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Investigating Trunk Control in Young Children With Down Syndrome

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03544840
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 4, 2018
Last Update Posted : August 22, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
American Physical Therapy Association
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Texas Woman's University

Brief Summary:

Overall, the purpose of this dissertation research is to investigate trunk control in young children with DS. This will be done in three studies:

  1. The purpose of the first study is to determine the reliability of the SATCo in young children with DS. The hypothesis is that the SATCo will demonstrate good (κ > 0.8) interrater and intrarater reliability.
  2. The purpose of the second study is to examine the validity of the SATCo with the GMFM-66 and determine whether age and SATCo score predict GMFM-66 score in young children with DS. The hypotheses are that 1) the SATCo will show concurrent validity with the GMFM-66, and 2) both age and SATCo scores will be significant predictors of GMFM-66 scores.
  3. The purpose of the third study is to explore the impact of a dynamic standing device (Upsee) on trunk control and motor skills in young children with DS. The hypothesis is that participants will demonstrate a greater change in scores on the SATCo and the GMFM during the dynamic standing home program phase than during the baseline phases.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Down Syndrome Gross Motor Development Delay Other: Physical Therapy Home Program Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Literature suggests there is a need to identify effective home programs to supplement physical therapy and improve gross motor function in children with Down syndrome (DS). To study the impact of home programs, effective tools must be employed to measure the incremental changes that occur in young children with DS, both at the body structure and function level and the activity level of the World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). The Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM-66) is an effective measure of motor skills at the activity level of the ICF for children with DS; however, there is a lack of sound outcome measures of trunk control for young children with DS. The Segmental Assessment of Trunk Control (SATCo) may be an effective tool for this purpose but has not been studied in this population.

In addition to assessing trunk control in children with DS, intervention strategies for improving trunk control in this population must be investigated. A home program using upright mobility through treadmill training has proven to be effective in accelerating the acquisition of motor skills in infants with DS; however, alternative forms of upright mobility that are more affordable and less cumbersome are needed. The Upsee (Firefly by Leckey, Lisburn, Northern Ireland) shows promise as a dynamic standing device that can be used at home by the parent and child to promote upright mobility. This device has not been studied in young children with DS.

Overall, the purpose of this dissertation research is to investigate trunk control in young children with DS. This will be done in three studies:

  1. The purpose of the first study is to determine the reliability of the SATCo in young children with DS. The hypothesis is that the SATCo will demonstrate good (κ > 0.8) interrater and intrarater reliability.
  2. The purpose of the second study is to examine the validity of the SATCo with the GMFM-66 and determine whether age and SATCo score predict GMFM-66 score in young children with DS. The hypotheses are that 1) the SATCo will show concurrent validity with the GMFM-66, and 2) both age and SATCo scores will be significant predictors of GMFM-66 scores.
  3. The purpose of the third study is to explore the impact of a dynamic standing device (Upsee) on trunk control and motor skills in young children with DS. The hypothesis is that participants will demonstrate a greater change in scores on the SATCo and the GMFM during the dynamic standing home program phase than during the baseline phases.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 18 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Investigation of Trunk Control in Young Children With Down Syndrome
Actual Study Start Date : July 1, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 31, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : January 31, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Down Syndrome

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Dynamic Standing Device
Home program using the Upsee
Other: Physical Therapy Home Program
On the first day of the intervention phase (B), the PI will deliver the dynamic standing home program device (Upsee) to the parent and child. The PI will provide training and education to the parent on the device and home program. At the weekly visit to score outcome measures, the PI will check the fit of the devices, ensure compliance, and answer any questions about the home program. Parents will be encouraged to use the device with their child 5 days per week, 30 minutes per day. Parents will keep a daily log sheet to record duration of device use, activities performed, and subjective observations of the child during the intervention (Appendix K). The PI will collect these log sheets each week. The baseline phases (A1 and A2) will last 4 weeks and the intervention phase (B) will last 6 weeks. Part 2 of the study is expected to last 14 weeks.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Segmental Assessment of Trunk Control [ Time Frame: 20 minutes ]
    Assesses seated trunk control in children with neuromotor disorders.

  2. Gross Motor Function Measure [ Time Frame: 40 minutes ]
    Assesses gross motor skills in children with Down syndrome



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   6 Months to 24 Months   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Diagnosis of DS. This is the diagnosis that is being investigated
  2. Speak English. This is the language spoken by the PI.
  3. Medically stable, without physician- ordered restrictions. Some children with DS have cardiac surgery or other complications that would contraindicate handling or movement. These children would not be considered medically stable.
  4. Between the age of 6 to 24 months. This captures the full range of the outcome measure being investigated.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Meet inclusion and exclusion criteria for part 1 of the study. Children for part 2 of the study will be a sub-sample of those in part 1 of the study.
  2. Between the age of 9 to 18 months. This captures the age when most children with DS are able to bear weight through their lower extremities, but before they can walk independently. This is necessary to be able to use the home programs and demonstrate gross motor changes.
  3. Unable to ambulate independently. Children who can walk independently cannot use the home program devices.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03544840


Locations
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United States, Texas
University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences
Austin, Texas, United States, 78739
Sponsors and Collaborators
Texas Woman's University
American Physical Therapy Association
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Megan Flores, MPT Student

Publications:
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Responsible Party: Texas Woman's University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03544840     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 20067
First Posted: June 4, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 22, 2019
Last Verified: August 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Down Syndrome
Syndrome
Disease
Pathologic Processes
Intellectual Disability
Neurobehavioral Manifestations
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases
Abnormalities, Multiple
Congenital Abnormalities
Chromosome Disorders
Genetic Diseases, Inborn