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A Double-Blind Placebo-Control Dose Escalating Study to Evaluate the Safety and Immunogenicity of dmLT by Oral, Sublingual and Intradermal Vaccination in Adults Residing in an Endemic Area

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03548064
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : June 6, 2018
Last Update Posted : August 16, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Brief Summary:
This is a trial to evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of double mutant heat-labile toxin LTR192G/L211A (dmLT) from Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) by oral, sublingual, or intradermal vaccination in approximately 135 healthy adult volunteers, age 18-45 years. Study duration is approximately 2.5 years, with each participant duration for up to 9 months depending on the route of dmLT administered. There is no specific hypothesis being tested in this study. The primary objective of this study is to assess the reactogenicity, safety, and tolerability of dmLT when administered in three sequential doses, over a range of dosages by oral, sublingual, or intradermal routes.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Gastroenteritis Escherichia Coli Immunisation Other: Placebo Biological: Recombinant Double Mutant Heat-Labile Toxin LT(R192G/L211A) (dmLT) Oral enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) Vaccine Phase 1

Detailed Description:
This is a Phase 1 double-blinded, placebo-controlled, dose-escalation trial to evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of double mutant heat-labile toxin LTR192G/L211A (dmLT) from Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) by oral, sublingual, or intradermal vaccination in approximately 135 healthy adult volunteers, age 18-45 years, who meet all the eligibility criteria and reside in Bangladesh. Study duration is approximately 2.5 years, with each participant duration for up to 9 months depending on the route of dmLT administered. The study population will be recruited from Mirpur, a community of Dhaka, Bangladesh, known as having a high rate of diarrheal, respiratory, and enteric disease. This clinical trial is designed to assess the safety, reactogenicity, tolerability, and immunogenicity of a range of dosages of dmLT administered by three different routes: oral, sublingual, or intradermal. The oral and sublingual routes of administration will evaluate dosages of 5, 25, and 50 micrograms of dmLT; the intradermal route of administration will evaluate dosages of 0.3, 1.0, and 2.0 micrograms of dmLT. Participants will receive a total of three sequential doses of dmLT; the oral and sublingual routes will be at days 1, 15, and 29 and the intradermal route will be at days 1, 22, and 43. There is no specific hypothesis being tested in this study. The primary objective of this study is to assess the reactogenicity, safety, and tolerability of dmLT when administered in three sequential doses, over a range of dosages by oral, sublingual, or intradermal routes. The secondary objectives of this study are: 1) to assess the long-term safety, from first vaccination through 6 months following the last dose of vaccine, 2) to evaluate the serum anti-dmLT IgG and IgA response, 3) to evaluate the IgG and IgA anti-dmLT Antibody Secreting Cell (ASC) response, 4) to evaluate the IgG and IgA anti-dmLT Antibodies in Lymphocyte Supernatant (ALS) response, 5) to evaluate the total fecal IgA and fecal anti-dmLT IgA response, and 6) to evaluate the total salivary IgA and the saliva-derived anti-dmLT IgA response.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 135 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase 1 Double-Blinded, Placebo-Controlled, Dose Escalation Study to Evaluate the Safety and Immunogenicity of Double Mutant Heat-Labile Toxin LTR192G/L211A (dmLT) From Enterotoxigenic Escherichia Coli (ETEC) by Oral, Sublingual, or Intradermal Vaccination in Adults Residing in an Endemic Area
Actual Study Start Date : January 11, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : October 5, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : October 5, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Regimen A
5 µg of dmLT oral on days 1, 15, 29, n=12; placebo oral on days 1, 15, 29, n=3
Other: Placebo
Placebo

Biological: Recombinant Double Mutant Heat-Labile Toxin LT(R192G/L211A) (dmLT) Oral enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) Vaccine
LT(R192G/L211A), or dmLT is a derivative of wild-type enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli heat-labile enterotoxin that has been genetically modified by replacing the arginine at amino acid position 192 with glycine and the leucine at amino acid position 211 with alanine. These two amino acid substitutions take place in proteolytic cleavage sites which are critical for activation of the secreted toxin molecules.

Experimental: Regimen B
25 µg of dmLT oral on days 1, 15, 29, n=12; placebo oral on days 1, 15, 29, n=3
Other: Placebo
Placebo

Biological: Recombinant Double Mutant Heat-Labile Toxin LT(R192G/L211A) (dmLT) Oral enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) Vaccine
LT(R192G/L211A), or dmLT is a derivative of wild-type enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli heat-labile enterotoxin that has been genetically modified by replacing the arginine at amino acid position 192 with glycine and the leucine at amino acid position 211 with alanine. These two amino acid substitutions take place in proteolytic cleavage sites which are critical for activation of the secreted toxin molecules.

Experimental: Regimen C
5 µg of dmLT sublingual on days 1, 15, 29, n=12; placebo sublingual on days 1, 15, 29, n=3
Other: Placebo
Placebo

Biological: Recombinant Double Mutant Heat-Labile Toxin LT(R192G/L211A) (dmLT) Oral enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) Vaccine
LT(R192G/L211A), or dmLT is a derivative of wild-type enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli heat-labile enterotoxin that has been genetically modified by replacing the arginine at amino acid position 192 with glycine and the leucine at amino acid position 211 with alanine. These two amino acid substitutions take place in proteolytic cleavage sites which are critical for activation of the secreted toxin molecules.

Experimental: Regimen D
25 µg of dmLT sublingual on days 1, 15, 29, n=12; placebo sublingual on days 1, 15, 29, n=3
Other: Placebo
Placebo

Biological: Recombinant Double Mutant Heat-Labile Toxin LT(R192G/L211A) (dmLT) Oral enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) Vaccine
LT(R192G/L211A), or dmLT is a derivative of wild-type enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli heat-labile enterotoxin that has been genetically modified by replacing the arginine at amino acid position 192 with glycine and the leucine at amino acid position 211 with alanine. These two amino acid substitutions take place in proteolytic cleavage sites which are critical for activation of the secreted toxin molecules.

Experimental: Regimen E
0.3 µg of dmLT intradermal on days 1, 22, 43, n=12; placebo intradermal on days 1, 22, 43, n=3
Other: Placebo
Placebo

Biological: Recombinant Double Mutant Heat-Labile Toxin LT(R192G/L211A) (dmLT) Oral enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) Vaccine
LT(R192G/L211A), or dmLT is a derivative of wild-type enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli heat-labile enterotoxin that has been genetically modified by replacing the arginine at amino acid position 192 with glycine and the leucine at amino acid position 211 with alanine. These two amino acid substitutions take place in proteolytic cleavage sites which are critical for activation of the secreted toxin molecules.

Experimental: Regimen F
1.0 µg of dmLT intradermal on days 1, 22, 43, n=12; placebo intradermal on days 1, 22, 43, n=3
Other: Placebo
Placebo

Biological: Recombinant Double Mutant Heat-Labile Toxin LT(R192G/L211A) (dmLT) Oral enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) Vaccine
LT(R192G/L211A), or dmLT is a derivative of wild-type enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli heat-labile enterotoxin that has been genetically modified by replacing the arginine at amino acid position 192 with glycine and the leucine at amino acid position 211 with alanine. These two amino acid substitutions take place in proteolytic cleavage sites which are critical for activation of the secreted toxin molecules.

Experimental: Regimen G
50 µg of dmLT oral on days 1, 15, 29, n=12; placebo oral on days 1, 15, 29, n=3
Other: Placebo
Placebo

Biological: Recombinant Double Mutant Heat-Labile Toxin LT(R192G/L211A) (dmLT) Oral enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) Vaccine
LT(R192G/L211A), or dmLT is a derivative of wild-type enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli heat-labile enterotoxin that has been genetically modified by replacing the arginine at amino acid position 192 with glycine and the leucine at amino acid position 211 with alanine. These two amino acid substitutions take place in proteolytic cleavage sites which are critical for activation of the secreted toxin molecules.

Experimental: Regimen H
50 µg of dmLT sublingual on days 1, 15, 29, n=12; placebo sublingual on days 1, 15, 29, n=3
Other: Placebo
Placebo

Biological: Recombinant Double Mutant Heat-Labile Toxin LT(R192G/L211A) (dmLT) Oral enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) Vaccine
LT(R192G/L211A), or dmLT is a derivative of wild-type enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli heat-labile enterotoxin that has been genetically modified by replacing the arginine at amino acid position 192 with glycine and the leucine at amino acid position 211 with alanine. These two amino acid substitutions take place in proteolytic cleavage sites which are critical for activation of the secreted toxin molecules.

Experimental: Regimen I
2.0 µg of dmLT intradermal on days 1, 22, 43, n=12; placebo intradermal on days 1, 22, 43, n=3
Other: Placebo
Placebo

Biological: Recombinant Double Mutant Heat-Labile Toxin LT(R192G/L211A) (dmLT) Oral enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) Vaccine
LT(R192G/L211A), or dmLT is a derivative of wild-type enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli heat-labile enterotoxin that has been genetically modified by replacing the arginine at amino acid position 192 with glycine and the leucine at amino acid position 211 with alanine. These two amino acid substitutions take place in proteolytic cleavage sites which are critical for activation of the secreted toxin molecules.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The occurrence of discontinuation of study vaccination [ Time Frame: Day 1 up to day 223 ]
  2. The occurrence of solicited local site events [ Time Frame: Day 1 to day 8 ]
  3. The occurrence of solicited local site events [ Time Frame: Day 15 to day 36 ]
  4. The occurrence of solicited local site events [ Time Frame: Day 43 to day 50 ]
  5. The occurrence of study withdrawals [ Time Frame: Day 1 up to day 223 ]
  6. The occurrence of systemic reactogenicity events [ Time Frame: Day 1 to day 8 ]
  7. The occurrence of systemic reactogenicity events [ Time Frame: Day 15 to day 36 ]
  8. The occurrence of systemic reactogenicity events [ Time Frame: Day 43 to day 50 ]
  9. The occurrence of unsolicited vaccine-related adverse events (AE), including laboratory AE [ Time Frame: Day 1 to day 71 ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. The occurrence of vaccine-related serious adverse events (SAE) [ Time Frame: Day 1 up to day 223 ]
  2. The proportion of participants with = / > 2-fold rise in ALS anti-dmLT-specific IgA titers over baseline measured by ELISA [ Time Frame: Day 1 to day 114 ]
  3. The proportion of participants with = / > 2-fold rise in ALS anti-dmLT-specific IgG titers over baseline measured by ELISA [ Time Frame: Day 1 to day 114 ]
  4. The proportion of participants with >8 dmLT-specific IgA or IgG ASC / 10^6 PBMC as measured by ELISpot [ Time Frame: Day 1 to day 114 ]
  5. The proportion of participants with a = / > 4-fold rise in dmLT-specific serum IgA titers over baseline measured by ELISA [ Time Frame: Day 1 to day 114 ]
  6. The proportion of participants with a = / > 4-fold rise in dmLT-specific serum IgG titers over baseline measured by ELISA [ Time Frame: Day 1 to day 114 ]
  7. The proportion of participants with a = / > 4-fold rise over baseline in dmLT-specific fecal IgA titers measured by ELISA [ Time Frame: Day 1 to day 57 ]
  8. The proportion of participants with a = / > 4-fold rise over baseline in dmLT-specific salivary IgA titers measured by ELISA [ Time Frame: Day 1 to day 57 ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 45 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Male or female age 18-45 years old, inclusive.
  2. Provides written informed consent before initiation of any study procedures.
  3. Healthy as judged by the site investigators and determined by medical history, medication history, and physical examination.
  4. Capable of understanding, consenting, and complying with all the study visits and procedures.
  5. Body Mass Index of no less than 18.5.
  6. Agrees not to participate in another clinical trial during the study period.
  7. Agrees to complete all study visits and procedures.
  8. Agrees not to donate blood to a blood bank for 12 months after receiving the last vaccine.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Women who are pregnant or lactating or have a positive urine pregnancy test at screening or on the day of vaccinations.

    Note: all women presenting for screening will have urine pregnancy testing. "Females of childbearing potential must agree to use an efficacious hormonal or barrier method of birth control from screening and through 28 days post last dose of vaccine. Abstinence is also acceptable."

  2. Presence or history of a chronic medical condition* that would, in the opinion of the investigator, render vaccination unsafe or interfere with the evaluation of the vaccine.

    *Note: this may include, but is not limited to: significant renal disease, unstable or progressive neurological disorders, diabetes, heart disease, asthma, lung disease, liver disease, organ transplant recipients and cancer.

  3. Presence of a significant dermatologic condition*, or tattoo(s), scarring or significant skin damage at the vaccination site that would impede evaluation of local reactogenicity.

    *Note: this may include severe eczema, psoriasis or history of keloid formation. Participants with history of squamous cell or basal cell skin cancer that has been surgically excised and considered cured may be enrolled in the study if the skin cancer site is healed and is not at proposed vaccine administration site.

  4. Any developmental abnormality of the palate.
  5. Participants diagnosed with autoimmune disorders, chronic inflammatory disorders or neurological disorders with a potential autoimmune correlation.
  6. Use of long-term (> / = 2 weeks) oral steroids, intranasal or topical prednisone (or equivalent), parenteral steroids, or high-dose inhaled steroids (> 800 microgram/day of beclomethasone dipropionate or equivalent) within the preceding 6 months.
  7. Has major psychiatric illness* during last 12 months that in the investigator's opinion would preclude participation.

    *Note: Participants taking antipsychotic or antimanic drugs should not be enrolled. These include: aripiprazole, clozapine, ziprasidone, haloperidol, molindone, lamotrigine, gabapentin, topiramate, loxapine, thioridazine, thiothixene, pimozide, fluphenazine, risperidone, mesoridazine, quetiapine, trifluoperazine, chlorprothixene, chlorpromazine, perphenazine, olanzapine, carbamazepine, divalproex sodium, lithium carbonate, or lithium citrate. Participants taking a single antidepressant drug and are stable without de-compensating symptoms in the preceding 3 months can be enrolled in the study.

  8. Use of prescription or over-the-counter (OTC) anti-inflammatory medications* 48 hours prior to receiving the investigational product.

    *Note: This includes naproxen, aspirin, ibuprofen, and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

  9. Gastrointestinal symptoms* in the past 24 hours or abdominal pain lasting for more than 2 weeks in the past 6 months.

    *Note: this may include, but is not limited to: abdominal pain or cramps, loss of appetite, nausea, general ill-feeling or vomiting.

  10. Moderate or severe diarrheal illness* during the 6 weeks prior to enrollment.

    *Note: Moderate or severe diarrheal illness is defined by the passage of > / = 4 unformed or loose stools (mix of liquid and solid components) in a 24 hour period

  11. History of chronic gastrointestinal illness*.

    *Note: this includes severe dyspepsia or gastroesophageal reflux disease, constipation, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), hemorrhoids, diverticular disease, colitis, colon polyps, colon cancer, and inflammatory bowel disease. Mild or moderate heartburn or epigastric pain occurring no more than three times per week is permitted.

  12. Regular use (weekly or more often) of laxatives, anti-diarrheal, anti-constipation, or antacid therapy.
  13. History of major gastrointestinal surgery, excluding uncomplicated appendectomy or cholecystectomy.
  14. History of systemic antimicrobial treatment (i.e., topical treatments are not an exclusion) during the week prior to any administration of dmLT.
  15. Acute febrile illness (body temperature > / = 38 degrees Celsius) during the week prior to enrollment.
  16. Abnormal screening laboratories. Note: screening labs include white blood cell count (WBC), absolute neutrophil count (ANC), hemoglobin (Hg), platelet count, serum creatinine, serum albumin, alanine aminotransferase (ALT, also known as SGPT), and serologic testing for Hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBsAg) and Hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody. Abnormal vital signs.
  17. Isolation of specific bacteria* from screening stool cultures.

    *Note: bacteria include ETEC, Vibrio cholerae, and Shigella spp. Salmonella and Campylobacter will not be evaluated as part this criterion.

  18. Received an inactivated licensed vaccine within 2 weeks of enrollment or live licensed vaccine within 4 weeks of enrollment.
  19. Received a cholera (licensed or experimental) vaccine, E. coli vaccine, or Shigella vaccine in the last 3 years.
  20. History of receiving immune globulin or other blood product within the 3 months before enrollment in this study.
  21. Currently enrolled in another study, involving an experimental agent. Participants involved in observational studies or surveys remain eligible.
  22. Any condition that would, in the opinion of the Site Investigator, place the participant at an unacceptable risk of injury or render the participant unable to meet the requirements of the protocol.
  23. Known allergies to study compound or components of the study vaccine.
  24. Donating blood in the 8 weeks prior to study entry.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03548064


Contacts
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Contact: Wilbur H Chen 14107066156 wchen@som.umaryland.edu

Locations
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Bangladesh
International Center for Diarrheal Disease Research Bangladesh - Infectious Diseases Division - Mucosal Immunology and Vaccinology Unit Recruiting
Dhaka, Bangladesh, 1212
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

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Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03548064     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 14-0031
HHSN272201300022I
First Posted: June 6, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 16, 2019
Last Verified: April 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
dmLT
E. coli
Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC)
LTR192G/L211A

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Gastroenteritis
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Vaccines
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs