Spine and Tumor Screening and Supplementation
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03660540|
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : September 6, 2018
Last Update Posted : June 4, 2019
This project aims to evaluate an implementable screening tool and nutritional interventions that will lead to improved quality and patient safety. The aims of this pilot study are twofold:
Purpose 1: assess the prognostic value of malnutrition and sarcopenia for identifying patients at increased risk of adverse postoperative outcomes following elective or semi-elective orthopedic procedures.
Purpose 2: assess the clinical benefit of postoperative oral supplementation with a commercially-available nutritional supplement that includes conditionally-essential branched chain amino acids.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Spinal Injuries Sarcoma Nutritional Deficiency||Dietary Supplement: Juven||Not Applicable|
All patients will be treated according to standard of care for their orthopedic injuries, including standard nutritional support in the preoperative period. Patients admitted to our academic Level I trauma center with spinal fractures and sarcoma requiring limb reconstruction will be approached for consent to participate in this study. Consented patients will be prospectively enrolled at the time of admission. We will obtain relevant patient medical history, standard preoperative labs, radiographic imaging, and nutritional assessment at the time of admission. Patients will be assessed for the presence of sarcopenia utilizing ultrasound measures of skeletal muscle as previously described.
All patients will be evaluated by a clinical dietitian or dietetic assistant for nutritional assessment as part of the standard of care. In addition to screening for sarcopenia and malnutrition, we will assess the clinical benefit of oral nutritional supplementation with essential branched-chain amino acids in a population of trauma patients. Patients providing written informed consent will be enrolled in a prospective RCT to assess nutritional supplementation with conditionally essential branched-chain amino acids. Patients will be randomly assigned to receive standard nutritional support or standard nutrition plus oral supplementation with a commercially available nutritional supplement containing essential branched chain amino acids (Juven, Abbot Nutrition). Similar combinations of essential amino acids have previously demonstrated protective effects against skeletal muscle wasting and medical complications in immobilized critically ill patients. Patients will be prospectively followed for 12 months from the time of admission to assess clinical outcomes. Our primary outcome measures include skeletal muscle mass changes, wound healing complications,
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||100 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Official Title:||Improving Preoperative Screening and Postoperative Nutrition in Orthopedic Sarcoma and Spine Patients: Pilot Study|
|Estimated Study Start Date :||July 2019|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||September 2021|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||December 2021|
Experimental: Nutritional supplement group
Subjects in this group will be asked to consume the nutritional supplement on a daily basis, in addition to standard nutrition. Subjects will have pain medication and postoperative therapies per standard of care.
Dietary Supplement: Juven
Nutritional supplement (Juven) will be consumed daily per manufacturer recommendations.
No Intervention: Standard nutrition group
Subjects in this group will have standard nutrition provided per dietitian recommendation. Subjects will have pain medication and postoperative therapies per standard of care.
- Body composition [ Time Frame: One year ]Change in muscle mass
- Hand grip strength [ Time Frame: One year ]Change in hand grip strength as measured by hand held dynamometer
- Post-operative complications [ Time Frame: One year ]Medical and surgical complications following operative fracture fixation, validated patient
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03660540
|Contact: Nathan Hendrickson, MDemail@example.com|
|United States, Iowa|
|University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics|
|Iowa City, Iowa, United States, 52242|
|Principal Investigator:||Nathan Hendrickson, MD||University of Iowa|