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Influence of an Exercise Program in the Elderly Balance

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03521752
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 11, 2018
Last Update Posted : May 16, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Cátia Filipa Flores Guimarães, Cooperativa de Ensino Superior, Politécnico e Universitário

Brief Summary:

This study has the objective to determinate the effectiveness of a specific exercise program on balance and functional capacity of the daily activities of institutionalized elderly.

It was a randomized controlled trial with a total of 21 elderly that were randomly distributed into experimental (n = 11) and control groups (n=10). The experimental group performed a specific program exercises during 4 weeks, while the control group wasn't subjected to any intervention. Evaluations were carried out at the beginning and end of the exercise program, for both groups. After the intervention there were no statistically significant differences between groups in total balance and dynamic balance subscale, except static balance subscale.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Balance; Distorted Other: Specific Exercise Program Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 21 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Other
Official Title: Influence of a Specific Exercise Program in the Institutionalized Elderly Balance
Actual Study Start Date : May 4, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 14, 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : June 22, 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Experimental
Performed a specific program exercises (resistance training, balance, coordination and flexibility) during 4 weeks.
Other: Specific Exercise Program
4 weeks of exercise classes, 2 to 3 times a week for a total of 10 sessions. Classes last approximately 40 minutes. The sessions included balance training, motor strength, endurance and flexibility. The training sessions were divided into warm-up, main activity and finally relaxation.

No Intervention: Control
The control group wasn't subjected to any intervention

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Balance [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]

    Performance Oriented Mobility Assessment (POMA) This scale measures the static and dynamic balance, through the evaluation of some daily activities.

    This scale's scores are between 9 to 28 points, when 9 means hig risk of falling, and 28 means low risk of falling.

    It was used before and after the intervention.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Functional capacity [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]

    Timed up and Go (TUG) This scale measures the mobility and locomotor performance, through the timing of an activity (lift from a chair, walk 3 meters, change direction and return to starting position).

    The cut-off points of the scale are divided into fully independent elderly (<10 seconds), independent elderly (10-19 seconds), and elderly people with difficulties in the tasks of daily living (20-29 seconds).

    It was evaluated before and after the intervention.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   65 Years and older   (Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age ≥ 65 years
  • institutionalized elderly
  • Both genders
  • Mini-Mental ≥19 pontos
  • Protocol attendance ≥ 90%

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Cardiovascular diseases
  • Contraindication to physical exercise
  • Medication (anxiolytics, antidepressants)
  • Vestibular disorders
  • Previous physiotherapy of 6 months to the present study
  • Neurological and neuromuscular diseases
  • Use of gaiters
  • Another type of physical exercise during the study

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Responsible Party: Cátia Filipa Flores Guimarães, Principal Investigator, Cooperativa de Ensino Superior, Politécnico e Universitário Identifier: NCT03521752    
Other Study ID Numbers: 1CESPU
First Posted: May 11, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 16, 2018
Last Verified: May 2018

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Cátia Filipa Flores Guimarães, Cooperativa de Ensino Superior, Politécnico e Universitário: