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Muscadine Plus (MPX) In Men With Prostate Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03535675
Recruitment Status : Terminated (The study was terminated by DSMB due to futility.)
First Posted : May 24, 2018
Results First Posted : May 22, 2023
Last Update Posted : May 22, 2023
Greater Washington Community Foundation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins

Brief Summary:
This research is being done to determine if men with rising PSA after initial therapy for localized prostate cancer who display the Alanine/Alanine SOD2 genotype of MnSOD and supplement their diet with MPX have greater decrease in PSA slope following treatment compared to men that do not supplement with MPX.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Adenocarcinoma of the Prostate Drug: Muscadine Plus Drug: Placebos Phase 3

Detailed Description:

Prostate specific antigen (PSA) is a single-chain glycoprotein produced by the epithelial cells of the prostate. PSA has been used for early detection and monitoring of patients with prostate cancer who receive a variety of treatments. Due to the widespread use of serum PSA to monitor for prostate cancer recurrence following primary treatment, there exists a group of men with a rising PSA as their only evidence of recurrence. These patients may not demonstrate clinical or radiographic evidence of disease progression for an average 8 years from the time of detectable PSA to detectable metastatic disease by standard imaging. Currently there are limited treatment options for these patients that may delay disease progression or improve survival, including salvage radiation for prior surgical patients, hormonal therapy, and active surveillance.

Although some surgical patients are candidates for salvage radiation, not all patients will want salvage radiation. Even the early initiation of hormonal therapy (e.g., luteinizing hormone releasing hormone (LHRH) analogs) has not demonstrated a survival benefit, although Schroder et al suggests an advantage for early hormone therapy in the setting of metastatic regional lymph nodes. Furthermore, early initiation of androgen ablation is associated with significant morbidity and impact on quality of life, including fatigue, hot flashes, loss of libido, decreased muscle mass, and osteoporosis with long term use. This group of relatively well men with biochemical recurrence are currently offered androgen ablation therapy or active surveillance (regular PSA monitoring and annual scans) until there is evidence of metastatic disease, because other options have not been available. These patients are excellent candidates for innovative treatments hypothesized to slow the progression of clinical prostate cancer and delay the development of metastatic disease.

As the previous section documents, preclinical studies of muscadine grape skin offer evidence that it may extend the time between biochemical recurrence and development of metastatic disease. While the Phase II study described above found no significant difference in PSA doubling time between placebo and either dose of MPX, there was a signal of benefit in the subgroup analysis of men with the Alanine/Alanine superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2) genotype that received high dose MPX. It is therefore proposed to test the benefits of high dose MPX in capsule formulation in a randomized, controlled study of men who have failed primary therapy, either radiation, surgery or cryotherapy, as primary treatment for prostate cancer. Eligible subjects will have a rising PSA and will have 3 PSA values at least 7 days apart with a recovered testosterone to be able to calculate a baseline PSA doubling time. The primary endpoint of this study will be mean PSA slope during the study period.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 59 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: This is a multicenter, double-blind, randomized study to evaluate the benefit of MPX supplementation in the subset of men who display the Alanine/Alanine SOD2 genotype of MnSOD. Based on a previous randomized phase II trial of MPX at Hopkins, PSA doubling time (PSA-DT) was prolonged in this subgroup of men.
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study Of The Effects Of MPX Capsules On Rising Prostate-Specific Antigen Levels In Alanine/Alanine SOD2 Genotype Men Following Initial Therapy For Prostate Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : October 30, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 6, 2022
Actual Study Completion Date : November 3, 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Muscadine Plus
Each treatment cycle consists of once daily oral dosing of 4000 mg Muscadine Plus, every day throughout each 12 week (84 day) cycle. Patients may continue to receive additional cycles of study drug and will be followed every three months with standard visits with their physician until completion of 48 weeks of study treatment, disease progression, or until they wish to discontinue the drug.
Drug: Muscadine Plus
Ellagic acid inhibits DNA Methyltransferase. DNA Methyltransferases (DNMTs) are a family of enzymes that regulate chromatin methylation and use S-adenosyl methionine (SAM) as the methyl donor. Ellagic acid's metabolite, urolithin-A inhibits the protein complex nuclear factor kappa-light-enhancer of activated B-cells (NFkB), potentially leading to increased rates of apoptosis and decreases in cancer cell proliferation. Extracts from Vitis rotundifolia have shown inhibition of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-Akt pathway.
Other Name: MPX

Experimental: Placebo
Each treatment cycle consists of once daily oral dosing of 4000 mg placebos, every day throughout each 12 week (84 day) cycle. Patients may continue to receive additional cycles of placebo and will be followed every three months with standard visits with their physician until completion of 48 weeks of study treatment, disease progression, or until they wish to discontinue the drug.
Drug: Placebos
The placebo capsules are rice flour that will be placed in white opaque capsules identical to the ones used for MPX.
Other Name: Placebo

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) Response [ Time Frame: baseline,12, 24, 36, and 48 weeks ]

    To determine if men who display the Alanine/Alanine superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2) genotype of MnSOD and supplement their diet with MPX have greater changes in PSA slope following treatment compared to men that do not supplement with MPX.

    PSA response will be measured as the change of serum PSA in ng/mL/month, on-study PSA slope for each patient with comparisons between treatment arms adjusted for pre-study PSA slope; on-study PSA slope was calculated from PSA values taken at baseline,12, 24, 36, and 48 weeks, and calculated as the slope of the simple linear regression of the natural log of PSA versus time in ng/mL/month.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. PSA Doubling Time [ Time Frame: Up to 26 months ]
    PSA doubling time (PSADT) will be calculated in months by measuring the PSA values within 12 months from start of intervention.

  2. PSA Objective Response Rate [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ]
    The number of patients with a decrease in PSA of ≥50%

  3. PSA Progression [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    The time to disease progression for both treatment groups by PSA progression. PSA progression is defined as an increase in PSA greater than 50% and >5 ng/ml above nadir.

  4. Radiographic Progression [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    The time to disease progression for both treatment groups by radiologic disease progression (i.e. development of metastatic disease).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 99 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

Patients meeting the following conditions are eligible for registration and participation in the study:

  1. Subject has histologically or cytologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate
  2. Subject has undergone definitive treatment (surgery, surgery with radiation therapy, cryotherapy, radiation therapy or brachytherapy) for the primary prostate tumor (prior chemotherapy is not allowed) .

    a. A subject with a rising PSA post-prostatectomy should consider radiation as a potentially curative alternative. If subject declines radiation or is not a candidate for radiation, he may be considered eligible in this setting.

  3. Subject has a rising PSA on a minimum of 3 time points (2 rises) within the 12 months prior to study initiation (this will include the PSA measurement taken at the screening visit, but not at the baseline day 0 study visit).

    For purposes of calculating PSA doubling time (PSADT):

    1. All PSA values used in the calculation should be ≥ 0.20 ng/ml and overall should follow a rising trend;
    2. Record every available PSA drawn within the last 12 months of the most recent local PSA;
    3. The minimum requirement is 3 PSA values obtained over 3 months with a minimum of 4 weeks between measurements;
    4. If there are 4 or more PSAs available, the time interval between the first and last PSA measurements must be at least 3 months, and, there is no minimum time interval requirement between any two PSA measurements;
    5. For radiotherapy only patients, record PSA nadir value and collection date. PSADT (PSA doubling time) must be positive according to Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center Prostate Cancer Nomograms under this link: http://www.mskcc.org/applications/nomograms/prostate/PsaDoublingTime.aspx
  4. One of the following criteria must be met.

    1. Absolute level of PSA >0.4 ng/mL following surgery. (surgery only)
    2. Absolute level of PSA >0.4 ng/mL for subjects treated with multiple treatment modalities (e.g., surgery + radiation, surgery + cryotherapy, etc.).
    3. A rise by 2 ng/mL or more above the nadir PSA will be considered the standard definition for biochemical failure after radiation therapy with or without hormonal therapy. (radiation only)
  5. Subject is >18 years of age.
  6. Subject has life expectancy of greater than 12 months.
  7. Subject has Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status 0, 1 or 2
  8. Subject has testosterone level of ≥1.5 ng/mL at screening.
  9. Subject has normal organ and marrow function as defined below:

    1. Leukocytes >3,000/microliter
    2. absolute neutrophil count >1,500/microliter
    3. platelets >100,000/microliter
    4. total bilirubin <1.5 x upper limit of normal except for Gilberts <2.5 x upper limit of normal
    5. aspartate aminotransferase/Alanine transaminase ≤ 2.5 X upper limit of normal
    6. creatinine ≤ 2.5 upper limit of normal
  10. Subject agrees to abstain from other commercially available MuscadinePlus (MP) products (Vinetra, MuscadinePlus or MP capsules) while participating in this study.
  11. Subject's use of other dietary/herbal supplements (e.g. saw palmetto, selenium, pomegranate juice or pills, acai concentrated extract, etc) has been stable for at least 2 months prior to screening and the subject agrees not to stop or change the dose(s) while participating in the study.
  12. Subject has signed a written informed consent document and agrees to comply with requirements of the study.
  13. CT or MRI chest/abdomen/pelvis and bone scan without evidence of metastatic disease as an inclusion.
  14. Subject agrees to genotyping of manganese-dependent superoxide dismutase 2 (MnSOD2) gene and any genetic counseling. Only those with Alanine/Alanine SOD2 genotype will be randomized.

Exclusion Criteria:

Subjects meeting the following conditions are not eligible for participation in the study:

  1. Subject has known radiographic evidence of metastatic disease, except for presence of positive lymph nodes from the surgical pathology. Pelvic/intraperitoneal lymph nodes less than 1.5 cm maybe considered nonspecific and the patient would be eligible. If there is any clinical suspicion for metastatic disease, CT and Bone Scan must be performed to rule out metastatic disease, within the last four months, per standard of care.
  2. Subject has received any therapies that modulate testosterone levels (e.g., androgen ablative/anti-androgen therapy, 5 alpha reductase inhibitors) for a minimum of 12 months prior to study.
  3. Subject has had prior or concomitant treatment with experimental drugs, high dose steroids, or any other cancer treatment within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of the study product.
  4. Subject has consumed any Muscadine Plus over the past 2 months.
  5. Subject has a known allergy to muscadine grapes, ellagic acid or rice
  6. Subject has uncontrolled concurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  7. Subject has negative PSA doubling time (negative doubling time corresponds with decreasing PSA) Doubling time may be computed using the Sloan Kettering prediction tools posted at http://www.mskcc.org/applications/nomograms/prostate/PsaDoublingTime.aspx

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03535675

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United States, California
City of Hope
Duarte, California, United States, 91010
UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center
La Jolla, California, United States, 92093
United States, Colorado
University of Colorado Cancer Center
Aurora, Colorado, United States, 80045
United States, District of Columbia
Sibley Memorial Hospital
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, 20016
United States, Illinois
University of Chicago
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60637
United States, Maryland
Johns Hopkins Hospital
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21205
United States, Massachusetts
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215
United States, Michigan
University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States, 48109
Karmanos Cancer Institute
Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48201
United States, Pennsylvania
Allegheny Health Network
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15212
United States, South Carolina
Carolina Urologic Research Center
Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, United States, 29572
United States, Utah
Huntsman Cancer Institute
Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, 84112
United States, Virginia
University of Virginia
Charlottesville, Virginia, United States, 22908
Sponsors and Collaborators
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins
Greater Washington Community Foundation
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Principal Investigator: Channing Paller, M.D SKCCC at Johns Hopkins
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins:
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Responsible Party: Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03535675    
Other Study ID Numbers: J1823
IRB00166021 ( Other Identifier: JHM IRB )
First Posted: May 24, 2018    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: May 22, 2023
Last Update Posted: May 22, 2023
Last Verified: April 2023
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type