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Tele-Cardiac Rehabilitation Program

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03584828
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : July 12, 2018
Last Update Posted : July 12, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Dr. Robert Klempfner Heart Rehabilitation Institute, Sheba Medical Center

Brief Summary:
Rehabilitation programs that take place in hospitals and rehabilitation centers and all over the world are a necessary stage for returning the patients after a cardiac event to a normal functioning. However, about 70% of patients do not apply for the hospital rehabilitation programs after the heart event that they experience. The objective of this study is to evaluate and develop a multi-stage home rehabilitation program for remote rehabilitation, based on advanced technological infrastructure and complementary clinical protocols. The study population will include about 264 clinically stable patients who are eligible for cardiac rehabilitation, but for various reasons cannot get to the rehabilitation centers.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Heart Diseases Behavioral: Tele Cardiac Rehabilitation Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is an integral part of cardiovascular disease management incorporating aspects of scientifically constructed appropriate physical exercise, dietary intervention, secondary prevention by pharmacotherapy, and psychological intervention. Despite proven benefits including reduction in mortality, hospitalizations and marked improvement in well-being and function state, the current model is restrictive and requires patients' arrival to the hospital twice a week at predetermined hours. Major limitations associated with lack of participation in an in-hospital based cardiac rehabilitation program in 20-40% of eligible patients include limited transportation, time and social/family restraints, and inconvenience. Furthermore, the limited space, even in the largest rehabilitation in Israel located at Sheba Medical Center, prohibits wider availability. Leading key opinions leaders have designated cardiac-telerehabilitation as the most viable solution for the above-mentioned limitations, and several clinical studies have demonstrated safety and efficacy of this approach, including a Cochrane review and a recent meta-analysis. Nevertheless, tele-cardiac rehabilitation is not guideline recommended yet, and prospective randomized trials are necessary to better evaluate its role.

Study will enroll patients who are eligible to participate in an in-hospital cardiac rehabilitation program but are unable to participate due to one of the above-mentioned limitations, in a structured exercise and secondary prevention program in their communities. Consenting patients will undergo a baseline cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) followed by randomization to usual care vs. multidisciplinary intervention as described.

In addition to monitored physical activity, patients will receive nutritional and psychological counseling. This is part of a multi-professional rehabilitation program accepted by the rehabilitation center.

The study will enroll and randomize 264subjects to usual care vs. comprehensive tele-cardiac rehabilitation (TCR) with disease management services and demonstrate a greater improvement in functional capacity (O2 consumption) and improved clinical outcomes (secondary endpoints) in the TCR group.

Concomitant medications and guidelines: As indicated by national guidelines. No limitations

Study Duration: 12-month intervention period. Primary endpoint (percent change in O2 consumption) will be assessed following 3 months of intervention. Clinical event adjudication (hospitalizations, emergency department visits) will be performed throughout a 12-month period from enrollment.

Study Design: The study is an open-labeled double arm randomized prospective multi-center study designed to assess the effects of tele-CR compared to usual care in subjects that are unable to attend institution based CR despite compelling indications to CR. The intervention will be evaluated against usual care by family physician and cardiologist. The multidisciplinary program will include elements of education, nutritional and psychological interventions, monitored personalized exercise and medication titration according to the relevant national guidelines. The present sample will facilitate an evaluation of the hypothesis that tele-rehabilitation will be associated with a significant improvement in functional capacity, as assessed by the gold standard of CPET. We also hypothesize that the comprehensive intervention will also reduce clinical events, including all-cause hospitalization and death.

All subjects will undergo a detailed evaluation by rehabilitation specialist, nurse case manager, trainers and exercise physiologists. Both research arms will receive a dedicated application with a built-in pedometer and the ability to answer questionnaires.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 264 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Comprehensive Remote Multidisciplinary Cardiac Rehabilitation Program for Patients Unable to Attend an Institution Based Program
Estimated Study Start Date : July 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : November 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Tele-Rehabilitation - intervention
Following the standard rehabilitation intake process the subjects in the Tele-rehaab arm will receive physiologic consultation based on clinical stress tests and clinical data passed from the physician. The Tele-rehab arm will receive an exercise prescription and execution will be assessed and periodically adjusted in accordance to data received from the wearable device. Intensity and type of exercise will be moderate and will comply with exercise recommendations provided by ESC guidelines. A dedicated application will be installed on the mobile phone for patients in the research group and they will receive a smart sports watch.
Behavioral: Tele Cardiac Rehabilitation

A multidisciplinary intervention that aims to optimize structured exercise performed in the community as prescribed by rehabilitation cardiologist, cardiac care nurse, and exercise physiologist.

Additionally, in the intervention arm, we will provide psychological support, dietary intervention and disease management services that complement the structured physical activity - all by innovative smartphone applications and smart wearable devices, thus complementing the comprehensive secondary prevention program.

No Intervention: Usual care
The usual care arm will receive general recommendations for a healthy and active lifestyle and community cardiologist and primary care physician according to local guidelines.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in METS [ Time Frame: 6 month ]
    Exercise capacity change by stress test

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. First CV hospitalization or death [ Time Frame: 1-12 month ]
    Time to first cardiovascular hospitalization or death

  2. Health status [ Time Frame: 1-12 month ]
    General clinical status (worsened\ unchanged\ improved)

  3. QOL [ Time Frame: 1-12 month ]
    Assessed by validated questioner

  4. Time alive and out of hospital [ Time Frame: 1-12 month ]
  5. Depression [ Time Frame: 1-12 month ]
    Assessed by PHQ-9

  6. Time to return to work [ Time Frame: 1-12 month ]
    (if applicable)

  7. Medication compliance [ Time Frame: 1-12 month ]
    Use of guideline recommended medication and dose attained (% of target)

  8. Fasting Glucose [ Time Frame: 1-12 month ]
    levels of fasting blood glucose

  9. Activity [ Time Frame: 1-6 month ]
    average weekly steps

  10. TCR group adherence [ Time Frame: 1-6 month ]
    Percent of total exercise time at the designated target heart rate zone

  11. TCR group sessions > 10 min adherence [ Time Frame: 1-6 month ]
    Number of exercise sessions > 10 minutes per month (within target heart rate designated zone)

  12. Lipid profile [ Time Frame: 1-6 months ]
    Lipid profile dynamics

  13. Diabetes management [ Time Frame: 1-6 months ]
    HB A1C %

  14. BMI [ Time Frame: 1-6 months ]
    Change in BMI from baseline to 3 and 6 months

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years to 100 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

Eligible patients must meet all of the following inclusion criteria during the initial screening visit of the study (visit 1):

  • A guideline-based and Israeli Health Basket approved indications for cardiac rehabilitation yet participant declines to participate in center based cardiac rehabilitation due to non-medical reasons such as: distance, service availability in subjects living are, time constraints and other logistic or sociocultural barriers
  • Age ≥ 21
  • Compatible smartphone (android or iOS) with internet connection
  • Willing and able to comply with study protocol
  • Able and willing to follow the personalized exercise prescription, use wearable technology and smartphone app, and upload data via personal smartphone

Exclusion Criteria:

Eligible patients must meet none of the following exclusion criteria:

  • Any unresolved cardiac condition associated with significantly increased risk during outpatient activity (clinically significant ischemia, unresolved arrhythmia, high falling risk etc.)
  • End stage \ NYHA 4 or unstable heart failure (clinical) or unresolved significant arrhythmia (i.e. Rapid atrial fibrillation)
  • LVEF ≤35% without ICD \ CRTD
  • Significant neurological or cognitive impairment or markedly unstable gait \ high falling risk
  • Women of child-bearing potential
  • ACS within 30 days prior to screening, or having undergone cardiac surgery within 30 days prior to screening
  • Inability to perform a stress test due to physical limitations
  • Severe angina pectoris as defined by CCS >2
  • Pulmonary disease of severity greater than mild (COPD, Asthma, ILD, CTD with lung involvement) or chronic pulmonary thromboembolic disease (CTED)
  • Severe orthopedic limitations
  • Active myocarditis, constrictive pericarditis, restrictive or hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
  • Severe Aortic or Mitral stenosis
  • Significant anemia (Hb <10 mg/dl)
  • Known drug or alcohol dependence or any other factors which will interfere with the study conduct or interpretation of the results or in the opinion of the investigator are not suitable to participate;
  • Any illness which reduces life expectancy to less than 1 year from screening

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03584828

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Sheba Medical Center, Cardiac Rehabilitation Institute
Tel Hashomer, Israel, 52621
Sponsors and Collaborators
Sheba Medical Center

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Responsible Party: Dr. Robert Klempfner Heart Rehabilitation Institute, Head, Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation Institute, Sheba Medical Center, Israel, Sheba Medical Center Identifier: NCT03584828     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 4916-18 -SMC
First Posted: July 12, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 12, 2018
Last Verified: July 2018

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by Dr. Robert Klempfner Heart Rehabilitation Institute, Sheba Medical Center:
Cardiac Rehabilitation

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases