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Effects of Therapeutic Exercise on Quality of Life

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03529864
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 18, 2018
Last Update Posted : May 18, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Beatriz Rodríguez-Romero, Universidade da Coruña

Brief Summary:
The main objective was to determine the efficacy and safety of a therapeutic exercise program for students. Secondary objectives, determine the prevalence and intensity of musculoskeletal pain (MSP), disability, Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQOL), and satisfaction and perceived improvement with program.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Physical Therapy Health Promotion Quality of Life Other: Exercise Therapy Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
Methodology: randomized, controlled, open clinical trial. Subjects were recruited from students of Degree of Physiotherapy. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were established. Physical Component Summary (PCS) of SF36, as primary outcomes, was taken to the sample size. Randomization was single-blind. Secondary response variables were measured through the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire, Visual Analogue Scale, Oswestry Disability Index, Neck Disability Index, trunk flexor endurance test and finger-floor distance test. An assessment pre and post intervention was performed. This consisted of a therapeutic exercise program based on the stabilization, 9 sessions of 1 hour. For statistical analysis, the Shapiro-Wilk test, Student's t test or test MannWitney, the statistic (X2) chi-square or Fisher's exact test were applied. The level of significance was taken as p <0.05. Information sheet and informed consent model was delivered.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 57 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description:

Why: The design of the intervention took into account the available evidence for the prevention and treatment of neck and low back pain.

What: Materials: mats, fit-balls, TheraBands, towels, Dyn-Air cushions, chairs, stretchers.

Procedures: 3 levels of exercises of increasing difficulty. Standing warm-up exercises. Exercises involving: body scanner and breathing pattern re-education (4 minutes), neutral lumbar-pelvic position control in all directions (6 minutes); transverse abdominis activation (4 minutes); neutral cervical position control (2 minutes); global stabilizer activation exercises for the lumbar-pelvic and cervical-scapular regions (4 minutes); low back flexibility (2 minutes); and muscular strengthening and stretching (12 minutes).

Who provided: Physiotherapist. How: Face to face, group with 8-9 participants.

Masking Description: This study was single-blind, parallel-group, and participants were randomly assigned to either the experimental (EG) or the control group (CG). Randomization was designed after initially evaluating the participants. The EG participated in the progressive exercise therapy program. In contrast, the CG did not receive any type of information or instructions apart from the general information sheet on the progress of the study, attached to the informed consent form.
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Effects of Therapeutic Exercise on Health-related Quality of Life and Disability in Students: a Randomized Controlled Trial
Actual Study Start Date : October 3, 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 10, 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Exercise therapy
The participants took part in a progressive exercise therapy program for 9 consecutive weeks, once a week. This consisted of group sessions with 8 or 9 students, with each session lasting 60 minutes, supervised by the principal researcher
Other: Exercise Therapy
No Intervention: Control
The CG did not receive any type of information or instructions apart from the general information sheet on the progress of the study, attached to the informed consent form

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. SF-36v2 Health Survey [ Time Frame: 7 min ]
    This is self-administered and consists of 36 items that assess the state of health in 8 dimensions: physical function (PF), role-physical (RP), bodily pain (BP), general health (GH), vitality (VT), social function (SF), role-emotional (RE) and mental health (MH). These dimensions may be reduced to 2 scores: Physical Component Summary (PCS) and Mental Component Summary (MCS). In order to interpret the results, standardized scores are obtained with the values for the reference population standards, whereby a score of 50 (SD = 10) represented the mean for the general population, and a score of 10 was one standard deviation. Values over or below 50 have to be respectively interpreted as better or worse than those of the reference population.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (NMQ-E) [ Time Frame: 4 min ]
    It collects information regarding the onset, prevalence, and consequences of musculoskeletal pain. It inquires about ''ache, pain or discomfort'' and 9 body regions are visually depicted on a body chart. In total, it is comprised of 11 questions, equating to 99 data items generated by the tool. With the exception of age data, all response options are dichotomous (yes/no). Questions are ordered in such a way that those relating to the respondents' lifetime (''ever'') are asked first, followed by prevalence questions, and lastly items relating to consequences of pain in the previous year. Respondents are asked to answer all questions for a body region before progressing to the next region (horizontally). In 2 instances (specifically, questions relating to lifetime and annual prevalence of trouble), if the respondent answer no, they are directed to go on to the next body region and all remaining questions for that region are automatically coded as negative responses.

  2. Visual Analogy Scale (VAS) [ Time Frame: 2 min ]
    The pain VAS is a single-item scale. It is a continuous scale comprised of a horizontal line, 10 centimetres (100 mm) in length, anchored by 2 verbal descriptors, one for each symptom extreme: "no pain" (score of 0) and "worst imaginable pain" (score of 100 [100-mm scale]). Although there are no normative values, the recommended cut-off points were used to interpret the score obtained on this scale: no pain (0-4 mm), slight pain (5-44 mm), moderate pain (45-74 mm) and severe pain (75-100 mm) (Hawker GA et al. 2011).

  3. Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) [ Time Frame: 4 min ]
    Lumbar disability

  4. Neck Disability Index (NDI) [ Time Frame: 4 min ]
    Neck disability

  5. Flexor trunk endurance test [ Time Frame: 10 min ]
    Abdominal muscle endurance

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • students taking a course of the Physiotherapy Degree
  • having enrolled in October 2014
  • having given their informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • not accepting to take part in the study,
  • not attending the initial evaluation sessions,
  • having any type of cardiovascular, neuromusculoskeletal or systemic diseases that restricted exercise participation.
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Responsible Party: Beatriz Rodríguez-Romero, University Lecturer in the Department of Biomedical Sciences, Medicine and Physiotherapy. University of A Coruña, Universidade da Coruña Identifier: NCT03529864    
Other Study ID Numbers: Experim Fac
First Posted: May 18, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 18, 2018
Last Verified: May 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No