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Trial record 92 of 112 for:    EPLERENONE

MR Antagonist and STRIATIN

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03683069
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : September 25, 2018
Last Update Posted : February 18, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Gordon H. Williams, MD, Brigham and Women's Hospital

Brief Summary:

Salt sensitivity of blood pressure is a substantial risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Inappropriate increases in renal sodium reabsorption lead to volume expansion, hypertension and salt sensitive blood pressure. Key homeostatic mechanisms that regulate renal sodium reabsorption are: first, hormonal, e.g., renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system and second, vascular, e.g., renal vasculature. Dysfunction in one or both mechanisms leads to hypertension and salt sensitive blood pressure. The investigators recently documented that striatin plays a novel role in the development of salt sensitive blood pressure. However, the mechanisms that lead to striatin-mediated salt sensitive blood pressure are not clear; defining these mechanisms is the overall goal of this proposal.

Striatin is a calmodulin- and caveolin-binding protein that can function as either a scaffolding and/or signaling protein, specifically in relation to the mechanism of action of steroids. In a large study of well characterized subjects from the HyperPATH cohort, the investigators documented that hypertensive and normotensive humans who are striatin risk allele carriers have salt sensitive blood pressure.

The investigators then developed a striatin heterozygous knockout mouse as a tool to identify potential mechanisms for the salt sensitive blood pressure. The investigators documented that these mice also have salt sensitive blood pressure with higher blood pressure levels and inappropriately increased aldosterone levels on a liberal salt diet.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hypertension Genetics Hypertension Drug: Eplerenone vs Amlodipine Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 250 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Parallel Design
Masking: Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description: The screened, eligible hypertensives will enter a two-week single blind placebo washout phase.
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: Salt Sensitive Hypertension and Striatin
Estimated Study Start Date : November 15, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 1, 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 31, 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Sodium

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Epleronone Arm Drug: Eplerenone vs Amlodipine
We posit that decreases in striatin activity/levels increases aldosterone secretion resulting in hypertension and salt sensitive blood pressure. Thus, our mechanistic clinical study will assess whether hypertensive striatin risk allele carriers will show significantly greater reductions in blood pressure with a specific aldosterone mediated treatment approach (mineralocorticoid receptor blockade) than with a non-specific approach (amlodipine). To test this hypothesis, we will perform a randomized, double-blind, active controlled study in hypertensive carriers of the striatin risk allele using a novel two-limb, proof-of-principle study. Our primary outcome will be a liberal salt diet systolic blood pressure with a secondary outcome of salt sensitive blood pressure. Therefore, this mechanistic trial will provide support for using a genetic marker that identifies individuals who are uniquely responsive to mineralocorticoid receptor blockade--personalized, precision medicine.

Experimental: Amlodipine Arm Drug: Eplerenone vs Amlodipine
We posit that decreases in striatin activity/levels increases aldosterone secretion resulting in hypertension and salt sensitive blood pressure. Thus, our mechanistic clinical study will assess whether hypertensive striatin risk allele carriers will show significantly greater reductions in blood pressure with a specific aldosterone mediated treatment approach (mineralocorticoid receptor blockade) than with a non-specific approach (amlodipine). To test this hypothesis, we will perform a randomized, double-blind, active controlled study in hypertensive carriers of the striatin risk allele using a novel two-limb, proof-of-principle study. Our primary outcome will be a liberal salt diet systolic blood pressure with a secondary outcome of salt sensitive blood pressure. Therefore, this mechanistic trial will provide support for using a genetic marker that identifies individuals who are uniquely responsive to mineralocorticoid receptor blockade--personalized, precision medicine.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Systolic supine morning liberal salt automated blood pressure [ Time Frame: Change in blood pressure between baseline and 16 weeks of randomized drug therapy ]
    Subjects will be counseled regarding liberal salt dietary intake to ensure similar intakes in all subjects [Na+ (200 mEq), potassium (K+, 100 mEq) and calcium (800 mg)]. This or a greater level of Na+ intake was consumed by 60-70% of subjects before entering the HyperPATH protocol. After completion of this diet for 7 days, the subject will come to the Center for Clinical Investigation (CCI) Ambulatory Clinical Center between 7-8 AM, fasting, and after remaining supine for 60-90 mins will have blood samples obtained for future analyses, and their BP measured using an automatic recording sphygmomanometer. Readings will be obtained every 2 mins for 20 mins with the highest and lowest values discarded and the rest averaged. From the morning of the 6th to the morning of the 7th day, a 24-hr. urine will be collected for creatinine and Na+ as a check on balance and stored for future analyses. Procedure will be performed before randomization and at the completion of 16 weeks of therapy.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Systolic salt sensitive blood pressure [ Time Frame: Change in blood pressure between baseline and 16 weeks of randomized drug therapy ]
    First step: subjects will ingest a liberal salt intake [Na+ (200 mEq/day)] for 7 days. The subject will come to the study unit between 7-8 AM, fasting. After remaining supine for 60-90 mins, their BP will be measured using an automatic recording sphygmomanometer. Readings will be obtained every 2 mins for 20 mins with the highest and lowest values discarded and the rest averaged. From the morning of the 6th to the morning of the 7th day, a 24-hr. urine will be collected for creatinine and Na+ as a check on balance and stored for future analyses. Second step: subjects will then be fed a restricted salt diet (10 mEq Na+/day) for 7 days. On the morning of the 7th day, the subjects will come fasting to the study unit between 7-8 AM, and the studies performed as detailed above. The BP data from the two diet studies will allow us to calculate SSBP. The procedures will be performed before randomization and at the completion of 16 weeks of therapy.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

The subjects evaluated in this protocol are hypertensive and carry the Striatin rs254093 risk allele. Most will be recruited from the HyperPATH cohort. The HyperPATH cohort was developed under a SCOR in Hypertension program. This program has demographic data and DNA on more than 4000 subjects. Currently, nearly 2000 of them have undergone an extensive phenotyping protocol. All hypertensive medications have been stopped for 3 weeks before study except agents that interfere with the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) are stopped for three months and amlodipine and/or hydrochlorothiazide is added if necessary for blood pressure control until one month before study initiation. Then each subject is studied twice on a diet consisting of 100 mmol potassium, 800 mg calcium, isocaloric, 2500 ml. The two times they are studied are after one week of a liberal sodium diet (200 mmol) and after one week of a low sodium diet (10 mmol). Blood is obtained supine, upright and after a 3 ng Ang II infusion and a norepinephrine dose response curve. BP and renal plasma flow are assessed in response to the diet and the Ang II infusion and 24 hour urines are collected on each diet. An oral glucose tolerance test is performed on each subject and blood is obtained for DNA. In addition to hypertensives, the nearly 2000 intensively studied cohort consists of 75 individuals in 10 families, 225 sibling pairs with hypertension, 525 normotensive individuals without a family history of hypertension or diabetes before the age of 60, and 250 type II diabetic subjects with or without hypertension. On most of the 4000 subjects serum, plasma, urine and DNA is available for measurements and analyses. Currently the data set consists of approximately 2100 data points of demographic data, family history, biomarkers, and genotypes. The subjects have been recruited from Boston MA, Salt Lake City UT, Paris France, Rome Italy and Nashville TN. The demographics consists of the following: 52% male, 18% of African descent, 3% Asian descent, age 17-66, hypertension stage 1-2, diet or oral medication controlled diabetes (80% of the total diabetics). A few subjects will be recruited from advertisements on the Internet and in local newspapers, from fliers and postings in the hospital, through mailings to households located in the Boston areas and through patient registries at Brigham and Womens Hospital. As an example of the richness of these sources is the Research Patient Data Registry (RPDR). RPDR is a centralized clinical data registry of 2.8 million Brigham and Womens Hospital and Massachusetts General Hospital patients. With approval of the Institutional Review Board, investigators may use the RPDR Data Acquisition Engine to obtain medical record information for patients with a specific diagnosis. Patients who meet inclusion criteria for a specific study can be identified. Potential research subjects may be contacted by his/her physician to inform the patient of the possibility of participating in a research study and to provide the patient with the information for contacting the study personnel. Investigators from Brigham and Womens Hospital may apply to use the RPDR. RPDR contains over 90,000 hypertensives, ages 17-65 years with 13.5 % of African descent and 52.8 % women.

We reported in our studies using the HyperPATH cohort that there was no racial, age or ethnic differences in the salt sensitive blood pressure responses related to Striatin allele variants. Thus, an equal number of females and males and the same proportion of Africans as in the HyperPATH cohort will be studied. Subjects in HyperPATH and those recruited for the new study in this project will have the similar characteristics. The range in age is >17; however, it is anticipated that the clear majority will be between the ages of 40 and 60 years.

Hypertensive patients previously treated will be weaned off medications for two-three weeks except agents that interfere with the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) are stopped for three months and amlodipine and/or hydrochlorothiazide is added if necessary for blood pressure control until one month before study initiation. Thus, these subjects will match the characteristics of subjects recruited in HyperPATH. They must have a diastolic blood pressure between 95 and 105 mm Hg off medication in each of three screening visits. Subjects with diastolic blood pressures greater than 105 mm Hg or systolic blood pressures greater than 180 mm Hg will be excluded. Subjects with only elevated systolic blood pressure (but diastolic less than 95 mm Hg) will be excluded because such subjects were not in the HyperPATH cohort.

Based on individual statements, subjects with current excessive alcohol use (greater than 12 oz/ETOH/week) or recreational drug use will be excluded. Subjects taking other medications (except thyroid supplements) or weighing more than 150% of an ideal body weight will be excluded. Subjects with other major cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, asthma, or other major medical illness will be excluded. Subjects who smoke will be excluded. In addition, subjects must have normal values for the following screening tests: CBC, serum electrolytes, liver enzymes, TSH, urinalysis, 24-hour urine excretion of catecholamines and cortisol, and ECG. Specifically, estimated GFR must be > 60 ml/min and serum potassium < 5.0 mmol/l. Subjects with hypokalemia while on diuretics will be evaluated for hyperaldosteronism before inclusion in this study. Cushings syndrome will be ruled out clinically, and with a 24-hour urine cortisol if there is clinical uncertainty. For the more difficult question of renal artery stenosis, we will perform renal artery digital subtraction angiogram in patients with hypertension and a two-component abdominal bruit. Patients with greater than 50% renal artery stenosis will be further evaluated, but excluded from this study. Subjects with a known sensitivity to any of the agents, such as amlodipine or eplerenone will be excluded. Women who are pregnant will be excluded and will be dropped from the study if they become pregnant during the study because eplerenone has not been approved for use in pregnancy and the activity of the RAAS is dramatically altered by pregnancy.

The screened, eligible hypertensives will enter a two-week single blind placebo washout phase. Pill count will be used to determine compliance. Those with BP between 145-170/90-109 mmHg and pill count between 80-100% will enter the randomized phase, counseled regarding salt intake, and randomized double blindly into one of our two treatment arms. We will recruit approximately 105 individuals to have 45 individuals in each drug group for analyses. This assumes that we will have 10-15% non-completers.

INCLUSION CRITERIA:

  1. rs2540923A allele carrier
  2. ages >17 years;
  3. hypertension as defined by primary physician;
  4. not on more than two anti-hypertensives;
  5. normal renal, metabolic, electrolyte, complete blood cell count, and lipid profile laboratory tests;
  6. if on an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor, angiotensin receptor blocker or mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist, needs to be washed out for 3 months.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

  1. known cardiac disease other than hypertension
  2. renal, circulatory or neurologic diseases
  3. diabetes; smoking
  4. secondary hypertension as indicated by history, physical examination or screening blood and urine tests; any drug therapy, except for anti-hypertensives and replacement thyroid medication.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03683069


Contacts
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Contact: Haris Lefteri, BA 6175257288 hlefteri@bwh.harvard.edu
Contact: Rebecca Easly 6175258867 reasly@bwh.harvard.edu

Sponsors and Collaborators
Brigham and Women's Hospital

Publications of Results:

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Responsible Party: Gordon H. Williams, MD, Professor of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03683069     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2018P001888
First Posted: September 25, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 18, 2019
Last Verified: February 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Eplerenone
Hypertension
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Amlodipine
Antihypertensive Agents
Calcium Channel Blockers
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Calcium-Regulating Hormones and Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Vasodilator Agents
Mineralocorticoid Receptor Antagonists
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Diuretics, Potassium Sparing
Diuretics
Natriuretic Agents