Product: Hantaan/Puumala (HTNV/PUUV) virus vaccines - Using the TriGrid Delivery System (TDS) for Intradermal Delivery (ID) Combination Product: Hantaan/Puumala (HTNV/PUUV virus vaccines - Using the TriGrid Delivery System (TDS) for Intramusular Delivery (IM) Phase 1

Detailed Description:

The development of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) vaccines, such as those to be utilized in this study, is based on the observation that antigen-encoding DNA plasmids can induce both cellular and humoral immune responses against various viral and bacterial pathogens. DNA vaccines are perceived as having a number of potential advantages over other types of vaccines. For example, DNA vaccines are easily constructed by recombinant technology; easily and inexpensively manufactured as a well-characterized molecule [DNA plasmid]; and at boost, not eliminated by prior immune response to the carrier or vector. Furthermore, as nonliving vaccines, they cannot lead to infection. The object of DNA vaccination is to deliver DNA into the nuclei of cells capable of presenting the encoded antigen to immune reactive cells that can elicit an immune response.

The study will enroll 6 randomized groups of 12 subjects each, for a total of 72 subjects. This approach will ensure at least 60 subjects complete all vaccinations at around 10 subjects per group, taking possible attrition into account. Subjects will receive one dose of vaccine on each of Days 0, 28, and 56 either intramuscularly or intradermally by electroporation and will be followed until Day 220.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 72 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description: 6 groups of 12 subjects each will receive varying vaccine dosages and vaccine canditdate combinations
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase 1, Randomized Trial to Assess the Safety, Reactogenicity, and Immunogenicity of a Combination HTNV and PUUV DNA Vaccine Candidate Administered by Electroporation
Actual Study Start Date : October 11, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : May 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : May 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Group 1: 0.6 mg HTNV - Intradermal (ID)
0.1 mL 6.0 mg/mL HTNV DNA + 0.1 mL 0.9% saline (ID) The HTNV and PUUV DNA vaccines will be administered using the ID TriGrid™ Delivery System (TDS), which utilizes the in vivo application of electrical fields (electroportation) to enhance the intracellular delivery of agents of interest in a targeted region of tissue.
Combination Product: Hantann virus vaccine (HTNV) - Using TriGrid Delivery System (TDS) for Intradermal Delivery (ID)
The HTNV vaccine will be administered using the ID TriGrid™ Delivery System (TDS), which utilizes the in vivo application of electrical fields (electroportation) to enhance the intracellular delivery of agents of interest in a targeted region of tissue.
Other Name: HTNV vaccine using TDS ID

Experimental: Group 2: 3.0 mg HTNV - Intramuscular (IM)
0.5 mL 6.0 mg/mL HTNV DNA + 0.5 mL 0.9% saline (IM) The HTNV and PUUV DNA vaccines will be administered using the IM TriGrid™ Delivery System (TDS), which utilizes the in vivo application of electrical fields (electroportation) to enhance the intracellular delivery of agents of interest in a targeted region of tissue.
Combination Product: Hantann virus vaccine (HTNV) - Using TriGrid Delivery System (TDS) for Intramuscular Delivery (IM)
The HTNV vaccine will be administered using the IM TriGrid™ Delivery System (TDS), which utilizes the in vivo application of electrical fields (electroportation) to enhance the intracellular delivery of agents of interest in a targeted region of tissue.
Other Name: HTNV vaccine using TDS IM

Experimental: Group 3: 0.6 mg PUUV - Intradermal (ID)
0.1 mL 6.0 mg/mL PUUV DNA + 0.1 mL 0.9% saline (ID) The HTNV and PUUV DNA vaccines will be administered using the ID TriGrid™ Delivery System (TDS), which utilizes the in vivo application of electrical fields (electroportation) to enhance the intracellular delivery of agents of interest in a targeted region of tissue.
Combination Product: Puumala virus vaccine (PUUV) - Using the TriGrid Delivery System (TDS) for Intradermal Delivery (ID)
The PUUV vaccine will be administered using the ID TriGrid™ Delivery System (TDS), which utilizes the in vivo application of electrical fields (electroportation) to enhance the intracellular delivery of agents of interest in a targeted region of tissue.
Other Name: PUUV vaccine using TDS ID

Experimental: Group 4: 3.0 mg PUUV - Intramuscular (IM)
0.5 mL 6.0 mg/mL PUUV DNA + 0.5 mL 0.9% saline (IM) The HTNV and PUUV DNA vaccines will be administered using the IM TriGrid™ Delivery System (TDS), which utilizes the in vivo application of electrical fields (electroportation) to enhance the intracellular delivery of agents of interest in a targeted region of tissue.
Combination Product: Puumala virus vaccine (PUUV) - Using the TriGrid Delivery System (TDS) for Intramuscular Delivery (IM)
The PUUV DNA vaccine will be administered using the IM TriGrid™ Delivery System (TDS), which utilizes the in vivo application of electrical fields (electroportation) to enhance the intracellular delivery of agents of interest in a targeted region of tissue.
Other Name: PUUV vaccine using the TDS IM

Experimental: Group 5: 1.2 mg HTNV/PUUV (0.6 mg each) - Intradermal (ID)
0.1 mL 6.0 mg/mL HTNV DNA + 0.1 mL 6.0 mg/mL PUUV DNA (ID) The HTNV and PUUV DNA vaccines will be administered using the ID TriGrid™ Delivery System (TDS), which utilizes the in vivo application of electrical fields (electroportation) to enhance the intracellular delivery of agents of interest in a targeted region of tissue.
Combination Product: Hantaan/Puumala (HTNV/PUUV) virus vaccines - Using the TriGrid Delivery System (TDS) for Intradermal Delivery (ID)
The HTNV and PUUV vaccines will be administered using the ID TriGrid™ Delivery System (TDS), which utilizes the in vivo application of electrical fields (electroportation) to enhance the intracellular delivery of agents of interest in a targeted region of tissue.
Other Name: HTNV/PUUV vaccines using the TDS ID

Experimental: Group 6: 6.0 mg HTNV/PUUV (3.0 mg each) - Intramuscular (IM)
0.5 mL 6.0 mg/mL HTNV DNA + 0.5 mL 6.0 mg/mL PUUV DNA (IM) The HTNV and PUUV DNA vaccines will be administered using the IM TriGrid™ Delivery System (TDS), which utilizes the in vivo application of electrical fields (electroportation) to enhance the intracellular delivery of agents of interest in a targeted region of tissue.
Combination Product: Hantaan/Puumala (HTNV/PUUV virus vaccines - Using the TriGrid Delivery System (TDS) for Intramusular Delivery (IM)
The HTNV and PUUV vaccines will be administered using the IM TriGrid™ Delivery System (TDS), which utilizes the in vivo application of electrical fields (electroportation) to enhance the intracellular delivery of agents of interest in a targeted region of tissue.
Other Name: HTNV/PUUV vaccines using the TDS IM




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Summary of Adverse Events (AEs) to Evaluate Safety and Reactogenicity of the HTNV, PUUV DNA and Combination HTNV/PUUV DNA Vaccines [ Time Frame: Days 0-14 after injection ]
    Summary of solicited local and systemic AEs occurring from the time of each injection through 14 days to evaluate the safety and reactogenicity of the HTNV, PUUV and combination HTNV/PUUV DNA vaccines


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Subjects Experiencing Vaccine-related Unsolicited Adverse Events (AEs) [ Time Frame: Days 0-28 after injection ]
    Subjects experiencing vaccine-related unsolicited AEs from the time of the first injection through 28 days following each injection

  2. Subjects Experiencing Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) [ Time Frame: Day 0 - approx. 6 months post-last vaccination ]
    Subjects experiencing SAEs from the time of the first injection through the final study visit

  3. Subjects Experiencing Clinical Safety Laboratory Adverse Events (AEs) [ Time Frame: Days 0 - 14 after vaccination ]
    Subject experiencing clinical safety laboratory AEs through 14 days following each vaccination

  4. Proportion of Seropositive Subjects [ Time Frame: Days 0, 28, 56, 84, 140 and 220 ]
    Determination of seropositive subjects (defined as PsVNA50 ≥ 1:20) at each scheduled time point

  5. Final Overall Rate of Seroconversion Over all Scheduled Time Points [ Time Frame: Days 0, 28, 56, 84, 140 and 220 ]
    Determination of the final overall rate of serconversion over all scheduled time points to study completion for each study group. Seroconversion is defined as a post-vaccination HTNV- or PUUV-specific titer of ≥1:40, or a minimum four-fold rise compared to baseline titer, and all study volunteers will begin the study with a baseline titer <20 (ie, seronegative)

  6. Geometric Mean Titer (GMT) of the PsVNA50 [ Time Frame: Days 0, 28, 56, 84, 140 and 220 ]
    GMT of the PsVNA50 for HTNV- and PUUV-specific neutralizing antibodies at each schedule time point for each study group and over all time points for each study group



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 49 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Healthy adult male or nonpregnant, nonlactating female, ages 18-49 (inclusive) at time of screening
  • Have demonstrated adequate comprehension of the protocol by achieving a score of at least 80% correct on a short multiple-choice quiz. Individuals who fail to achieve a passing score on the initial quiz will be given the opportunity to retest after a review of the protocol information. Individuals who fail the quiz for the second time will not be enrolled.
  • Have provided written informed consent before screening
  • Subject is in good health as determined by past medical history, medication use, and abbreviated physical examination

    • Good health is defined by the absence of any medical condition described in the exclusion criteria in a subject with a normal abbreviated physical examination including vital signs. If the subject has another current, ongoing medical condition, the condition cannot meet any of the following criteria: (1) first diagnosed within 3 months of enrollment, (2) is worsening in terms of clinical outcome in last 6 months, or (3) involves need for medication that may pose a risk to subject's safety or impede assessment of adverse events or immunogenicity if they participate in the study.
    • An abbreviated physical examination differs from a complete physical examination in that it does not include a genitourinary and rectal examination.
  • Available and able to participate for all study visits and procedures
  • Sexually active men and women of childbearing potential must agree to use an effective method of contraception from 30 days prior to the first study vaccination until 6 months after the last study vaccination.

    • A sexually active man is defined as one whose partner is a woman of childbearing potential (see definition below) and has not had a vasectomy performed > 1 year prior to screening. They must agree not to father a child until 6 months after the last vaccination. These subjects must agree to use a barrier method of birth control (eg, either condom with spermicidal foam/gel/film/cream or partner usage of occlusive cap [diaphragm or cervical/vault caps] with spermicidal foam/gel/film/cream/suppository).
    • Women of childbearing potential are defined as those who have not been sterilized via tubal ligation, bilateral oophorectomy, bilateral salpingectomy, hysterectomy, or successful Essure® placement (permanent, non-surgical, non-hormonal sterilization) with history of documented radiological confirmation test at least 90 days after the procedure and are still menstruating or < 1 year of the last menses if perimenopausal. For this study, an effective contraceptive method is defined as one that results in a failure rate of less than 1% per year when it is used consistently and correctly (see the Manual of Procedures [MOP] for a list of acceptable methods).
  • Female subjects agree to not donate eggs (ova, oocytes), and male subjects agree to not donate sperm from the start of screening until at least 6 months after the last vaccination.
  • Negative hantavirus PsVNA test result at screening

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of prior infection with any hantavirus virus or prior participation in an HTNV, PUUV, or Andes virus vaccine trial.
  • Has plans to travel to an area with endemic Hantaan, Puumala, Seoul, and Dobrava virus transmission during the study.

NOTE: Refer to the MOP for information on areas with endemic Hantaan, Puumala, Seoul, and Dobrava virus transmission

  • History of severe local or systemic reactions to any vaccine or vaccine products or a history of severe allergic reactions.

    • This includes a known allergy to an aminoglycoside (eg, gentamicin, tobramycin, neomycin, and streptomycin).
  • Is currently participating in or plans to participate in another study involving any investigational product (eg, vaccine, drug, or biologics) or a study that involves blood drawing, and/or an invasive procedure.

    • An invasive procedure includes endoscopy, bronchoscopy, or procedure requiring administration of IV contrast or removal of tissue.
  • Receipt or planned receipt of any live vaccination, experimental or otherwise, within the period 30 days prior to or after each vaccination and receipt or planned receipt of an inactivated vaccination, experimental or otherwise, within the period of 14 days prior to or after each vaccination.
  • Individuals, who based on clinical assessment by the investigator, have insufficient muscle mass to accommodate the 1 inch/25 mm penetration depth or have a skinfold thickness at eligible injection sites (deltoid region) that exceeds 40 mm.
  • Individuals in whom the ability to observe local reactions at the eligible injection sites (deltoid region) is, in the opinion of the investigator, unacceptably obscured due to a physical condition or permanent body art.
  • Presence of any surgical or traumatic metal implants at the injection site (medial deltoid muscles or overlying skin).
  • Screening laboratory results that are outside of the normal range (exceptions listed below) within 56 days prior to enrollment

    • Hemoglobin > 11.0 g/dL for women; > 12.9 g/dL for men
    • CBC (WBC and platelet) with differential either within institutional normal range or Grade 1 deviation from normal and deemed clinically insignificant
    • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) < 1.25x upper limit of normal (ULN)
    • Serum creatinine ≤ ULN
  • Subjects with autoimmune disorders or chronic inflammatory disorders with a potential autoimmune correlation.
  • Receipt of immunoglobulins and/or any blood products within the 120 days preceding screening or planned administration during the study period
  • Donation of blood to a blood bank within 56 days prior to screening and at any time during the study period.
  • Subject seropositive for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) or hepatitis C antibodies (anti-HCV).
  • Any confirmed or suspected immunosuppressive or immunodeficient condition, including HIV infection, or use of anticancer chemotherapy or radiation therapy (cytotoxic) in the 3 years prior to screening.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03718130


Locations
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United States, Maryland
University of Maryland, College Park
College Park, Maryland, United States, 20742
Sponsors and Collaborators
U.S. Army Medical Research and Development Command
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Kirsten E Lyke, MD University of Maryland, College Park
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Responsible Party: U.S. Army Medical Research and Development Command
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03718130    
Other Study ID Numbers: S-15-39
First Posted: October 24, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 27, 2020
Last Verified: February 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Virus Diseases
Hantavirus Infections
Bunyaviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Vaccines
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs