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Evaluation of the Ulthera® System and Efficacy Correlation to Morphological Differences

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03599349
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 25, 2018
Results First Posted : June 11, 2019
Last Update Posted : June 11, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Merz North America, Inc. ( Ulthera, Inc )

Brief Summary:
Evaluate if there is a correlation between efficacy results and where the Thermal Coagulation Points (TCPs) produced during a treatment with the Ulthera System make contact with anatomical layers of the skin and underlying tissues.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Facial and Neck Skin Laxity Device: Microfocused ultrasound w/ visualization Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
This is a prospective, single-site, non-randomized study designed to evaluate if there is a correlation between efficacy results and where the Thermal Coagulation Points (TCPs), produced during treatment with the Ulthera System, make contact with the anatomical layers of skin and underlying tissues. The study consists of one Ultherapy treatment administered at two depths using DeepSEE transducers on the full-face and neck area. Ultrasound images will be captured at the beginning, middle and end of each treatment section during treatment.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 20 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Evaluation of the Ulthera® System and Efficacy Correlation to Morphological Differences
Actual Study Start Date : August 20, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 13, 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : July 13, 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Microfocused ultrasound w/ visualization
Each subject to receive a full face and neck area treatment using a standard 800 line treatment with set energy levels (0.90 joules for the 4-4.5mm transducer, 0.30 joules for the 7-3.0mm/7-3.0N transducers and 0.75 joules for the 7-4.5mm transducer)
Device: Microfocused ultrasound w/ visualization
Other Name: Ultherapy




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Determine if There is a Correlation Between D90 Quantitative Efficacy Results of the Eyebrow and Lower Face Region With Where the TCPs Produced During Ultherapy Treatment Make Contact With Anatomical Layers of the Skin and Underlying Tissues. [ Time Frame: Day 90 post treatment ]
    TCP = Thermal Coagulation Points. The average Superficial Musculo-Aponeurotic System (SMAS) depth in the eyebrow and lower face regions (cheeks, submental and submandibular) will be compared to quantitative measurement of lift in the eyebrow and submental/neck lift at day 90 post-treatment


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Comparison of CGAIS Ratings to Average SMAS and Average Dermal Thickness of the Treated Areas to Determine if There is or is Not a Correlation. [ Time Frame: Day 90 and 180 post-treatment ]
    The Principal Investigator, sub-investigator or qualified clinician delegated by the principal investigator, will complete a CGAIS assessing overall aesthetic improvement at day 90 and 180 post-treatment. The CGAIS will be compared to average SMAS and average dermal thickness of the treated areas to determine if there is or is not a correlation.

  2. The Subject Will Complete a SGAIS Assessing Overall Aesthetic Improvement at Day 90 and 180 Post-treatment Which Will be Compared to Average SMAS and Average Dermal Thickness of the Treated Areas to Determine if There is or is Not a Correlation [ Time Frame: Day 90 and 180 post-treatment ]
    The subject will complete a SGAIS assessing overall aesthetic improvement at day 90 and 180 post-treatment which will be compared to average SMAS and average dermal thickness of the treated areas to determine if there is or is not a correlation.

  3. Qualitative Assessment of Overall Aesthetic Improvement Will be Compared to the Average SMAS and Average Dermal Thickness of the Treated Areas to Determine if There is or is Not a Correlation [ Time Frame: Day 90 and 180 post-treatment ]

    Degree of overall aesthetic improvement determined by a masked, qualitative assessment of photographs at 90 and 180 days post-treatment compared to baseline, based on level of clearance/improvement. The percent improvement will be compared to the average SMAS and average dermal thickness of the treated areas to determine if there is or is not a correlation.

    Level of improvement scale:

    1. 0 = 0% Improvement (None)
    2. 1 = < 25% Improvement (Mild)
    3. 2 = 26 to 50% Improvement (Moderate)
    4. 3 = 51 to 75% Improvement (Significant)
    5. 4 = 76 to 100% Improvement (Very Significant)

  4. The Subject Will Complete a Patient Satisfaction Questionnaire at the 90 and 180 Day Follow-up Visits Which Will be Compared to Average SMAS and Average Dermal Thickness of the Treated Areas to Determine if There is or is Not a Correlation [ Time Frame: Day 90 and 180 post-treatment ]
    The subject will complete a patient satisfaction questionnaire at the 90 and 180 day follow-up visits which will be compared to average SMAS and average dermal thickness of the treated areas to determine if there is or is not a correlation.

  5. The Depth of Frontal Region Tissue Layers Will be Compared to the Quantitative Measurements of Lift in the Eyebrow Region to Determine if There is or is Not a Correlation. [ Time Frame: Day 90 and 180 post-treatment ]
    The depth of the following frontal region tissue layers; dermis, subq adipose/fibrous septae, suprafrontalis fascia, frontalis muscle and subfrontalis fascia will be compared to the quantitative measurement of lift in the eyebrow region to determine if there is or is not a correlation

  6. The Depth of the Temple Region Tissue Layers Will be Compared to the Quantitative Measurement of Lift the Eyebrow Region to Determine if There is or is Not a Correlation. [ Time Frame: Day 90 and 180 post-treatment ]
    The depth of the following temple region tissue layers; dermis, subq adipose/fibrous septae, SMAS and temporalis muscle will be compared to the quantitative measurements of lift in the eyebrow region to determine if there is or is not a correlation.

  7. The Depth of Cheek Tissue Layers Will be Compared to the Quantitative Measurement of Lift in the Lower Face Regions to Determine if There is or is Not a Correlation. [ Time Frame: Day 90 and 180 post-treatment ]
    The depth of the following cheek tissue layers; dermis, subq adipose/fibrous septae, and SMAS will be compared to the quantitative measurement of lift in the lower face regions to determine if there is or is not a correlation.

  8. The Depth of Submental Tissue Layers Will be Compared to the Quantitative Measurement of Lift in the Lower Face Regions to Determine if There is or is Not a Correlation [ Time Frame: Day 90 and 180 post-treatment ]
    The depth of the following submental tissue layers; dermis, subq adipose/fibrous septae, supraplatysmal fascia, platysma and subplatysmal fascia will be compared to the quantitative measurement of lift in the lower face regions to determine if there is or is not a correlation.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   30 Years to 55 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Subject in good health.
  2. Mild to moderate skin laxity on the area(s) to be treated.
  3. Subject is pre-menopausal (treated in first week of cycle) or post-menopausal.
  4. Subject forehead's sub-dermal layer is at least a depth of 4.5mm using the 7-4.5mm transducer.
  5. Understands and accepts the obligation not to undergo any other procedures in the areas to be treated through the follow-up period.
  6. Willingness and ability to comply with protocol requirements, including returning for follow-up visits and abstaining from exclusionary procedures for the duration of the study.
  7. Subjects of childbearing potential must have a negative urine pregnancy test result and must not be lactating at the Screening Visit and be willing and able to use an acceptable method of birth control (e.g. barrier methods used with a spermicidal agent, hormonal methods, IUD, surgical sterilization, abstinence) during the study. Women will not be considered of childbearing potential if the following conditions is documented on the medical history:

    a. Bilateral tubal ligation at least six months prior to study enrollment.

  8. Absence of physical or psychological conditions unacceptable to the investigator.
  9. Willingness to refrain from use of aspirin, Ibuprofen, Naproxen or any other NSAID prior to each study treatment and chronic use during the entire post-treatment study period. Washout period, if chronic user, for 4 weeks prior to the first treatment. After all study treatments are completed, limited acute NSAID use is allowed i.e a maximum of 2-3 doses, in any 2 weeks period.
  10. Willingness and ability to provide written consent for study-required photography and adherence to photography procedures (i.e., removal of jewelry and makeup).
  11. Willingness and ability to provide written informed consent and HIPAA authorization prior to performance of any study-related procedure.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Presence of an active systemic or local skin disease that may affect wound healing.
  2. Severe solar elastosis.
  3. Excessive subcutaneous fat in the area(s) to be treated.
  4. Excessive skin laxity on the area(s) to be treated.
  5. Significant scarring in the area(s) to be treated that would interfere with assessing results.
  6. Open wounds or lesions in the area(s) to be treated.
  7. Severe or cystic acne on the area(s) to be treated.
  8. Active implants (e.g., pacemakers or defibrillators), or metallic implants in the treatment areas (dental implants not included.)
  9. Inability to understand the protocol or to give informed consent.
  10. Microdermabrasion, or prescription level glycolic acid treatment to the treatment area(s) within four weeks prior to study participation or during the study.
  11. Marked asymmetry, ptosis, excessive dermatochalasis, deep dermal scarring, or thick sebaceous skin in the area(s) to be treated.
  12. BMI equal to or greater than 25.
  13. History of chronic drug or alcohol abuse.
  14. History of autoimmune disease.
  15. History of Hysterectomy.
  16. Concurrent therapy that, in the investigator's opinion, would interfere with the evaluation of the safety or efficacy of the study device.
  17. Subjects who anticipate the need for inpatient surgery or overnight hospitalization during the study.
  18. Subjects who, in the investigator's opinion, have a history of poor cooperation, noncompliance with medical treatment, or unreliability.
  19. Concurrent enrollment in any study involving the use of investigational devices or drugs.
  20. Current smoker or history of smoking in the last five years.
  21. Current user of any nicotine-containing products, e.g., e-cigarettes, Nicorette gum, nicotine patches, etc.
  22. Use of long-wear makeup (lipstick, lip liner, mascara, etc.) within 48 hours of study photographs and assessments.
  23. History of the following cosmetic treatments in the area(s) to be treated:

    1. Skin tightening procedure within the past year;
    2. Injectable filler of any type within the past: i. 12 months for Hyaluronic acid fillers (e.g. Restylane); ii 12 months for Ca Hydroxyapatite fillers (e.g. Radiesse); iii. 24 months for Long-lasting Hyaluronic acid (Juvéderm Voluma) and Poly-L-Lactic acid fillers (e.g. Sculptra); iv. Ever for permanent fillers (e.g. Silicone, ArteFill)
    3. Neurotoxins within the past three months;
    4. Ablative resurfacing laser treatment;
    5. Nonablative, rejuvenative laser or light treatment within the past six months;
    6. Surgical dermabrasion or deep facial peels;
    7. Facelifts, blepharoplasty, or browlift within the past year; or
    8. Any history of contour threads.
  24. History of using the following prescription medications:

    1. Accutane or other systemic retinoids within the past six months;
    2. Topical Retinoids within the past two weeks;
    3. Antiplatelet agents/Anticoagulants (Coumadin, Heparin, Plavix, dabigatran);
    4. Psychiatric drugs that in the investigators opinion would impair the subject from understanding the protocol requirements or understanding and signing the informed consent.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03599349


Locations
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United States, California
Clinical Testing of Beverly Hills
Beverly Hills, California, United States, 90210
Sponsors and Collaborators
Ulthera, Inc
Investigators
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Study Director: Merz Medical Expert Merz North America, Inc.

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Responsible Party: Ulthera, Inc
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03599349     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ULT-145
First Posted: July 25, 2018    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: June 11, 2019
Last Update Posted: June 11, 2019
Last Verified: July 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: Yes
Device Product Not Approved or Cleared by U.S. FDA: No
Pediatric Postmarket Surveillance of a Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Cutis Laxa
Skin Diseases, Genetic
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Connective Tissue Diseases
Skin Diseases