Is Procardia XL 60 mg Q Daily Equivalent to 30 mg XL Given Twice Daily?
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03595982|
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Low enrollment)
First Posted : July 23, 2018
Last Update Posted : March 27, 2020
Antihypertensive therapy has been used in pregnant patients antepartum to improve blood pressure (BP) elevation in cases of chronic hypertension, and postpartum for persistent hypertension after delivery in cases of gestational hypertension and preeclampsia, as well as for management of chronic hypertension.
There is limited evidence regarding the precise BP level at which antihypertensive therapy is indicated during pregnancy for chronic hypertension. Treatment has been suggested in pregnant patients when systolic BP is ≥ 160 mmHg and at a lower diastolic BP threshold of 105 mm Hg, however some providers may initiate therapy at systolic BPs ≥ 150 mmHg.
Nifedipine is a peripheral arterial vasodilator and an ideal first line antihypertensive agent due to its low maternal side-effect profile. It has been proven to be safe in pregnancy. Conventional nifedipine can be started at 10 mg twice daily with a maximum dose of 120 mg/d, but frequently extended release tablets are preferred due to steady blood pressure control with once daily administration.
It is frequently used however as a twice daily dosing as many providers have noticed an increase in the BPs 12-24h from administration. Twice daily dosing might produce overlapping profiles that prevent elevation of BP at the time of the next administration and breakthrough elevations throughout the day in pregnant women.
The aim of this study is to investigate the mean plasma levels and standard deviations of Procardia at 24h after Procardia XL is administered as a 60 mg daily dose and the mean plasma levels after it is given as a 30 mg twice-daily dose. This will be a pilot study for a future randomized control trial that will allow the researchers to determine whether 60 mg daily of Procardia XL is equivalent to 30 mg twice daily. Secondary outcome will be effective control of BP throughout the day (0h, 4h, 8h, 12h, 16h, 20h and 24h) defined as BPs below 160/105 as well as side effects of nifedipine as reported by patients.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Hypertension in Pregnancy Hypertension in Postpartum||Drug: Procardia XL 30Mg Drug: Procardia XL 60Mg||Phase 4|
There is limited evidence regarding the precise BP level at which antihypertensive therapy is indicated during pregnancy for chronic hypertension. Given the limitations of data as well as higher likelihood of outpatient therapy with less frequent blood pressure monitoring, treatment has been suggested in pregnant patients when systolic BP is ≥ 160 mmHg and at a lower diastolic BP threshold of 105 mm Hg , however some providers may initiate therapy at systolic BPs ≥ 150 mmHg.
Antihypertensive therapy has not been shown to improve fetal condition or to prevent preeclampsia. However, such therapy controls acceleration of BP, reduces antepartum hospitalization due to severe hypertension and should help prevent maternal complications from uncontrolled hypertension such as cardiovascular (congestive heart failure and myocardial ischemia), renal (renal injury or failure), or cerebrovascular (ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke) damage.
Drugs such as methyldopa, labetalol, and nifedipine in many occasions are used as first line agents for control of hypertension in pregnancy.
Calcium channel blockers are a class of drugs that have not been extensively studied in pregnant women with chronic hypertension, however they are still considered standard of care for treatment of elevated BPs during pregnancy and after delivery. Small amounts have been shown to cross the placenta, however to date no known association with birth defects have been found with reassuring long term follow-up of babies up to 1.5 years. It is not associated with adverse perinatal outcomes and furthermore, nifedipine does not appear to adversely affect uterine or umbilical blood flow.
Nifedipine is a peripheral arterial vasodilator and an ideal first line antihypertensive agent due to its low maternal side-effect profile. Conventional nifedipine can be started at 10 mg twice daily with a maximum dose of 120 mg/d, but frequently extended release tablets are preferred due to steady blood pressure control with once daily administration. The extended release tablet consists of a semipermeable membrane surrounding an osmotically active drug core and has been designed to provide nifedipine an approximately constant rate over 24h.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||5 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Intervention Model Description:||
Depending on the group the person gets randomized into they will receive 60 mg of nifedipine at 0h vs 30 mg of nifedipine at 0h followed by 30 mg extra at 12h, These medications will be administered by a nurse or physician on the floor.
After 12h and at the end of the 24h (plus or minus 30 min) a blood sample (2cc) with be obtained and sent to Mount Sinai Hospital to determine serum Procardia levels. This blood samples will be stored until this research study is finished and will be disposed after. A total of 20cc of blood will be obtained from each patient.
Also the patient will take a survey of side effects of the BP medication. BPs will be measured Q 4h and documented at 0h, 4h, 8h, 12h, 16h, 20h and 24h (plus or minus 30 min)
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Is Procardia XL 60 mg Q Daily Equivalent to 30 mg XL Given Twice Daily?|
|Actual Study Start Date :||September 15, 2018|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||February 20, 2020|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||February 20, 2020|
Experimental: Procardia XL 30 mg
Procardia XL 30 mg XL Q 12h - When a patient's BP is persistently elevated after a dose of 30 mg of Procardia XL, the dose is increased to 60 mg Procardia XL divided in 2 doses of 30 mg given 12h apart.
Drug: Procardia XL 30Mg
Procardia XL 30 mg XL Q 12h
Active Comparator: Procardia XL 60 mg
Procardia XL 60 mg Q 24h - When a patient's BP is persistently elevated after a dose of 30 mg of Procardia XL, the dose is increased to 60 mg Procardia given once a day.
Drug: Procardia XL 60Mg
Procardia XL 60 mg Q 24h
- Procardia plasma level [ Time Frame: at 24 hours ]Procardia plasma level at 24 hours after Procardia administration
- Blood pressure (Systolic/Diastolic) [ Time Frame: up to 24 hours ]Blood pressure reading
- Survey of Side effects [ Time Frame: up to 24 hours ]Survey to assess Frequency of side effects of nifedipine including peripheral edema (most common side effect, dose related), flushing, headache, dizziness, fatigue, constipation, nausea, and muscle cramps.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03595982
|United States, New York|
|Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai|
|New York, New York, United States, 10029|
|Principal Investigator:||Melissa T Chu Lam, MD||Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai|