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Modifying (Phase I) and Evaluating (Phase II) Virtual Reality Job Interview Training for Youth in Transition

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03514134
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : May 2, 2018
Last Update Posted : November 9, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
University of Wisconsin, Madison
SIMmersion, LLC
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Matthew Smith, University of Michigan

Brief Summary:
The unemployment rate is quite high among adults with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Inadequate transition planning during high school and gaps between vocational needs and availability of evidence-based services help explain the struggles of transition-age youth at obtaining employment. There is a paucity of research on developing and evaluating services to support the transition to the work force after graduating from high school. The lack of available resources to support transition-age youth with an ASD speaks to the need to develop interventions that ameliorate obstacles to employment and help support the transition to the work force. Due to the social deficits characterizing ASD innovative interventions could target preparing job interview skills for students facing the transition to employment as the job interview is a critical gateway to securing a job offer. Thus, the overarching goal of this study is to modify an existing virtual reality job interview skills training program for use in high school students with ASD and to test the feasibility and effectiveness of conducting this intervention in a high school setting via a small controlled trial. Thus, study's first aim is to modify the existing 'Virtual Reality Job Interview Training' program to meet the specific needs of high school seniors with ASD. This will accomplish this by conducting in depth interviews with high school students with ASD and their vocational counselors to solicit feedback to modify the current training's learning goals, content, usability, and simulated interview scripts to meet the specific needs of transition age youth. An expert panel will determine the final modifications to the training program based on the results of the qualitative data analysis and their own views of the program. Second aim of the study is to conduct a pilot trial to evaluate the feasibility, acceptability, portability, fidelity and preliminary effectiveness of the modified intervention in a randomized controlled trial. This study will also explore potential mechanisms for effectiveness and collect pilot implementation data.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Autism Spectrum Disorder Behavioral: Virtual Reality Job Interview Training Behavioral: Services as Usual Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 71 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Modifying (Phase I) and Evaluating (Phase II) Virtual Reality Job Interview Training for Youth
Actual Study Start Date : October 1, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 20, 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : May 28, 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Services as usual + Virtual Reality Job Interview Training
In addition to the services as usual comparator, participants will participate in Virtual Reality Job Interview Training.
Behavioral: Virtual Reality Job Interview Training
Students will engage in didactic training related to strategies to perform well during a job interview as well as repeated practice with a virtual hiring manager. Throughout and after completion of the virtual interviews, participants will receive feedback on their performance.

Behavioral: Services as Usual
Study participants will be receiving their community-based or school-based services as usual that may include but is not limited to vocational skill training, daily living skill training, and social skill training.

Active Comparator: Services as Usual
Study participants will be receiving their community-based or school-based services as usual that may include but is not limited to vocational skill training, daily living skill training, and social skill training.
Behavioral: Services as Usual
Study participants will be receiving their community-based or school-based services as usual that may include but is not limited to vocational skill training, daily living skill training, and social skill training.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Job Interview Skills [ Time Frame: Collected at Pre-Test and Post-Test visits (within approximately 1 month of active treatment) ]
    Performance on 2 Mock Job Interviews


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Job Interview Self-Efficacy [ Time Frame: Collected at Pre-Test and Post-Test visits (within approximately 1 month of active treatment) and 6 month follow-up ]
    9 item self-report

  2. Change in Job Interview Motivation [ Time Frame: Collected at Pre-Test and Post-Test visits (within approximately 1 month of active treatment) and 6 month follow-up ]
    7 item self-report

  3. Change in Job Interview Anxiety [ Time Frame: Collected at Pre-Test and Post-Test visits (within approximately 1 month of active treatment) and 6 month follow-up ]
    15 item self-report

  4. Change in Employment Outcomes [ Time Frame: Collected at pre-test and at 6 months after completing Post-Test Visit ]
    Obtained a part-time or full-time community-based job; time to employment


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Change in Depressive Symptoms [ Time Frame: Collected at Pre-Test and Post-Test visits (within approximately 1 month of active treatment) and 6 month follow-up ]
    mental health assessment



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years to 21 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of autism based on school records or the social responsiveness scale version 2
  • at least a 4th grade reading level
  • Currently enrolled in transition services and/or presents with an individualized educational plan

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Unwilling to be videorecorded during primary outcome mock interviews
  • Parents unwilling to provide informed consent
  • unwillingness to provide minor assent

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03514134


Locations
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United States, Michigan
University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States, 48109-1106
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Michigan
University of Wisconsin, Madison
SIMmersion, LLC
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Matthew Smith, PhD University of Michigan
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Responsible Party: Matthew Smith, Associate Professor, University of Michigan
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03514134    
Other Study ID Numbers: HUM00129575
First Posted: May 2, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 9, 2020
Last Verified: November 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Autism Spectrum Disorder
Child Development Disorders, Pervasive
Neurodevelopmental Disorders
Mental Disorders