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Phase 2b Study of KBP-5074 in Subjects With Uncontrolled Hypertension and Advanced Chronic Kidney Disease (BLOCKCKD)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03574363
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : July 2, 2018
Last Update Posted : May 12, 2020
Worldwide Clinical Trials
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
KBP Biosciences

Brief Summary:
This is a Phase 2 randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multi-center study to assess the efficacy, safety, and pharmacokinetics of KBP-5074 in patients with moderate-to-severe chronic kidney disease and uncontrolled hypertension.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Chronic Kidney Diseases Hypertension Drug: KBP-5074 Phase 2

Detailed Description:
The study will enroll up to 165 patients, randomized in a 1:1:1 ratio to 1 of 3 treatment groups (55 patients in each group): KBP-5074 0.25 mg once daily (QD), KBP-5074 0.5 mg QD, or placebo QD. Randomization will be stratified to balance enrollment for key variables that may influence safety and/or efficacy evaluations, including estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR) (30 versus 29 mL/min/1.73 m2) and Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) (160 versus <160 mmHg). The study will be approximately 5 months in duration with 84 days of double-blind treatment. The study will consist of an up to 4-week screening period; 2-week, open-label (placebo) run-in period; 84-day double-blind treatment period; and a 4-week post-treatment safety follow-up period. Patients will be sampled for plasma pharmacokinetics (PK). Total KBP-5074 levels will be assessed in patients treated with active drug. A total of 4 PK samples will be collected from each patient, including Day 1 (prior to discharge), Day 14 pre-dose, Day 28 pre-dose, and End of Study Visit (Day 98)/Early Termination Visit. The pre-dose samples assume that patients will be dosed in the unit on those days above. If patients are not dosed in the unit on those days, a flexible PK sample will be collected during each of these visits.Safety will be assessed systematically, and an independent data monitoring committee will perform cumulative reviews of safety data at regular intervals during the study. Serum potassium levels, serum creatinine, and blood pressure will be closely monitored throughout the study. At Screening, patients must have uncontrolled hypertension, defined as resting trough cuff seated SBP 140 mmHg, based on the mean of the last 2 consecutive blood pressure readings at Screening in the clinic. In all cases, dose and frequency of concurrent antihypertensive medications are expected to be maintained without change for 30 days prior to randomization in order to ensure that blood pressure is stable. In general, patients should not add nor adjust dose and/or types of the antihypertensive medications they are receiving during the screening period and throughout the duration of the study (unless they develop hypertensive crisis or symptomatic hypotension). Patients will be advised to maintain their normal diet and avoid alcohol or potassium-rich foods/drinks during the study period. No potassium supplements are permitted, unless clinically indicated to treat hypokalemia until serum potassium values are within the normal range. Potassium-sparing agents are not permitted. After completion of the screening period and the qualifying Screening Visit, patients who meet all eligibility criteria (except those criteria scheduled to be assessed after the Screening Visit), will enter the 2-week, open-label (placebo) run-in period. At the end of the run-in period, patients will be re-assessed for eligibility, including compliance to study drug received during the run-in period, which must be >80% and 120% (i.e. placebo and stable antihypertensive medication, i.e. no change in antihypertensive medication). If a patient is found to be ineligible during Screening, a 1-time re-screening is allowed if the Investigator believes that the patient's condition has changed and the patient may be eligible before the re-screening tests. Please note that a new patient number should be assigned to any re-screened patient, and all the procedures defined in the protocol for the Screening Visit and during the run-in period must be repeated. Patients who meet all eligibility criteria at the end of the screening period and run-in period will be randomized (stratified based on eGFR 30 versus 29 mL/min/1.73 m2 and SBP 160 versus <160 mmHg) into the study on Day 1. All randomized patients will receive double-blind treatment for 84 days. Patients will be followed for 4 weeks for safety assessments after the last dose of study drug. A subset of patients who still meet eligibility criteria at the end of the run-in period (Visit 3) will undergo 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) on Day 1, Day 40, and Day 82.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 165 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Multi-Center Study to Assess the Efficacy, Safety, and Pharmacokinetics of KBP-5074 in Patients With Moderate-to-Severe Chronic Kidney Disease and Uncontrolled Hypertension
Actual Study Start Date : April 25, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 30, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : November 30, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Kidney Diseases

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: KBP-5074 0.25 mg tablet
KBP-5074 0.25 mg tablet QD orally, 84 days
Drug: KBP-5074
KBP-5074 tablet formulation
Other Name: KBP-5074 mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist

Experimental: KBP-5074 0.5 mg tablet
KBP-5074 0.5 mg tablet QD orally, 84 days
Drug: KBP-5074
KBP-5074 tablet formulation
Other Name: KBP-5074 mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist

Placebo Comparator: Placebo tablet
Placebo tablet QD orally, 84 days
Drug: KBP-5074
KBP-5074 tablet formulation
Other Name: KBP-5074 mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Systolic blood pressure [ Time Frame: Day 84 ]
    Change in trough cuff resting seated SBP from baseline to Day 84.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Diastolic blood pressure [ Time Frame: Day 84 ]
    Change in trough cuff seated DBP from baseline to Day 84

  2. ABPM [ Time Frame: Day 84 ]
    Change in 24-hour mean SBP from baseline to Day 84 as measured by 24-hour ABPM in a subset of patients per treatment group

  3. UACR [ Time Frame: Day 84 ]
    Change in UACR from baseline to Day 84

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Total KBP-5074 concentration [ Time Frame: Day 84 ]
    Total KBP-5074 concentration

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 85 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Male or female, between 18 and 85 years of age, inclusive. The lower age limit may be higher if it is legally required in the participating country;
  2. Body mass index between 19 and 45 kg/m2, inclusive;
  3. Stage 3B/4 CKD (defined as eGFR 15 and 44 mL/min/1.73 m2, based on the isotope dilution mass spectrometry traceable MDRD equation version 4, according to central laboratory results at Screening [single retest is allowed]);
  4. Uncontrolled hypertension (Grade 1 to 2 systolic hypertension - ESC/ESH), defined as:

    • Resting trough cuff seated SBP 140 and 179 mmHg based on the mean of at least 2 current consecutive clinic blood pressure readings at Screening and at the end of the placebo run-in period (Visit 3); AND
    • Currently on 2 or more antihypertensive medications, which have been titrated upward as tolerated to recommended hypertension target doses (such as diuretics [except for potassium-sparing diuretics], renin angiotensin system blockers, and/or calcium channel blockers. One of the antihypertensive medications must be high ceiling diuretic (loop or thiazide like), unless there is a documented intolerance or contraindication to diuretic therapy. The doses of the antihypertensive medications should be stable without any dose adjustment during the 30 days prior to randomization; OR
    • Patients with uncontrolled hypertension and moderate-to-severe CKD with documented history of intolerance to multiple antihypertensive medications on fewer than 2 antihypertensive medications;
  5. Serum potassium 4.8 mmol/L at both Screening and the end of the placebo run-in period. A single retest is allowed to exclude laboratory error or hemolyzed samples;
  6. Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must agree to use 2 medically accepted, effective methods of birth control during the study and for 90 days after the end of the study. Adequate methods of contraception are defined as those that result in a low failure rate (< 1% per year) when used consistently and correctly. Such methods include the use of oral contraceptives, other hormonal contraceptives (vaginal products, skin patches, or implanted or injectable products), or mechanical products (such as an intrauterine diaphragm, condoms, or spermicides);

    • WOCBP are defined as women who are not surgically or chemically sterilized, including hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy (tubal ligation is not acceptable), and who are between menarche and 1-year post-menopause; and
    • Post-menopausal is defined as amenorrheic for at least 1 year, AND if aged under 60 years, have a serum follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) level > 20 mIU/L. Women who are taking hormone replacement therapy (HRT) do not have to have FSH assessments, but the amenorrhea (before starting HRT) must have been naturally (spontaneously) occurring and have been accompanied by an appropriate clinical profile (eg, age appropriate and history of vasomotor symptoms);
  7. Males with partners who are WOCBP must agree to use condoms plus spermicide and their female partner must also be using contraception (eg, hormonal or intra-uterine device). This double contraception must be used from the first dose of study drug until at least 90 days after the last dose of study drug;
  8. Males must also refrain from donating sperm during the study and for 90 days after the last dose; and
  9. Capable of understanding the written informed consent, provide signed and witnessed written informed consent before any study-specific procedure, and agree to comply with protocol requirements.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Resting trough seated SBP ≥180 or < 140 mmHg, based on the mean of at least 2 current consecutive clinic blood pressure readings at Screening and the end of the placebo run-in period (Visit 3);
  2. Serum potassium > 4.8 mmol/L;
  3. Compliance with medications (including both open-label placebo and current antihypertensive medications) < 80% or > 120% during the run-in period (assessed at Visit 3);
  4. Currently on an MRA (eg, spironolactone or eplerenone) other than KBP-5074, or received any MRAs during the last 3 months prior to Screening, or currently on any potassium supplements;
  5. Chronic or intermittent use of a potassium binder for the treatment of hyperkalemia from 3 months prior to Screening until the end of study assessments, including but not limited to calcium polystyrene sulfonates (eg, sorbisterit, calcium resonium), sodium polystyrene sulfonates (eg, kayexalate, anti-kalium sodium), and patiromer (eg, Veltassa™) and sodium zirconium cyclosilicate (eg, Lokelma™);
  6. Have routinely or chronically used or required potassium-sparing diuretics (eg, amiloride, triamterene) within 3 months prior to Screening until the end of study assessments;
  7. History of known/suspected contraindications, allergy, or intolerance to MRAs (eg, spironolactone, eplerenone) or has a known hypersensitivity to KBP-5074, other MRAs, or related compounds;
  8. Clinically significant hyperkalemia while on an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor, angiotensin receptor blocker, direct renin inhibitor, and/or MRA, requiring down titration or discontinuation of above medication, or hospitalization for hyperkalemia within 3 months prior to Screening, or hyperkalemia > 5.6 mmol/L during the 2 weeks prior to Screening;
  9. History/diagnosis of renal artery stenosis or history/diagnosis of renovascular hypertension;
  10. Currently receiving HD, or peritoneal dialysis within 3 months prior to Screening, and those patients with an episode of acute kidney injury within 3 months of Screening;
  11. History of a renal transplant, or impending renal transplant;
  12. Acute decompensated heart failure including exacerbation of chronic heart failure manifested by signs and symptoms that may require hospitalization and/or intravenous diuretic therapy (New York Heart Association Class III to IV) within 3 months prior to Screening, or presence of hemodynamically significant valve diseases and/or other hemodynamically significant obstructive lesions of left ventricular outflow tract;
  13. Major cardiac, cerebral, and/or carotid artery diseases, including but not limited to acute coronary syndrome, myocardial infarction, stroke, and/or transient ischemic attack; major cardiovascular or percutaneous procedures including cardiac ablation, coronary revascularization, and carotid angioplasty within 6 months prior to Screening; OR

    - Cardiovascular conditions likely to require surgical or percutaneous intervention within 6 months from Screening;

  14. History of clinically significant arrhythmia, including but not limited to any of the following:

    • Symptomatic bradycardia and/or symptomatic ventricular arrhythmia within 3 months prior to Screening;
    • Second- or third-degree heart block; or
    • New onset or untreated atrial fibrillation; Note: Patients with stable (6 months) asymptomatic rate controlled atrial fibrillation on appropriate therapy, which may include anticoagulation, are permitted.
  15. QT interval corrected using Fridericia's formula (QTcF) > 450 ms for males or > 470 ms for females at Screening or Day 1; QTcF should be the average of the required triplicate set of ECGs at each timepoint;
  16. History of prolonged QT interval;
  17. History or family history of sudden cardiac death or long QT syndrome;
  18. History of cardiac transplant, on a heart transplant list, or has a left ventricular assistance device;
  19. History of clinically significant acute or chronic hepatitis (including infectious, metabolic, autoimmune, genetic, ischemic, or other forms), hepatocirrhosis, or hepatic tumors;
  20. History of gastrointestinal surgery that might affect absorption/oral bioavailability of oral antihypertensive therapies including KBP-5074;
  21. Clinically significant abnormal liver function test at Screening or the end of the run-in period (Visit 3), defined as aspartate aminotransferase or alanine aminotransferase > 3 × the upper limit of normal (ULN) or total bilirubin > 2 × ULN;

    • Note: Patients with total bilirubin > 2 × ULN and history of Gilbert's syndrome may be included.
  22. Positive blood screen for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B surface antigen (HbsAg), or hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody;
  23. History of malignancy in the past 5 years, with the exception of basal or resected cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma of the skin or carcinoma in situ, prostate cancer in situ with a normal prostate-specific antigen post treatment, cervical carcinoma in situ, gastric cancer in situ, colon cancer in situ adequately treated with no progression over the past 2 years;
  24. History of prescription drug abuse, illicit drug use, or alcohol abuse according to medical history within 6 months prior to Screening;
  25. A positive drug screen test (excluding a positive result secondary to a prescribed medication from a physician, or tetrahydrocannabinol) at Screening or the end of the run-in period (Visit 3);
  26. Female patients who are known to be pregnant or breastfeeding;
  27. Previously enrolled in any KBP-5074 study;
  28. Receipt of any other investigational product within 30 days or 5 half-lives (whichever is longer) prior to Screening;
  29. Use of any nutrients known to modulate cytochrome P450 (CYP)3A activity (based on the KBP-5074 metabolic pathway) or any strong or moderate inhibitors or inducers of CYP3A4, starting from 14 days prior to the first dose of study drug at Day 1 until the end of study assessments, including but not limited to the following: inhibitors, such as ketoconazole, miconazole, itraconazole, fluconazole, atazanavir, erythromycin, clarithromycin, ranitidine, and cimetidine, and inducers, such as rifampicin, rifabutin, glucocorticoids, carbamazepine, phenytoin, phenobarbital, and St. John's wort;
  30. Has donated or lost a significant volume (> 500 mL) of blood or plasma within 30 days prior to Screening;
  31. An employee or family member of the Investigator or study site personnel;
  32. Unlikely to comply with the protocol requirements, instructions, and/or study-related restrictions (eg, uncooperative attitude, unavailable for follow up call, and/or improbability of completing the clinical study); and
  33. History of any other prior or concomitant clinical condition or acute and/or unstable systemic disease not listed above that, in the opinion of the Investigator, compromises patient inclusion, such as a history or presence of clinically decompensated or unstable cardiovascular, pulmonary, hepatic, gallbladder or biliary tract, hematologic, gastrointestinal, endocrine, immunologic, dermatologic, neurologic, or psychiatric disease, or concomitant morbidity of such severity that the patient is likely to die within 1 year from Screening.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03574363

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United States, New Jersey
KBP Biosciences USA Inc
Princeton, New Jersey, United States, 08540
United States, North Carolina
Worldwide Clinical Trials
Morrisville, North Carolina, United States, 27560
Sponsors and Collaborators
KBP Biosciences
Worldwide Clinical Trials
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Study Director: Fred Yang, PhD KBP Biosciences Co., Ltd.
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: KBP Biosciences Identifier: NCT03574363    
Other Study ID Numbers: KBP5074-2-001
First Posted: July 2, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 12, 2020
Last Verified: May 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by KBP Biosciences:
Chronic Kidney Disease
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Kidney Diseases
Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Renal Insufficiency
Mineralocorticoid Receptor Antagonists
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Diuretics, Potassium Sparing
Natriuretic Agents