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Fecal Microbiota Transplantation for Pouchitis

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03545386
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : June 4, 2018
Last Update Posted : April 19, 2019
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
McMaster University

Brief Summary:
This is a randomized double-blind placebo controlled trial involving a single centre (McMaster University) recruiting patients from Hamilton, ON and the surrounding regions, to evaluate whether fecal microbiota transplantation once weekly for six weeks increases the remission rate compared to placebo in patients with active pouchitis.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Pouchitis Other: Fecal microbiota transplantation Other: Placebos Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) may undergo colectomy due to a variety of reasons, including medically refractory disease or dysplastic changes of the colon. Ileal-pouch anal anastomosis is often offered to these patients. Unfortunately the pouch commonly develops inflammation, known as pouchitis, which is the most common complication of this procedure and occurs in approximately 50% of patients, with the majority of these patients having multiple episodes.

Although the exact cause of pouchitis is not clear, it is felt that fecal bacteria may be implicated in the cause. Studies have demonstrated changes in the fecal contents of patients with pelvic pouches compared to those with end ileostomies, with higher concentrations of Bacteroides and stool anaerobes identified in those patients with pelvic pouches. Antibiotics are a mainstay of treatment for pouchitis, with randomized controlled trials demonstrating response rates of 70-85% to metronidazole or ciprofloxacin for treatment of acute pouchitis. Unfortunately, recurrent use of systemic antibiotics is associated with adverse events and development of antibiotic resistance.

Fecal Microbiota Transplantation (FMT) is the administration of the supernatant component of stool and water mixture from a healthy screened donor. The donors are screened for numerous infections and pathogens prior to being accepted as donors. FMT has been advocated for some colonic disorders; however it is primarily used in recurrent/refractory Clostridium difficile infections (CDI). A case series from McMaster of over 100 patients and have shown that approximately 90% of patients with recurrent CDI have been cured with FMT. The rationale is that the aberrant colonic microbiome can be replaced with a normal healthy microbiome from a donor. A similar rationale has been applied to ulcerative colitis, and a recent systematic review and meta-analysis conducted by the investigators demonstrated FMT is associated with improved clinical remission and endoscopic healing compared to placebo. It seems possible that changing the intestinal flora in patients with pouchitis could also return the mucosa to a healthy state.

The investigators have conducted the world's first randomized trial of fecal transplant therapy to determine its efficacy and safety in patients with active UC. The investigators found that fecal transplants given once per week for 6 weeks resolved the inflammation in 24% of patients with active UC compared to 5% with placebo. There has been no randomized control trial evaluating the efficacy of FMT for treatment of pouchitis. An initial case series of 8 patients did not find treatment with one administration of FMT via nasogastric administration to be associated with any improvement in clinical response. However a subsequent case series found improvement in 4 out of 5 patients with chronic pouchitis who had multiple FMT treatments over 3-4 weeks. The investigators will conduct a randomized trial at a single centre (McMaster University) comparing fecal transplant therapy (from a healthy donor) versus placebo for six weeks for induction of remission in patients with active pouchitis.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 34 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Randomized Trial of Fecal Microbiota Transplantation Versus Placebo for the Induction of Remission in Patients With Active Pouchitis
Actual Study Start Date : April 17, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 30, 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 30, 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Bowel Movement

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: FMT Other: Fecal microbiota transplantation
Stool from healthy donor administered via enema

Placebo Comparator: Placebo Other: Placebos
Saline with food coloring administered via enema

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Remission of pouchitis, defined as a pouchitis disease activity index (PDAI) score of <7, with a decreased from baseline PDAI score of 3 points [ Time Frame: 7 weeks ]
    Comparison between FMT and placebo arms in remission rates

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. compliance of patients who receive FMT [ Time Frame: 7 weeks ]
    Measurement of retention rate of patients who receive FMT

  2. compare the fecal microbiome in pouchitis patients in remission versus still active at the end of the trial. [ Time Frame: 7 weeks ]
    Analysis of changes using 16S rRNA to look at changes in the bacterial profiles of patients who respond to FMT compared to those who do not

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 99 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients aged 18 or over
  2. Active pouchitis defined as PDAI of 7-18 points
  3. Females of child bearing potential must be willing and able to use acceptable contraception as per Appendix III. II. b. Toxicity section of the Health Canada Guidance

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Participating in another clinical trial
  2. Unable to give informed consent
  3. Severe comorbid medical illness
  4. Concomitant Clostridium difficile infection

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03545386

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Contact: Neeraj Narula 905-521-2100 ext 73884

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Canada, Ontario
McMaster University Recruiting
Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, L8S4K1
Contact: Neeraj Narula    9055212100 ext 73884   
Sponsors and Collaborators
McMaster University
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Responsible Party: McMaster University Identifier: NCT03545386    
Other Study ID Numbers: 4702
First Posted: June 4, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 19, 2019
Last Verified: April 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Gastrointestinal Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Ileal Diseases