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Effects of Photobiomodulation in Salivary Analysis of Chronic Renal Failure Patients

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03647813
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 27, 2018
Last Update Posted : August 29, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sandra Kalil Bussadori, University of Nove de Julho

Brief Summary:
End-stage renal disease patients undergoing hemodialysis can present alteration in flow, concentrations and composition of saliva affecting oral health. This randomized placebo-controlled trial aims to evaluate the effectiveness of photobiomodulation therapy (PBM) in salivary parameters in chronic renal failure (CRF) patients undergoing hemodialysis. Forty-four patients with CRF on hemodialysis self-responded two questionnaires for oral health and salivary gland function perception. Thereafter, patients were clinically evaluated for the diagnosis of hypofunction of salivary glands and were randomly allocated into two groups: PBM group (n = 21), which received three irradiations of laser at ʎ = 808 nm, 100 mW, 142 J/cm2 and 4 J per point; and a placebo group (n = 17) that consisted of laser protocol with the device switched off. Patients were first submitted to sialometry and after to PBM or placebo intervention at baseline, 7 and 14 days. Non-stimulated and stimulated saliva were collected for salivary volume investigation and biochemical analysis of total protein, calcium and urea concentrations.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Xerostomia Chronic Renal Failure Radiation: Photobiomodulation Radiation: Placebo Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 44 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Masking Description: Only one researcher knew in which group the patients were allocated and performed all the treatments. A blinded researcher performed all the evaluations after the procedures. The patient was also blinded to the treatment as the laser was turned off, simulating the treatment.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Effects of Photobiomodulation Therapy in Salivary Analysis of Chronic Renal Failure Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis: a Randomized Placebo-controlled Trial
Actual Study Start Date : July 1, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 15, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : September 30, 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Kidney Failure

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Photobiomodulation group
Patients were submitted to three sessions of PBM (baseline, 7 and 14 days). PBMT was administered by a single professional using a continuous wave AsGaAl diode laser (Photon Lase III - DMC, São Paulo, Brazil) with a wavelength of 808 nm (infrared). Irradiation was performed in punctual contact mode (ʎ = 808 nm, 100 mW, 142 J/cm2 and 4 J per point). A total of 20 points were applied in each session/day being three extraoral points in the parotid region (right and left n=6), three points in buccal mucosa (right and left, n=6), two extraoral (right and left, n=4) and two intraoral (right and left, n=4) points in the submandibular and sublingual regions.
Radiation: Photobiomodulation
Patients received three irradiations of laser at ʎ = 808 nm, 100 mW, 142 J/cm2 and 4 J per point.

Placebo Comparator: Placebo group
Patients were submitted to same protocol as the photobiomodulation group, but the laser was turned off.
Radiation: Placebo
The same laser protocol was followed but with the device switched off.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change from baseline Sialometry (measurement of the amount of produced saliva before and after treatment) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 7 days and 14 days. ]
    Non-stimulated salivary collection was obtained with patient seated with heads slightly forward and a graduated collector tube positioned under the lower lip for 5 minutes to collect saliva. To obtain the stimulated saliva, patients stayed in the same position and chewed a piece of silicone of a standard size for 5 minutes. All the saliva produced was dispensed in another graduated tube. Salivary volumes were calculated using the difference in weight before and after collection provided a ratio with the volume in milliliters of expelled saliva. An analysis of salivary total proteins, urea and calcium levels were quantified in triplicates using colorimetric analysis with commercially available kits (Bioclin, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais,Brazil) and a spectrophotometer (Anthos 2020 - Asys - Austria) end point methods The absorbance for each marker was measured using the wavelength indicated by manufacture.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Stable cardiopulmonary and neurological conditions;
  • Hb> 10.9 g / dl and Hematocrit> 33;
  • Absence of acute systemic infectious processes;
  • Blood pressure <140 mmHg and PAd <90 mmHg in at least two measurements in two subsequent dialysis;
  • No hypervolemia;
  • Patients over 18 years-old;
  • Signed a statement of informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients in intensive care unit;
  • Hemodynamic instability, signs and symptoms of uremic syndrome related to the cardiovascular and neurological systems;
  • Presence of acute systemic infectious processes;
  • Presence of acute cardiovascular disease, systolic blood pressure > 141 mmHg and / or diastolic blood pressure > 91 mmHg;
  • Significant anemia (Hb <11 g / dl and Hto <33%);
  • Photosensitivity;
  • Pregnancy.
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Responsible Party: Sandra Kalil Bussadori, Principal Investigator, University of Nove de Julho Identifier: NCT03647813    
Other Study ID Numbers: Vanessa
First Posted: August 27, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 29, 2018
Last Verified: August 2018

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Renal Insufficiency
Kidney Failure, Chronic
Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Salivary Gland Diseases
Mouth Diseases
Stomatognathic Diseases