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Safety, Pharmacokinetics and Efficacy of Paxalisib (GDC-0084) in Newly-diagnosed Glioblastoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03522298
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : May 11, 2018
Last Update Posted : June 9, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Kazia Therapeutics Limited

Brief Summary:

This protocol has a 2-part design:

This phase 2 study is an open-label, multicenter, dose-escalation and expansion study to assess the safety, tolerability, recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D), pharmacokinetics (PK) and clinical activity of paxalisib in patients with newly-diagnosed glioblastoma (GBM) with unmethylated MGMT promoter status as adjuvant therapy following surgical resection and initial chemoradiation with temozolomide (TMZ).


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Glioblastoma, Adult Drug: Paxalisib (GDC-0084) Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Stage 1 Dose-Escalation and Maximum Tolerated Dose The dose-escalation portion of the study (Stage 1) will use a standard "3 + 3" design to determine the MTD for QD dosing.

Approximately 6 - 12 patients with newly diagnosed GBM will be enrolled in Stage 1.

The MTD for QD dosing will be determined. The initial dose level for QD dosing will be 60 mg (Dose Level 0). This dose is based on the phase 1 findings outlined in the rationale in the protocol, adding 1 dose level to test for a potential MTD increase.

Dose-escalation will occur in Stage 1:

  • The initial dose (Dose Level 0) for QD MTD determination in Step 1 will be 60 mg. Dose levels will increase in 15 mg steps;
  • The dose-escalation portion of the study (Stage 1) will use a standard "3 + 3" design to assess the safety, tolerability, and PK of paxalisib administered orally in 28-day cycles;

Decisions regarding dose-escalation and selection will be made by a Cohort Review Committee (CRC).

All AEs, including DLTs, will be reported, with severity assessed according to National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE), version 4.03.

After determination of the MTD, patients continue to receive their protocol-assigned dose levels of paxalisib until progression of their disease or an unacceptable toxicity, whichever occurs first.

Stage 2 Expansion stage (2) of the study will be a two-arm, randomized, open-label expansion study to further characterize the safety, tolerability and PK of paxalisib as well as to provide a preliminary assessment of single-agent activity of paxalisib in patients with GBM. Approximately 20 patients will be enrolled in the expansion cohort in 2 treatment arms (10 per am) to examine the PK of paxalisib in fed and fasted-conditions, according to the defined study eligibility criteria.

Stage 2 of the study will be initiated with recruitment of new patients as soon as the MTD has been determined.

Patients enrolled in Stage 2 may continue the study at the dose allocated until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 32 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description: This phase 2 study comprises an open-label, multicenter, dose-escalation and expansion study to assess the safety, tolerability, RP2D, PK and clinical activity of paxalisib in patients with newly-diagnosed GBM with unmethylated MGMT promoter status as adjuvant therapy following surgical resection and initial chemoradiation with TMZ.
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2 Study to Evaluate the Safety, Pharmacokinetics, and Efficacy of the PI3K/mTOR Inhibitor Paxalisib (GDC-0084) Administered to Patients With Glioblastoma Characterized by Unmethylated O6-methylguanine-methyltransferase Promoter Status Following Surgical Resection and Standard Concomitant Chemoradiation Therapy With Temozolomide
Actual Study Start Date : May 15, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 30, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 30, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Dose Escalation and Expansion Cohorts

This is an open-label study.

Patients in Stage 1 will be enrolled and sequentially assigned to a dose cohort.

The initial cohort will receive an oral dose of 60 mg paxalisib QD (4 x 15 mg capsules). Patients of future dose cohorts will receive paxalisib at increasing levels with 15 mg steps until a dose-limiting toxicity occurs (DLT) occurs. The dose level where <1/3 of the patients exhibit a DLT will be determined the Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD).

In stage 1, dose escalation will occur for QD dosing.

In stage 2, the expansion phase, patients will receive doses of oral paxalisib at the MTD in stage 1, until disease progression or an unacceptable toxicity, whichever occurs first.

Patients will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to fed or fasted schedules.

Drug: Paxalisib (GDC-0084)
Patients will be dosed orally with paxalisib (GDC-0084) capsules (15-mg each) at the dose and schedule to which they are assigned.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Dose limiting toxicities (DLTs) [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    The recommended Phase 2 dose and schedule. DLTs according to National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE), version 4.03.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    TEAEs defined as any AE occurring or worsening on/after the first study drug dose and within 28 days after the last dose date. AEs will be coded according to the Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities (MedDRA).

  2. Incidence of serious adverse events (SAEs) [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    AEs will be coded according to the Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities (MedDRA).

  3. Incidence of treatment-emergent Grade 3/4 clinical laboratory abnormalities. [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    Clinical laboratory values will be graded according to the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE), version 4.03, for applicable tests.

  4. Change in electrocardiogram (ECG) parameter QTc. [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    The number and percentage of patients with an increase of QTc to a value ≥ 500 msec or a change from baseline of at least 60 msec will be presented overall and by visit.

  5. Change in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    The number and percentage of patients with a drop in LVEF to a value of ≤ 45% from baseline will be presented overall and by visit.

  6. Progression-free survival interval using RANO Criteria. [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
  7. Overall survival using RANO Criteria. [ Time Frame: 24 months ]

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Pharmacokinetics of paxalisib as area under the curve from time 0 to last measurable time point (AUC0-last) and/or area under the curve from time 0 to infinity (AUC0-inf). [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
  2. Pharmacokinetics of paxalisib as maximum (Cmax) and minimum concentration (Cmin). [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
  3. Pharmacokinetics of paxalisib as time to reach Cmax (Tmax). [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
  4. Pharmacokinetics of paxalisib as half-life. [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
  5. Change in FDG-PET uptake in tumor and normal brain tissue in response to paxalisib in patients with measurable disease. [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
  6. Disease control rate measured as the proportion of patients achieving a confirmed best overall response (BOR) of complete response (CR), partial response (PR), or stable disease (SD) according to RANO criteria. [ Time Frame: 24 months ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Patients must meet all the following inclusion criteria to be eligible for enrollment into the study:

  1. Age ≥ 18 years;
  2. Life expectancy > 12 weeks;
  3. Present with histologically confirmed intracranial (supratentorial) unmethylated MGMT promotor status GBM (WHO Grade lV astrocytoma) with a MGMT status that has been confirmed by validated PCR or validated alternate genomic analysis;
  4. Have undergone maximal surgical resection of their tumor and within 6 weeks of surgery received initial treatment with XRT/TMZ which consisted of XRT by external beam to a partial brain field in daily fractions of 2.0 Gray (Gy), to a planned total dose to the tumor of 60.0 Gy, in conjunction with TMZ oral QD 75 mg/m2 in accordance with the Stupp regimen;
  5. Must have measurable disease, according to RANO criteria for inclusion in the expansion cohort. Patients with non-measurable disease can be included in the dose-escalation cohorts;
  6. KPS ≥ 70;
  7. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) must have been performed within 7 days prior to or on the day of the Randomization/Week 1 Visit;
  8. Stable or decreasing corticosteroid dose within 7 days prior to the first dose;
  9. Adequate bone marrow/hematological function within 7 days prior to Day 1;
  10. Adequate liver and renal function within 14 days prior to Day 1;
  11. International normalized ratio (INR) or prothrombin time (PT) (secs) and activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) within 7 days prior to randomization:
  12. Patients must be willing to forego other drug therapy against the tumor while enrolled in the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Previous radiotherapy to the brain or cytotoxic drug therapy (including Gliadel® wafers) in addition to the required postoperative radiation plus TMZ, non-cytotoxic drug therapy, or experimental drug therapy directed against the brain tumor prior to this regimen, will be excluded. Patients may have received or be receiving corticosteroids, analgesics, and other drugs to treat symptoms or prevent complications but the dose must be stable at treatment start. NOTE: 5 aminolevulinic acid-mediated photodynamic therapy administered prior to surgery to aid in optimal surgical resection is not considered a chemotherapy agent;
  2. Any prior or anticipated concomitant treatment involving a medical device (such as Optune®) applying tumor treating fields (TTF);
  3. QT interval time of ≥ 470 msec;
  4. Undetermined/indeterminate MGMT status;
  5. Diabetic patients; prediabetic patients treated with metformin;
  6. Use of any CYP3A4 inducing or inhibiting agents;
  7. Significant medical illnesses;
  8. Women who are pregnant or who are lactating;
  9. Diagnosed with infratentorial GBM, a tumor outside of brain or gliomatosis cerebri;
  10. Evidence of recent hemorrhage on postoperative MRI of the brain;
  11. Any previous malignancy; except for adequately controlled limited basal cell carcinoma of the skin, squamous carcinoma of the skin or carcinoma in situ of the cervix, or one which has been absent for ≥3 years;

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03522298


Locations
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United States, California
University of California Los Angeles - Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095
United States, Colorado
University of Colorado Cancer Center
Aurora, Colorado, United States, 80045
United States, Massachusetts
Dana Farber Cancer Institute
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
United States, New Jersey
John Theurer Cancer Center at Hackensack University Medical Center
Hackensack, New Jersey, United States, 07601
United States, Oklahoma
University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center (Stephenson Cancer Center)
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States, 73104
United States, Texas
MD Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
Kazia Therapeutics Limited
Investigators
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Study Director: James Garner, MD Kazia Therapeutics Limited
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Responsible Party: Kazia Therapeutics Limited
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03522298    
Other Study ID Numbers: NVGN-0084-201
First Posted: May 11, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 9, 2020
Last Verified: June 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Kazia Therapeutics Limited:
newly diagnosed
unmethylated O6 methylguanine-methyltransferase (MGMT) promoter status
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Glioblastoma
Astrocytoma
Glioma
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue