Right Ventricular Inflammation After Lung Resection
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03523611|
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified May 2018 by Dr Ben Shelley, University of Glasgow.
Recruitment status was: Recruiting
First Posted : May 14, 2018
Last Update Posted : May 29, 2018
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment|
|Lung Cancer Ventricular Failure||Procedure: Lung Resection|
Lung cancer is the second most common cancer in the UK and is the leading cause of cancer related death. Where appropriate, surgery to remove the tumour and the surrounding lung (lung resection) provides the best chance of cure. Frequently patients are either current or ex-smokers with related lung or heart problems which increase the risks associated with surgery. Following surgery patients may suffer long term shortness of breath, greatly limiting their day-to-day function and lowering quality of life. The investigators believe this shortness of breath is not solely caused by the removal of part of the lung but also from a decrease in the performance of the heart. Although the surgery does not directly involve the heart it is thought that the damage is caused indirectly by the surgery and by the removal of part of the lung.
In a previous study, the investigators showed that the function of the right side of the heart (the right heart) is decreased following lung resection. The decrease in right heart (the part that supplies blood to the lungs) function was associated with a prolonged stay in the high dependency unit and blood markers indicating damage to the heart. The process by which the damage occurs is poorly understood, but it is thought that an increase in the forces preventing the right heart pumping blood (resistance) is to blame. The decrease in function in the right heart may be triggered during surgery by the diminished blood supply to the cancerous lung and, and maintained post operatively, as lung resection can cause a long-term increase in resistance.
Diseases that cause an increase in resistance to the right heart have been shown to cause damage to different parts of the right heart. An acute sudden increase in resistance can cause inflammation, thinning and scarring whilst a long-term increase in resistance causes the right heart to thicken. The investigators believe that the potential damage during the operation could cause permanent damage to the right heart and contribute to shortness of breath and functional limitation.
To investigate the potential inflammation/scarring and the function of the heart the investigators will image the heart with specialised Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scans.
The aim of the research is to determine whether inflammation occurs in the right heart during and following lung resection and, if so, does it result in scarring?. The investigators will compare the function of the right heart before, during and after surgery to determine if inflammation contributes to the decrease in right heart function following lung resection seen in our previous study. The investigators anticipate that the study will increase understanding of how the right heart may be damaged by lung resection. The investigators believe this will guide further studies aiming to prevent such damage, ultimately limiting the disabling breathlessness and decrease in heart function that so greatly affects patients' lives.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Estimated Enrollment :||15 participants|
|Official Title:||Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Assessment of Right Ventricular Inflammation After Lung Resection - a Feasibility Study|
|Actual Study Start Date :||April 30, 2018|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||April 19, 2019|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||August 1, 2019|
Patients with suspected lung cancer undergoing lung resection by anatomic lobectomy
Procedure: Lung Resection
Lung resection surgery
- Can RV inflammation be assessed by T1 mapping CMR following lung resection by assessing the number of CMR studies which have an IQS>1? [ Time Frame: 2 months ]The investigators will test and report inter- and intra-observer reproducibility of Region of Interest (ROI) definition in all datasets where Image Quality Score (IQS)>1. The primary endpoint will be the number of MRI studies which have an IQS >1.
- Are T1 values at the ventricular insertion points increased following lung resection? [ Time Frame: 2 months ]In all patients, the investigators willl measure T1 values at the ventricular insertion points using ROI tool to determine if T1 is increased following lung resection.
- Association between RV inflammation and RV fibrosis following lung resection using measurement of extracellular volume? [ Time Frame: 2 months ]Does the presence of RV inflammation ultimately lead to the development of RV fibrosis. In all patients, ECV will be assessed. An increase in ECV indicates development of fibrosis
- Is there any evidence of inflammation/fibrosis in the LV? [ Time Frame: 2 months ]T1 values will be assessed in all patients at the LV free wall using ROI tool. ECV at the LV free wall will be measured to determine if there is fibrosis present.
Biospecimen Retention: Samples Without DNA
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03523611
|Golden Jubilee National Hospital||Recruiting|
|Glasgow, Strathclyde, United Kingdom, G814HX|
|Contact: Emma Murphy, MBCHB 7540221673 email@example.com|
|Principal Investigator: Ben Shelley, MbCHB|
|Sub-Investigator: Emma Murphy, MBCHB|