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Voices for Food: Food Policy Councils, Food Security and Healthy Food Choices (VFF)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03566095
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 21, 2018
Last Update Posted : June 21, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Michigan State University
Ohio State University
University of Nebraska Lincoln
Purdue University
University of Missouri-Columbia
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
South Dakota State University

Brief Summary:
This study evaluates the effectiveness of coaching and Voices for Food materials on establishing Food Policy Councils (FPCs) and using guided client choice in rural food pantries to improve food security and diet quality among food pantry clients, and to improve the food environment in rural, midwestern food pantries. Half of the communities received coaching and the Voices for Food kit, the other half only received the Voices for Food kit.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Food Security Nutritive Value Behavioral: Coaching and Voices for Food Kit Behavioral: Voices for Food Kit Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Community coaching is a a strategy that helps community leaders plan for and overcome challenges to community development. Interventions at the community level are most effective when they are conceived and led by locals. Community coaches can aid the local community in the development of FPCs in rural communities. FPCs have the potential to improve the nutritional quality of available food, and connect a diverse network of food system stakeholders from the public, private and nonprofit sectors, which includes local food pantries. Food pantry users are food insecure and avoid hunger by consuming low cost and shelf stable food items. Guided client choice is a system of distribution that can be employed in food pantries and supported by FPCs. Guided client-choice is a model of distribution in which pantry clients choose the foods they would like from the pantry based upon family size and is formatted based upon USDA MyPlate. Guided client choice has been shown to meet the needs of the pantry client base better than the traditional model of distribution often found in food pantries. Food pantries have the opportunity to meet the nutritional needs of the food insecure population.

Voices for Food is a multi-leveled socio-ecological, longitudinal, matched treatment and comparison study to develop food policy councils (FPCs), and improve food security and diet quality in rural communities. Voices for Food was conducted in 24 rural, high poverty counties in South Dakota, Indiana, Missouri, Michigan, Nebraska and Ohio. Counties were assigned to a treatment (n=12) or comparison (n=12) group.

Intervention activities focus on three key components that impact food security: 1) community coaching by Extension Educators/field staff, 2) FPC development, and 3) development of a MyChoice (guided client choice) food pantry. Community coaching, along with the Voices for Food kit was only provided to treatment counties. Comparison communities only received the Voices for Food kit. Evaluation components focus on three levels of the intervention: 1) Community (FPCs), 2) Food Pantry Organization and Food Environment, and 3) Pantry Client & Families. Participants in this study were community stakeholders, food pantry directors, staff/volunteers and food pantry clients. Pantry food access/availability including pantry food quality and quantity, household food security and pantry client dietary intake are dependent variables.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 1735 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: All data were collected from both treatment an comparison communities at the same time points.
Masking: Single (Participant)
Masking Description: Participants were not aware of their status as a treatment or comparison community.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Voices for Food: Utilizing Food Policy Councils to Bridge the Gap Between Food Security and Healthy Food Choices
Actual Study Start Date : August 1, 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 15, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : March 15, 2018

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Coaching and Voices for Food Kit
The treatment communities received community coaching from an Extension Professional or Educator in the use of the Voices for Food kit.
Behavioral: Coaching and Voices for Food Kit
Community Coaching and Voices for Food Kit

Sham Comparator: Voices for Food Kit
The comparison community received the Voices for Food kit.
Behavioral: Voices for Food Kit
Voices for Food Kit




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The United States Household Food Security Survey Module [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
    Change in food security of food pantry clients. Individuals will be classified as very low food secure, low food secure, marginal food secure and high food secure.

  2. Healthy Eating Index (HEI) Score [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
    Change in diet quality of food pantry clients. The Automated Self-Administered 24-hour (ASA24®) Dietary Assessment Too allows for calculation of the Healthy Eating Index score, which is a measure of diet quality.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Food Policy Council Implementation Form [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
    The Food Policy Council Implementation Form is a study developed assessment tool that assesses the degree of food policy council implementation. The Food Council Implementation Form documents changes occurring within the Food Policy Council.

  2. Food Pantry MyChoice Observation Tool [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
    The Food Pantry MyChoice Observation Tool is a study developed assessment tool that assesses the degree of MyChoice (guided client choice) implementation. The tool documents the extent to which key components of the MyChoice food pantry model are physically in place at the pantry and part of the food, food display, and distribution process.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Food Pantry Clients must be current clientele by visiting the participating food pantry at least once in the last year, English-speaking.
  • Food Pantry Directors must be 18 years or older (19 if in Nebraska), English-speaking and a director of a participating food pantry.
  • Food Pantry Staff/Volunteers must be 18 years or older (19 if in Nebraska), English-speaking and a staff/volunteer of a participating food pantry.
  • Community Stakeholders must be 18 years or older (19 if in Nebraska), English-speaking and reside in the participating community.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Under 18 years old (19 if in Nebraska)
  • Non English- speaking

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03566095


Sponsors and Collaborators
South Dakota State University
Michigan State University
Ohio State University
University of Nebraska Lincoln
Purdue University
University of Missouri-Columbia
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Suzanne Stluka, PhD, RD, LN South Dakota State University
Principal Investigator: Heather Eicher- Miller, PhD Purdue University
Principal Investigator: Rebecca Henne, MS Michigan State University
Principal Investigator: Donna Mehrle, MPH, RD, LD University of Missouri-Columbia
Principal Investigator: Lisa Franzen-Castle, PhD University of Nebraska Lincoln
Principal Investigator: Dan Remley, PhD Ohio State University

Responsible Party: South Dakota State University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03566095     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2013-69004-20401
First Posted: June 21, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 21, 2018
Last Verified: June 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Plan Description: There is not a plan to make IPD available.

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by South Dakota State University:
Rural
Food Policy Councils
Food Pantry
Community Coaching