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Efficacy, Safety, and Tolerability of Remlarsen (MRG-201) Following Intradermal Injection in Subjects With a History of Keloids

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03601052
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : July 26, 2018
Last Update Posted : July 8, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
miRagen Therapeutics, Inc.

Brief Summary:
Remlarsen (MRG-201) is designed to mimic the activity of a molecule called miR-29 that decreases the expression of collagen and other proteins that are involved in scar formation. Remlarsen is being studied to determine if it can limit the formation of fibrous scar tissue in certain diseases. The objectives of this study are to investigate the safety and tolerability of remlarsen in subjects with a history of keloid scars, and to investigate the activity of remlarsen in prevention or reduction of keloid formation. Another objective is to study the pharmacokinetics of remlarsen (the movement of a drug into, through and out of the body). A group of 12-16 study volunteers will undergo two small skin biopsies in the upper back/shoulder region that will be closed with sutures. One biopsy site will be injected with up to 6 doses of remlarsen over a period of 2 weeks and the second site will be injected similarly with a placebo solution. Participants will be monitored for keloid formation at the two biopsy sites, for signs or symptoms of adverse effects on the body, and for the levels of remlarsen in the blood over time. A second 2-week cycle of treatment may be administered if there are signs that a keloid may be forming at one or both biopsy sites. Subjects will be followed for about 1 year following their final course of treatment to assess the long-term safety of remlarsen and the potential for later appearance of a keloid scar. Additional groups of subjects may be enrolled to test lower doses of remlarsen or an extended dosing schedule.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Keloid Drug: Remlarsen Drug: Placebo Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 14 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Up to 6 cohorts of 12-16 subjects each may be enrolled to study various dose levels and dosing regimens.
Masking: Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description: The treatment administered to each of two wound sites will be randomized (left versus right), such that all subjects will receive both remlarsen and placebo in a double-blinded fashion.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2, Double-blind, Placebo-Controlled Study to Investigate the Efficacy, Safety and Tolerability of MRG-201 Following Intradermal Injection in Subjects With a History of Keloids
Actual Study Start Date : July 9, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : April 2020

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Cohort 1 - Remlarsen (L) vs. Placebo (R)
Six doses remlarsen (5.3 mg) over a period of 2 weeks at the site of one excisional skin wound (left side) and six doses Placebo over a period of 2 weeks at the site of a second excisional skin wound (right side). Each subject will serve as their own control.
Drug: Remlarsen
Intradermal injection at site of one excisional wound
Other Name: MRG-201

Drug: Placebo
Intradermal injection at site of second excisional wound

Experimental: Cohort 1 - Remlarsen (R) vs. Placebo (L)
Six doses remlarsen (5.3 mg) over a period of 2 weeks at the site of one excisional skin wound (right side) and six doses Placebo over a period of 2 weeks at the site of a second excisional skin wound (left side). Each subject will serve as their own control.
Drug: Remlarsen
Intradermal injection at site of one excisional wound
Other Name: MRG-201

Drug: Placebo
Intradermal injection at site of second excisional wound




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proportion of confirmed keloid formation across subjects for treated vs. untreated lesions. [ Time Frame: Up to 365 days ]
  2. Proportion of subjects with improvement, defined as no confirmed keloid formation in the treated lesion vs. confirmed keloid formation in the untreated lesion. [ Time Frame: Up to 365 days ]
  3. Number of participants with treatment-related adverse events as assessed by CTCAE v5.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 365 days ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Area under the plasma concentration vs. time curve (AUC) of remlarsen [ Time Frame: Up to 27 days ]
  2. Peak plasma concentration (Cmax) of remlarsen [ Time Frame: Up to 27 days ]

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Time to keloid formation [ Time Frame: Up to 365 days ]
  2. Volume of keloid [ Time Frame: Up to 365 days ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Key Inclusion Criteria:

  • Must provide written informed consent.
  • Females must not be pregnant, or lactating, and have negative pregnancy tests.
  • Study candidates should be likely to form keloids in the upper back/shoulder area after punch biopsy based on a history of a high frequency of keloid formation (≥ 10 keloids) or a history of large keloids (≥ 4 cm).
  • Subjects should not anticipate requiring systemic corticosteroids during the study.
  • Must have area in upper back/shoulder region free of keloids, acne, striae, or other skin pathologies or complications.
  • Female subjects of childbearing potential or male subjects engaged in sexual relations with a female of childbearing potential must be willing to use a highly effective method of contraception throughout their study participation and for at least 6 months after the last dose of study drug.

Key Exclusion Criteria:

  • Clinically significant abnormalities in medical history or physical exam that, in the opinion of the Investigator, would make the subject unsuitable for inclusion in the study.
  • History of genetic disorders that predispose to keloids (e.g. Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, Ullrich congenital muscular dystrophy, etc.).
  • History of renal or liver dysfunction or evidence of renal or liver dysfunction at screening.
  • Evidence of clinically significant anemia, neutropenia, or thrombocytopenia at screening.
  • History of bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy.
  • Active or uncontrolled infection at screening or baseline.
  • Recent history of alcoholism, drug abuse or illicit drugs (within the last year), and agreement to refrain from using illicit drugs throughout the study.
  • Positive for bloodborne pathogen (HBV, HCV, HIV) at screening.
  • Prior malignancies within the past 3 years (allowing squamous cell and basal cell carcinomas that have been successfully treated).
  • Use of systemic steroids within 4 weeks of the Baseline visit or local use of steroids within 1 week of the Baseline visit.
  • Use of an investigational small molecule drug within 30 days of the baseline visit or use of an investigational oligonucleotide or biologic drug within 90 days of the baseline visit.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03601052


Locations
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United States, Florida
Center for Clinical and Cosmetic Research
Aventura, Florida, United States, 33180
United States, Illinois
Northwestern University
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611
United States, Michigan
Henry Ford Health System
Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48202
United States, Texas
J & S Studies
College Station, Texas, United States, 77845
Sponsors and Collaborators
miRagen Therapeutics, Inc.
Investigators
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Study Director: Diana M Escolar, MD, FAAN miRagen Therapeutics, Inc.

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Responsible Party: miRagen Therapeutics, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03601052     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MRG201-30-201
First Posted: July 26, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 8, 2019
Last Verified: July 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by miRagen Therapeutics, Inc.:
Keloid
MicroRNAs
Wound healing
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Keloid
Collagen Diseases
Connective Tissue Diseases
Cicatrix
Fibrosis
Pathologic Processes