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Bioequivalence Study Comparing Mucinex Extended-release 600 mg Tablets to Immediate-release Guaifenesin 600 mg in Healthy Volunteers

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03644095
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 23, 2018
Results First Posted : June 19, 2019
Last Update Posted : June 19, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Reckitt Benckiser LLC ( Reckitt Benckiser Inc. )

Brief Summary:
Determine bioequivalence, safety and tolerability of guaifenesin extended-release 600 mg (Mucinex® SE) compared to an immediate-release syrup reference product in normal healthy subjects.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Healthy Subjects Drug: Mucinex® SE Drug: Vicks Cough Syrup for Chesty Coughs Phase 1

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 30 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: A Phase I, Open-label, Single-dose, Randomized, 2-way Crossover Bioequivalence Study Comparing Mucinex® SE Extended-Release 600 mg Bi-layer Tablet to a Reference Immediate-Release Guaifenesin 600 mg (Taken as 200 mg q4h) in Normal Healthy Subjects.
Actual Study Start Date : January 16, 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 1, 2009
Actual Study Completion Date : February 1, 2009

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Cough

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Mucinex® SE 600 mg (extended-release)
Single dose of Mucinex® SE extended-release 600 mg bi-layer tablet taken with 240 mL of water after an overnight fast
Drug: Mucinex® SE
Single dose of Mucinex® SE extended-release 600 mg bi-layer tablet
Other Name: guaifenesin bi-layer tablet

Active Comparator: Vicks Cough Syrup 200 mg
Vicks Cough Syrup for Chesty Coughs 200 mg every 4 hours taken with 240 mL of water after an overnight fast
Drug: Vicks Cough Syrup for Chesty Coughs
Vicks Cough Syrup for Chesty Coughs 15 mL (200 mg guaifenesin q4h) immediate release (IR) syrup
Other Name: guaifenesin




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum Observed Plasma Concentration (Cmax) of Guaifenesin [ Time Frame: 0 (pre-dose), 0.5, 0.75, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 4.5, 4.75, 5, 5.5, 6, 7, 8, 8.5, 8.75, 9, 9.5, 10, 11, 12, 14, 16 and 24 hours (post-dose) on Day 1 and 2 ]
    Pharmacokinetic Parameter (Cmax) Maximum observed plasma concentration.

  2. Area Under Plasma Concentration-time Curve From Time 0 to the Last Measurable Concentration (AUC(0-t)) of Guaifenesin [ Time Frame: 0 (pre-dose), 0.5, 0.75, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 4.5, 4.75, 5, 5.5, 6, 7, 8, 8.5, 8.75, 9, 9.5, 10, 11, 12, 14, 16 and 24 hours (post-dose) on Day 1 and 2 ]
    Area under the plasma concentration versus time curve from time 0 to the time of the last measurable concentration, as calculated by the linear trapezoidal method.

  3. Area Under Plasma Concentration-time Curve From Time 0 to Infinity (AUC(0-inf)) of Guaifenesin [ Time Frame: 0 (pre-dose), 0.5, 0.75, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 4.5, 4.75, 5, 5.5, 6, 7, 8, 8.5, 8.75, 9, 9.5, 10, 11, 12, 14, 16 and 24 hours (post-dose) on Day 1 and 2 ]
    Area under the plasma concentration versus time curve from time 0 to infinity, calculated as AUC 0-t + C last/kel, where C last is the last measurable concentration and kel is the apparent first-order terminal elimination rate constant.

  4. Time to Maximum Observed Concentration (Tmax) of Guaifenesin [ Time Frame: 0 (pre-dose), 0.5, 0.75, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 4.5, 4.75, 5, 5.5, 6, 7, 8, 8.5, 8.75, 9, 9.5, 10, 11, 12, 14, 16 and 24 hours (post-dose) on Day 1 and 2 ]
    Pharmacokinetic Parameter (Tmax) Time of the maximum observed plasma concentration.

  5. Area Under Plasma Concentration Curve Ratio (AUCR) of Guaifenesin [ Time Frame: 0 (pre-dose), 0.5, 0.75, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 4.5, 4.75, 5, 5.5, 6, 7, 8, 8.5, 8.75, 9, 9.5, 10, 11, 12, 14, 16 and 24 hours (post-dose) on Day 1 and 2 ]
    Pharmacokinetic Parameter AUCR is the ratio of AUC(0-t) to AUC(0-inf). AUCR = AUC(0-t) / AUC(0-inf)

  6. Apparent Terminal Elimination Rate Constant (Kel) of Guaifenesin [ Time Frame: 0 (pre-dose), 0.5, 0.75, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 4.5, 4.75, 5, 5.5, 6, 7, 8, 8.5, 8.75, 9, 9.5, 10, 11, 12, 14, 16 and 24 hours (post-dose) on Day 1 and 2 ]
    Apparent first-order terminal elimination rate constant calculated from a semi-log plot of the plasma concentration versus time curve. The parameter was calculated by linear least-squares (LS) regression analysis using the maximum number of points (e.g. 3 or more non-zero plasma concentrations) in the terminal log-linear phase.

  7. Apparent Terminal Elimination Half-life (t1/2) of Guaifenesin [ Time Frame: 0 (pre-dose), 0.5, 0.75, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 4.5, 4.75, 5, 5.5, 6, 7, 8, 8.5, 8.75, 9, 9.5, 10, 11, 12, 14, 16 and 24 hours (post-dose) on Day 1 and 2 ]
    Apparent first-order terminal elimination half-life, calculated as ln(2)/kel.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Adverse Events (AE) of Participants [ Time Frame: Upto Day 2 ]
    Mild = AE does not limit usual activities;subject may experience slight discomfort; Moderate = AE results in some limitation of usual activities; subject may experience significant discomfort; Severe = AE results in an inability to carry out usual activities; Probable = Most likely that the AE was caused by study drug; Possible = Reasonable suspicion that the AE was caused by the study drug; Unlikely = Slight but remote chance that the AE was caused by study drug but the balance of judgment is that it was most likely not due to the study drug.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   19 Years to 55 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Males and/or females between the ages of 19 and 55 years, inclusive.
  2. Females of childbearing potential must be using one of the following acceptable birth control methods:

    1. Intra-uterine device in place for at least 3 months prior to Day 1 of Period 1 through 30 days beyond study completion;
    2. Barrier method (condom or diaphragm) with spermicide for at least 7 days prior to screening through 30 days beyond study completion;
    3. Stable hormonal contraceptive (e.g., oral, depo injection, transdermal patch, or vaginal ring) for at least 3 months prior to Day 1 of Period 1 through 30 days beyond completion of study;

    Abstinence is not an acceptable form of contraception; however, abstinent female subjects may be admitted to the study if they agree, and have signed a statement to the effect, that upon becoming sexually active, will use a condom with spermicide from screening through 30 days beyond completion of the study.

  3. Females of non-childbearing potential should be surgically sterile (bilateral tubal ligation with surgery at least 6 months prior to study or hysterectomy and/or bilateral oophorectomy at least 3 months prior to Day 1 of Period 1) or postmenopausal >2 years prior to Day 1 of Period 1. A follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) concentration >40 miU/mL must be obtained and recorded for any postmenopausal females.
  4. Good general health as determined by the Principal Investigator's (PI) review of medical history, physical examination, vital sign measurements, electrocardiogram (ECG), and clinical laboratory measures.
  5. Body weight between 50 - 100 kg and body mass index (BMI) within 18 - 30 kg/m2.
  6. Non-tobacco users, who have not used nicotine or nicotine-containing products for at least 365 days prior to Day 1 of Period 1.
  7. Able to read, understand and sign the informed consent after the nature of the study has been explained.
  8. Negative urine screen for drugs of abuse and alcohol at screening and each check in.
  9. If female, negative finding on serum pregnancy test at screening and each check-in.
  10. Non alcohol or drug abuser - non alcohol abuse is defined as history of less than 4 drinks daily. A drink is defined as 5 ounces of wine, 12 ounces of beer, or 1.5 ounces of spirits (i.e., 'hard' liquor such as gin, whiskey, or vodka).

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Clinically significant abnormalities detected by medical history, physical examination, vial sign measurements, ECG, or clinical laboratory findings (as determined by the PI/designee) including a hemoglobin value <12 gm/dL at screening. If a subject's hemoglobin drops below 11.0 gm/dL during the study, the subject may be dropped from the study at the discretion of the PI.
  2. Any disease or condition, which could impact absorption, distribution, metabolism, or elimination of the study drugs (as determined by the PI/designee).
  3. Females who are pregnant or nursing.
  4. History of sensitivity reaction to guaifenesin.
  5. Receipt of an investigational drug within 30 days prior to Day 1 of Period 1.
  6. Abnormal diet (for whatever reason) during the 30 days prior to Day 1 of Period 1.
  7. Donation of blood or significant loss of blood within 56 days or plasma within 14 days prior to Day 1 of Period 1.
  8. Known or suspected use of illicit drugs.
  9. The use of any medication (with the exception of hormonal contraceptives for women of childbearing potential) for 14 days or 5 half-lives of the drug (whichever is longer) prior to Day 1 of Period 1.
  10. Test positive for Hepatitis B surface antigen, Hepatitis C antibodies, or HIV at Screening.

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Responsible Party: Reckitt Benckiser Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03644095     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2009-GGE-02
First Posted: August 23, 2018    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: June 19, 2019
Last Update Posted: June 19, 2019
Last Verified: June 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: Yes
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Phenylpropanolamine
Guaifenesin
Chlorpheniramine, phenylpropanolamine drug combination
Expectorants
Respiratory System Agents
Adrenergic alpha-Agonists
Adrenergic Agonists
Adrenergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Appetite Depressants
Anti-Obesity Agents
Sympathomimetics
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Nasal Decongestants
Vasoconstrictor Agents