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Cannabidiol for the Treatment of Anxiety Disorders: An 8-Week Pilot Study

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03549819
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : June 8, 2018
Last Update Posted : June 18, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Tilray
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
McMaster University

Brief Summary:
This proposed study aims to evaluate the efficacy of daily Cannabidiol (CBD) Oil Capsules in treating symptoms of DSM-5 anxiety disorders, using a two-arm, 8-week randomized, placebo-controlled trial in adults aged 21-65 years. The study will also evaluate the relationship between inflammation, anxiety and CBD using biological markers as well as examine the neuro-cognitive effects of CBD treatment.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Generalized Anxiety Disorder Social Anxiety Disorder Panic Disorder Agoraphobia Drug: Cannabidiol (CBD) Oil Capsules Drug: Sunflower Lecithin Oil in Capsule Phase 3

Detailed Description:

The study will be a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled parallel design comparing the efficacy and safety of flexibly dosed CBD Oil capsules versus placebo for the treatment of adults, aged 21 to 65 years with a primary Diagnostic and Statistical Manual 5 (DSM-5) anxiety disorder: Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD), Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD), Panic Disorder (PD), or agoraphobia. A total 50 participants (n=25/cell) who meet the inclusion criteria will be randomized to receive 1 of 2 treatments in a 1:1 ratio: CBD Oil Capsules or matching placebo, with the possibility of dose titration during this 8-week period. The outcomes of this research will make a significant contribution to enhance our current understanding of the effects of cannabis in anxiety disorders.

To be involved in this study, the study doctor will first check that the participant is qualified. This is called screening, and will involve a clinical assessment, physical exam and urine tests. This visit may take up to 3 hours to complete.

If the participant successfully completes screening the participant will start treatment in one of the two assigned treatment groups. Treatment is 8 weeks. Participants will come to the study clinic 6 times during the treatment phase of the study. Each visit will last 1 to 2 hours. Each visit will involve reporting any side effects that the participant may have experienced, completing questionnaires about mood and anxiety symptoms, sleep, overall functioning and alcohol and drug use. Participants will also be assessed by the study doctor. The first and last visits will also involve blood work and completing a number of tasks on the computer, which measure focus, attention and memory.

Each participant will be involved in the study for a maximum of 10 weeks. This includes the screening visit and follow-up visit.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 50 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Cannabidiol for the Treatment of Anxiety Disorders: An 8-Week Pilot Study
Estimated Study Start Date : July 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : October 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Anxiety
Drug Information available for: Lecithin

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Cannabidiol (CBD) Oil Capsules
Pure CBD in sunflower lecithin oil, flexibly dosed at 200-800 mg per day
Drug: Cannabidiol (CBD) Oil Capsules

200 mg CBD- titrated as tolerated up to a maximum 2 capsules twice daily (200 mg- 800 mg total dose)

Start at 1 capsule/day (at bedtime) for one week and be titrated to 1 capsule twice/daily for one week. At the end of Week 2, dose may be titrated to 1 capsule in the morning and 2 capsules at bedtime; then at the end of Week 4, dose may be titrated to 2 capsules twice daily (the maximum of 800 mg/day total dose)


Placebo Comparator: Sunflower Lecithin Oil in Capsule
1-4 capsules daily
Drug: Sunflower Lecithin Oil in Capsule
Start at 1 capsule/day (at bedtime) for one week and be titrated to 1 capsule twice/daily for one week. At the end of Week 2, dose may be titrated to 1 capsule in the morning and 2 capsules at bedtime; then at the end of Week 4, dose may be titrated to 2 capsules twice daily (the maximum of 800 mg/day total dose)




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to week 8 ]
    The 14-item HAM-A was developed to assess general anxiety symptoms in a clinical population and has proven sensitive to change with treatment. It is a clinician-rated measure and will be administered at each visit by a trained, blinded rater, using the Structured Interview Guide for the HAM-A. It has 14-items to rate the intensity of psychic and somatic anxiety on a 5-point severity scale. Each item ranging from 0 (not present) to 4 (very severe) are summed up to give a total possible score of 0 (not present) to 56 (very severe), where lower scores indicates less anxiety.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Clinical Global Impression - Severity (CGI-S) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to week 8 ]
    The CGI-S is a clinician-rated instrument used to assess global severity of symptoms. The CGI-S ranges from 1 (normal, not ill) to 7 (among the most severely ill).

  2. Clinical Global Impression - Improvement (CGI-I) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to week 8 ]
    The CGI-I is a clinician-rated instrument used to assess overall improvement of illness. The CGI-I ranges from 1 (very much improved) to 7 (very much worse).

  3. Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to week 8 ]
    The GAD-7 is a self-reported questionnaire that measures the severity of various signs of GAD. It contains seven items with a 4-point scale (range: 0 to 3). The total possible score is ranged from 0 to 21, with higher scores representing greater severity of GAD.

  4. Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale- Self Report (LSAS-SR) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to week 8 ]
    The LSAS-SR is a 24 item scale that provides separate scores for fear and avoidance in social and performance situations with higher scores representing increased social anxiety. The LSAS-SR contains three total scores 1) total fear score (0-72), 2) total avoidance score (0-72) and total overall score (0-144).

  5. Panic and Agoraphobia Scale (PAS) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to week 8 ]
    The PAS is a measure of the severity of illness in patients with panic disorder (with or without agoraphobia). It has 13 items with a 5-point scale (range: 0-4). The total possible score is ranged from 0 to 52, with higher scores representing increased severity of illness. It contains 5 sub-scales: panic attacks, agoraphobic avoidance, anticipatory anxiety, disability, and functional avoidance (health concerns).

  6. Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomology (QIDS) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to week 8 ]
    The QIDS is a self-report measure of depression. It contains 16 items with a 4-point scale (range: 0 to 3) which assess the severity of the nine diagnostic symptom criteria used in the DSM: Sleep disturbance, sad mood, decrease/increase in appetite/weight, concentration, self-criticism, suicidal ideation, interest, energy/fatigue, and psychomotor agitation/retardation. The total possible score is ranged from 0 to 27, with higher scores representing greater severity of depression.

  7. Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to week 8 ]
    The SDS is a 3 question instrument designed to assess functional impairment associated with mental disorders in three domains: work impairment, social impairment, and impairment of family life or home responsibilities. Each sub-scale score ranges from 0 to 10 and a total disability score, calculated as the sum of scores for each question ranges from 0 to 30. Higher scores reflect greater impairment.

  8. World Health Organization Disability Assessment Scale (WHODAS 2.0) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to week 8 ]
    The WHODAS 2.0 is a 36-item self-administered questionnaire that covers 6 domains of functioning, including: Cognition, mobility, self-care, getting along with people, life activities, participation. Each question ranges from 'none' to 'extreme or cannot do'. The scores assigned to each of the items - "none" (0), "mild" (1) "moderate" (2), "severe" (3) and "extreme" (4) - are summed to give a total score that ranges from 0 to 144, with higher scores representing a greater degree of functional limitation.

  9. Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to week 8 ]
    The ISI has 7 questions with a 5-point score (range: 0 to 4). The total possible score is ranged from 0 to 28, with higher scores reflecting greater severity of sleep difficulty.

  10. Marijuana Craving Questionnaire [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to week 8 ]
    The Marijuana Craving Questionnaire is a 47-item self-report instrument that assesses marijuana craving along four dimensions: compulsivity, emotionality, expectancy, and purposefulness. Each item is answered with a 7-point scale from 1 (strongly disagree) to 7 (strongly agree).

  11. Obsessive Compulsive Inventory-Revised (OCI-R) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to week 8 ]
    The OCI-R is a self-report scale for assessing symptoms of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD). It consists of 18 questions with a 5-point scale (range: 0 to 4). The possible range of scores is 0 to 72, with higher scores indicating a greater likelihood of the presence of OCD.

  12. PTSD Checklist (PCL-5) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to week 8 ]
    The PCL-5 is a 20 item self-report measure that assesses symptoms of PTSD. Each item is rated on a 5-point scale from 0 (not at all) to 4 (extremely). The possible range of scores is 0 to 80, with higher scores indicating greater severity of PTSD.

  13. Drug Effects Questionnaire (DEQ) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to week 8 ]
    The DEQ assesses the extent to which participants 1) feel any substance effect(s), 2) feel high, 3) like the effects, 4) dislike the effects, and 5) want more of the substance using 100mm Visual Analog Scales.

  14. Marijuana Withdrawal Checklist [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to week 8 ]
    The Marijuana Withdrawal Checklist has 22 items that assess mood, behavioural, and physical symptoms associated with marijuana withdrawal. Each item is rated on a 4-point scale from 0 (none) to 3 (severe). A total score is obtained by summing each of the item totals (range 0 to 66). Higher scores indicated more severe symptoms associated with marijuana withdrawal.

  15. Shipley II: Verbal [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    Measures verbal intelligence quotient (IQ) - crystallized intelligence

  16. Shipley II: Abstraction [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    Measures abstract intelligence quotient (IQ) - fluid intelligence

  17. Digits Forward Test [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to week 8 ]
    Measures attention

  18. Digits Backward Test [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to week 8 ]
    Measures working memory

  19. Go/No-Go Test [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to week 8 ]
    Measures behavioural inhibition

  20. Monetary Choice Questionnaire [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to week 8 ]
    Measures impulsive decision making

  21. Probabilistic Choice Questionnaire [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to week 8 ]
    Measures risky decision making

  22. Trails A and B Task [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to week 8 ]
    Measures visual attention and switching

  23. Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to week 8 ]
    Measures short-term auditory-verbal memory

  24. Simple Visual Reaction Time Task [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to week 8 ]
    Measures reaction time

  25. Sustained Attention to Response Task [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to week 8 ]
    Measures sustained attention

  26. Experimental Drug Purchase Task [ Time Frame: Week 8 ]
    Measures drug abuse liability

  27. Inflammatory Markers [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to week 8 ]
    Serum levels of IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, TNF-α and IFN-γ



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Male or female outpatients 21-65 years of age with a primary psychiatric diagnosis of either GAD, SAD, PD or agoraphobia as defined by DSM-5 criteria and a HAM-A score of ≥ 22.
  2. Physical exam and laboratory findings without clinically significant abnormalities.
  3. Participants must agree to abstain from recreational cannabis use for the duration of the study.
  4. Concomitant psychotropic medication use will be allowed provided that the dose has been stable for 8 weeks prior to randomization. (including antidepressants, anti-psychotics, anti-convulsants, benzodiazepines, stimulants, mood stabilizers)
  5. The ability to comprehend and satisfactorily comply with protocol requirements.
  6. Written informed consent given prior to entering the baseline period of the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Current recreational or medicinal use of cannabis within 4 weeks of study initiation.
  2. Participants with a lifetime history of cannabis use disorder or other substance use disorders (except tobacco use disorder)will be excluded.
  3. Participants with a lifetime history of daily cannabis use will be excluded.
  4. Dose changes of concomitant medication will not be permitted during the study period.
  5. Pregnant women, lactating women, and women of childbearing potential who are not using medically accepted forms of contraception (e.g., IUD, oral contraceptives, barrier devices, condoms and foam, or implanted progesterone rods stabilized for at least 3 months), or women who are planning on becoming pregnant.
  6. Diagnosis of any of the following mental disorders as defined by the DSM-5: a lifetime history of schizophrenia or any other psychosis, mental retardation, organic medical disorders, bipolar disorder. Entry of patients with obsessive compulsive disorder or posttraumatic stress disorder will be permitted if the anxiety disorder is judged to be the predominant disorder, in order to increase accrual of a clinically relevant sample.
  7. Major depression will be allowed if not severe (Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale-MADRS ≥ 25). Patients with significant suicidal ideation (MADRS item 10 score > 3) or who have enacted suicidal behaviours within 6 months prior to intake will be excluded from study participation and referred for appropriate clinical intervention.
  8. Participants with a family history of psychosis will be excluded.
  9. Participants who have a history of adverse reactions to cannabis will be excluded.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03549819


Locations
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Canada, Ontario
MacAnxiety Research Centre Not yet recruiting
Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, L8S 1B7
Contact: Beth Patterson, MSc    905-921-7644    bpatter@mcmaster.ca   
Principal Investigator: Michael Van Ameringen, MD, FRCPC         
Sub-Investigator: James MacKillop, PhD         
Sub-Investigator: Emily MacKillop, PhD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
McMaster University
Tilray
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Michael Van Ameringen, MD, FRCPC Hamilton Health Sciences Corporation

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Responsible Party: McMaster University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03549819     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CBD_ANX
First Posted: June 8, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 18, 2019
Last Verified: June 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Keywords provided by McMaster University:
Anxiety Disorders
Cannabidiol
Cannabis
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Disease
Anxiety Disorders
Panic Disorder
Phobia, Social
Agoraphobia
Pathologic Processes
Mental Disorders
Phobic Disorders
Epidiolex
Anticonvulsants