A Proactive Health Monitoring Intervention for Dementia Caregivers
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03665909|
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : September 11, 2018
Last Update Posted : September 12, 2018
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Dementia Alzheimer Disease||Other: Remote activity monitoring system||Phase 3|
In collaboration with a 15-member Community Advisory Board that includes community care providers, healthcare organizations, and ADRD caregivers themselves, the proposed 5-year project will build on the current efforts of The Lutheran Home Association (TLHA) to evaluate eNeighbor remote monitoring technology for persons with ADRD living in the community and their family caregivers. The Specific Aims are as follows:
To determine the efficacy of remote sensor technology over an 18-month period for 100 persons with ADRD and their caregivers randomly assigned to an eNeighbor treatment condition when compared to 100 usual care controls. The investigators hypothesize:
Hx. 1) Significant (p < .05) improvements in caregiver self-efficacy and sense of competence in managing a relative's ADRD; Hx. 2) Significant reductions in caregiver distress (e.g., subjective stress, or feelings of emotional fatigue and role entrapment; depressive symptoms); Hx. 3) Significant delay of or reductions in health transitions (falls, wandering) and service utilization (hospitalizations, nursing home admission) for persons with ADRD; and Hx. 4) Greater cost-effectiveness associated with a person with ADRD's health service use.
- To "embed" evaluation components: a) during the randomized controlled evaluation through the administration of open-ended survey items to all ADRD caregivers in the eNeighbor treatment condition every 6 months to examine the utility of the remote health monitoring technology; and b) at the conclusion of the 18-month evaluation by purposively sampling 15 ADRD caregivers who reported positive acceptance on the embedded qualitative and quantitative 6-, 12-, and 18-month system reviews and 15 ADRD caregivers who reported low acceptance on the embedded qualitative and quantitative 6-, 12-, and 18-month system reviews to participate in semi-structured interviews. The interviews will help the research team determine why the health monitoring intervention was or was not efficacious; and
- To engage stakeholders on a quarterly basis throughout the 5-year project with the goal of enhancing the utility (via community-based participatory approaches) and stakeholder-relevance of eNeighbor implementation and evaluation for family caregivers of persons with ADRD.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||170 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Primary Purpose:||Supportive Care|
|Official Title:||A Proactive Health Monitoring Intervention for Dementia Caregivers: The eNeighbor|
|Actual Study Start Date :||April 1, 2014|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||March 3, 2020|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||March 3, 2020|
Experimental: Remote activity monitoring
Receive the remote activity monitoring system (i.e., "eNeighbor;" see intervention description) over an 18-month period.
Other: Remote activity monitoring system
The home-based sensor technology of eNeighbor relies on multiple, non-invasive and safe remote monitors (up to 6 sensors) that can alert family caregivers and/or health professionals to potentially negative situations that lead to adverse outcomes (e.g., wandering, falls, incomplete activity of daily living tasks). The technology platform of eNeighbor relies on wireless infrastructure that allows for remote monitoring via alerts that are communicated to the family caregiver's or nurse care manager's personal computers or handheld devices. The Alerts that are generated from the sensors detected abnormal motion or activity are sent to the family caregiver as well as a nurse care manager that monitors the real-time information generated by the eNeighbor sensors.
Other Name: eNeighbor
No Intervention: Control
Control participants do not receive the remote activity monitoring intervention.
- Nursing home utilization at 18 months for the person with ADRD [ Time Frame: 18-months ]Caregiver report of nursing home use at 18 months.
- Perceptions of change in caregiver self-efficacy [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6-months, 12-months, 18-months ]An 8-item survey measure of caregiver self-efficacy. Item responses range from 1 "very unconfident" to 5 "very confident." Scores are summed and can range from a score of 1 (low self-efficacy) to 40 (high self-efficacy).
- Perceptions of change in caregiver competence [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6-months, 12-months, 18-months ]The 7-item Short Sense of Competence Questionnaire (SSCQ), which assesses individuals' sense of capability in providing assistance to a relative with Alzheimer's disease or related dementias via survey report. Item responses range from 1 = strongly disagree to 5 = strongly agree. Item responses are summed, with a total score range of 5 to 35.
- Perceptions of change in caregiver burden [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6-months, 12-months, 18-months ]The 22-item Zarit Burden Interview self-report survey measure. Item responses range from 0 "never" to 4 "nearly always." Scores are summed and can range from a score of 0 (no burden) to 88 (high burden).
- Perceptions of change in caregiver role captivity [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6-months, 12-months, 18-months ]The 4-item role captivity measure assesses the involuntary aspects of the caregiving role. Item responses range from 1 = "not at all" to 4 = "very much." The total role captivity score is the sum of item responses with a range of 4 (no role captivity) to 16 (high role captivity).
- Change in caregiver role overload [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6-months, 12-months, 18-months ]The 3-item role overload survey measure ascertains caregivers' feelings of emotional and physical fatigue. Item responses range from 1 = "not at all" to 4 = "very much." The total role overload score is the sum iof item responses with a range of 4 (no role overload) to 16 (high role overload).
- Change in frequency/perceptions caregiver depressive symptom severity [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6-months, 12-months, 18-months ]The 20-item Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression (CES-D) survey measure is used to assess caregivers' depressive symptoms. Item responses range from 1 = "Rarely or none of the time (less than 1 day)" to 5 = "Most of the time (5-7 days)." The total CES-D score is summed, with a range of 20 (little to no depressive symptoms) to 100 (frequent depressive symptoms).
- Perceived acceptability/utility of remote activity monitoring at 6-, 12-, and 18-months [ Time Frame: 6-months, 12-months, 18-months ]The Remote Activity Monitoring Review Checklist is administered to caregiving participants in the treatment condition at the 6-month, 12-month and 18-month follow-up survey intervals. The checklist consists of 21 self-report survey Likert scale items. Item responses range from 1 = strongly disagree to 5 = strongly agree. The total checklist score is averaged, with a score of 1 = the remote activity monitoring system was not well-received/accepted to 5 = the remote activity monitoring system was very well received/accepted.