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Clinical Trial of Efficacy and Safety of Anaferon in the Treatment of Acute Respiratory Viral Infections

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03707912
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 16, 2018
Results First Posted : September 2, 2020
Last Update Posted : September 2, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Materia Medica Holding

Brief Summary:

Purpose of the study:

• To obtain additional data on the efficacy and safety of Anaferon in the treatment of acute respiratory viral infections.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Acute Respiratory Viral Infections Drug: Anaferon Drug: Placebo Phase 4

Detailed Description:

Design: a multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group randomized trial.

The study will enroll patients of either gender aged 18-70 years old with clinical manifestations of ARVI within the first day after the onset of the disease. Signed information sheet for patient will be obtained from all participants prior to the screening procedures. Medical history, concomitant medication, thermometry, patient examination by a doctor, assessment of ARVI symptoms severity will be performed at screening visit.

The nasopharyngeal swabs will be performed for Real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay to confirm viral etiology of ARVI and to verify respiratory viruses prior to the therapy.

If a patient meets all inclusion criteria and does not have any exclusion criteria, at Visit 1 (Day 1) he/she will be randomized into one of two groups: the 1st group patients will take Anaferon according to the dosage regimen until the end of the study; the 2nd group patients will take Placebo according to Anaferon dosage regimen until the end of the study.

The patients will be provided with a patient diary (paper or electronic) where daily they will record axillary body temperature (using a Geratherm Classic thermometer) and each ARVI symptom severity twice a day (in the morning and in the evening). In addition, antipyretic administration (if applicable) as well as any possible worsening of the patient's condition (if applicable, for safety evaluation/AEs documentation) will also be recorded in a patient diary. An investigator will provide the instructions on filling out the diary and will help the patient to make first records of ARVI symptom severity and body temperature in the diary.

Patients are observed up for 7 days (screening, randomization - 1 day, study therapy - 5 days, follow-up period - 2 days). During treatment and follow-up period two visits are scheduled (at home or at the study site) on days 5 (Visit 2) and day 7 (Visit 3). At Visits 2 and 3, the investigator will carry out physical examination, record dynamics of ARVI symptoms and concomitant therapy and check patient diaries.

Treatment compliance will be evaluated at Visit 3. During the study, symptomatic therapy and therapy for underlying chronic conditions are allowed with the exception of the drugs indicated in the section "Prohibited Concomitant Treatment".

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 204 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Multicentre Double-blind Placebo-controlled Parallel Group Randomized Clinical Trial of Efficacy and Safety of Anaferon in the Treatment of Acute Respiratory Viral Infections
Actual Study Start Date : October 9, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 15, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : March 15, 2019

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Anaferon

1 tablet per administration. Day 1: 1 tablet every 30 minutes for the first 2 hours, followed by 3 more tablets taken at regular intervals through the rest of the day.

Days 2-5: 1 tablet 3 times a day. The drug is taken out of the meal (in the interval between meals or 15-30 minutes before eating), keep the tablet in the mouth, without swallowing, until completely dissolved.

Drug: Anaferon
Oral administration.

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Placebo using Anaferon regimen until the end of the study.
Drug: Placebo
Oral administration.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Time to Resolution of Acute Respiratory Viral Infection (ARVI) Symptoms. [ Time Frame: On days 1-7 of the observation period. ]

    Based on a patient diary. ARVI is clinically diagnosed and/or Real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (PCR) confirmed. Criteria of resolution of ARVI symptoms: body/axillary temperature ≤37.30С for 24 hours (without subsequent increase within the observation period) + absence/presence of general ARVI symptoms with ≤2 points of Total Severity (TS) score according to the 4-point scale for each of 14 ARVI symptoms (0 = no symptom; 1 = mild symptom; 2 = moderate symptom; 3 = severe symptom). ARVI symptoms are body temperature, 6 nonspecific/flu-like symptoms, and 7 nasal/throat and chest symptoms. Absolute body temperature (in degrees Celsius) is converted to arbitrary units (or scores) using the following scale:

    ≤37.30С=0 points; 37.4-38.00С=1 point; 38.1-39.00С=2 points; ≥39.10С=3 points. TS ranges from 0 to 42 (higher scores mean a worse outcome).



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. ARVI Severity. [ Time Frame: On days 1-6 of the observation period. ]
    ARVI severity is assessed using the "Area under the curve" (AUC) for the Total Symptom (TS) score for 6 days of the treatment and observation. TS score is calculated every day according to the 4-point scale for each of 14 ARVI symptoms (0 = no symptom; 1 = mild symptom; 2 = moderate symptom; 3 = severe symptom). ARVI symptoms are body temperature, 6 nonspecific/flu-like symptoms, and 7 nasal/throat and chest symptoms. Absolute body temperature (in degrees Celsius) is converted to arbitrary units (or scores) using the following scale: ≤37.30С=0 points; 37.4-38.00С=1 point; 38.1-39.00С=2 points; ≥39.10С=3 points. TS ranges from 0 to 42 (higher scores mean a worse outcome). AUC is calculated between 6 points (by TS for every 6 days of the treatment and observation). AUC is calculated using integration with given limits (TS score). The minimum value for the AUC is "0" and the maximum value is "252" units (day*score). The higher score means a worse outcome (ARVI severity).

  2. Percentage of Patients With Resolution of ARVI Symptoms (Clinically Diagnosed and/or PCR-confirmed). [ Time Frame: On day 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6. ]
    Based on patient diary data. Criteria of resolution of ARVI symptoms: body/axillary temperature ≤37.30С for 24 hours (without subsequent increase within the observation period) + absence/presence of general ARVI symptoms with ≤2 points of Total Severity (TS) score according to the 4-point scale for each of 14 ARVI symptoms (0 = no symptom; 1 = mild symptom; 2 = moderate symptom; 3 = severe symptom). ARVI symptoms are body temperature, 6 nonspecific/flu-like symptoms, and 7 nasal/throat and chest symptoms. Absolute body temperature (in degrees Celsius) is converted to arbitrary units (or scores) using the following scale: ≤37.30С=0 points; 37.4-38.00С=1 point; 38.1-39.00С=2 points; ≥39.10С=3 points. TS ranges from 0 to 30 (higher scores mean a worse outcome).

  3. Time to Resolution of ARVI (PCR-confirmed) Symptoms. [ Time Frame: On days 2-6 of the observation period. ]
    Based on patient diary data. Criteria of resolution of ARVI symptoms: body/axillary temperature ≤37.30С for 24 hours (without subsequent increase within the observation period) + absence/presence of general ARVI symptoms with ≤2 points of Total Severity (TS) score according to the 4-point scale for each of 14 ARVI symptoms (0 = no symptom; 1 = mild symptom; 2 = moderate symptom; 3 = severe symptom). ARVI symptoms are body temperature, 6 nonspecific/flu-like symptoms, and 7 nasal/throat and chest symptoms. Absolute body temperature (in degrees Celsius) is converted to arbitrary units (or scores) using the following scale: ≤37.30С=0 points; 37.4-38.00С=1 point; 38.1-39.00С=2 points; ≥39.10С=3 points. TS ranges from 0 to 42 (higher scores mean a worse outcome).

  4. Percentage of Patients With Resolution of ARVI Symptoms (PCR-confirmed). [ Time Frame: On day 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6. ]
    Based on patient diary data. ARVI is PCR confirmed. Criteria of resolution of ARVI symptoms: body/axillary temperature ≤37.30С for 24 hours (without subsequent increase within the observation period) + absence/presence of general ARVI symptoms with ≤2 points of Total Severity (TS) score according to the 4-point scale for each of 14 ARVI symptoms (0 = no symptom; 1 = mild symptom; 2 = moderate symptom; 3 = severe symptom). ARVI symptoms are body temperature, 6 nonspecific/flu-like symptoms, and 7 nasal/throat and chest symptoms. Absolute body temperature (in degrees Celsius) is converted to arbitrary units (or scores) using the following scale: ≤37.30С=0 points; 37.4-38.00С=1 point; 38.1-39.00С=2 points; ≥39.10С=3 points. TS ranges from 0 to 30 (higher scores mean a worse outcome).

  5. Dosing Frequency of Antipyretics if Indicated. [ Time Frame: On day 1, 2, and 3. ]
    Based on patient diary data. Dosing frequency is calculated as the number of antipyretic doses per 1 patient in a day.

  6. The Percentage of Patients Requiring Administration of Antibiotics. [ Time Frame: On days 4-7 of the observation period. ]
    Based on medical records. This Outcome Measure is calculated as the number of patients who were administered antibiotics for the treatment of secondary bacterial complications.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients of either gender aged 18-70 years.
  2. Diagnosis of acute respiratory viral infection (ARVI) based on medical examination: axillary temperature ≥ 37,8 ° C at examination + non-specific/flu-like symptom score ≥4, nasal/throat/chest symptom score ≥2.
  3. The first 24 hours after ARVI onset.
  4. Seasonal rise in ARVI incidence.
  5. Patients giving their consent to use reliable contraception during the study.
  6. Signed patient information sheet (informed consent form).

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Suspected pneumonia, bacterial infection (including otitis media, sinuitis, urinary tract infection, meningitis, sepsis, etc.), requiring the administration of antibacterial drugs from the first day of the disease.
  2. Suspected initial manifestations of diseases with symptoms similar to ARVI at onset (other infectious diseases, flu-like syndrome at the onset of systemic diseases of connective tissue, oncohaematological and other diseases).
  3. Clinical symptoms of severe influenza/ARVI requiring hospitalization.
  4. Subjects requiring concurrent antiviral products forbidden by the study.
  5. Medical history of primary and secondary immunodeficiency.
  6. Oncologic conditions /suspected oncologic conditions.
  7. Aggravation or decompensation of chronic diseases affecting a patient's ability to participate in the clinical trial.
  8. Impaired glucose tolerance, diabetes mellitus.
  9. Malabsorption syndrome, including congenital or acquired lactase or other disaccharidase deficiency, galactosemia.
  10. Allergy/ hypersensitivity to any component of the study drug.
  11. Pregnancy, breast-feeding; childbirth less than 3 months prior to the inclusion in the trial, unwillingness to use contraceptive methods during the trial.
  12. Consumption of narcotics, alcohol > 2 alcohol units per day, mental diseases.
  13. Course administration of the drug products specified in the section "Prohibited Concomitant Therapy" within two weeks prior to inclusion in the study.
  14. Patients who will not fulfill the requirements during the study or follow the order of administration of the studied drug products, from the Investigator's point of view.
  15. Participation in other clinical trials for 3 months prior to enrollment in this study.
  16. Patients who are related to any of the on-site research personnel directly involved in the study or are an immediate relative of the investigator. 'Immediate relative' means husband, wife, parent, son, daughter, brother, or sister (regardless of whether they are natural or adopted).
  17. Patients who work for OOO "NPF "Materia Medica Holding" (i.e. the company's employees, temporary contract workers, designated officials responsible for carrying out the research or any immediate relatives of the aforementioned).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03707912


Locations
Show Show 19 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Materia Medica Holding
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Materia Medica Holding:
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Responsible Party: Materia Medica Holding
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03707912    
Other Study ID Numbers: MMH-AN-005
First Posted: October 16, 2018    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: September 2, 2020
Last Update Posted: September 2, 2020
Last Verified: August 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Infection
Communicable Diseases
Virus Diseases