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Effects of Adjustable School Furniture

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03653767
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : August 31, 2018
Last Update Posted : October 2, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Innorenew CoE
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Nejc Sarabon, University of Primorska

Brief Summary:
The aim of this study is to evaluate the level of mismatch between students and school furniture and to assess the effects of adjustable furniture on sedentary behavior, physical activity levels, and sitting posture in students. Firstly, we will obtain the anthropometric measures of all students participating in the study. Secondly, we will calculate the mismatch between the student's anthropometric measures and current school furniture. In the next step, the participants will be separated in two groups, the experimental and the control group. The participants in the experimental group will use adjustable school furniture for one week, whereas the control group will use the conventional school furniture. All the participants will wear an accelerometer for five consecutive days. The results obtained will indicate the furniture mismatch prevalence and demonstrate the effects of adjustable furniture on health-related parameters in students.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Sedentary Lifestyle Device: Adjustable Furniture Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
Sedentary behavior is a risk factor affecting not only working population but also adolescents. Students spend long period of time seated, which is being associated with reports of musculoskeletal discomfort and pain. The high level of mismatch between students and school furniture is being associated with adolescent lower back pain. The aim of this study is to evaluate the level of mismatch between students and school furniture and to assess the effects of adjustable furniture on sedentary behavior, physical activity levels, and sitting posture in students. Before the experimental part of the study, we will obtain the anthropometric measures of all students participating in the study to calculate the mismatch between the students and the school furniture. In the next step, the participants will be separated to the experimental or the control group. The experimental group will use adjustable school furniture for one week whereas the control group will use the conventional school furniture. All the participants will wear an accelerometer for five consecutive days. The participants will also complete questionnaires about the sedentary behavior and physical activity levels. The sitting posture will be evaluated with Rapid Upper Limb Assessment tool (RULA). Moreover, at the baseline and on the last day of measurements we will measure the classroom environment factors (light, noise, air flow, temperature). The results obtained will indicate the furniture mismatch prevalence and demonstrate the effects of adjustable furniture on health-related parameters in students.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 30 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Randomised Control Trial
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Effects of Adjustable School Furniture on Health-related Parameters in Students
Estimated Study Start Date : December 1, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : March 1, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : April 1, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
No Intervention: Control Group
The control group will use conventional school furniture.
Experimental: Adjustable Furniture Group
The experimental group will use adjustable ergonomic school furniture.
Device: Adjustable Furniture
The intervention will include adjustable school furniture.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change of weekly physical activity levels [ Time Frame: 5 days ]
    Weekly physical activity levels will be measured with accelerometers.

  2. Change of sitting time [ Time Frame: 5 days ]
    Weekly sitting time will be measured with accelerometers.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Adolescent Sedentary Activity Questionnaire [ Time Frame: Baseline and after 5 days. ]
    The Adolescent Sedentary Activity Questionnaire is used to subjectively assess sedentary behavior. Students are asked to think about a normal week, during school term, and to report how long they usually spent engaged in 11 different sedentary behaviors before and after school on each day of the week and on each day of the weekend. If two activities occurred at the same time (e.g., one hour in front of the television doing homework) the students are asked to estimate how much time was spent on each activity during that time (e.g., 45 min television and 15 min homework). Time spent in each category is calculated and time is also summed across categories to yield the total time per week spent in sedentary behavior. Higher outcome values present longer time in sedentary behavior (worse outcome).

  2. Physical Activity Questionnaire for Adolescents [ Time Frame: Baseline and after 5 days ]
    Physical Activity Questionnaire for Adolescents is used to subjectively assess physical activity levels. The questionnaire addresses a habitual week. It consists of three sections, including physical activity in school, during transportation and leisure-time. Each section is further divided into different activity categories. School section: physical education and breaks between lessons. Transportation section: walking and cycling at least 10 minutes at a stretch. Leisure-time section: activities at least 10 min long. A measure of physical activity is then reached by multiplying the time spent for each activity with the corresponding metabolic equivalent (MET-value). Higher outcome value is better, since it indicates a higher level of physical activity and MET values.

  3. Anthropometric measurements of the students performed with anthropometer [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    Anthropometric measurements will be performed to obtain the main measures that are needed to evaluate the user-furniture mismatch. All the measures will be taken with standard anthropometer, the unit of measure will be centimeter. We will measure Popliteal height, Buttock-popliteal length, Subscapular height, Thigh thickness. Elbow height sitting, Shoulder height sitting. With the measures obtained we will calculate the furniture mismatch for the following: Seat height, Seat depth, Seat to desk clearance, Desk height, Seat width, Upper edge of backrest. Higher percentage of the mismatch between the student's anthropometric measures and furniture indicates a worse outcome.

  4. Sitting posture [ Time Frame: Baseline and after 5 days ]
    The sitting posture will be evaluated with RULA (Rapid Upper Limb Assessment) tool.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years to 24 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • aged between 16 and 24 years
  • student

Exclusion Criteria:

  • body mass index > 30kg/m2
  • pain presence in any musculoskeletal part > 3 on 10-level scale
  • presence of any non-communicable chronical diseases
  • pregnancy

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03653767


Contacts
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Contact: Nejc Sarabon, Phd +386 5 662 64 66 ext 00386 nejc.sarabon@fvz.upr.si

Locations
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Slovenia
Carpenter High School Skofja Loka
Skofja Loka, Slovenia, 4220
Contact: Irena Leban       irena.leban@scsl.si   
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Primorska
Innorenew CoE
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Nejc Sarabon, Phd University of Primorska

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Responsible Party: Nejc Sarabon, Associate Professor Dr. Sc., University of Primorska
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03653767    
Other Study ID Numbers: Classroom Ergonomics
First Posted: August 31, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 2, 2019
Last Verified: October 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Nejc Sarabon, University of Primorska:
classroom ergonomics
sedentary behavior
school interventions
physical activity