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Short and Long-Term Effectiveness of Existing Insomnia Therapies for Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis (Sleep-HD)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03534284
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : May 23, 2018
Last Update Posted : October 18, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Rajnish Mehrotra, University of Washington

Brief Summary:

Insomnia is a common and distressing symptom for patients on hemodialysis (HD), and there is evidence for a much larger impact on the health of patients. Chronic insomnia is disrupted sleep that occurs at least three nights per week and lasts at least three months.

The SLEEP-HD study is a randomized open-label clinical trial to compare two types of treatment for insomnia in participants who have end-stage renal disease on HD, and who have been diagnosed with chronic insomnia. The two types of treatment involved in the study are Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia (CBT-I) or treatment with a drug (trazodone vs placebo).

125 participants will be enrolled who are undergoing HD in two study locations (Seattle, Washington and Albuquerque, New Mexico).


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Insomnia End Stage Renal Disease Behavioral: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia Drug: Trazodone Drug: Placebo Phase 3

Detailed Description:

Most HD patients have significant impairments in quality of life, largely from the high frequency of disabling symptoms. Insomnia is one of the most frequently reported symptoms and studies of HD patients and/or other populations suggest that it is a significant contributor to other common symptoms and poor health outcomes. There are unique contributors to chronic insomnia in HD patients and these include the biologic effects of residual uremia after partial correction as is achieved with current dialysis technology, maladaptation to treatment schedules, and patients' napping during treatments.

There is a compelling need to identify effective treatments for insomnia in HD patients and the interventions being studied in this clinical trial, telehealth cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) and trazodone, have a strong scientific premise. If telehealth (web-based) CBT-I is effective for insomnia in HD patients, it will make a treatment that is presently inaccessible available to patients. Trazodone is widely used but the data on efficacy for insomnia are limited; no such data exist for HD patients.

SLEEP-HD is a parallel group randomized controlled trial wherein 125 HD patients with chronic insomnia, treated in community-based dialysis facilities in Seattle and Albuquerque, will be randomized 1:1:1 over 31 months to 6-week treatment with telehealth CBT-I, trazodone, or medication placebo.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 125 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: SLEEP-HD is a parallel group randomized controlled trial wherein 125 HD patients with chronic insomnia, treated in community-based dialysis facilities in Seattle and Albuquerque, will be randomized 1:1:1 over 31 months to 6-week treatment with telehealth CBT-I, trazodone, or medication placebo.
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Masking Description: The investigator, the participant, and the care provider will be blinded to the drug assignment (trazodone vs. placebo) for those subjects randomized into the medication intervention arm.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Short and Long-Term Effectiveness of Existing Insomnia Therapies for Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis (Sleep-HD)
Actual Study Start Date : September 19, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : March 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Dialysis

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: CBT-I
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia sessions: a 30-minute treatment session once weekly for six weeks.
Behavioral: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia
Once weekly treatment sessions for 6 weeks. The content of each of these sessions will be adapted to include changes in behavior during HD treatments (such as napping) and to help patients better adjust to treatment schedules. The CBT-I sessions will be delivered by a therapist face-to-face with the patient via a fully interactive video telehealth platform.
Other Name: CBT-I

Active Comparator: Medication- Trazodone
Trazodone (50-100 mg):
Drug: Trazodone
trazodone tablet
Other Name: Desyrel

Placebo Comparator: Medication- Placebo
Placebo (for trazodone)
Drug: Placebo
Inactive pill manufactured to mimic trazodone tablets.
Other Name: Placebo (for trazodone)




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) Short-term [ Time Frame: Week 7 ]
    summary score obtained from the ISI, measuring insomnia, range from 0 to 28. Higher score indicates greater insomnia, at Week 7 describing the short-term effect of the intervention

  2. Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) Long-term [ Time Frame: Week 25 ]
    summary score obtained from the ISI, measuring insomnia, range from 0 to 28. Higher score indicates greater insomnia, at Week 25 describing the long-term effect of the intervention


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Patient-reported Outcomes (PRO) - Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index - Short-term [ Time Frame: Week 7 ]
    Score from Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, measuring sleep quality, range 0 to 21. Higher scores indicates worse sleep quality: at Week 7 describing the short-term effect of the intervention

  2. Patient-reported Outcomes (PRO) - Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index - Long-term [ Time Frame: Week 25 ]
    Score from Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, measuring sleep quality, range 0 to 21. Higher scores indicates worse sleep quality: at Week 25 describing the long-term effect of the intervention

  3. Patient-reported Outcomes (PRO) - Epworth Sleepiness Scale - Short-term [ Time Frame: Week 7 ]
    Score from Epworth Sleepiness Scale, measuring sleepiness, range 0 to 24. Higher scores indicates greater sleepiness: at Week 7 describing the short-term effect of the intervention

  4. Patient-reported Outcomes (PRO) - Epworth Sleepiness Scale - Long-term [ Time Frame: Week 25 ]
    Score from Epworth Sleepiness Scale, measuring sleepiness, range 0 to 24. Higher scores indicates greater sleepiness: at Week 25 describing the long-term effect of the intervention

  5. Patient-reported Outcomes (PRO) - FACIT Fatigue Scale- Short-term [ Time Frame: Week 7 ]
    Score from FACIT Fatigue Scale, measuring fatigue, range 0 to 52. Higher scores indicates greater fatigue: at Week 7 describing the short-term effect of the intervention

  6. Patient-reported Outcomes (PRO) - FACIT Fatigue Scale- Long-term [ Time Frame: Week 25 ]
    Score from FACIT Fatigue Scale, measuring fatigue, range 0 to 52. Higher scores indicates greater fatigue: at Week 25 describing the long-term effect of the intervention

  7. Patient-reported Outcomes (PRO) - Two-Item Graded Chronic Pain scale - Short-term [ Time Frame: Week 7 ]
    Score from Two-Item Graded Chronic Pain scale, measuring pain, range 0 to 10. Higher scores indicates greater pain: at Week 7 describing the short-term effect of the intervention

  8. Patient-reported Outcomes (PRO) - Two-Item Graded Chronic Pain scale - Long-term [ Time Frame: Week 25 ]
    Score from Two-Item Graded Chronic Pain scale, measuring pain, range 0 to 10. Higher scores indicates greater pain: at Week 25 describing the long-term effect of the intervention

  9. Patient-reported Outcomes (PRO) - Patient Health Questionnaire 9 - Short-term [ Time Frame: Week 7 ]
    Score from Patient Health Questionnaire 9, measuring depression, range 0 to 27. Higher scores indicates greater depression: at Week 7 describing the short-term effect of the intervention

  10. Patient-reported Outcomes (PRO) - Patient Health Questionnaire 9 - Long-term [ Time Frame: Week 25 ]
    Score from Patient Health Questionnaire 9, measuring depression, range 0 to 27. Higher scores indicates greater depression: at Week 25 describing the long-term effect of the intervention

  11. Patient-reported Outcomes (PRO) - Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7 Scale - Short-term [ Time Frame: Week 7 ]
    Score from Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7 Scale, measuring anxiety, range 0 to 21. Higher scores indicates greater anxiety: at Week 7 describing the short-term effect of the intervention

  12. Patient-reported Outcomes (PRO) - Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7 Scale - Long-term [ Time Frame: Week 25 ]
    Score from Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7 Scale, measuring anxiety, range 0 to 21. Higher scores indicates greater anxiety: at Week 25 describing the long-term effect of the intervention

  13. Patient-reported Outcomes (PRO) - Quality of Life Short Form 12 scale - Short-term [ Time Frame: Week 7 ]
    Score from Quality of Life Short Form 12 scale, measuring quality of life, range 0 to 100. Higher scores indicates better quality of life: at Week 7 describing the short-term effect of the intervention

  14. Patient-reported Outcomes (PRO) - Quality of Life Short Form 12 scale - Long-term [ Time Frame: Week 25 ]
    Score from Quality of Life Short Form 12 scale, measuring quality of life, range 0 to 100. Higher scores indicates better quality of life: at Week 25 describing the long-term effect of the intervention

  15. Cumulative Weekly use of Sedatives/Hypnotics - Short-term [ Time Frame: Week 7 ]
    This will be defined, as the number of days that the patient took a drug to help sleep, range from 0 to 7: at Week 7 describing the short-term effect of the intervention

  16. Cumulative Weekly use of Sedatives/Hypnotics - Long-term [ Time Frame: Week 25 ]
    This will be defined, as the number of days that the patient took a drug to help sleep, range from 0 to 7: at Week 25 describing the long-term effect of the intervention

  17. Objective Measure of Sleep - Short-term [ Time Frame: Week 6 ]
    Actigraphy measurement of average nighttime sleep efficiency (percent time asleep of time in bed): at Week 6 describing the short-term effect of the intervention

  18. Objective Measure of Sleep - Long-term [ Time Frame: Week 25 ]
    Actigraphy measurement of average nighttime sleep efficiency (percent time asleep of time in bed): at Week 25 describing the long-term effect of the intervention



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Undergoing thrice-weekly maintenance hemodialysis for ≥ 3 months
  • Able to speak English
  • ISI score ≥ 10 at pre-screening with sleep disturbances for ≥ 3 nights per week for ≥ 3 months

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Severe cognitive impairment on Mini-COG cognitive test (score < 3)
  • Severe depression assessed by Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ)-2 and if appropriate, PHQ-9
  • Suicidal Ideation
  • Alcohol abuse on CAGE alcohol assessment questionnaire (score ≥ 2) or substance abuse on Drug Abuse Screening Test (DAST)-10 questionnaire (score > 5)
  • Severe restless leg syndrome
  • Treatment with trazodone in the past one month
  • Known allergy to trazodone (self-report or by chart review)
  • Current treatment with monoamine oxidase inhibitors or in the preceding 14 days
  • Current treatment with linezolid (self-report or by chart review)
  • Current treatment with other drugs that are inhibitors of CYP3A4 (e.g., itraconazole, clarithromycin, voriconazole), or known to prolong QT interval including Class 1A antiarrhythmics (e.g., quinidine, procainamide) or Class 3 antiarrhythmics (e.g., amiodarone, sotalol), antipsychotic medications (ziprasidone, chlorpromazine, thioridazine), and quinolone antibiotics
  • Pregnancy, or lactation, or women of childbearing potential not willing to use adequate birth control
  • Life Expectancy < 3 months
  • Expected to receive a kidney transplant or transition to home dialysis (peritoneal dialysis or home hemodialysis) within 6 months
  • Any other condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, should preclude patient participation in the clinical trial

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03534284


Contacts
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Contact: Lori Linke 206-720-3835 llinke@nephrology.washington.edu
Contact: Carlyn Clark, MSW 206-720-8811 cclark@nephrology.washington.edu

Locations
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United States, Washington
Northwest Kidney Centers Recruiting
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98122
Contact: Lori Linke, BA    206-720-3835    llinke@nephrology.washington.edu   
Contact: Carlyn Clark, MSW    206-720-8811    cclark@nephrology.washington.edu   
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Washington
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Raj Mehrotra, MD University of Washington

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Responsible Party: Rajnish Mehrotra, Section Head Nephrology, School of Medicine: Department of Medicine, University of Washington
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03534284     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: STUDY00004678
R01DK115468 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: May 23, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 18, 2018
Last Verified: October 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Rajnish Mehrotra, University of Washington:
Hemodialysis
Kidney disease
Trazodone
Cognitive behavioral therapy
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders
Kidney Failure, Chronic
Sleep Disorders, Intrinsic
Sleep Wake Disorders
Nervous System Diseases
Mental Disorders
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
Renal Insufficiency
Dyssomnias
Trazodone
Anti-Anxiety Agents
Tranquilizing Agents
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Psychotropic Drugs
Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors
Neurotransmitter Uptake Inhibitors
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Neurotransmitter Agents
Serotonin Agents
Antidepressive Agents, Second-Generation
Antidepressive Agents