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Effects of Vibration Foam Rolling After Muscle Damage

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03662152
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 7, 2018
Last Update Posted : September 10, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Camilo Jose Cela University
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Daniel Muñoz-Garcia, Centro Universitario La Salle

Brief Summary:

Purpose: To compare the effects between non-vibration foam rolling (NVFR) and vibration foam rolling (VFR) on visual analogic scale (VAS), pressure pain threshold (PPT), oxygen saturation (SmO2), counter-movement jump (CMJ), and hip and knee range of movement (ROM) after induction of muscle damage through eccentric acute-exercise using inertial flywheel.

Methods: Thirty-eight healthy subjects (males n=32 females= 6, age 22.2±3.2 years) were randomly assigned in a counter-balanced fashion to either a VFR or NVFR protocol group. All subjects performed a 10x10 (sets x reps) eccentric squat protocol to induce muscle damage. The protocols were administered 48-h post-exercise, measuring VAS, PPT, SmO2, CMJ and ROM, before and immediately post-treatment. The technique of treatment was repeated on both legs for 1 min for a total of 5 sets, with a 30-s rest between sets.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Pain, Acute Device: Foam roller Device: Vibration foam roller Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Muscle damage was induced with overload eccentric training using inertial flywheel (2.7-kg flywheels with a moment inertia of 0.07 kg m−2). Immediately after baseline measures, subjects performed 10 sets x 10 repetitions parallel squats using a gravity-free training device flywheel with 2 minutes of recovery between sets. The squat exercise was chosen as basic movement because of its similar muscles recruitment to many athletic movements patterns. Furthermore, the squat exercise is one of the main exercises used to improve the lower-body strength. The required technique was demonstrated to all subjects before beginning the eccentric session, and they were coached during the protocol to be sure adequate technique and maximal effort in each repetition were maintained. All participants performed 5 min on a treadmill to warm up before performing the eccentric bout.

Description of the foam roller intervention The foam-rolling technique was based on a previously published protocol. In both protocols, the technique was repeated on both legs for 1 min for a total of 5 sets, with a 30-s rest between sets. The cadence for both techniques (NVFR and VFR) was fixed at 3:4 using a metronome.

Using a protocol adapted from previous study, subjects began in the plank position with the foam roller at the most proximal portion of the quadriceps of both legs, with as much of their body mass as possible on the foam roller.

Non-Vibration Foam Rolling (NVFR) Group: subjects performed the FR protocol using a custom-made foam roller composed of a polystyrene foam cylinder (15-cm diameter × 35-cm long).

Vibration Foam Rolling (VFR) Group: subjects performed the same protocol using a foam roller with vibration (frequency: 18 Hz) composed of a polystyrene foam cylinder (15-cm diameter × 35-cm long).


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 32 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description: Assessor of data was blinded to statistics investigator
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Effects of Vibration Foam Rolling and Non-vibration Foam Rolling in Recovery After Exercise Induce Muscle Damage
Actual Study Start Date : January 7, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 11, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : June 30, 2018

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Foam roller
Non-Vibration Foam Rolling (NVFR) Group: subjects performed the FR protocol using a custom-made foam roller composed of a polystyrene foam cylinder (15-cm diameter × 35-cm long).
Device: Foam roller
Foam roller massage after DOMS

Experimental: vibration foam roller
Vibration Foam Rolling (VFR) Group: subjects performed the same protocol using a foam roller with vibration (frequency: 18 Hz) composed of a polystyrene foam cylinder (15-cm diameter × 35-cm long) (Hyperice ®).
Device: Vibration foam roller
Foam roller massage with vibration after DOMS




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. visual-analogue scale (VAS) [ Time Frame: 2 seconds ]
    used to measure DOMS and to estimate the intensity of its associated pain. In order to standardize the scaling instructions, the endpoints were described for the subject as 0 = 'no sensation' and 10 = 'the most worst intense sensation imaginable' (16,40). The VAS was measured in four different conditions: 1) passive, 2) during isometric quadriceps contraction, 3) performing a squat and 4) during stretch quadriceps.

  2. Pressure pain threshold [ Time Frame: 1 minute ]
    measured using a digital pressure algometer (Microfet3 ®, Hoggan Health Industries). The digital dynamometer with a 1 cm probe was used to measure three points at the quadriceps: vastus lateralis (VL), rectus femoris (RF) and vastus medialis (VM). Subject was lying on the stretcher, the algometer was positioned perpendicularly to the skin at each point and gradual pressure was applied until the subject reported a change from the sensation of pressure to pain. In that point the pressure was stopped immediately and the value was recorded represented the pain threshold (16). The mean of the 3 measures was calculated. Algometry has been shown to be highly reliable (ICC = 0.91) (9).

  3. Muscle oxygenation [ Time Frame: 2 minutes ]
    was recorded at rest, during 10 squat repetitions (body weight load) and immediately after, using a commercially available portable non-invasive near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) device (Moxy, Fortiori Design LLC, Minnesota, USA).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Infrared Optojump photoelectric cells (Microgate Corporation, Bolzano, Italy) [ Time Frame: 5 minutes ]
    were used to measure explosive strength in lower limbs

  2. Passive and active hip extension and knee flexion ROM of the dominant leg [ Time Frame: 2 minutes ]
    were measured with a Microfet3 ® inclinometer using the protocol of Norkin & White



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 30 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • All subjects were free from musculoskeletal disorders in the last year. All subjects were asked to abstain from unaccustomed exercise, all medications and dietary supplements 72 hours before baseline measurements, during the experimental period and post-treatment

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects with symptoms or pathology,

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03662152


Locations
Spain
Centro Superior de Estudios Universitarios La Salle
Madrid, Spain, 28023
Sponsors and Collaborators
Daniel Muñoz-Garcia
Camilo Jose Cela University

Responsible Party: Daniel Muñoz-Garcia, PhD, Centro Universitario La Salle
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03662152     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CEI UCJC
First Posted: September 7, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 10, 2018
Last Verified: September 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by Daniel Muñoz-Garcia, Centro Universitario La Salle:
foam roller
vibration foam roller
pressure pain threshold
oxygen saturation
countermovement jump
soreness

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Acute Pain
Pain
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases
Signs and Symptoms