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Study to Evaluate the Efficacy of FOLFOX + Panitumumab Followed by FOLFIRI + Bevacizumab (Sequence 1) Versus FOLFOX + Bevacizumab Followed by FOLFIRI + Panitumumab (Sequence 2) in Untreated Patients With Wild-type RAS Metastatic, Primary Left-sided, Unresectable Colorectal Cancer (CR-SEQUENCE)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03635021
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : August 17, 2018
Last Update Posted : August 17, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Amgen
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Spanish Cooperative Group for the Treatment of Digestive Tumours (TTD)

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy of FOLFOX + panitumumab followed by FOLFIRI + bevacizumab (Sequence 1) versus FOLFOX + bevacizumab followed by FOLFIRI + panitumumab (Sequence 2) in untreated patients with wild-type RAS metastatic, primary left-sided, unresectable colorectal cancer

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Colorectal Cancer Drug: FOLFOX regimen Drug: Panitumumab Drug: Bevacizumab Drug: FOLFIRI regimen Phase 3

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 370 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase III Randomized Sequential Open-label Study to Evaluate the Efficacy of FOLFOX + Panitumumab Followed by FOLFIRI + Bevacizumab (Sequence 1) Versus FOLFOX + Bevacizumab Followed by FOLFIRI + Panitumumab (Sequence 2) in Untreated Patients With Wild-type RAS Metastatic, Primary Left-sided, Unresectable Colorectal Cancer: The CR-SEQUENCE
Estimated Study Start Date : September 15, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : September 15, 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 15, 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Sequence 1
FOLFOX regimen panitumumab FOLFIRI regimen bevacizumab
Drug: FOLFOX regimen
oxaliplatin 85 mg/m2 administered by IV infusion over 120 minutes on Day 1, L-leucovorin 200 mg/m2 administered as a 2-hour IV infusion on Day 1 and 5-FU 400 mg/m2 administered as IV bolus over approximately 2 to 4 minutes on Day 1 followed by 5-FU 2400 mg/m2 administered as IV infusion over 46- 48 hours on Days 1 and 2

Drug: Panitumumab
6 mg/kg administered by intravenous (IV) infusion over 60 minutes on Day 1 of each 14-day cycle

Drug: Bevacizumab
5 mg/kg administered by IV infusion over 60 minutes on Day 1 of each 14-day cycle

Drug: FOLFIRI regimen
irinotecan 180 mg/m2 administered as a 90 minutes IV infusion on Day 1, L-leucovorin 200 mg/m2 administered as a 2-hour IV infusion on Day 1 and 5-FU 400 mg/m2 administered as IV bolus over approximately 2 to 4 minutes on Day 1 followed by 5-FU 2400 mg/m2 administered as IV infusion over 46-48 hours on Days 1 and 2

Experimental: Sequence 2
FOLFOX regimen bevacizumab FOLFIRI regimen panitumumab
Drug: FOLFOX regimen
oxaliplatin 85 mg/m2 administered by IV infusion over 120 minutes on Day 1, L-leucovorin 200 mg/m2 administered as a 2-hour IV infusion on Day 1 and 5-FU 400 mg/m2 administered as IV bolus over approximately 2 to 4 minutes on Day 1 followed by 5-FU 2400 mg/m2 administered as IV infusion over 46- 48 hours on Days 1 and 2

Drug: Panitumumab
6 mg/kg administered by intravenous (IV) infusion over 60 minutes on Day 1 of each 14-day cycle

Drug: Bevacizumab
5 mg/kg administered by IV infusion over 60 minutes on Day 1 of each 14-day cycle

Drug: FOLFIRI regimen
irinotecan 180 mg/m2 administered as a 90 minutes IV infusion on Day 1, L-leucovorin 200 mg/m2 administered as a 2-hour IV infusion on Day 1 and 5-FU 400 mg/m2 administered as IV bolus over approximately 2 to 4 minutes on Day 1 followed by 5-FU 2400 mg/m2 administered as IV infusion over 46-48 hours on Days 1 and 2




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free survival rate at 35 months [ Time Frame: 35 months after date of randomization ]
    35-month PFSR defined as the number of patients, who at 35 months after randomization, have not had second or first disease progression nor died (due to any cause), over the total number of evaluable patients.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. overall survival rate at 35 months [ Time Frame: 35 months after date of randomization ]
    35-month OSR defined as the number of patients who at 35 months after randomization have not died over the total number of evaluable patients.

  2. overall survival [ Time Frame: Baseline through the end of the study (up 72 months) ]
    OS defined as the time from randomization to the date of death (due to any cause), with patients alive or lost to follow-up at the analysis data cut-off date censored at their last contact date.

  3. progression-free from randomization to second progression or death [ Time Frame: Baseline through the end of the study (up 72 months) ]
    Total PFS defined as the time from randomization to second disease progression (i.e. progression during the second-line treatment) or death (due to any cause).

  4. progression-free survival in first-line treatment and in second-line treatment [ Time Frame: Baseline through the end of the study (up 72 months) ]
    PFS in first-line treatment defined as the time from randomization to disease progression or death (due to any cause) during first-line treatment. PFS in second-line treatment defined as the time from the date of second-line treatment initiation to disease progression or death (due to any cause) during secondline treatment.

  5. time to first-line treatment failure and to second-line treatment failure [ Time Frame: 72 months ]
    Time to first-line treatment failure defined as the time form randomization to disease progression, death (due to any cause) or discontinuation due to toxicity during first-line treatment. Time to second-line treatment failure defined as the time from the date of second-line treatment initiation to disease progression, death (due to any cause) or discontinuation due to toxicity during second-line treatment.

  6. objective response rate [ Time Frame: Baseline through the end of the study (up 72 months) ]
    Proportion of patients with an objective response (complete or partial response) per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumours (RECIST) 1.1 criteria in first-line treatment and in second-line treatment.

  7. proportion of patients with Early Tumour Shrinkage [ Time Frame: Baseline through the end of the study (up 72 months) ]
    Proportion of patients with ETS in first-line treatment and in second-line treatment. ETS will be defined as a reduction in tumour size ≥30% (RECIST 1.1 criteria) at the first evaluation (i.e. week 12)

  8. Depth of Response [ Time Frame: Baseline through the end of the study (up 72 months) ]
    DpR measured as the maximum decrease in target measurement (RECIST 1.1 criteria) during the complete course of evaluation in first-line treatment and in second-line treatment.

  9. disease control rate [ Time Frame: Baseline through the end of the study (up 72 months) ]
    Proportion of patients with disease control (complete, partial response or stable disease) in first-line treatment and in second-line treatment.

  10. duration of disease control [ Time Frame: Baseline through the end of the study (up 72 months) ]
    Duration of disease control defined as time from first confirmed disease control to disease progression per RECIST 1.1 criteria or death (due to any cause) in first-line treatment and in second-line treatment. For patients with disease control who have not progressed or died at last observation, duration of disease control will be censored at their last evaluable disease assessment date.

  11. duration of response [ Time Frame: Baseline through the end of the study (up 72 months) ]
    Duration of response defined as time from first confirmed objective response to disease progression per RECIST 1.1 criteria or death (due to any cause) in first-line treatment and in second-line treatment. For patients with response who have not progressed or died at last observation, duration of response will be censored at their last evaluable disease assessment date.

  12. time to response [ Time Frame: Baseline through the end of the study (up 72 months) ]

    Time to response in first-line treatment defined as the time from randomization to the date of first confirmed objective response per RECIST 1.1 criteria during first-line treatment.

    Time to response in second-line treatment defined as the time from the date of second-line treatment initiation to the date of first confirmed objective response per RECIST 1.1 criteria during second-line treatment.


  13. Incidence and severity of AEs CTCAE v4.03 criteria [ Time Frame: Baseline through the end of the study (up 72 months) ]
    Safety assessment will consist of monitoring adverse events (AEs), including AEs of special interest, serious AEs (SAEs) and laboratory safety parameters. AEs will be graded according to National Cancer Institute - Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI-CTCAE) version 4.03.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Impact of baseline biomarkers predictive of the efficacy [ Time Frame: Baseline through the end of the study (up 72 months) ]
    Efficacy variables according different baseline biomarkers.

  2. clinical impact of clonal dynamics by longitudinal analysis of circulating tumour deoxyribonucleic acid (ctDNA) in plasma [ Time Frame: Baseline through the end of the study (up 72 months) ]
    Proportion of patients with emerging mutations of resistance to targeted therapies. Blood samples at various timepoints and tumour tissue sample will be collected in all patients



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Man or woman at least 18 years old.
  2. Capable of understand, sign and date an informed consent approved by an IEC.
  3. Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the left colon or rectum (originate in the splenic flexure, descending colon, sigmoid colon, or rectum) in patients with unresectable (not amenable to radical surgery of metastases at the study inclusion) metastatic (M1) disease.
  4. Patients who had wild-type RAS status confirmed as per standard of care according to international guidelines prior to first-line initiation.

    *RAS analysis should include at least KRAS exons 2, 3 and 4 (codons 12, 13, 59, 61, 117 and 146) and NRAS exons 2, 3 and 4 (codons 12, 13, 59, 61 and 117)

  5. At least one unidimensionally measurable lesion per RECIST criteria (version 1.1).
  6. ECOG performance status < 2.
  7. Adequate bone marrow function: neutrophils ≥1.5 x109 / L; platelets ≥100 x109 /L; haemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL.
  8. Hepatic, renal and metabolic function as follows:

    • Total bilirubin count ≤1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN), serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase/alanine aminotransferase (SGPT/ALT) and serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase/aspartate aminotransferase (SGOT/AST) ≤ 2.5 x ULN (5 x ULN for subjects with liver involvement of their cancer or 10 x ULN for subjects with bone involvement).
    • Renal function, calculated as creatinine clearance or 24-hour creatinine clearance ≥ 50 mL/min.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. History of prior or concurrent central nervous system metastases.
  2. History of another primary cancer, except: curatively treated in situ cervical cancer, or curatively resected non-melanoma skin cancer, or other primary solid tumour curatively treated with no known active disease present and no treatment administered for ≥ 5 years before randomization.
  3. Prior chemotherapy or other systemic anticancer therapy for treatment of metastatic colorectal carcinoma.
  4. Prior adjuvant chemotherapy for colorectal cancer (stage I, II or III) terminated less than 6 month before metastatic disease was diagnosed.
  5. Unresolved toxicities of a previous systemic treatment that, in the opinion of the Investigator, cause the patient unfit for inclusion.
  6. Prior use (as monotherapy or adjuvant treatment) of anti-EGFR antibody therapy (e.g. cetuximab), anti-VEGF or small molecule EGFR inhibitors (e.g. erlotinib).
  7. Prior hormonal therapy, immunotherapy or approved or experimental antibody/proteins ≤ 30 days before inclusion.
  8. Significant cardiovascular disease including unstable angina or myocardial infarction within 12 months before initiating study treatment or a history of ventricular arrhythmia.
  9. Uncontrolled hypertension.
  10. History of interstitial pneumonitis or pulmonary fibrosis or evidence of interstitial pneumonitis or pulmonary fibrosis on baseline chest computerised tomography (CT).
  11. Treatment for systemic infection within 14 days before the start of study treatment.
  12. Acute or subacute intestinal occlusion and/or active inflammatory bowel disease or other bowel disease that causes chronic diarrhoea (defined as grade ≥ 2 diarrhoea according to NCI-CTCAE version 4.03).
  13. Clinically significant peripheral sensory neuropathy.
  14. Evidence of previous acute hypersensitivity reaction, of any grade, to any component of the treatment.
  15. History of Gilbert disease or known dihydropyrimidine deficiency syndrome.
  16. Recent (within 6 months before the start of study treatment) gastroduodenal ulcer to be active or uncontrolled.
  17. Recent (within 6 months before the start of study treatment) pulmonary embolism, deep vein thrombosis, or other significant venous event.
  18. Pre-existing bleeding diathesis and/or coagulopathy with exception of well-controlled anticoagulation therapy (within 6 months before the start of study treatment)
  19. Recent (within 4 weeks prior to inclusion in the study) major surgical procedure, open biopsy, or significant traumatic injury not yet recovered from prior major surgery
  20. History of any disease that may increase the risks associated with study participation or may interfere with the interpretation of study results.
  21. Known positive test for human immunodeficiency virus infection, hepatitis C virus, and chronic active hepatitis B infection.
  22. Any disorder that compromises the patient's ability to provide written informed consent and/or comply with study procedures.
  23. Any investigational agent within 30 days prior to inclusion.
  24. Pregnant or breastfeeding woman.
  25. Surgery (excluding diagnostic biopsy or placement of a central venous catheter) and/or radiotherapy within 28 days prior to inclusion in the study.
  26. Male or female of childbearing age who do not agree with taking adequate contraceptive precautions, i.e. use contraception double barrier (e.g. diaphragm plus condoms) or abstinence during the course of the study and for 6 months after the last administration of study drug for women and 1 month for men.
  27. The patient is unwilling or unable to meet the requirements of the study.
  28. Psychological, geographical, familial or sociological conditions that potentially prevent compliance with the study protocol and follow-up schedule.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03635021


Contacts
Contact: Inmaculada Ruiz de Mena, PhD +34 91 378 82 75 ttd@ttdgroup.org

Locations
Spain
Spanish Cooperative Group for the Treatment of Digestive Tumors
Madrid, Spain, 28007
Sponsors and Collaborators
Spanish Cooperative Group for the Treatment of Digestive Tumours (TTD)
Amgen
Investigators
Study Chair: Ramón Salazar, MD, PhD Instituto Catalán de Oncología. Hospital Duran i Reynals
Study Chair: Alfredo Carrato, MD, PhD Hospital Universitario Ramon y Cajal

Responsible Party: Spanish Cooperative Group for the Treatment of Digestive Tumours (TTD)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03635021     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: TTD-18-01
First Posted: August 17, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 17, 2018
Last Verified: August 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by Spanish Cooperative Group for the Treatment of Digestive Tumours (TTD):
colorectal cancer
FOLFOX
FOLFIRI
panitumumab
bevacizumab
wild-type RAS
primary left-sided

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Colorectal Neoplasms
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Bevacizumab
Oxaliplatin
Fluorouracil
Leucovorin
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Growth Inhibitors
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunologic Factors
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Immunosuppressive Agents
Antidotes
Protective Agents
Vitamin B Complex