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Integrative Psychosocial Group Treatment

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03648177
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 27, 2018
Last Update Posted : May 6, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Staunton Farm Foundation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Valerie Hruschak, University of Pittsburgh

Brief Summary:
A fundamental challenge for healthcare is to achieve a balance between decreasing the misuse of opioids and associated harms while optimizing patient care, including the provision of multidisciplinary treatments for chronic pain. However, despite recommendations that non-pharmacological interventions are rudimentary in the management of chronic pain, the literature describing which psychosocial interventions are best practice is nearly non-existent. Most of the psychosocial treatments that target either CNCP or opioid misuse are very general and broad-based therapies. However, there is a lack of evidence-informed direction guiding which psychosocial treatments should be adapted to this specialized population and thus, further research is needed.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Chronic Pain Opioid Misuse Behavioral: IPGT Behavioral: Treatment as Usual Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
This project is a pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) of an Integrated Psychosocial Group Treatment (IPGT) in patients with chronic pain who are at risk for opioid misuse. IPGT is a comprehensive approach that blends evidenced-based psychosocial treatments for chronic pain and opioid misuse and addresses each issue individually, but also the interconnections between the overlapping problems. IPGT consists of 6 weekly group sessions of motivational interviewing and behavioral change, self-management, and pain education focused on appropriate adherence to treatment and resisting urges to misuse prescription medications. The intervention also entails an education session on knowledge pertaining to overdose and naloxone distribution. This study will involve the randomization of 40 patients to receive either: (1) treatment as usual (TAU; n=20); or (2) integrated psychosocial group intervention (IPGT; n=20). This study will: (1) establish feasibility; (2) demonstrate acceptability; and (3) demonstrate preliminary efficacy for an integrated psychosocial group treatment model for patients with chronic pain who are at risk of opioid misuse. The data generated from this study will also serve as a foundation for future implementation to support a subsequent fully-powered RCT.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 30 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Integrated Psychosocial Group Treatment (IPGT): A Randomized Pilot Trial of a Harm Reduction and Preventative Approach for Patients With Chronic Pain at Risk for Opioid Misuse
Actual Study Start Date : November 2, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 28, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : February 28, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Chronic Pain

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Treatment as Usual

Active Comparator: (n=15) Treatment as Usual

The treatment as usual or control group refers to the standard of care that patients receive for their chronic pain which allows patients to discuss chronic pain with their providers at their discretion. Although highly variable, providers can recommend and prescribe pharmacologic, non-pharmacologic approaches for pain. This study will not interfere in any way with usual care. No additional treatment will be provided to participants allocated to the control group.

Behavioral: Treatment as Usual
Standard Care

Experimental: IPGT

Experimental: IPGT (n=15) Integrated Psychosocial Group Treatment

IPGT consists of 6 weekly group sessions of motivational interviewing and behavioral change, self-management, and pain education focused on appropriate adherence to treatment and resisting urges to misuse prescription medications. The intervention also entails an education session on knowledge pertaining to overdose education and naloxone distribution. Topics covered in IPGT include: Pacing and goal setting, negative thinking, coping with stress and anxiety, sleep enhancement techniques, managing set-backs, and chronic pain and your life.

Behavioral: IPGT
Behavioral Intervention for Patients with Chronic Pain




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Feasibility of attrition [ Time Frame: 12 Months ]
    Successful delivery of all intervention components to 75% of IPGT recipients.Treatment retention of 75% of IPGT recipients at the completion of the study will be analyzed by calculating number of recipients retained at 6 weeks divided by number of consented recipients.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Acceptability [ Time Frame: 12 Months ]
    Acceptability will be determined with the Patient Satisfaction Questionnaire, a 16 item 5-point Likert scale. All items will be summed up in each subscale and divided by the total number of items to calculate composite scores. The median value of 3.0 will be used as a comparison to determine whether or not the experimental group mean composite scores differ from the hypothesized mean.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 64 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • adults (≥18 years)
  • chronic pain (3 months or longer)
  • at risk for opioid misuse

Exclusion Criteria:

  • non-English speaking
  • cannot attend group sessions

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03648177


Locations
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United States, Pennsylvania
UPMC Pain Medicine Program
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15260
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Pittsburgh
Staunton Farm Foundation
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Valerie Hruschak, PhD Candidate University of Pittsburgh

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Responsible Party: Valerie Hruschak, PhD Candidate, University of Pittsburgh
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03648177    
Other Study ID Numbers: PRO18040067
First Posted: August 27, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 6, 2019
Last Verified: May 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Valerie Hruschak, University of Pittsburgh:
Behavioral Intervention
Medication Adherence
Psychosocial Treatment
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Chronic Pain
Pain
Neurologic Manifestations
Signs and Symptoms