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Dermoscopy in Diagnosis of Pigmentary Skin Lesions

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03542539
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified May 2018 by Mohamed Sobeith, Assiut University.
Recruitment status was:  Not yet recruiting
First Posted : May 31, 2018
Last Update Posted : May 31, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mohamed Sobeith, Assiut University

Brief Summary:
Dermoscopy is a non-invasive method that allows evaluation of colors and microstructures of the epidermis, the dermoepidermal junction, and the papillary dermis not visible to the naked eye. These structures are specifically correlated to histologic features. The identification of specific diagnostic patterns related to the distribution of colors and dermoscopy structures can better suggest a malignant or benign pigmented skin lesion. The use of this technique provides a valuable aid in diagnosing pigmented skin lesions

Condition or disease
Pigmentary Skin Lesions Dermoscopy

Detailed Description:

Skin color affected by many agents as it is determined by several chromophores such as melanin, hemoglobin and carotenoids. Among these, melanin is the main one responsible for different skin colors.

Melanin is produced by special skin cells called melanocytes and packed in organelles called melanosomes. Sometimes, human skin may present a non-uniform melanin distribution in two different ways, leading to pigmentary disorders.

In the first, melanin concentration increases to levels above normal resulting in hypermelanosis. In the second, the melanin concentration decreases to levels below normal, resulting in hypomelanosis.melanogenesis is acomplex process when disturbed ,it results into various pigmentary disorders either hypo or hyper pigmentation.

These disorders may be congenital or acquired, permenant or temporary, systemic or region restricted).

Pigmentary disorders are include alarge number of heterogenous conditions that are usually characterized by altered melanocyte density, melanin concentration, or both, and result in altered pigmentation of the skin. Some of these disorders are extremely common such as (melisma and vitiligo), whereas others are rare

Differential Diagnosis of Hyper and Hypopigmentation:

Hyperpigmentation Hypopigmentation Postinflammatory hyperpigmentation (acne, psoriasis, atopic and contact dermatitis, lichen planus, trauma, drugs, and fixed-drug eruptions) Melasma Solar lentigines Ephelides (freckles) Café-au-lait macules Nevi Melanoma and precursors Acquired (common) Vitiligo Pityriasis alba Tinea versicolor Postinflammatory hypopigmentation Congenital (uncommon) Albinism Piebaldism Tuberous sclerosis Hypomelanosis of Ito

Several studies have shown that dermoscopy may come in very handy for assisting the noninvasive diagnosis of various general dermatological disorders, including scalp/hair diseases (trichoscopy) , nail/nailfold abnormalities (onychoscopy) , cutaneous infections/infestations (entomodermoscopy) and inflammatory dermatoses (inflammoscopy) .

Dermoscopy is a non-invasive method that allows evaluation of colors and microstructures of the epidermis, the dermoepidermal junction, and the papillary dermis not visible to the naked eye. These structures are specifically correlated to histologic features. The identification of specific diagnostic patterns related to the distribution of colors and dermoscopy structures can better suggest a malignant or benign pigmented skin lesion. The use of this technique provides a valuable aid in diagnosing pigmented skin lesions, This traditionally consists of a magnifier , a non-polarised light source, a transparent plate and a liquid medium between the instrument and the skin .

The increasing use of dermoscopy in general dermatology can be partially explained by commercially available new generations of handheld dermoscopes, which are small enough to be easily placed in every dermatologist's pocket . It is a safe and rapid diagnostic tool that assists in clinical examination and management decision in dermatology

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Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 100 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: The Role of Dermoscopy in Diagnosis of Pigmentary Skin Lesions
Estimated Study Start Date : August 1, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : September 1, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 1, 2019



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The percentage of patients with pigmentary lesions [ Time Frame: 24 hours ]
    use of dermoscope for diagnosis



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
all patients attending assiut university hospital clinics complaining of pigmentary skin lesions
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • all patients attending assuit university hospital clinics complaining of pigmentary skin lesions

Exclusion Criteria:

  • no exclusion criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03542539


Contacts
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Contact: Doaa Abou-Taleb, lecturer 01001463937 doddaabou_taleb@yahoo.com

Sponsors and Collaborators
Assiut University
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Responsible Party: Mohamed Sobeith, principal investigator, Assiut University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03542539    
Other Study ID Numbers: RODIPSL
First Posted: May 31, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 31, 2018
Last Verified: May 2018

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No