Open- Label Trial of Sipuleucel-T Administered to Active Surveillance Patients for Newly Diagnosed Prostate Cancer (ProVent)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03686683|
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : September 27, 2018
Last Update Posted : January 20, 2022
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|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Adenocarcinoma of the Prostate||Biological: sipuleucel-T||Phase 3|
The ProVent Study is designed to look at subjects who recieve sipuleucel-T compared to control subjects followed on AS. The study will enroll subjects being followed by AS and initially diagnosed within 12 months prior to Screening with either ISUP Grade Group 1 or 2 adenocarcinoma of the prostate.
The Screening Phase will begin at the completion of the informed consent process and continues until randomization. After Screening assessments are completed, eligible subjects will be randomized 2:1 to the sipuleucel-T arm or the control arm. Subjects randomized to sipuleucel-T arm will receive product as described in the sipuleucel-T approved label.
Subjects will undergotheir first leukapheresis within 60 days of randomization.
Subjects randomized to the control arm will be followed on AS. The Active Phase will begin at randomization and continues through completion of the end of Active Phase study visit (within 30 days of Biopsy 2). Once a subject from either the sipuleucel-T or control arms completes the end of Active Phase visit, they will enter the Follow-up Phase and complete Follow-up Phase visits every 6 months starting from their last Active Phase visit. The Follow-up Phase visits end when the last subject enrolled completes Biopsy 2 and end of Active Phase visit or until the study is terminated by the sponsor.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||450 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Intervention Model Description:||Subjects will be randomized 2:1 to the sipuleucel-T arm or the control arm.Subjects randomized to sipuleucel-T arm will receive 3 infusions of sipuleucel-T at approximately 2-week intervals. Subjects randomized to the control arm will be followed on AS as standard of care described in the schedule of events.|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||A Randomized Phase 3, Open-Label Trial of Sipuleucel-T Administered To Patients On Active Surveillance For Newly Diagnosed Prostate Cancer|
|Actual Study Start Date :||October 18, 2018|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||May 2023|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||May 2023|
Experimental: Treatment Group: Sipuleucel-T
Sipuleucel-T is an autologous cellular immunotherapy available as a suspension for intravenous infusion. Subjects randomized to sipuleucel-T arm will receive 3 infusions of sipuleucel-T at approximately 2-week intervals.
Sipuleucel-T is an autologous cell product consisting of antigen presenting cells (APCs) loaded with PA2024, a recombinant fusion protein composed of prostatic acid phosphatase (PAP), linked to granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF).
No Intervention: Control Arm: Active Surveillance
Subjects randomized to the control arm will be followed on Active Surveillance described in the schedule of events.
- To assess the efficacy of sipuleucel-T in reducing histopathologic reclassification to a higher Gleason grade in prostate cancer subjects on active surveillance (AS) [ Time Frame: Once all subjects have completed at least 3 years following randomization ]
Proportion of subjects without histological reclassification (Gleason group upgrade) within 36 months of randomization as determined by Blinded Independent Central Review (BICR)
o Upgrade is defined as subjects at randomization with either International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) Grade Group 1 (Gleason 3+3) upgraded to Grade Group 2 (Gleason 3+4) or higher or subjects at randomization with Grade Group 2 upgraded to Grade Group 3 (Gleason 4+3) or higher.
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.
|Ages Eligible for Study:||18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||Male|
|Gender Based Eligibility:||Yes|
|Gender Eligibility Description:||Males with proven adenocarcinoma of the prostate|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||No|
- 1. Age is ≥ 18 years
- 2. Written informed consent provided prior to the initiation of study procedures
- 3. Histologically proven adenocarcinoma of the prostate initially diagnosed ≤12 months of Screening. All biopsy slides with subject information redacted must be submitted for BICR.
- 4. Prostate cancer diagnosis determined by BICR as one of the following: 4a. ISUP Grade Group 1 with 3 or more cores positive from a systematic (≥10 cores) biopsy 4b. ISUP Grade Group 1 with ≥ 1 core positive with ≥50% cancer involvement from a systematic (≥10 cores) biopsy 4c. ISUP Grade Group 1 from 3 or more positive cores from any combination of cores from a systematic (≥10 cores) biopsy and MRI targeted biopsy (note: multiple cores from each MRI targeted lesion will count as 1 core) 4d. ISUP Grade Group 1 from a negative systematic (≥10 cores) biopsy and an MRI targeted core positive with ≥50% cancer involvement 4e. ISUP Grade Group 2 from a systematic (≥10 cores) biopsy with <50% of the total number of any cores positive for cancer 4f. ISUP Grade Group 2 from a negative systematic (≥10 cores) biopsy and MRI targeted core(s) positive for Gleason 3+4 (see note below) 4g. ISUP Grade Group 2 from any combination of cores from a systematic (≥10 cores) biopsy and MRI targeted biopsy (see note below)
Note for 4f and 4g: the total number of positive cores must be <50% of total cores from both the systematic biopsy and MRI targeted lesions; each MRI targeted lesion, irrespective of multiple positive cores, will each count as 1 core for the total number of positive cores, e.g., 4 targeted lesions with 2 positive cores each will only add 4 to the total core count.
- 5. Subject consents to standard of care for biopsy frequency of 2 on-study prostate biopsies and to provide biopsy tissue for study endpoint analysis.
- 6. Estimated life expectancy ≥ 10 years
- 7. Candidate for primary curative therapy (e.g., surgery or radiation) if prostate cancer progression occurs
- 8. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1
- 9. Adequate baseline hematologic, renal, and liver function tests as evidenced by laboratory test results within the following ranges ≤30 days prior to randomization White blood cell (WBC) count ≥ 3.0 x 10^6 cells/mL Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1.5 x 10^6 cells/mL Platelet count ≥ 1.0 x10^5 cells/uL Hemoglobin (Hgb) ≥ 10.0 g/dL Creatinine ≤ 1.5 mg/dL Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 2.0 x ULN Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤ 2.0 x ULN
- 1. Former therapy for prostate cancer (local or systemic)
- 2. Any previous prostatic surgical procedure that significantly changes the anatomy of prostate (at the discretion of sponsor's Medical Monitor)
- 3. Any investigational product received for prostate cancer
- 4. Prostate biopsy specimen reveals neuroendocrine or small cell features
- 5. Primary Gleason score is ≥ 4 or any Gleason pattern 5
- 6. Any evidence of locally advanced, regional or metastatic disease, including regional and distant lymph node enlargement (Nodes ≥1.5 cm in the short axis are considered pathologic and measurable)
- 7. A history of a cerebrovascular event (CVE) or transient ischemic attack (TIA)
- 8. Subject has used a 5-alpha-reductase inhibitor (e.g., finasteride or dutasteride) continuously for ≥ 6 months and within 6 months prior to study Screening
- 9. Subject has a history of any other stage I-IV malignancy, except for basal or squamous cell skin cancer. The subject must be disease free and off any malignancy-related treatment for at least 5 years.
- 10. Subject has prior use within 30 days of study Screening of any herbal, dietary, or alternative anti-cancer treatment or product, such as PC-SPES (or PC-x product), saw palmetto, ketoconazole, an estrogen-containing nutraceutical, or high dose calcitriol (>0.5 μg/day). The Investigator will consider herbal therapies on a case-by-case basis to determine whether they fall into the category of prohibited medications based on their potential for hormonal or anti-cancer or anti-cancer properties.
- 11. Need for systemic chronic immunosuppressive therapy (e.g., anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha monoclonal antibodies, glucocorticoids)
- 12. Uncontrolled, concurrent illness including, but not limited to the following: ongoing or active infection (bacterial, viral, or fungal), symptomatic congestive heart failure (New York Classification III-IV) or unstable angina pectoris within the last 6 months, or psychiatric illness that would limit compliance with study requirements as well as any condition that would preclude a subject from undergoing leukapheresis (e.g., within the previous 6 months: myocardial infarction, interventional cardiology procedure such as angioplasty or stent placement, pulmonary embolism or deep vein thrombosis).
- 13. Hypogonadal (T <175 ng/dL) or on continuous testosterone replacement therapy
- 14. Positive serology for HIV-1, HIV-2 or HTLV-1, HTLV-2
- 15. Active hepatitis B or C
- 16. Any medical intervention, any other condition, or any other circumstance which, in the opinion of the investigator or the sponsor's Medical Monitor, could compromise adherence with study requirements or otherwise compromise the study's objectives.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03686683
|Study Director:||Nadeem Sheikh, PhD||Dendreon Pharmaceuticals LLC|
|Other Study ID Numbers:||
ProVent ( Other Identifier: Dendreon Pharmaceuticals LLC )
|First Posted:||September 27, 2018 Key Record Dates|
|Last Update Posted:||January 20, 2022|
|Last Verified:||January 2022|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:||Yes|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:||No|
ISUP Grade Group 1 or 2
Number biopsies 1 or >1 (≤12 months of Screening)
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type