Study Evaluating the Effects of Toradol and Lyrica for Pain Control After Donor Nephrectomy
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03669081|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 13, 2018
Results First Posted : August 15, 2019
Last Update Posted : August 15, 2019
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Pain, Postoperative||Drug: Ketorolac Drug: Pregabalin Drug: Placebo oral capsule Drug: Saline||Phase 2|
Perioperative pain management is a significant challenge following surgery. Many pathways contribute to perioperative pain, including nociceptive, inflammatory, and neuropathic sources. Although opioids have long been a mainstay for perioperative analgesia, other non-opioid therapies have been increasingly used as part of a multimodal analgesic regimen to provide improved pain control while minimizing opioid-related side effects
TORADOL (ketorolac tromethamine), is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), is indicated for the short-term (up to 5 days in adults), management of moderately severe acute pain that requires analgesia at the opioid level.
Anecdotal evidence has shown that the use of Toradol (Ketorolac) is safe in renal surgery patients. The study team aims to further evaluate this in a pilot study specifically in the population of patient who have donated their kidney in live kidney transplants. The study team will assess how the use of toradol affects return to bowel function and see if there is a difference in length of hospital stay. Narcotic use can affect bowel function so the investigators hypothesize that use of Toradol will decrease delayed bowel function and aid in a patients discharge and reduction of hospital stay. The study team will assess differences in visual analog pain scores and total narcotic consumption, whereas secondary endpoints of urine output, serum creatinine and hemoglobin levels to assess for efficacy and safety.
Pregabalin is prescribed for neuropathic pain. In many studies, preoperative administration of pregabalin reduced postoperative morphine consumption and early postoperative pain.
There will be two arms of the study including:
Arm 1 (pure placebo group): Placebo oral preop then Saline placebo IV x 1 in the OR, then saline placebo IV every 6 hours for 7 doses.
Arm 2: Pregabalin 75mg oral preop, then Ketorolac 30 mg IV x 1 in the OR, then ketorolac 15 mg IV every 6 hours for 7 doses.
Toradol and Lyrica will be used consistent with its FDA approval in terms of dosing, route of administration, etc.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||64 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)|
|Primary Purpose:||Supportive Care|
|Official Title:||A Prospective, Double-blind, Randomized Pilot Study Evaluating the Effects of Toradol and Lyrica Verses Placebo for Pain Control After Donor Nephrectomy (TORPEDO)|
|Actual Study Start Date :||September 20, 2016|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||September 30, 2018|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||September 30, 2018|
Experimental: Toradol and Lyrica
Over-Encapsulated Pregabalin 75 mg was administered PO 30 minutes prior to operation; Ketorolac 30 mg IV x 1 was administered in the OR, followed by ketorolac 15 mg IV every 6 hours for 7 doses (or until discharge).
Ketorolac was administered intravenously: 30 mg in the operating room, and 15 mg every 6 hours for 7 doses post-operatively.
Other Name: Toradol
Pregabalin was administered orally: 75 mg 30 minutes prior to operation.
Other Name: Lyrica
Placebo Comparator: Placebo and Standard of Care
Identical placebo oral capsule (same size and color) was administered PO 30 minutes prior to operation; Saline placebo IV x 1 was administered in the OR, followed by saline placebo IV every 6 hours for 7 doses. Standard of care practices maintained.
Drug: Placebo oral capsule
Placebo oral capsule was administered orally 30 minutes prior to operation.
Saline was administered intravenously: once in the operating room, and every 6 hours for 7 doses post-operatively.
- Cumulative Narcotic Use [ Time Frame: 82.25 hours ]Cumulative narcotic use was defined by cumulative morphine equivalents over the course of a patient's hospital course. The Washington State Agency Medical Director's Group Opioid dose calculator was used to provide a total morphine dose equivalent (MDE) for each patient while in the hospital.
- Length of Hospital Stay [ Time Frame: 82.25 hours ]Primary outcomes include length of hospital stay (LOS).
- Serum Creatinine Levels at One Year Post-operatively [ Time Frame: 1 year ]Renal function was evaluated by following serum creatinine levels for up to one year post-operatively.
- Bleeding Risk [ Time Frame: 24 hours ]Hematocrit levels were evaluated post-operatively for up to a day post-operatively for signs of blood loss.
- Number of Patients With Urinary Retention [ Time Frame: 82.25 hours ]Patients were evaluated post-operatively during hospital stay for instances of urinary retention.
- 30 Day Mortality [ Time Frame: 30 days ]Primary outcomes include 30 day mortality post-operatively.