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Reappraising Intergeneration Relationships in Dementia Caregiving

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03584568
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : July 12, 2018
Last Update Posted : December 14, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Dr. Au May-lan Alma, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University

Brief Summary:

It is hypothesized that reappraising intergeneration relationships through perspective-taking will enhance the well-being of adult-child caregivers. Incorporating both psychological and social perspectives, the study makes a unique contribution to address research gaps by evaluating an integrated model of intervention for dementia caregivers. The conceptual model involves the following components: 1) relational insights; 2) self-reflection to integrate the challenges and benefits in caregiving; 3) interpersonal empathy

To test the incremental value of perspective-taking reappraisals, the study involves a two-arm randomized controlled trial of 12 weeks of intervention with two conditions: 1) Reappraisal through Perspective Taking and 2) Basic Skill Building. Telephone-administered sessions are integrated with group sessions and home visits to maximize sustainability and accessibility of the intervention. One hundred fifty-four participants will be recruited and randomized. Primary outcomes are reduced depressive symptoms and enhanced psychological well-being for the caregivers. Secondary outcomes include enhanced social support for caregivers and reduced behavioral problems in the care-recipients.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Alzheimer Dementia Behavioral: Perspective Taking Reappraisal Other: Basic Skill Building Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

The proposed study aims to address a major research gap in caregiving interventions in the context of intergeneration perspective-taking reappraisals. Adult child caregivers are part of a sandwich generation, involved in actualizing their own goals and coping with social expectations to care for their elderly parents. Dementia caregiving presents a particular challenge in life transition wherein the adult child is parenting his or her parents. With global aging, people living with dementia are rising exponentially. This presents a challenge for sustainable care in Hong Kong and also in countries where public services are developing and the demand for family and intergeneration caregiving is high due to collectivistic concerns. It is hypothesized that reappraising intergeneration relationships through perspective-taking will enhance the well-being of adult-child caregivers. Incorporating both psychological and social perspectives, the study makes a unique contribution to address research gaps by evaluating an integrated model of intervention for dementia caregivers. The conceptual model involves the following components: 1) relational insights; 2) self-reflection to integrate the challenges and benefits in caregiving; 3) interpersonal empathy.

Most caregiving psycho-education programs involve skill training including scheduling pleasant events, communicating with the care recipient and other family members. To test the incremental value of perspective-taking reappraisals, the study involves a two-arm randomized controlled trial of 12 weeks of intervention with two conditions: 1) Perspective Taking Reappraisal and 2) Basic Skill Building. Telephone-administered sessions are integrated with home visits to maximize sustainability and accessibility of the intervention. One hundred fifty-four participants will be recruited and randomized. Primary outcomes are reduced depressive symptoms and enhanced psychological well-being for the caregivers. Secondary outcomes include enhanced social support for caregivers and reduced behavioral problems in the care-recipients. Measures are obtained at baseline Weeks 1 (baseline), 6 and 12 with a follow-up at Week 24. Findings have implications for enhancing sustainable care for older adults in the wider society.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 154 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Reappraising Intergeneration Relationships in Dementia Caregiving Through Perspective Taking
Actual Study Start Date : November 11, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 8, 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 8, 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Dementia

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Perspective Taking Reappraisal
This arm focuses on reappraisals with perspective taking with a limited amount of basic skill building
Behavioral: Perspective Taking Reappraisal
Interventions involving 1) appreciating relational insights; 2) enhancing self-awareness; 3) empathetic understanding of care-recipient; 4) integrating self-care and caring for others and 5) negotiation.

Other: Basic Skill Building
These skill-building exercises are commonly used in psycho-education programs for caregivers:monitoring mood and activities, relaxation techniques and scheduling pleasant events, basic communication with the care recipient, communicating the caregivers' own needs with other family member or related persons including helpers and professional staff.

Basic Skill Building
This arm focuses on basic skill building only.
Other: Basic Skill Building
These skill-building exercises are commonly used in psycho-education programs for caregivers:monitoring mood and activities, relaxation techniques and scheduling pleasant events, basic communication with the care recipient, communicating the caregivers' own needs with other family member or related persons including helpers and professional staff.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Search Results Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression [ Time Frame: Week 1, 6, 12, 24 ]
    20-item measure that asks caregivers to rate how often over the past week they The scale rates experienced symptoms associated with depression.. Response options range from 0 to 3 for each item (0 = Rarely or None of the Time, 1 = Some or Little of the Time, 2 = Moderately or Much of the time, 3 = Most or Almost All the Time). Scores range from 0 to 60, with high scores indicating greater level of having depressive symptoms.

  2. Change in Ryff's Psychological Well-being [ Time Frame: Weeks 1,6, 12, 24 ]
    The 18-version of the scale taps the six areas of psychological well-being: autonomy, environmental mastery, personal growth, positive relations with others, purpose in life, and self-acceptance. Respondents rate statements on a scale of 1 to 6, with 1 indicating strong disagreement and 6 indicating strong agreement. The range of scores is from 0 to 108. Higher scores suggest higher levels of well-being. The subscale score of each of the six areas can be calculating by summation of the three items associated with each of the area.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Revised Memory and Problem Checklist [ Time Frame: Weeks 1, 6, 12 ,24 ]
    The checklist is a 24-item caregiver-report measure provides a total score plus scores for three subscale memory-related problems, affective distress and disruptive behaviors. Scores are computed for the presence or absence of each problem first, and then for caregiver "reaction" or the extent to which caregivers were "bothered" or "distressed" by each behavior. The caregivers' reaction to each behavior, or the extent of distress experienced, were scored as follows: Reactions are assessed by asking how "upsetting" the behavior was on a Likert scale of 0 to 4 (0 = Not at all, 1= a little, 2 = moderately, 3 = very much, and 4 =extremely). Frequency of behaviors are assessed based on a Likert-scale of 0 to 4 (0 = never occurs, 1 = occurs infrequently and not in the last week, 2 = occurred 1-2 times in the last week, 3 = occurred 3-6 times in the last week, and 4 = occurs daily or more often). The range of score is from 0 to 96, higher scores suggesting greater disruption.

  2. Change in MacArther Social Support Scales [ Time Frame: Weeks 1,6, 12, 24 ]
    The measure the levels of emotional and instrumental social support experienced by the caregivers. The scale consists of 12 items assesses the frequency of receipt of 3 categories of social support: emotional support, instrumental support and negative interaction involving conflict or excessive demands. The participants scored each item on a 5-point Likert Scale ranging from 0 (never) to 4 (frequently). The range of scores is from 0 to 48, with higher score indicating better social support.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   20 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion criteria are as follows

  • Primary caregivers aged 20 or older and who have been caring for persons (aged 60 or above) with a physician diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease in the mild to moderate range as determined by the Clinical Dementia Rating Scale.
  • Primary caregivers who have been providing unpaid care for more than 12 hours a week for at least the past three months.
  • The care should involve day-to-day decision-making as well as any of the following: feeding, dressing, bathing, toileting, housework, preparing meals, medication and handling finances.
  • They can be daughter/son or daughter-/son-in-law of the care recipient.

Exclusion criteria are as follows:

  • signs of severe intellectual deficits
  • demonstrated suicidal ideation
  • exhibited evidence of psychotic disorders
  • hearing/ visual impairment
  • inability to read or speak Chinese/Cantonese fluently and severe.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03584568


Contacts
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Contact: Joey Chan, Master 85227665504 joeycyc.chan@polyu.edu.hk
Contact: Wing-sze Chan, Master 85234008379 wing-sze.cc.chan@polyu.edu.hk

Locations
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Hong Kong
Applied Social Sciences, Hong Kong Polytechnic University Recruiting
Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Contact: Alma Au, PhD    85227665504    ssalma@polyu.edu.hk   
Institute of Active Ageing Recruiting
Kowloon, Hong Kong
Contact: Alma Au, PhD    852-2766-7746 ext 7746    alma.au@polyu.edu.hk   
Sponsors and Collaborators
The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Alma Au, PhD Hong Kong Polytechnic University

Additional Information:
Publications:
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Responsible Party: Dr. Au May-lan Alma, Associate Professor, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03584568     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: GRFPTR2018
First Posted: July 12, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 14, 2018
Last Verified: December 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by Dr. Au May-lan Alma, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University:
Caregiving
Intergeneration
Reappraisal through perspective taking

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Dementia
Alzheimer Disease
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Neurocognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders
Tauopathies
Neurodegenerative Diseases