Cranberry Tablets Versus Nitrofurantoin Prophylaxis for Urinary Tract Infection Prevention After Urogynecologic Surgery
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03522961|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : May 14, 2018
Last Update Posted : September 20, 2018
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Urinary Tract Infections Pelvic Organ Prolapse Urinary Incontinence||Drug: Nitrofurantoin Prophylaxis/Placebo Drug: Cranberry capsules||Not Applicable|
We plan to conduct a double-blinded randomized clinical trial involving women who undergo surgery for pelvic organ prolapse and/or urinary incontinence.
Participants who need transurethral catheterization postoperatively will be randomized to cranberry capsules or nitrofurantoin prophylaxis. Randomization will be performed the day of discharge. Both participants and surgeons will be blinded to treatment allocation. All participants will receive routine perioperative intravenous antibiotic prophylaxis.
Participants who fail their voiding trial after surgery and require transurethral catheterization upon discharge from the hospital will be randomized to either one cranberry capsule (TheraCran one®, Theralogix, LLC, Rockville, Maryland) or one 100 mg capsule of nitrofurantoin by mouth daily beginning postoperative day #1. Participants randomized to the cranberry capsule group will continue to take one cranberry capsule daily for 28 days. Participants randomized to the nitrofurantoin group will continue to take 100 mg of nitrofurantoin each day transurethral catheterization is needed for up to 28 days. All participants will be scheduled for a repeat voiding trial within 48 hours to 1 week after discharge.
All participants will complete a daily catheterization and medication diary to record the type of catheterization used (indwelling or intermittent) and to confirm they are taking the study medication for the duration of the study period. They will also be asked to record any urinary symptoms they experience and will be encouraged to contact the office immediately if they experience urinary symptoms consistent with a UTI.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||142 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)|
|Official Title:||Cranberry Tablets Versus Nitrofurantoin Prophylaxis for Urinary Tract Infection Prevention After Urogynecologic Surgery: a Double-blinded Randomized Clinical Trial|
|Actual Study Start Date :||August 15, 2018|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||July 9, 2020|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||July 9, 2020|
Active Comparator: Nitrofurantoin prophylaxis/Placebo
Subjects will receive Nitrofurantoin 100mg capsules (Bottle A) once a day until they pass their voiding trial and no longer require transurethral catheterization. Subjects will be switched to Placebo capsules (Bottle B) once a day, starting the day after they pass their voiding trial until the end of the 28 day study period.
Drug: Nitrofurantoin Prophylaxis/Placebo
Drug: Nitrofurantoin Drug: Placebo
Active Comparator: Cranberry capsules
Subjects will receive TheraCran® One Cranberry 36mg capsules (Bottle A) once a day until they pass their voiding trial and no longer require transurethral catheterization. Subjects will be switched to another bottle of TheraCran® One Cranberry 36mg capsules (Bottle B) once a day, starting the day after they pass their voiding trial until the end of the 28 day study period.
Drug: Cranberry capsules
Drug: TheraCran® One Cranberry capsules
- The primary outcome will be treatment for clinically suspected or culture-proven UTI in the cranberry capsule group versus the nitrofurantoin group within 4 weeks (28 days) after surgery. [ Time Frame: 28 days ]Clinically suspected treatment will include both empiric treatment based on the development of urinary symptoms alone (dysuria, urinary urgency, and/or urinary frequency) or prescribed based on symptoms suggestive of a UTI and the presence of nitrites and/or leukocyte esterase on urine dipstick analysis. Participants will fill out a daily catheterization and medication diary which asks about the presence or absence of UTI symptoms. They will be encouraged to call the office and/or come in for evaluation if they experience these symptoms. These participants may be treated based on their symptoms alone or based on their symptoms and the presence of nitrites and/or leukocyte esterase on urine dipstick analysis. A culture-proven UTI will be defined as a urine culture result with >100,000 colony-forming units of a single organism.
- Prevalence of bacterial resistance to nitrofurantoin on postoperative urine cultures for those participants who have culture-proven UTIs [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
- Adherence to assigned treatment:cranberry capsule vs. nitrofurantoin [ Time Frame: 28 days ]A daily catheterization and medication diary will be used to track whether or not participants took their study medication every day for 28 days. Participants will bring their study medication bottle to every study visit and the medication will be counted by study staff to ensure adherence to assigned treatment.
- Reasons for non-adherence to assigned treatment [ Time Frame: 28 days ]At office visits throughout the study period, after the participants' study medication is counted and non-adherence to assigned treatment is found, study physicians will ask participants for their reasons for non-adherence.
- Risk factors for postoperative UTI [ Time Frame: 28 days ]Risk factors for postoperative UTI will be assessed based on the participants' individual medical history and physical exam. Risk factors will be assessed by study physicians at office visits throughout the study period.
- Time to first postoperative UTI [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
- Number of postoperative UTIs [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03522961
|Contact: Jeannine M Miranne, MD, MS||617-732-4838||Jmiranne@bwh.harvard.edu|
|Contact: Talar Abdalian, MS||617-732-4838||Tabdalian@bwh.harvard.edu|
|Principal Investigator:||Jeannine M Miranne, MD, MS||Brigham and Women's Hospital|