Normative Value of Single Heel-rise Test in School-going Children Along With Its Inter-session Agreement
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03560115|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 18, 2018
Last Update Posted : March 19, 2019
Single heel-rise test (SHRT) is a method of assessing the strength and endurance of plantar-flexors manually. Single heel-rise test also known as calf rise test, is a method of assessing the strength of plantar-flexor. The test was first done to determine the integrity of calf muscle. There are few studies which has established the reliability and normative value of heel-rise test in adults. But till date, there is no documented evidence of normative value of heel-rise test in children.
The study is focused to derive reliability and normative value of single heel-rise test in children of age group 8-12 years.
The study will recruit healthy school-going children of 8-12 years age. Any pathology which can limit or interfere with the test outcome will be excluded. The samples will be collected by stratified sampling technique. Procedure of test will be demonstrated prior to the test. Heel raising and lowering will be performed until child feels fatigue. Test will be performed on both the lower extremities individually.
Test will be assessed on both the heel individually. Three sessions will be conducted by the same rater on same child for intra-rater and test-retest reliability, and another rater will assess the test on same individual for establishing inter-rater reliability. Normative value of the test will be determined by deriving the mean of test-values for each age group.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment|
|Healthy||Diagnostic Test: Single-heel rise test|
Plantar flexors play a crucial role in gait cycle, during foot clearance. It assists in forward propulsion, and is also responsible for maintaining the static and dynamic balances. Single heel-rise test is a physical examination which evaluates the strength of plantar-flexors. This study aims to assess the intra-rater and inter-rater reliability and normative value of single heel-rise test in healthy school-going children of age group 8-12 years.
1.1.Problem Statement: The documented evidences does not have normative value for single heel-rise test in children. The normative value is provided only for adults. Therefore, there is an absolute need of deriving normative value for this test in children.
1.2.Purpose of the study: The purpose of this study is to derive the normative value of single-heel rise test along with reliability.
1.3.Objectives of the study: 1.3.1.To establish inter-rater and intra-rater and test-retest reliability of single heel-rise test 1.3.2.To derive normative value of single heel-rise test
The study will be a cross-sectional study. The study protocol has been approved from the Institutional Ethics Committee of Maharishi Markandeshwar (Deemed to be University).
All the anthropometrics of the children will be taken prior to the test which includes height, weight, calf muscle girth and length. The maximum number of heel-rises will be performed by the child in single limb stance until maximal exertion will be recorded. The test will be repeated in standing position on both the sides. For balancing, 2-finger support on wall will be allowed.
Reliability testing: For inter-rater, 2 raters will assess on two different sessions on same day. For intra-rater, same rater will assess the test twice on same day, and after 24 hours for test-retest reliability.
Normative value: The mean of all the test-values for each age group will be normative value for that particular age group.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Actual Enrollment :||500 participants|
|Official Title:||Reliability and Normative Value of Single Heel-rise Test in School-going Children|
|Actual Study Start Date :||October 15, 2018|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||January 10, 2019|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||March 1, 2019|
- Diagnostic Test: Single-heel rise test
Single heel-rise test is used to assess the strength of plantar-flexors clinically
- Number of heel raise [ Time Frame: Upto two weeks ]Until exhaustion, number of times the heel raise can be achieved by participant
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03560115
|Maharishi Markandeshwar Institute of physiotherapy and Rehabilitation|
|Ambala, Haryana, India, 133207|
|Principal Investigator:||Rajnee Mishra, BPT, (MPT)||Department of Pediatrics and Neonatal Physiotherapy, MMIPR|