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A Study to Evaluate the Ability of Conducting a Study of Oral Risperidone Followed by Paliperidone Palmitate in Rwandan Healthcare Facilities

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03713658
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : October 22, 2018
Last Update Posted : June 3, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Janssen Research & Development, LLC

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of conducting a study of oral risperidone followed by paliperidone palmitate for once monthly (PP1M) and paliperidone palmitate for every 3 months (PP3M) in rwandan healthcare facilities with mental healthcare capabilities.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Schizophrenia Drug: Risperidone 3 mg Drug: Paliperidone Palmitate 50 mg eq. Drug: Paliperidone Palmitate 75 mg eq. Drug: Paliperidone Palmitate 100 mg eq. Drug: Paliperidone Palmitate 150 mg eq. Drug: Paliperidone Palmitate 175 mg eq. Drug: Paliperidone Palmitate 263 mg eq. Drug: Paliperidone Palmitate 350 mg eq. Drug: Paliperidone Palmitate 525 mg eq. Phase 4

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 30 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
Official Title: A Pilot-Study in Rwandan Health Care Settings to Examine the Feasibility of a Large Pragmatic Clinical Study to Assess the Value of Paliperidone Palmitate in Rwanda
Actual Study Start Date : October 18, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 10, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : May 19, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Schizophrenia

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Oral Risperidone
Participants will receive 3 milligram (mg) oral risperidone tablets once daily for up to one Week to determine tolerability based on investigator review.
Drug: Risperidone 3 mg
Participants will receive 3 mg oral risperidone tablets once daily for up to one Week.

Experimental: Paliperidone Palmitate Once Monthly (PP1M)
Participants will receive 50, 75, 100 or 150 mg eq. ([paliperidone palmitate] mg equivalent [to paliperidone]) long acting formulation of paliperidone palmitate once monthly (PP1M) intramuscular injection for 4 months (17 weeks) plus option to continue 3 more months if not stabilized depending on the participant's clinical safety, tolerability and efficacy requirements.
Drug: Paliperidone Palmitate 50 mg eq.
Participants will receive 50 mg eq. PP1M intramuscular injection for 17 Weeks.
Other Name: R092670

Drug: Paliperidone Palmitate 75 mg eq.
Participants will receive 75 mg eq. PP1M intramuscular injection for 17 Weeks.
Other Name: R092670

Drug: Paliperidone Palmitate 100 mg eq.
Participants will receive 100 mg eq. PP1M intramuscular injection for 17 Weeks.
Other Name: R092670

Drug: Paliperidone Palmitate 150 mg eq.
Participants will receive 150 mg eq. PP1M intramuscular injection for 17 Weeks.
Other Name: R092670

Experimental: Paliperidone Palmitate Every 3 Months (PP3M)
Participants will receive 175, 263, 350 or 525 mg eq. ([paliperidone palmitate] mg equivalent [to paliperidone]) long acting formulation of paliperidone palmitate every 3 months (PP3M) intramuscular injection for 24 Weeks.
Drug: Paliperidone Palmitate 175 mg eq.
Participants will receive 175 mg eq. PP3M intramuscular injection for 24 Weeks.
Other Name: R092670

Drug: Paliperidone Palmitate 263 mg eq.
Participants will receive 263 mg eq. PP3M intramuscular injection for 24 Weeks.
Other Name: R092670

Drug: Paliperidone Palmitate 350 mg eq.
Participants will receive 350 mg eq. PP3M intramuscular injection for 24 Weeks.
Other Name: R092670

Drug: Paliperidone Palmitate 525 mg eq.
Participants will receive 525 mg eq. PP3M intramuscular injection for 24 Weeks.
Other Name: R092670




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants With Successful Completion of Study Procedures [ Time Frame: Up to Week 46 ]
    Percentage of participants with successful completion of study procedures related to diagnosis and outcome measures assessment will be reported.

  2. Percentage of Participants With Successful Delivery of Risperidone/PP1M/PP3M for the Duration of the Study [ Time Frame: Up to Week 46 ]
    Percentage of participants with successful delivery of risperidone/PP1M/PP3M for the duration of the study will be reported.

  3. Percentage of Participants With Successful Administration of Risperidone/PP1M/PP3M Throughout the Study [ Time Frame: Up to Week 46 ]
    Percentage of participants with successful administration of risperidone/PP1M/PP3M throughout the study will be reported.

  4. Quality of Life as Assessed by World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale Brief Version (WHO QoL-BREF) Total Score [ Time Frame: Up to Week 46 ]
    The WHO QoL-BREF is a 25 item scale used to assess the quality of life. All items are rated on a five-point likert scale using response categories such as 1 represents very poor and 5 represents very well with a possible maximum score of 125 and a minimum score of 25.

  5. Clinician Satisfaction as Assessed by Clinician Satisfaction Rating Scale Score [ Time Frame: Up to Week 46 ]
    The Clinician Satisfaction Rating is a 4-item scale. Two items use a Likert scale with a six-point range from 0 (definitively not) to 6 (definitely) and two items are multiple-choice (example, "select all that apply"). The scale will be used to assess the acceptability and/or burden for the provider associated with the study including treatment with long-acting injectables (LAIs).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants Who Met Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI)-MINI Screen and Module K Criteria [ Time Frame: Up to Week 46 ]
    The MINI-Screen is a structured and standardized diagnostic interview used to determine the most common psychiatric disorders according to axis I diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders-fourth edition text revision (DSM-IV-TR) and the international classification of diseases and related health problems (ICD-10). The MINI-screen will be administered to participants for preselection by a qualified psychiatric professional. If this step is passed, then Module K of MINI will be applied by a medical doctor (preferably a psychiatrist) or a psychologist in order to confirm the diagnosis of schizophrenia and to determine if there are other psychiatric conditions present. Number of participants who met MINI criteria will be assessed.

  2. Number of Participants Intended to Complete/Attend Next Visit as Assessed by Intent-to-Attend (ITA) Plus Assessment Scale [ Time Frame: Up to Week 46 ]
    The ITA-Plus scale is a single Likert scale question with a range of 0 indicates definitely not attending to 6 indicates definitely attending that will be used to estimate the likelihood of completing the study or attending the next visit to provides qualitative feedback on why completion/attendance may not occur. Number of participants intended to complete/attend next visit will be assessed.

  3. Direct Cost Assessment of Schizophrenia Care as Assessed by Client Service Receipt Inventory (CSRI) Scale Score [ Time Frame: Up to Week 46 ]
    The CSRI scale will be used to assess the costs of schizophrenia care for participants, caregivers, and health care providers, especially direct costs.

  4. Indirect Cost Assessment of Schizophrenia Care as Assessed by Cost Assessment Questionnaire (CAQ) [ Time Frame: Up to Week 46 ]
    The CAQ will be used to assess the costs of schizophrenia care for participants, caregivers, and health care providers, especially indirect costs.

  5. Change From Baseline in Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) Total Score [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Week 46 ]
    SDS will be used to assess the functioning of participants with schizophrenia. It has participant-reported outcome measure and 5 item questionnaire used for assessment of functional impairment and associated disability. First three items assess disruption of 1 work/school, 2 social life, 3 family life/home responsibilities using a 0 (no impairment) - 10 (most severe impairment). Score for first 3 items are summed to create total score of 0-30 where higher score indicates greater impairment and a negative change in score indicates improvement.

  6. Number of Participants With Adverse Events (AEs) as a Measure of Safety [ Time Frame: Up to Week 46 ]
    Safety will be assessed by AEs along with concomitant medications, past medical history, and demographics of participants who will participate in this study. An adverse event is any untoward medical occurrence in a clinical study participant administered a medicinal (investigational or non-investigational) product. An adverse event does not necessarily have a causal relationship with the medication. An adverse event can therefore be any unfavorable and unintended sign (including an abnormal finding), symptom, or disease temporally associated with the use of a medicinal (investigational or non-investigational) product, whether or not related to that medicinal (investigational or non-investigational) product.

  7. Psychosis as Assessed by Mental Illness With Lay Evidence (SMILE) Scale Score [ Time Frame: Up to Week 46 ]
    The Psychosis module of the SMILE will be used to assess the clinical symptoms of schizophrenia. It is a 15-item Likert scale covering questions to describe participants condition like if they have kept the body neat and clean, difficulty in completing routine tasks, talked to themselves etc with answers on a point range of 0 (Never) to 5 (All the time). It uses 7-day recall period. Both the participant and caregiver participant will complete this scale.

  8. Clinical Global Impression - Severity of Schizophrenia (CGI-SS) Scale Total Score [ Time Frame: Up to Week 46 ]
    The CGI-SS will be used to provide a clinical measure of the severity of schizophrenia. It is a single-item Likert scale with a 7-point range (0 indicates none to 7 indicates extreme symptoms).



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participants with diagnosis of schizophrenia by mini international neuropsychiatric interview (MINI)- Screen/ MINI (Module K) that requires treatment initiation or a change in treatment to better address safety or efficacy limitations of current treatment
  • Participants at least moderately ill as measured by the clinical global impressions - severity of schizophrenia (CGI-SS) scale for schizophrenia, or experiencing poorly tolerated side effects from their current medications, or having difficulty with adequate adherence to treatment, per the investigator's judgement
  • Participants have a primary caregiver who is willing to participate in this study (caregiver should be knowledgeable about the participant's condition and is expected to be with the participant for greater than (>) 24 hours each week for the duration of the study)
  • Participants able to give consent to participate in a clinical study that includes treatment with risperidone and long-acting injectable formulations of paliperidone palmitate. Participants must be willing to receive injections. The participant and the caregiver participant must sign an informed consent form (ICF) indicating that he or she understands the purpose of, and procedures required for, the study and is willing to participate in the study
  • Participants must be willing and able to provide responses for all self-administered questionnaires

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participants have a physical, mental, or legal incapacity that prevents a valid consent or capacity to complete about 12 months of treatment with antipsychotic medication and compliance with this study protocol
  • Participants with history of organic brain syndromes, comorbid psychiatric and/or physical illnesses, or significant comorbid substance abuse that is likely to interfere with understanding of or compliance with study requirements
  • Participants with known allergies, hypersensitivity, or intolerance to risperidone or paliperidone palmitate or their excipients
  • Participants with poor prior response to risperidone
  • Participants who received an investigational medication (including investigational vaccines) or used an invasive investigational medical device within 30 days before the planned first dose of study medication, or is currently enrolled in an investigational study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03713658


Contacts
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Contact: Study Contact 844-434-4210 JNJ.CT@sylogent.com

Locations
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Rwanda
CARAES Ndera Neuro-Psychiatric Hospital Recruiting
Kigali, Rwanda, 423
University Teaching Hospital of Kigali Withdrawn
Kigali, Rwanda, 655
Ruhengeri Referral Hospital, Public Hospital Recruiting
Musanze District, Rwanda, 57
Kibungo Referral Hospital Recruiting
Ngoma District, Rwanda, 10
Sponsors and Collaborators
Janssen Research & Development, LLC
Investigators
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Study Director: Janssen Research & Development, LLC Clinical Trial Janssen Research & Development, LLC

Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Janssen Research & Development, LLC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03713658     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CR108551
R092670PSY4001 ( Other Identifier: Janssen Research & Development, LLC )
First Posted: October 22, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 3, 2019
Last Verified: May 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Schizophrenia
Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders
Mental Disorders
Risperidone
Paliperidone Palmitate
Serotonin Antagonists
Serotonin Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antipsychotic Agents
Tranquilizing Agents
Central Nervous System Depressants
Psychotropic Drugs
Dopamine Antagonists
Dopamine Agents
Serotonin 5-HT2 Receptor Antagonists
Dopamine D2 Receptor Antagonists